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successive sequential processing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290643/mapping-of-compositional-properties-of-coal-using-isometric-log-ratio-transformation-and-sequential-gaussian-simulation-a-comparative-study-for-spatial-ultimate-analyses-data
#1
C Özgen Karacan, Ricardo A Olea
Chemical properties of coal largely determine coal handling, processing, beneficiation methods, and design of coal-fired power plants. Furthermore, these properties impact coal strength, coal blending during mining, as well as coal's gas content, which is important for mining safety. In order for these processes and quantitative predictions to be successful, safer, and economically feasible, it is important to determine and map chemical properties of coals accurately in order to infer these properties prior to mining...
March 2018: Journal of Geochemical Exploration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276706/a-cyclical-approach-to-continuum-modeling-a-conceptual-model-of-diabetic-foot-care
#2
Martha L Carvour, Allyssa Chiu
"Cascade" or "continuum" models have been developed for a number of diseases and conditions. These models define the desired, successive steps in care for that disease or condition and depict the proportion of the population that has completed each step. These models may be used to compare care across subgroups or populations and to identify and evaluate interventions intended to improve outcomes on the population level. Previous cascade or continuum models have been limited by several factors. These models are best suited to processes with stepwise outcomes-such as screening, diagnosis, and treatment-with a single defined outcome (e...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242095/cochrane-qualitative-and-implementation-methods-group-guidance-paper-4-methods-for-integrating-qualitative-and-implementation-evidence-within-intervention-effectiveness-reviews
#3
Angela Harden, James Thomas, Margaret Cargo, Janet Harris, Tomas Pantoja, Kate Flemming, Andrew Booth, Ruth Garside, Karin Hannes, Jane Noyes
The Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group (CQIMG) develops and publishes guidance on the synthesis of qualitative and mixed-method evidence from process evaluations. Despite a proliferation of methods for the synthesis of qualitative research, less attention has focused on how to integrate these syntheses within intervention effectiveness reviews. In this paper we report updated guidance from the group on approaches, methods and tools which can be used to integrate the findings from quantitative studies evaluating intervention effectiveness with those from qualitative studies and process evaluations...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237841/mammalian-adaptation-of-an-avian-influenza-a-virus-involves-stepwise-changes-in-ns1
#4
C Chauché, A Nogales, H Zhu, D Goldfarb, A I Ahmad Shanizza, Q Gu, C R Parrish, L Martínez-Sobrido, J F Marshall, P R Murcia
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are common pathogens of birds that occasionally establish endemic infections in mammals. The processes and mechanisms that result in IAV mammalian adaptation are poorly understood. The viral non-structural 1 (NS1) protein counteracts the interferon (IFN) response, a central component of the host-species barrier.We characterised the NS1 proteins of equine influenza virus (EIV), a mammalian IAV lineage of avian origin. We showed that evolutionary distinct NS1s counteract the IFN response using different and mutually exclusive mechanisms: while the NS1s of early EIVs block general gene expression by binding to the cellular polyadenylation specific factor 30 (CPSF30), NS1s from more evolved EIVs specifically block the induction of IFN-stimulated genes by interfering with the JAK/STAT pathway...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236011/hydraulic-retention-time-influence-on-azo-dye-and-sulfate-removal-during-the-sequential-anaerobic-aerobic-treatment-of-real-textile-wastewater
#5
F M Amaral, L Florêncio, M T Kato, P A Santa-Cruz, S Gavazza
In the present study, we evaluate the behavior of real textile wastewater treatment using a system composed of two sequential pilot-scale reactors (anaerobic followed by aerobic) during 622 days. The work focused on the competition between color and sulfate removal processes, when the hydraulic retention time (HRT) was increased in the anaerobic/aerobic reactors from 16/12 hours in phase I (PI) to 4/3 days in phase II (PII). The organic matter was successfully removed in both phases through the system, and the highest efficiency (75%) was achieved in PII...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233420/student-pharmacist-perceived-benefit-of-a-sequential-training-model-for-health-testing
#6
Tiffaney Threatt, Eileen Ward, Kayce Shealy, Amy Hynes, P Elizabeth Robinette
PURPOSE: This article describes the health testing training process used at Presbyterian College School of Pharmacy and evaluates perceptions of the sequential training model among students in their first, second, and third professional years. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: After observing student deficiencies in the knowledge and skills necessary for performing health tests, despite receiving didactic training within the core curriculum, faculty members searched for supplemental training programs used by other schools of pharmacy...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231737/stability-of-polyethylene-glycol-and-zwitterionic-surface-modifications-in-pdms-microfluidic-flow-chambers
#7
Thomas James Plegue, Kyle M Kovach, Alex J Thompson, Joseph A Potkay
Blood-material interactions are crucial to the lifetime, safety, and overall success of a blood contacting devices. Hydrophilic polymer coatings have been employed to improve device lifetime by shielding blood contacting materials from the natural foreign body response, primarily the intrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade. These coatings have the ability to repel proteins, cells, bacteria, and other micro-organisms. Coatings are desired to have long-term stability, so that the nonthrombogenic and nonfouling effects gained are long lasting...
December 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230380/the-axolotl-limb-regeneration-model-as-a-discovery-tool-for-engineering-the-stem-cell-niche
#8
Negar Seyedhassantehrani, Takayoshi Otsuka, Shambhavi Singh, David M Gardiner
Purpose of review: Recent advances in genomics and gene editing have expanded the range of model organisms to include those with interesting biological capabilities such as regeneration. Among these are the classic models of regeneration biology, the salamander. Although stimulating endogenous regeneration in humans likely is many years away, with advances in stem cell biology and biomedical engineering (e.g. bio-inspired materials), it is evident that there is great potential to enhance regenerative outcomes by approaching the problem from an engineering perspective...
September 2017: Current Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227328/limitations-of-teaching-endoscopy
#9
Amnon Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic procedures of the gastrointestinal tract represent a category of diagnostic tests that considerably rely on skills and dexterity of a human tester. The present analysis aimed to delineate factors that affect the success of teaching endoscopy and potentially limit the acquisition of new skills and knowledge. METHODS: The performance of the endoscopist is described in terms of sensitivity and specificity. The outcomes of sequential testing and acquisition of new knowledge are calculated using matrix algebra...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221450/peer-feedback-for-examiner-quality-assurance-on-mrcgp-international-south-asia-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
D P Perera, Marie Andrades, Val Wass
BACKGROUND: The International Membership Examination (MRCGP[INT]) of the Royal College of General Practitioners UK is a unique collaboration between four South Asian countries with diverse cultures, epidemiology, clinical facilities and resources. In this setting good quality assurance is imperative to achieve acceptable standards of inter rater reliability. This study aims to explore the process of peer feedback for examiner quality assurance with regard to factors affecting the implementation and acceptance of the method...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216849/economic-evaluations-of-ergonomic-interventions-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-organizational-level-interventions
#11
Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Annick Parent-Lamarche, Aurélie Gaillard, Susan Stock, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Quan Nha Hong, Michel Vezina, Youssouph Coulibaly, Nicole Vézina, Diane Berthelette
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful implementation...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213212/implementation-and-feasibility-of-the-stroke-nursing-guideline-in-the-care-of-patients-with-stroke-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Ingibjörg Bjartmarz, Helga Jónsdóttir, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir
Background: Nurses often have difficulties with using interdisciplinary stroke guidelines for patients with stroke as they do not focus sufficiently on nursing. Therefore, the Stroke Nursing Guideline (SNG) was developed and implemented. The aim of this study was to determine the implementation and feasibility of the SNG in terms of changes in documentation and use of the guideline in the care of stroke patients on Neurological and Rehabilitation wards, barriers and facilitators, and nurses' and auxiliary nurses' view of the implementation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212607/when-syntax-meets-action-brain-potential-evidence-of-overlapping-between-language-and-motor-sequencing
#13
Pilar Casado, Manuel Martín-Loeches, Inmaculada León, David Hernández-Gutiérrez, Javier Espuny, Francisco Muñoz, Laura Jiménez-Ortega, Sabela Fondevila, Manuel de Vega
This study aims to extend the embodied cognition approach to syntactic processing. The hypothesis is that the brain resources to plan and perform motor sequences are also involved in syntactic processing. To test this hypothesis, Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) were recorded while participants read sentences with embedded relative clauses, judging for their acceptability (half of the sentences contained a subject-verb morphosyntactic disagreement). The sentences, previously divided into three segments, were self-administered segment-by-segment in two different sequential manners: linear or non-linear...
November 15, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208216/clinical-veterinary-proteomics-techniques-and-approaches-to-decipher-the-animal-plasma-proteome
#14
REVIEW
P Ghodasara, P Sadowski, N Satake, S Kopp, P C Mills
Over the last two decades, technological advancements in the field of proteomics have advanced our understanding of the complex biological systems of living organisms. Techniques based on mass spectrometry (MS) have emerged as powerful tools to contextualise existing genomic information and to create quantitative protein profiles from plasma, tissues or cell lines of various species. Proteomic approaches have been used increasingly in veterinary science to investigate biological processes responsible for growth, reproduction and pathological events...
December 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157274/evaluating-implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-s-strategic-approach-to-strengthening-sexual-and-reproductive-health-policies-and-programs-to-address-unintended-pregnancy-and-unsafe-abortion
#15
Shusmita Rashid, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Joshua P Vogel, Bela Ganatra, Dina N Khan, Radha Sayal, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: We conducted a process evaluation to assess how the World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Approach to strengthening sexual and reproductive health policies and programs ("the SA") was used in 15 countries that requested WHO's technical support in addressing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The SA is a three-stage planning, policy, and program implementation process. We used the social ecological model (SEM) to analyze the contextual factors that influenced SA implementation...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155751/dissection-and-immunofluorescent-staining-of-mushroom-body-and-photoreceptor-neurons-in-adult-drosophila-melanogaster-brains
#16
Seth M Kelly, Alexandra Elchert, Michael Kahl
Nervous system development involves a sequential series of events that are coordinated by several signaling pathways and regulatory networks. Many of the proteins involved in these pathways are evolutionarily conserved between mammals and other eukaryotes, such as the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, suggesting that similar organizing principles exist during the development of these organisms. Importantly, Drosophila has been used extensively to identify cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating processes that are required in mammals including neurogenesis, differentiation, axonal guidance, and synaptogenesis...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109776/sequential-delivery-of-cyclopeptide-ra-v-and-doxorubicin-for-combination-therapy-on-resistant-tumor-and-in-situ-monitoring-of-cytochrome-c-release
#17
Huachao Chen, Yurong Wang, Yongrong Yao, Shenglin Qiao, Hao Wang, Ninghua Tan
A programmed drug delivery system that can achieve sequential release of multiple therapeutics under different stimulus holds great promise to enhance the treatment efficacy and overcome multi-drug resistance (MDR) in tumor. Herein, multi-organelle-targeted and pH/ cytochrome c (Cyt c) dual-responsive nanoparticles were designed for combination therapy on resistant tumor. In this system (designated DGLipo NPs), doxorubicin (Dox) was intercalated into the DNA duplex containing a Cyt c aptamer, which subsequently loaded in the dendrigraftpoly-L-lysines (DGL) cores of DGLipo NPs, while cyclopeptide RA-V was doped into the pH-sensitive liposomal shells...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096876/a-training-program-for-nurse-scientists-to-promote-intervention-translation
#18
Sheila Judge Santacroce, Jennifer Leeman, Mi-Kyung Song
BACKGROUND: To reduce the burden of chronic illness, prevention and management interventions must be efficacious, adopted and implemented with fidelity, and reach those at greatest risk. Yet, many research-tested interventions are slow to translate into practice. PURPOSE: This paper describes how The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing's NINR-funded institutional pre- and postdoctoral research-training program is addressing the imperative to speed knowledge translation across the research cycle...
September 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076295/calcium-phosphate-collagen-scaffold-with-aligned-pore-channels-for-enhanced-osteochondral-regeneration
#19
Yun-Jeong Seong, In-Gu Kang, Eun-Ho Song, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Seol-Ha Jeong
This study reports the development of a bilayered scaffold with aligned channels produced via a sequential coextrusion and unidirectional freezing process to facilitate upward bone-marrow stem-cell migration. The biomimetic scaffold with collagen and biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) layers is successfully fabricated with matching of the cartilage and bone layers. The aligned structure results in an enhancement of the compressive strength, and the channels enable tight anchoring of the collagen layers on the BCP scaffolds compared with a randomly structured porous scaffold...
October 27, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073543/a-simple-fluorescent-probe-for-the-fast-sequential-detection-of-copper-and-biothiols-based-on-a-benzothiazole-derivative
#20
Youming Shen, Xiangyang Zhang, Chunxiang Zhang, Youyu Zhang, Junling Jin, Haitao Li
A simple benzothiazole fluorescent chemosensor was developed for the fast sequential detection of Cu(2+) and biothiols through modulating the excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) process. The compound 1 exhibits highly selective and sensitive fluorescence "on-off" recognition to Cu(2+) with a 1:1 binding stoichiometry by ESIPT hinder. The in situ generated 1-Cu(2+) complex can serve as an "on-off" fluorescent probe for high selectivity toward biothiols via Cu(2+) displacement approach, which exerts ESIPT recovery...
September 28, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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