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Hong-Yu Cheng, Wei-Juan Li, Xing-Ming Li, Qin-Lei Fan, Xi-Dian Tang, Ming-Jie Liu, Wen-Tao Ma, De-Kun Chen
Contagious pustular dermatitis is an exanthematous zoonotic disease caused by the orf virus. Pandemic outbreaks of this disease cause great economic losses, while the pathogenesis of this disease still remains obscure. In this study, blood samples were collected from 628 asymptomatic goats across China for PCR-based virus detection. We detected the orf virus in the blood of asymptomatic goats. Moreover, the orf virus obtained from the blood of infected goats was infectious and induced typical symptoms of contagious pustular dermatitis after inoculation of uninfected dairy goats...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Carmen Maresca, Eleonora Scoccia, Annalisa Dettori, Andrea Felici, Roberta Guarcini, Stefano Petrini, Andrea Quaglia, Giovanni Filippini
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR)/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis (IPV) caused by Bovine alphaherpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) is a significant disease in domestic and wild cattle. In June 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry in Italy approved a national surveillance plan to control and eradicate IBR in beef cattle breeds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of the first year of the IBR voluntary surveillance plan in Italy. The aim of the plan is to eradicate IBR in all bovines recorded in the National Herd Book for Italian beef cattle breeds over six years...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Michelle Pitch, Kathryn Somers, Glynis Scott, Francisco Tausk, Mary G Mercurio
Pustular psoriasis of pregnancy (PPP), also known as impetigo herpetiformis, is a rare condition that affects women in the third trimester of pregnancy through the postpartum period. The relative infrequency of PPP presents both clinical and pathologic challenges in the diagnosis and management of this condition. We report a case of a woman who presented at 32 weeks' gestation with a generalized rash demonstrating clinicopathologic features consistent with PPP. Based on prior reports of adverse maternal-fetal outcomes in PPP, coordinated efforts from our patient's dermatologic and obstetric teams ensured positive outcomes for the patient and the neonate...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Angelo Valerio Marzano, Giovanni Damiani, Giovanni Genovese, Marco Gattorno
Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) encompass a heterogeneous group of disorders pathogenetically related to an abnormal activation of the innate immunity and clinically characterised by aseptic inflammation in the affected organs in the absence of high titer of circulating autoantibodies or autoreactive T cells. In classic monogenic AIDs, the skin is frequently involved with a wide range of cutaneous lesions. Monogenic AIDs result from different mutations in a single gene, which regulates the innate immunity...
January 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Mariana Roccaro, Silvia Piva, Alessandra Scagliarini, Federica Giacometti, Andrea Serraino, Giuseppe Merialdi, Matteo Frasnelli, Angelo Romano, Alberto Bellio, Lucia Decastelli, Angelo Peli
The objective of this report is to describe an outbreak of pustular dermatitis in a flock of about 200 sheep, its clinical evolution and food safety implications. The onset of the symptoms was sudden and the lesions spread very quickly from ewe to ewe, so that in about 3 days almost all of the lactating sheep were stricken. Pustules from 5 different animals, six milk samples, two cheese samples, teat cup samples from the milking machine and farmer's hands were analysed. A pure culture of Staphylococcus aureus , producing staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) C, was isolated from pustules...
March 31, 2018: Italian Journal of Food Safety
Marianna O Dashko, Orysya O Syzon, Ulyana V Fedorova
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Acne is chronic recurrent dermatosis, one of the essential skin inflammation in the structure of dermatological pathology, especially in young people of working age, often caused by persistent cicatricial changes in the skin, and affecting negatively the psychoemotional state of patients, their quality of life and working capacity. It has been established by today that the pathogenesis acne is complex and multifactorial, and the changes of immune reactivity of the organism play an important role in its clinical course development...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Stanislav N Tolkachjov, David A Wetter, Benjamin J Sandefur
The timing of a recent prescription for azithromycin and the morphology of this eruption made us suspect a drug reaction. But which type of reaction were we looking at?
May 2018: Journal of Family Practice
Linghong Linda Zhou, Jorge R Georgakopoulos, Arvin Ighani, Jensen Yeung
Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare but serious and difficult to treat cutaneous disease, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Despite the numerous treatment regimens available, the overall quality of evidence-based research is limited with a lack of an algorithmic approach available. In this review, we aim to evaluate the current level of evidence regarding the efficacy and safety/tolerability of systemic monotherapies available in the treatment of GPP. A comprehensive MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed search of clinical studies examining systemic monotherapy treatment options for GPP was conducted...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Michael Benzaquen, Benoit Flachaire, Frank Rouby, Philippe Berbis, Sandrine Guis
Palmoplantar pustular psoriasis (PPP) is a clinical form of psoriasis, for which tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) or interleukins 12/23 inhibitor (ustekinumab) can be a therapeutic option. Paradoxical psoriatic reactions induced by TNFi are now well known. We present the exceptional case of a paradoxical PPP appeared under ustekinumab in a patient with Crohn's disease-associated spondyloarthropathy. A 58-year-old woman presented with recent peripheral inflammatory arthralgias appeared in the context of a Crohn's disease diagnosed in 2008...
April 28, 2018: Rheumatology International
Zehra Aşiran Serdar, Şirin Yaşar, Cuyan Demirkesen, Ezgi Aktaş Karabay
The orf virus, a member of poxvirus family, is a zoonotic parapoxvirus endemic in many countries, mostly seen among sheep, goats, oxen, and may be transmitted to humans. Orf virus infections may induce ulceration, papulonodular, pustular, or ecthyma lesions in the skin. Rarely, orf virus provokes extensive vasculoendothelial proliferation by encoding an apparent homolog of the mammalian vascular endothelial growth factor family of molecules. The vascular endothelial growth factor-like viral gene product is expressed early during infection and could be responsible for the induction of endothelial proliferation...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Muriel Sadlier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: JAAD Case Reports
Rachel L Giesey, Gregory R Delost, Timmie R Sharma, Kevin D Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: JAAD Case Reports
Carlotta Baraldi, Lidia Sacchelli, Emi Dika, Martina Lambertini, Cosimo Misciali, Tommaso Bianchi, Pier A Fanti
BACKGROUND: Skin biopsy is an important tool for various skin conditions. However, in the case of leg ulcers, some Authors still consider it highly risky and mandatory only in selected cases. METHODS: To evaluate the rate of adverse events after leg ulcers biopsy in 866 consecutive patients referring to our Wound Care Unit in Bologna from January 2008 to December 2016. Two biopsies were performed (from the border and the centre) by the same dermatologist following a standardized structured protocol...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Jianfeng Zheng, Yunlu Gao, Xuemei Yi, Yangfeng Ding
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, characterized by subcorneal or superficial intraepidermal pustules, is induced by drugs in more than 90% of cases. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease triggered by different conditions in genetically susceptible people. Generalized pustular psoriasis is an acute and severe clinical form of psoriasis, which usually occurs in patients with psoriasis undergoing aggravating factors. In this report the authors have reported a 40-year-old male patient with primary syphilis who developed generalized pustular dermatosis after the use of ceftriaxone...
January 2018: Case Reports in Dermatology
Nobuya Abe, Takashi Kudo, Satoshi Jodo
A 68-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis, who was treated with tofacitinib, a type of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, was admitted for dyspnea and generalized purpuric vesicular rash, following 3 days of fever and malaise. She developed hypoxia from respiratory insufficiency. On physical examination, the systemic eruptions had an erythematous base and were present in various stages, from maculopapular to vesicular and pustular, with crusting (left). Chest radiograph demonstrated diffuse infiltrates with reticular and nodular lesions in the bilateral lung fields (right)...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Teng Zhu, Hongzhong Jin, Dan Shu, Feng Li, Chao Wu
Previous studies have revealed that IL36RN mutations play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP), however, the clinical relevance is unclear. To investigate the correlation between IL36RN mutations and clinical features, recurrence frequency, and therapeutic response to acitretin in GPP patients with long-term follow-up. This retrospective cohort study, lasting 2-4 years, included 61 GPP and 48 psoriasis vulgaris (PV) patients. Sequence analysis of all five exons of the IL36RN gene revealed two genetic variants (c...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Muthannan A Ramakrishnan, Chetan Y Pundkar, Arfa Fayaz, S ChandraSekar, R Mageswary, Deenanath Ashokkumar, Rukhsana Bano, Dhanavelu Muthuchelvan, Sukdeb Nandi, V K Gupta
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis is one of the high economic importance diseases of cattle and caused by bovine herpesvirus1 (BoHV1). Based on the restriction endonuclease fingerprinting of viral DNA, the BoHV1 can be divided into three subtypes viz., BoHV1.1, 1.2a, and 1.2b. Since this method requires a pure viral DNA, it is time-consuming and labour intense. In the current study, the UL0.5 gene based PCR sequencing has been used for the subtyping of BoHV1. Out of five isolates, four had BoHV1-like signatures and one isolate had BoHV1...
March 2018: Virusdisease
Mingjian Long, Yuanyuan Wang, Daxiang Chen, Yong Wang, Ruixue Wang, Daoyuan Gong, Haijian He, Daniel L Rock, Wenbo Hao, Shuhong Luo
OBJECTIVE: Orf virus (ORFV) is the pathogen causing contagious pustular dermatitis in goats, sheep and herdsmen. Evidence has confirmed that ORFV can be used as a preventive and therapeutic immunomodulatory agent in several animal models. Our previous data demonstrated that ORFV024 is able to inhibit activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway and act as an important modulator for early immune responses against viral infection. However, the molecular mechanism by which ORFV024 exerting biological function remains unclear...
March 29, 2018: Gene
F Capon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
K M Hoegler, A M John, M Z Handler, R A Schwartz
Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a subtype of pustular psoriasis characterized by painful and occasionally disfiguring cutaneous manifestations with sepsis-like systemic symptoms. Affecting any age and race, GPP can occur with other forms of psoriasis or by itself. Stimuli for flares include medications, infections and environmental triggers. The interleukin family and caspase recruitment domain family have been implicated in its pathogenesis. Other forms of pustular psoriasis include impetigo herpetiformis, palmoplantar pustular psoriasis, annular pustular psoriasis and acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau...
March 24, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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