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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912079/solid-anaerobic-digestion-state-of-art-scientific-and-technological-hurdles
#1
REVIEW
Laura André, André Pauss, Thierry Ribeiro
In this paper, a state-of-art about solid anaerobic digestion (AD), focused on recent progress and trends of research is proposed. Solid anaerobic digestion should be the most appropriate process for degradation of by-products with high total solid (TS) content, especially lignocellulosic materials like agricultural waste (straw, manure), household waste and food waste. Solid AD is already widely used in waste water treatment plant for treating plant for sewage sludge but could be more developed for lignocellulosic materials with high TS content...
September 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911633/an-analysis-method-for-flavan-3-ols-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-a-fluorescence-detector
#2
Liuqing Wang, Yoko Yamashita, Akiko Saito, Hitoshi Ashida
Procyanidins belong to a family of flavan-3-ols, which consist of monomers, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin, and their oligomers and polymers, and are distributed in many plant-derived foods. Procyanidins are reported to have many beneficial physiological activities, such as antihypertensive and anticancer effects. However, the bioavailability of procyanidins is not well understood owing to a lack of convenient and high-sensitive analysis methods. The aim of this study was to develop an improved method for determining procyanidin content in both food materials and biological samples...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910723/sorption-desorption-equilibrium-and-diffusion-of-tetracycline-in-poultry-litter-and-municipal-biosolids-soil-amendments
#3
E D'Angelo
Tetracycline (TET) is commonly used to treat bacterial diseases in humans and chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), is largely excreted, and is found at elevated concentrations in treated sewage sludge (biosolids) and poultry litter (excrement plus bedding materials). Routine application of these nutrient-and carbon-enriched materials to soils improves fertility and other characteristics, but the presence of antibiotics (and other pharmaceuticals) in amendments raises questions about potential adverse effects on biota and development of antibiotic resistance in the environment...
September 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910713/beneficial-effect-of-compost-utilization-on-reducing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-a-rice-cultivation-system-through-the-overall-management-chain
#4
Seung Tak Jeong, Gil Won Kim, Hyun Young Hwang, Pil Joo Kim, Sang Yoon Kim
Livestock manure application can stimulate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, especially methane (CH4) in rice paddy. The stabilized organic matter (OM) is recommended to suppress CH4 emission without counting the additional GHG emission during the composting process. To evaluate the effect of compost utilization on the net global warming potential (GWP) of a rice cropping system, the fluxes of GHGs from composting to land application were calculated by a life cycle assessment (LCA) method. The model framework was composed of GHG fluxes from industrial activities and biogenic GHG fluxes from the composting and rice cultivation processes...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910286/potential-dna-barcodes-for-melilotus-species-based-on-five-single-loci-and-their-combinations
#5
Fan Wu, Jinxing Ma, Yuqin Meng, Daiyu Zhang, Blaise Pascal Muvunyi, Kai Luo, Hongyan Di, Wenli Guo, Yanrong Wang, Baochang Feng, Jiyu Zhang
Melilotus, an annual or biennial herb, belongs to the tribe Trifolieae (Leguminosae) and consists of 19 species. As an important green manure crop, diverse Melilotus species have different values as feed and medicine. To identify different Melilotus species, we examined the efficiency of five candidate regions as barcodes, including the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and two chloroplast loci, rbcL and matK, and two non-coding loci, trnH-psbA and trnL-F. In total, 198 individuals from 98 accessions representing 18 Melilotus species were sequenced for these five potential barcodes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910275/occupational-animal-exposure-among-persons-with-campylobacteriosis-and-cryptosporidiosis-nebraska-2005-2015
#6
Chia-Ping Su, Derry T Stover, Bryan F Buss, Anna V Carlson, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Cryptosporidium are two common causes of gastroenteritis in the United States. National incidence rates measured for these pathogens in 2015 were 17.7 and 3.0 per 100,000 population, respectively; Nebraska was among the states with the highest incidence for both campylobacteriosis (26.6) and cryptosporidiosis (≥6.01) (1). Although campylobacteriosis and cryptosporidiosis are primarily transmitted via consumption of contaminated food or water, they can also be acquired through contact with live animals or animal products, including through occupational exposure (2)...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904752/impacts-of-natural-factors-and-farming-practices-on-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-the-north-china-plain-a-meta-analysis
#7
Cong Xu, Xiao Han, Roland Bol, Pete Smith, Wenliang Wu, Fanqiao Meng
Requirements for mitigation of the continued increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are much needed for the North China Plain (NCP). We conducted a meta-analysis of 76 published studies of 24 sites in the NCP to examine the effects of natural conditions and farming practices on GHG emissions in that region. We found that N2O was the main component of the area-scaled total GHG balance, and the CH 4 contribution was <5%. Precipitation, temperature, soil pH, and texture had no significant impacts on annual GHG emissions, because of limited variation of these factors in the NCP...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899674/pretreatment-of-agricultural-biomass-for-anaerobic-digestion-current-state-and-challenges
#8
REVIEW
Shukra Raj Paudel, Sushant Prasad Banjara, Oh Kyung Choi, Ki Young Park, Young Mo Kim, Jae Woo Lee
The anaerobic digestion (AD) of agricultural biomass is an attractive second generation biofuel with potential environmental and economic benefits. Most agricultural biomass contains lignocellulose which requires pretreatment prior to AD. For optimization, the pretreatment methods need to be specific to the characteristics of the biomass feedstock. In this review, cereal residue, fruit and vegetable wastes, grasses and animal manure were selected as the agricultural biomass candidates, and the fundamentals and current state of various pretreatment methods used for AD of these feedstocks were investigated...
September 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898946/towards-the-understanding-of-antibiotic-occurrence-and-transport-in-groundwater-findings-from-the-baix-fluvi%C3%A3-alluvial-aquifer-ne-catalonia-spain
#9
M Boy-Roura, J Mas-Pla, M Petrovic, M Gros, D Soler, D Brusi, A Menció
Antibiotics are an increasing focus of interest due to their high detection frequency in the environment. However, their presence in water bodies is not regulated by environmental policies. This field study investigates, for the first time, the occurrence, behavior and fate of a selection of 53 antibiotics, including up to 10 chemical groups, in an alluvial aquifer originated from manure application in an agricultural region using hydrogeological, hydrochemical and isotopic approaches. Up to 11 antibiotics were found in groundwater corresponding to 4 different chemical groups: fluoroquinolones, macrolides, quinolones and sulfonamides...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898936/aerobic-composting-reduces-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-cattle-manure-and-the-resistome-dissemination-in-agricultural-soils
#10
Min Gou, Hang-Wei Hu, Yu-Jing Zhang, Jun-Tao Wang, Helen Hayden, Yue-Qin Tang, Ji-Zheng He
Composting has been suggested as a potential strategy to eliminate antibiotic residues and pathogens in livestock manure before its application as an organic fertilizer in agro-ecosystems. However, the impacts of composting on antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in livestock manure and their temporal succession following the application of compost to land are not well understood. We examined how aerobic composting affected the resistome profiles of cattle manure, and by constructing laboratory microcosms we compared the effects of manure and compost application to agricultural soils on the temporal succession of a wide spectrum of ARGs...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898855/cost-effective-dry-anaerobic-digestion-in-textile-bioreactors-experimental-and-economic-evaluation
#11
Regina J Patinvoh, Osagie A Osadolor, Ilona Sárvári Horváth, Mohammad J Taherzadeh
The aim of this work was to study dry anaerobic digestion (dry-AD) of manure bedded with straw using textile-based bioreactor in repeated batches. The 90-L reactor filled with the feedstocks (22-30% total solid) and inoculum without any further treatment, while the biogas produced were collected and analyzed. The digestate residue was also analyzed to check its suitability as bio-fertilizer. Methane yield after acclimatization increased from 183 to 290NmlCH4/gVS, degradation time decreased from 136 to 92days and the digestate composition point to suitable bio-fertilizer...
August 19, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898832/evaluation-of-integrated-ammonia-recovery-technology-and-nutrient-status-with-an-in-vessel-composting-process-for-swine-manure
#12
Jung Kon Kim, Dong Jun Lee, Balsubramani Ravindran, Kwang-Hwa Jeong, Jonathan Woon-Chung Wong, Ammaiyappan Selvam, Obuli P Karthikeyan, Jung-Hoon Kwag
The study investigated the effect of different initial moisture (IM) content (55, 60, 65, and 70%) of composting mixtures (swine manure and sawdust) for the production of nutrient rich manure, and the recovery of ammonia through a condensation process using a vertical cylindrical in-vessel composter for 56days. The composting resulted in a significant reduction in C:N ratio and electrical conductivity (EC), with a slight increase in pH in all products. The NH3 were emitted notably, and at the same time the NO3(-)-N concentration gradually increased with the reduction of NH4(+)-N in the composting mixtures...
August 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898824/comparison-of-biochar-zeolite-and-their-mixture-amendment-for-aiding-organic-matter-transformation-and-nitrogen-conservation-during-pig-manure-composting
#13
Quan Wang, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Xiuna Ren, Junchao Zhao, Ronghua Li, Zhen Wang, Hongyu Chen, Meijing Wang, Zengqiang Zhang
The aim of this work was to compare the impact of biochar, zeolite and their mixture on nitrogen conservation and organic matter transformation during pig manure (PM) composting. Four treatments were set-up from PM mixed with wheat straw and then applied 10% biochar (B), 10% zeolite (Z) and 10% biochar+10% zeolite (B+Z) into composting mixtures (dry weight basis), while treatment without additives applied used as control. Results indicated that adding B, Z and B+Z could obviously (p<0.05) improve the organic matter degradation and decrease the nitrogen loss...
August 30, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898804/application-of-manure-containing-tetracyclines-slowed-down-the-dissipation-of-tet-resistance-genes-and-caused-changes-in-the-composition-of-soil-bacteria
#14
Wenguang Xiong, Mei Wang, Jinjun Dai, Yongxue Sun, Zhenling Zeng
Manure application contributes to the increased environmental burden of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). We investigated the response of tetracycline (tet) resistance genes and bacterial taxa to manure application amended with tetracyclines over two months. Representative tetracyclines (oxytetracycline, chlorotetracycline and doxycycline), tet resistance genes (tet(M), tet(O), tet(W), tet(S), tet(Q) and tet(X)) and bacterial taxa in the untreated soil, +manure, and +manure+tetracyclines groups were analyzed...
September 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898777/different-impacts-of-manure-and-chemical-fertilizers-on-bacterial-community-structure-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-arable-soils
#15
Peng Liu, Shuyu Jia, Xiwei He, Xuxiang Zhang, Lin Ye
Both manure and chemical fertilizers are widely used in modern agriculture. However, the impacts of different fertilizers on bacterial community structure and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in arable soils still remain unclear. In this study, high-throughput sequencing and quantitative PCR were employed to investigate the bacterial community structure, ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) influenced by the application of different fertilizers, including chemical fertilizers, piggery manure and straw ash...
September 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898166/transport-of-oxytetracycline-chlortetracycline-and-ivermectin-in-surface-runoff-from-irrigated-pasture
#16
Daniel A Bair, Ina E Popova, Kenneth W Tate, Sanjai J Parikh
The transport of oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline, and ivermectin from manure was assessed via surface runoff on irrigated pasture. Surface runoff plots in the Sierra Foothills of Northern California were used to evaluate the effects of irrigation water application rates, pharmaceutical application conditions, vegetative cover, and vegetative filter strip length on the pharmaceutical discharge in surface runoff. Experiments were designed to permit the maximum potential transport of pharmaceuticals to surface runoff water, which included pre-irrigation to saturate soil, trimming grass where manure was applied, and laying a continuous manure strip perpendicular to the flow of water...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898073/immobilizing-arsenic-and-copper-ions-in-manure-using-a-nanocomposite
#17
Dongfang Wang, Guilong Zhang, Linglin Zhou, Dongqing Cai, Zhengyan Wu
Livestock manures (Man) commonly contains a certain quantity of heavy metal ions such as arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) ions, resulting in a high risk on soil contamination. To solve this problem, heavy metal of manure was immobilized into Sodium carbonate/Biosilica/Attapulgite composite (Na2CO3/BioSi/Attp) which was developed using a nanocomposite consisting of anhydrous sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), straw ash-based biochar and biosilica (BioSi), and attapulgite (Attp). When Na2CO3/BioSi/Attp was mixed with Man/AsCu, the obtained nanocomposite (Na2CO3/BioSi/Attp/Man/AsCu) with a porous nano-networks structure could effectively control the release of As and Cu ions from manure through adsorption and chemical reaction...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895357/-bioremediation-of-oil-contaminated-field-by-two-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strains
#18
Lei Huang, Tingting Zhao, Yun He, Yilin Liu, Chang Liu, Dayao Jin, Xiaoqiang Jia
We studied the remediation of petroleum-contaminated soils. Two Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were screened from soil samples in the mine environment. The degradation rate of crude oil was 95.67% after 10 days by mixed culture of the two strains, which was 32% higher than that of single bacterium. It means that the two bacteria had synergistic effect on degrading crude oil. Based on the result, bacterial agent was prepared, and the oil pollution sites were artificially constructed to simulate the degradation of crude oil under different operating conditions...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894647/divergence-of-compost-extract-and-bio-organic-manure-effects-on-lucerne-plant-and-soil
#19
Haiyan Ren, Jian Hu, Yifei Hu, Gaowen Yang, Yingjun Zhang
AIM: Application of organic materials into agricultural systems enhances plant growth and yields, and improves soil fertility and structure. This study aimed to examine the effects of "compost extract (CE)", a soil conditioner, and bio-organic manure (BOM) on the growth of lucerne (Medicago sativa), and compare the efficiency between BOM (including numbers of microorganisms) and CE (including no added microorganisms). METHOD: A greenhouse experiment was conducted with four soil amendment treatments (control, BOM, CE and CEBOM), and was arranged in a completely randomized design with 10 replicates for each treatment...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893452/assessing-the-use-of-composts-from-multiple-sources-based-on-the-characteristics-of-carbon-mineralization-in-soil
#20
Xu Zhang, Yue Zhao, Longji Zhu, Hongyang Cui, Liming Jia, Xinyu Xie, Jiming Li, Zimin Wei
In order to improve soil quality, reduce wastes and mitigate climate change, it is necessary to understand the balance between soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation and depletion under different organic waste compost amended soils. The effects of proportion (5%, 15%, 30%), compost type (sewage sludge (SS), tomato stem waste (TSW), municipal solid waste (MSW), kitchen waste (KW), cabbage waste (CW), peat (P), chicken manure (CM), dairy cattle manure (DCM)) and the black soil (CK). Their initial biochemical composition (carbon, nitrogen, C:N ratio) on carbon (C) mineralization in soil amended compost have been investigated...
September 8, 2017: Waste Management
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