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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332169/measuring-cochlear-duct-length-in-asian-population-worth-giving-a-thought
#1
Mohnish Grover, Shitanshu Sharma, Shashank Nath Singh, Tanmaya Kataria, Rajendra Singh Lakhawat, Man Prakash Sharma
INTRODUCTION: The anatomy of the cochlea forms the basis for a successful cochlear implantation. Cochlear duct length (CDL) is defined as the length of the scala media as measured from the middle of the round window to helicotrema. Preoperative measurement of CDL is particularly important when precise intracochlear electrode array placement is desired. It can be done both histologically and radiologically. Preoperative high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan which forms an integral part of cochlear implant workup is a useful tool to calculate CDL using 3D reconstructions...
January 13, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325081/dissatisfaction-with-current-integration-reforms-of-health-insurance-schemes-in-china-are-they-a-success-and-what-matters
#3
Linghan Shan, Miaomiao Zhao, Ning Ning, Yanhua Hao, Ye Li, Libo Liang, Zheng Kang, Hong Sun, Ding Ding, Baohua Liu, Chao Liang, Miao Yu, Qunhong Wu, Mo Hao, Hua Fan
Integration reforms have been piloted as key policies to address the fragmented health insurance system in China. They are also regarded as a better choice for realizing a Universal Basic Medical Insurance System (UBMIS). This study has attempted to explore the determinants that may affect respondents' dissatisfaction with the reforms. The aim is to provide evidence for more effective policy adjustment during the next round of nationwide integration reforms in China. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in Ningbo, Chongqing and Heilongjiang from 2014 to 2015...
January 6, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318829/-key-points-of-poverty-alleviation-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-industry-and-classification-of-recommended-chinese-herbal-medicines
#4
Lu-Qi Huang, Gang-Qiang Su, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Xiao-Ming Sun, Xiao-Jun Wu, Lan-Ping Guo, Meng Li, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing
To build a well-off society in an all-round way, eliminate poverty, improve people's livelihood and improve the level of social and economic development in poverty-stricken areas is the frontier issues of the government and science and technology workers at all levels. Chinese herbal medicine is the strategic resource of the people's livelihood, Chinese herbal medicine cultivation is an important part of China's rural poor population income. As most of the production of Chinese herbal medicine by the biological characteristics of their own and the interaction of natural ecological environment factors, showing a strong regional character...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317210/quality-indicators-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-depression-bipolar-disorder-or-schizophrenia-consensus-study
#5
Miquel Bernardo, Consuelo de Dios, Víctor Pérez, Emilio Ignacio, Manuel Serrano, Eduard Vieta, José Joaquín Mira, Mercedes Guilabert, Miquel Roca
OBJECTIVE: To define a set of indicators for mental health care, monitoring quality assurance in schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorders in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Qualitative research. Consensus-based study involving 6 psychiatrists on the steering committee and a panel of 43 psychiatrists working in several health services in Spain. An initial proposal of 44 indicators for depression, 42 for schizophrenia and 58 for bipolar disorder was elaborated after reviewing the literature...
January 6, 2018: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316932/why-do-people-participate-in-mass-anti-malarial-administration-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-nong-district-savannakhet-province-lao-pdr-laos
#6
Bipin Adhikari, Koukeo Phommasone, Palingnaphone Kommarasy, Xayaphone Soundala, Phonesavanh Souvanthong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Gisela Henriques, Paul N Newton, Nicholas J White, Nicholas P J Day, Arjen M Dondorp, Lorenz von Seidlein, Mayfong Mayxay, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Christopher Pell
BACKGROUND: As a part of targeted malaria elimination (TME) in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), mass drug administration (MDA) with anti-malarials was conducted in four villages in Nong District, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR (Laos). A high proportion of the target population participated in the MDA, with over 87% agreeing to take the anti-malarial. Drawing on qualitative data collected alongside the MDA, this article explores the factors that led to this high population coverage...
January 9, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315035/does-a-daily-consultant-ward-round-affect-the-outcomes-of-orthopaedic-patients
#7
Kwaku W Baryeh, David Elliott, Ziad Harb, Radcliffe Lisk
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, more than 60 000 patients present with a fractured neck of femur each year. These patients represent a huge financial cost. This study looks at the 30-day readmissions and total length of hospital stay of patients presenting with a fractured neck of femur, as well as length of stay in non-hip fracture trauma patients, following the change to a daily consultant-led ward round. METHODS: A total of 200 records of patients with fractured neck of femur were reviewed with data collected retrospectively and prospectively following the introduction of the daily consultant-led ward round...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314430/reducing-medication-errors-in-critical-care-patients-pharmacist-key-resources-and-relationship-with-medicines-optimisation
#8
Richard S Bourne, Rob Shulman, Jennifer K Jennings
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are the most common type of medical errors critical care patients experience. Critical care units utilise a variety of resources to reduce medication errors; it is unknown which resources or combinations thereof are most effective in improving medication safety. OBJECTIVES: To obtain UK critical care pharmacist group consensus on the most important interventions/resources that reduce medication errors. To then classify units that participated in the PROTECTED UK study to investigate if there were significant differences in the reported pharmacist prescription intervention type, clinical impact and rates according to unit resource classification...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310491/influence-of-processing-methods-on-physico-mechanical-properties-of-ibuprofen-hpc-ssl-formulation
#9
Kaushalendra Chaturvedi, Bhavin Y Gajera, Ting Xu, Harsh Shah, Rutesh H Dave
The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of processing methods on the physical and mechanical properties of formulations containing Ibuprofen and HPC-SSL. The powder blends, containing Ibuprofen and HPC-SSL in ratio of 9:0.5, were processed using melt granulation (MG) by hot melt extrusion (HME) and wet granulation (WG) by high shear mixer. Formulated granules and powder blends were compressed into round flat faced tablets using Riva Piccola tablet press. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) studies proved that granulation process did not significantly alter the crystallinity of Ibuprofen, however particle density and flow properties were significantly improved...
January 9, 2018: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306959/-unknown-title
#10
C Hopkins, R Hettige, A Soni-Jaiswal, R Lakhani, S Carrie, A Cervin, R Douglas, W J Fokkens, R Harvey, P W Hellings, A Leunig, V J Lund, C Philpott, T Smith, D Y Wang, L Rudmik
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Evaluating the effectiveness of treatments in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have been limited by both a paucity of high quality randomised trials, and the heterogeneity of outcomes in those that have been reported. Core outcome sets (COS) are an agreed, standardized set of outcomes that should be measured and reported by future trials as a minimum and will facilitate future meta-analysis of trial results in systematic reviews (SRs). We set out to develop a core outcome set for interventions for adults with CRS...
January 7, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306382/diagnostic-radiographers-working-in-the-operating-theatre-an-action-research-project
#11
S Naylor, D Foulkes
INTRODUCTION: Failures in interprofessional communication are well-documented and are an established cause of medical error and negative health outcomes. Socio-historical issues like imbalances in power and status are particularly prevalent in the operating theatre environment, adding complications to interprofessional working. Simulation, used in healthcare education, may impact positively on interprofessional working. METHODS: The aim of this action research study was to develop, pilot and run a simulation experience for Diagnostic Radiography (DRAD) students...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304256/dynamics-ultrastructure-and-gene-expression-of-human-in-vitro-organized-testis-cells-from-testicular-sperm-extraction-biopsies
#12
Kathrein von Kopylow, Wolfgang Schulze, Andrea Salzbrunn, Matthias Schaks, Elke Schäfer, Beate Roth, Stefan Schlatt, Andrej-Nikolai Spiess
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to induce in-vitro reorganization of primary human testis cells from testicular sperm extraction (TESE) biopsies, maintain their long-term cultivation in a 2D system and identify cellular compositions? SUMMARY ANSWER: In-vitro reorganization of primary human testis cells from TESE biopsies and their long-term cultivation on uncoated cell culture dishes is feasible and the cellular compositions can be uncovered through gene expression and microscopic analyses...
January 3, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304002/a-new-approach-to-design-autonomous-wireless-sensor-node-based-on-rf-energy-harvesting-system
#13
Alex Mouapi, Nadir Hakem
Energy Harvesting techniques are increasingly seen as the solution for freeing the wireless sensor nodes from their battery dependency. However, it remains evident that network performance features, such as network size, packet length, and duty cycle, are influenced by the sum of recovered energy. This paper proposes a new approach to defining the specifications of a stand-alone wireless node based on a Radio-frequency Energy Harvesting System (REHS). To achieve adequate performance regarding the range of the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), techniques for minimizing the energy consumed by the sensor node are combined with methods for optimizing the performance of the REHS...
January 5, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302724/consensus-on-training-and-implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-delphi-study
#14
Nader K Francis, Thomas Walker, Fiona Carter, Martin Hübner, Angela Balfour, Dorthe Hjort Jakobsen, Jennie Burch, Tracy Wasylak, Nicolas Demartines, Dileep N Lobo, Valerie Addor, Olle Ljungqvist
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is widely accepted in current surgical practice due to its positive impact on patient outcomes. The successful implementation of ERAS is challenging and compliance with protocols varies widely. Continual staff education is essential for successful ERAS programmes. Teaching modalities exist, but there remains no agreement regarding the optimal training curriculum or how its effectiveness is assessed. We aimed to draw consensus from an expert panel regarding the successful training and implementation of ERAS...
January 4, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302089/identifying-shared-values-for-school-affiliated-student-organizations
#15
Antonio A Bush, Kaitlyn M Buhlinger, Jacqueline E McLaughlin
Objective. To identify shared values for student organizations. Methods. A three-round Delphi approach was utilized to identify and prioritize shared values among student organization leadership. In round 1, student leaders selected 15 values from a list of 36 organizational values and were given an opportunity to include up to five suggestions not incorporated within the original list. Student leaders narrowed the 15 values to 12 in round 2. The top 12 priorities were ranked in round 3 and participants were invited to write a brief statement regarding their perspectives of the results...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301503/development-of-the-body-image-self-rating-questionnaire-for-breast-cancer-bisq-bc-for-chinese-mainland-patients
#16
Kaina Zhou, Xiaole He, Lanting Huo, Jinghua An, Minjie Li, Wen Wang, Xiaomei Li
BACKGROUND: Body image is a complex post-treatment concern among female patients with breast cancer, and various tools have been developed and applied to measure this multifaceted issue. However, these available tools were developed in other countries and only a few have been modified into Chinese versions. Furthermore, body-image evaluation instruments that are specific to Chinese mainland female patients with breast cancer have not been devised yet. Therefore, we developed the Body Image Self-rating Questionnaire for Breast Cancer for Chinese mainland female patients with breast cancer...
January 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299000/roles-of-infectious-diseases-consultant-pharmacists-and-antimicrobial-stewardship-pharmacists-a-survey-of-canadian-tertiary-care-academic-hospitals
#17
Jessica E Beach, Tasha D Ramsey, Sean K Gorman, Tim T Y Lau
Background: Infectious diseases consultant (IDC) pharmacists work within an IDC service to care for inpatients with complex infections. With Accreditation Canada's new Required Organizational Practice promoting the establishment of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs, AMS pharmacists are being employed in acute care hospitals. There is potential for overlap in responsibilities between IDC and AMS pharmacists, but there is no literature outlining the current duties for each group in Canada...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297860/italian-external-quality-assessment-program-for-cystic-fibrosis-sweat-chloride-test-a-2015-and-2016-results-comparison
#18
Marco Salvatore, Giovanna Floridia, Annalisa Amato, Federica Censi, Maria Chiara de Stefano, Gianluca Ferrari, Fabrizio Tosto, Domenica Taruscio
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic testing in cystic fibrosis (CF) is based on the sweat chloride test (SCT) in the context of appropriate signs and symptoms of disease and results of the gene mutation analysis. In 2014 the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS) established a pilot Italian external quality assessment program for CF sweat chloride test (Italian EQA-SCT). In 2015 this activity was recognized as a third party service carried out by the ISS. The aim of the paper is to compare 2015 and 2016 results and experiences...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295017/client-violence-against-youth-care-workers-findings-of-an-exploratory-study-of-workforce-issues-in-residential-treatment
#19
Yvonne Smith, Lex Colletta, Anna E Bender
Residential treatment centers (RTCs) for youth are plagued by high turnover of youth care workers who provide round-the-clock treatment and supervision to youth with severe affective and behavioral problems. This article presents findings from a 15-month ethnographic study of workforce issues in one RTC related to youth care workers' exposure to client violence (CV). Findings are based on 65 semistructured interviews and 490 hours of participant observation with consenting employees. Participants reported CV incidents, including punching, kicking, biting, hair pulling, choking, threats or assaults with a weapon, and other physical and sexualized violence...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288048/recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-diagnosis-of-asthma-in-children-evidence-from-international-guidelines-adapted-for-mexico
#20
REVIEW
D E S Larenas Linnemann, B E Del Río Navarro, J A Luna Pech, J Romero Lombard, J Villaverde Rosas, M C Cano Salas, M Fernández Vega, J A Ortega Martell, E C López Estrada, J L Mayorga Butrón, J Salas Hernández, J C Vázquez García, I Ortiz Aldana, M H Vargas Becerra, M Bedolla Barajas, N Rodríguez Pérez, A Aguilar Aranda, C A Jiménez González, C García Bolaños, C Garrido Galindo, D A Mendoza Hernández, E Mendoza López, G López Pérez, G H Wakida Kuzonoki, H H Ruiz Gutiérrez, H León Molina, H Martínez de la Lanza, H Stone Aguilar, J Gómez Vera, J Olvera Salinas, J J Oyoqui Flores, J L Gálvez Romero, J S Lozano Saenz, J I Salgado Gama, M A Jiménez Chobillon, M A García Avilés, M P Guinto Balanzar, M A Medina Ávalos, R Camargo Angeles, R García Torrentera, S Toral Freyre, G Montes Narvaez, H Solorio Gómez, J Rosas Peña, S J Romero Tapia, A Reyes Herrera, F Cuevas Schacht, J Esquer Flores, J A Sacre Hazouri, L Compean Martínez, P J Medina Sánchez, S Garza Salinas, C Baez Loyola, I Romero Alvarado, J L Miguel Reyes, L E Huerta Espinosa, M Á Correa Flores, R Castro Martínez
BACKGROUND: With the availability of high-quality asthma guidelines worldwide, one possible approach of developing a valid guideline, without re-working the evidence, already analysed by major guidelines, is the ADAPTE approach, as was used for the development of National Guidelines on asthma. METHODS: The guidelines development group (GDG) covered a broad range of experts from medical specialities, primary care physicians and methodologists. The core group of the GDG searched the literature for asthma guidelines 2005 onward, and analysed the 11 best guidelines with AGREE-II to select three mother guidelines...
December 26, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
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