keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

simultaneous sequential processing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922994/two-attributes-of-number-meaning
#1
Michael Wiemers, Harold Bekkering, Oliver Lindemann
Many studies demonstrated interactions between number processing and either spatial codes (effects of spatial-numerical associations) or visual size-related codes (size-congruity effect). However, the interrelatedness of these two number couplings is still unclear. The present study examines the simultaneous occurrence of space- and size-numerical congruency effects and their interactions both within and across trials. In a magnitude judgment task physically small or large digits were presented left or right from screen center...
July 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894428/an-integrative-perspective-on-interpersonal-coordination-in-interactive-team-sports
#2
Silvan Steiner, Anne-Claire Macquet, Roland Seiler
Interpersonal coordination is a key factor in team performance. In interactive team sports, the limited predictability of a constantly changing context makes coordination challenging. Approaches that highlight the support provided by environmental information and theories of shared mental models provide potential explanations of how interpersonal coordination can nonetheless be established. In this article, we first outline the main assumptions of these approaches and consider criticisms that have been raised with regard to each...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889063/controlled-and-implicit-processes-in-evaluative-conditioning-on-implicit-and-explicit-attitudes-toward-alcohol-and-intentions-to-drink
#3
Oulmann Zerhouni, Laurent Bègue, Francisco Comiran, Reinout W Wiers
Since implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluations occurring outside of complete awareness) are highly predictive of alcohol consumption, we tested an evaluative learning procedure based on repeated pairing to a critical stimulus (i.e. alcohol, the CS) with a valenced stimulus (the US) in order to modify implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluative conditioning; EC). We hypothesized that manipulating the learning context to bolster implicit affect misattribution should strengthen EC effects on implicit attitudes toward alcohol, while encouraging deliberate processing of CS-US pairs, should strengthen EC effects on explicit attitudes...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888893/face-working-memory-deficits-in-developmental-prosopagnosia-tests-of-encoding-limits-and-updating-processes
#4
Margaret C Jackson, Paul Counter, Jeremy J Tree
Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is a condition in which individuals experience life-long problems recognising faces. In recent years, unpacking the nature of the impairments of this population has been the focus of numerous studies. One focus has been on the nature of face-based memory impairments for such individuals, with the onus being mainly on long-term memory deficits. Far fewer have considered the nature of face-based working memory (WM) impairments for DP cases, and the current study seeks to address this...
September 6, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886162/inter-annual-cascade-effect-on-marine-food-web-a-benthic-pathway-lagging-nutrient-supply-to-pelagic-fish-stock
#5
Lohengrin Dias de Almeida Fernandes, Eduardo Barros Fagundes Netto, Ricardo Coutinho
Currently, spatial and temporal changes in nutrients availability, marine planktonic, and fish communities are best described on a shorter than inter-annual (seasonal) scale, primarily because the simultaneous year-to-year variations in physical, chemical, and biological parameters are very complex. The limited availability of time series datasets furnishing simultaneous evaluations of temperature, nutrients, plankton, and fish have limited our ability to describe and to predict variability related to short-term process, as species-specific phenology and environmental seasonality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881326/remediation-of-electronic-waste-polluted-soil-using-a-combination-of-persulfate-oxidation-and-chemical-washing
#6
Fu Chen, Zhanbin Luo, Gangjun Liu, Yongjun Yang, Shaoliang Zhang, Jing Ma
Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the efficiency of a simultaneous chemical extraction and oxidation for removing persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and toxic metals from an actual soil polluted by the recycling activity of electronic waste. Various chemicals, including hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD), citric acid (CA) and sodium persulfate (SP) were applied synchronously with Fe(2+) activated oxidation to enhance the co-removal of both types of pollutants. It is found that the addition of HPCD can enhance POPs removal through solubilization of POPs and iron chelation; while the CA-chelated Fe(2+) activation process is effective for extracting metals and degrading residual POPs...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876892/wo3-and-w-thermal-atomic-layer-etching-using-conversion-fluorination-and-oxidation-conversion-fluorination-mechanisms
#7
Nicholas Johnson, Steven M George
The thermal atomic layer etching (ALE) of WO3 and W were demonstrated with "conversion-fluorination" and "oxidation-conversion-fluorination" etching mechanisms. Both of these new mechanisms are based on sequential, self-limiting reactions. WO3 ALE was achieved by a "conversion-fluorination" mechanism using an AB exposure sequence with boron trichloride (BCl3) and hydrogen fluoride (HF). BCl3 converts the WO3 surface to a B2O3 layer while forming volatile WOxCly products. Subsequently, HF spontaneously etches the B2O3 layer producing volatile BF3 and H2O products...
September 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844222/recent-advances-in-parallel-imaging-for-mri
#8
REVIEW
Jesse Hamilton, Dominique Franson, Nicole Seiberlich
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an essential technology in modern medicine. However, one of its main drawbacks is the long scan time needed to localize the MR signal in space to generate an image. This review article summarizes some basic principles and recent developments in parallel imaging, a class of image reconstruction techniques for shortening scan time. First, the fundamentals of MRI data acquisition are covered, including the concepts of k-space, undersampling, and aliasing. It is demonstrated that scan time can be reduced by sampling a smaller number of phase encoding lines in k-space; however, without further processing, the resulting images will be degraded by aliasing artifacts...
August 2017: Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842033/analysis-of-multiple-mass-spectrometry-images-from-different-phaseolus-vulgaris-samples-by-multivariate-curve-resolution
#9
Carmen Bedia, Romà Tauler, Joaquim Jaumot
A new procedure based on the simultaneous analysis of multiple mass spectrometry images using multivariate curve resolution is presented in this work. Advantages of the application of the proposed approach are shown for three cases of plant studies demonstrating its potential usefulness in metabolomics studies, particularly in lipidomics. In the first dataset, a three stage germination time course process of green bean seeds is presented. The second example is a dose-response study where the stem bases of a non-exposed plant are compared to those of plants exposed to increasing concentrations of the pesticide chlorpyrifos...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837963/comparing-averaging-limits-for-social-cues-over-space-and-time
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Joseph Florey, Steven C Dakin, Isabelle Mareschal
Observers are able to extract summary statistics from groups of faces, such as their mean emotion or identity. This can be done for faces presented simultaneously and also from sequences of faces presented at a fixed location. Equivalent noise analysis, which estimates an observer's internal noise (the uncertainty in judging a single element) and effective sample size (ESS; the effective number of elements being used to judge the average), reveals what limits an observer's averaging performance. It has recently been shown that observers have lower ESSs and higher internal noise for judging the mean gaze direction of a group of spatially distributed faces compared to the mean head direction of the same faces...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819917/polyglandular-autoimmune-syndromes
#11
REVIEW
G J Kahaly, L Frommer
BACKGROUND: In recent years, scientific knowledge pertaining to the rare ORPHAN polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (registered code ORPHA 282196) has accumulated. OBJECTIVE: To offer current demographic, clinical, serological and immunogenic data on PAS. METHODS: Review of the pertinent and current literature. RESULTS: Polyglandular autoimmune syndromes (PAS) are multifactorial diseases with at least two coexisting autoimmune-mediated endocrinopathies...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807089/supramolecular-based-ultrasonic-assisted-dispersion-solidification-liquid-liquid-microextraction-of-copper-and-cobalt-prior-to-their-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry-determination
#12
Ardeshir Shokrollahi, Foroogh Ebrahimi
In the present work, a simple, efficient, and environmentally friendly method was proposed for the simultaneous preconcentration and determination of minute quantities of copper and cobalt in water samples and serum by a supramolecular-based ultrasonic-assisted dispersion solidification liquid–liquid microextraction (DSLLME) procedure coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The procedure is based on the DSLLME of copper and cobalt with decanoic acid–tetrahydrofuran supramolecular solvent (SUPRAS) in the presence of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, as the complexing agent...
August 15, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799274/bayesian-joint-modeling-of-bivariate-longitudinal-and-competing-risks-data-an-application-to-study-patient-ventilator-asynchronies-in-critical-care-patients
#13
Montserrat Rué, Eleni-Rosalina Andrinopoulou, Danilo Alvares, Carmen Armero, Anabel Forte, Lluis Blanch
Mechanical ventilation is a common procedure of life support in intensive care. Patient-ventilator asynchronies (PVAs) occur when the timing of the ventilator cycle is not simultaneous with the timing of the patient respiratory cycle. The association between severity markers and the events death or alive discharge has been acknowledged before, however, little is known about the addition of PVAs data to the analyses. We used an index of asynchronies (AI) to measure PVAs and the SOFA (sequential organ failure assessment) score to assess overall severity...
August 11, 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798742/preservation-and-significance-of-extracellular-dna-in-ferruginous-sediments-from-lake-towuti-indonesia
#14
Aurèle Vuillemin, Fabian Horn, Mashal Alawi, Cynthia Henny, Dirk Wagner, Sean A Crowe, Jens Kallmeyer
Extracellular DNA is ubiquitous in soil and sediment and constitutes a dominant fraction of environmental DNA in aquatic systems. In theory, extracellular DNA is composed of genomic elements persisting at different degrees of preservation produced by processes occurring on land, in the water column and sediment. Extracellular DNA can be taken up as a nutrient source, excreted or degraded by microorganisms, or adsorbed onto mineral matrices, thus potentially preserving information from past environments. To test whether extracellular DNA records lacustrine conditions, we sequentially extracted extracellular and intracellular DNA from anoxic sediments of ferruginous Lake Towuti, Indonesia...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768738/altered-tactile-sensitivity-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactive-disorder
#15
Nicolaas A J Puts, Ashley D Harris, Mark Mikkelsen, Mark Tommerdahl, Richard Ae Edden, Stewart H Mostofsky
ADHD is characterized by an inability to concentrate, heightened activity, and hypermotoric behavior, but sensory, e.g. tactile, problems are common. The literature on tactile impairments in ADHD is limited, with most work employing clinical observations or questionnaires. Here, we study tactile processing in children with ADHD, and hypothesize that children with ADHD show reduced performance in tasks closely linked to inhibition. Sixty seven children with ADHD and 62 typically developing children performed a battery of tasks grouped in domains: simple and choice reaction time; static and dynamic detection threshold (probing feed-forward inhibition); amplitude discrimination without adaptation, and with dual, and single-site adaptation (probing lateral inhibition and adaptation); sequential and simultaneous frequency discrimination (previously linked to GABA); and temporal order judgment with and without a synchronous carrier stimulus...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720807/fast-atom-transport-and-launching-in-a-nonrigid-trap
#16
A Tobalina, M Palmero, S Martínez-Garaot, J G Muga
We study the shuttling of an atom in a trap with controllable position and frequency. Using invariant-based inverse engineering, protocols in which the trap is simultaneously displaced and expanded are proposed to speed up transport between stationary trap locations as well as launching processes with narrow final-velocity distributions. Depending on the physical constraints imposed, either simultaneous or sequential approaches may be faster. We consider first a perfectly harmonic trap, and then extend the treatment to generic traps...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702991/self-similar-hierarchical-wrinkles-as-a-potential-multifunctional-smart-window-with-simultaneously-tunable-transparency-structural-color-and-droplet-transport
#17
Gaojian Lin, Prashant Chandrasekaran, Cunjing Lv, Qiuting Zhang, Yichao Tang, Lin Han, Jie Yin
Smart window has immense potential for energy savings in architectural and vehicular applications, while most studies focus on the tunability of a single property of optical transmittance. Here we explore harnessing dynamically tunable hierarchical wrinkles for design of a potential multifunctional smart window with combined structural color and water droplet transport control. The self-similar hierarchical wrinkles with both nanoscale and microscale features are generated on a prestrained poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomer through sequential strain release and multistep oxygen plasma treatment...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675036/asymmetric-conformational-transitions-in-aaa-biological-nanomachines-modulate-direction-dependent-substrate-protein-unfolding-mechanisms
#18
Abdolreza Javidialesaadi, George Stan
Powerful AAA+ biological nanomachines, such as ClpY, form hexameric ring structures, which selectively process abnormal proteins targeted for degradation by unfolding and threading them through a narrow central channel. The molecular details of this process are not yet fully understood. We perform Langevin dynamics simulations using a coarse-grained model of substrate proteins (SPs), Titin I27 and its V13P variant, threading through the ClpY pore. We probe the effect of ClpY surface heterogeneity and changes in pore width on SP orientation and the direction of applied force during SP unfolding...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673881/a-multimodal-encoding-model-applied-to-imaging-decision-related-neural-cascades-in-the-human-brain
#19
REVIEW
Jordan Muraskin, Truman R Brown, Jennifer M Walz, Tao Tu, Bryan Conroy, Robin I Goldman, Paul Sajda
Perception and cognition in the brain are naturally characterized as spatiotemporal processes. Decision-making, for example, depends on coordinated patterns of neural activity cascading across the brain, running in time from stimulus to response and in space from primary sensory regions to the frontal lobe. Measuring this cascade is key to developing an understanding of brain function. Here we report on a novel methodology that employs multi-modal imaging for inferring this cascade in humans at unprecedented spatiotemporal resolution...
June 30, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649713/mechanistic-modeling-of-the-loss-of-protein-sieving-due-to-internal-and-external-fouling-of-microfilters
#20
Glen R Bolton, Alex J Apostolidis
Fed-batch and perfusion cell culture processes used to produce therapeutic proteins can utilize microfilters for product harvest. In this study, new explicit mathematical models of sieving loss due to internal membrane fouling, external membrane fouling, or a combination of the two were generated. The models accounted for membrane and cake structures and hindered solute transport. Internal membrane fouling was assumed to occur due to the accumulation of foulant on either membrane pore walls (pore-retention model) or membrane fibers (fiber-retention model)...
June 26, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
keyword
keyword
104348
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"