keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community based research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445588/the-relative-importance-of-pollinator-abundance-and-species-richness-for-the-temporal-variance-of-pollination-services
#1
Mark A Genung, Jeremy Fox, Neal M Williams, Claire Kremen, John Ascher, Jason Gibbs, Rachael Winfree
The relationship between biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem function is a fundamental question in community ecology, and hundreds of experiments have shown a positive relationship between species richness and the stability of ecosystem function. However, these experiments have rarely accounted for common ecological patterns, most notably skewed species abundance distributions and non-random extinction risks, making it difficult to know whether experimental results can be scaled up to larger, less manipulated systems...
April 26, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443345/engaging-school-mental-health-professionals-to-deliver-evidence-based-interventions-to-hispanic-families
#2
Maria I Tapia, Manuel A Ocasio, Yannine Estrada, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Research has demonstrated that a number of evidence-based programs can be effectively implemented in different community settings, such as schools, to target Hispanic youth and their families; however, successful implementation of such programs represents a challenge for practitioners. This article describes experiences and strategies associated with recruiting, training, and supervising school mental health professionals in the school-based implementation of an evidence-based, family-centered prevention program for Hispanic families...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443342/catalyzing-implementation-of-evidence-based-interventions-in-safety-net-settings-a-clinical-community-partnership-in-south-los-angeles
#3
Denise D Payán, David C Sloane, Jacqueline Illum, Roberto B Vargas, Donzella Lee, Lark Galloway-Gilliam, LaVonna B Lewis
This study is a process evaluation of a clinical-community partnership that implemented evidence-based interventions in clinical safety net settings. Adoption and implementation of evidence-based interventions in these settings can help reduce health disparities by improving the quality of clinical preventive services in health care settings with underserved populations. A clinical-community partnership model is a possible avenue to catalyze adoption and implementation of interventions amid organizational barriers to change...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#4
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442938/environmental-arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-diabetes-type-2-in-ron-phibun-subdistrict-nakhon-si-thammarat-province-thailand-unmatched-and-matched-case-control-studies
#5
Kwanyuen Sripaoraya, Wattasit Siriwong, Sumol Pavittranon, Robert S Chapman
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent findings on associations between low-to-moderate level of arsenic in water and diabetes risk from previous epidemiological reports. In Ron Phibun subdistrict, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand, a low level of arsenic exposure among population was observed and increased diabetes mellitus (DM) rate was identified. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between determinants (including low-level water arsenic exposure) of DM type 2 risk among residents of three villages of Ron Phibun subdistrict, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442451/using-mobile-phones-to-collect-patient-data-lessons-learned-from-the-simple-study
#6
Sinead Duane, Meera Tandan, Andrew W Murphy, Akke Vellinga
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones offer new opportunities to efficiently and interactively collect real-time data from patients with acute illnesses, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs). One of the main benefits of using mobile data collection methods is automated data upload, which can reduce the chance of data loss, an issue when using other data collection methods such as paper-based surveys. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore differences in collecting data from patients with UTI using text messaging, a mobile phone app (UTI diary), and an online survey...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441519/grounding-principles-for-inferring-agency-two-cultural-perspectives
#7
Bethany L Ojalehto, Douglas L Medin, Salino G García
The present research investigates cultural variation in grounding principles for inferring agency in order to address an important theoretical debate: does cultural diversity in agency concepts reflect an animistic overextension of (universal) folkpsychology, as many have argued, or an alternative theory of folkcommunication based on relational principles? In two experiments, mind perception measures were adapted to assess beliefs concerning the agency of non-animal kinds (plants, abiotic kinds, complex artifacts) among Indigenous Ngöbe adults in Panama and US college students...
April 22, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439640/the-elusive-role-of-b-lymphocytes-and-islet-autoantibodies-in-human-type-1-diabetes
#8
EDITORIAL
Stef J Bloem, Bart O Roep
The role of B lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes in humans is not entirely evident. These cells are presumed to be important, but this assumption is largely based on animal models of autoimmune diabetes, where compelling evidence for the contribution of both B lymphocytes and insulin-specific autoantibodies to this disease is in place. For humans, this is much less the case; the exact way in which B lymphocytes and/or autoantibodies may contribute to type 1 diabetes is not yet known but the possibilities include a pathogenic function ('fire'), or they may represent a surrogate of loss of immune tolerance to beta cells ('smoke') or, indeed, they could be a marker of an attempt at immune regulation ('ice water')...
April 24, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438877/it-based-psychosocial-distress-screening-in-patients-with-sarcoma-and-parental-caregivers-via-disease-specific-online-social-media-communities
#9
Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Heinrich M L Muhlhofer, Florian W Lenze, Johannes Schauwecker, Carolin Knebel, Tanja Zimmermann, Peter Herschbach
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial distress can be frequently observed in patients with sarcoma, depicting a relevant clinical problem. However, prospective data collection on psychosocial distress in patients with rare tumors is often time-consuming. In this context, social media such as Facebook can serve as a potential platform to expand research. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of psychosocial distress screening in patients with osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma via social media...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438161/refolddb-a-new-and-sustainable-gateway-to-experimental-protocols-for-protein-refolding
#10
Hisashi Mizutani, Hideaki Sugawara, Ashley M Buckle, Takeshi Sangawa, Ken-Ichi Miyazono, Jun Ohtsuka, Koji Nagata, Tomoki Shojima, Shohei Nosaki, Yuqun Xu, Delong Wang, Xiao Hu, Masaru Tanokura, Kei Yura
BACKGROUND: More than 7000 papers related to "protein refolding" have been published to date, with approximately 300 reports each year during the last decade. Whilst some of these papers provide experimental protocols for protein refolding, a survey in the structural life science communities showed a necessity for a comprehensive database for refolding techniques. We therefore have developed a new resource - "REFOLDdb" that collects refolding techniques into a single, searchable repository to help researchers develop refolding protocols for proteins of interest...
April 24, 2017: BMC Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438152/a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-italian-medicines-use-review-i-mur-for-asthma-patients
#11
Andrea Manfrin, Michela Tinelli, Trudy Thomas, Janet Krska
BACKGROUND: The economic burden of asthma, which relates to the degree of control, is €5 billion annually in Italy. Pharmacists could help improve asthma control, reducing this burden. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Medicines Use Reviews provided by community pharmacists in asthma. METHODS: This cluster randomised, multi-centre, controlled trial in adult patients with asthma was conducted in 15 of the 20 regions of Italy between September 2014 and July 2015...
April 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437662/life-in-earth-the-root-microbiome-to-the-rescue
#12
REVIEW
Tim H Mauchline, Jacob G Malone
Manipulation of the soil microbiome holds great promise for contributing to more environmentally benign agriculture, with soil microbes such as Pseudomonas promoting plant growth and effectively suppressing pathogenic microorganisms. Next-generation sequencing has enabled a new generation of research into soil microbiomes, presenting the opportunity to better understand and exploit these valuable resources. Soil bacterial communities are both highly complex and variable, and contain vast interspecies and intraspecies diversity, both of which respond to environmental variation...
April 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435785/impact-of-a-brief-intervention-on-cervical-health-literacy-a-waitlist-control-study-with-jailed-women
#13
Megha Ramaswamy, Jaehoon Lee, Joi Wickliffe, Molly Allison, Amanda Emerson, Patricia J Kelly
Jailed women are four-five times more likely to have had cervical cancer compared to women without criminal justice histories. Previous research has shown that an important contributor to cervical cancer risk, and perhaps lack of follow-up, is incarcerated women's low health literacy about broader reproductive health issues. Little work has been done to address this disparity. Thus, the objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of an intervention to improve incarcerated women's cervical health literacy and ultimately address cervical cancer disparities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435756/identifying-barriers-in-the-use-of-electronic-health-records-in-hawai-i
#14
Faith D Hamamura, Kelley Withy, Kira Hughes
Hawai'i faces unique challenges to Electronic Health Record (EHR) adoption due to physician shortages, a widespread distribution of Medically Underserved Areas and Populations (MUA/P), and a higher percentage of small independent practices. However, research on EHR adoption in Hawai'i is limited. To address this gap, this article examines the current state of EHR in Hawai'i, the barriers to adoption, and the future of Health Information Technology (HIT) initiatives to improve the health of Hawai'i's people...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435752/preliminary-hawai-i-public-health-workforce-supply-and-demand-assessment
#15
Katherine W Braden, Valerie Yontz, Kelley Withy
Ensuring the adequacy of the public health workforce requires an understanding of its size and composition, as well as the population's demand for services. The current article describes research undertaken as a first step toward developing an estimate of the supply of and demand for Hawai'i's public health workforce. Using an organizational-level survey, data was obtained from a subset of 34 organizations considered to be major providers of population-based public health services in Hawai'i. The results indicate that estimates of the existing public health workforce range from 3,429 to 3,846 workers...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435745/a-consult-service-to-support-and-promote-community-based-research-tracking-and-evaluating-a-community-based-research-consult-service
#16
Clara M Pelfrey, Katrice D Cain, Mary Ellen Lawless, Earl Pike, Ashwini R Sehgal
PURPOSE: This study describes the design, operation and evaluation of a community-based research (CBR) consult service within the setting of a Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) institution. To our knowledge, there are no published evaluations of a CBR consult service at a CTSA hub. METHODS: A community-based research Consult Service was created to support faculty, health care providers/research coordinators, trainees, community-based organizations and community members...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435379/shifts-of-subgingival-bacterial-population-after-nonsurgical-and-pharmacological-therapy-of-localized-aggressive-periodontitis-followed-for-1-year-by-ion-torrent-pgm-platform
#17
Giuseppina Campisciano, Annamaria Toschetti, Manola Comar, Rosanna Di Taranto, Federico Berton, Claudio Stacchi
The possibility of targeting the hypervariable region V3 of the 16S rRNA gene using Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM) could provide a complete analysis of subgingival plaque samples, potentially able to identify microbiological species missed by culture-based methods. A 16-year-old female smoker patient, affected by localized aggressive periodontitis, underwent a full-mouth disinfection protocol and was inserted in a 3-month recall program. Microbiological samples were collected at baseline and at 30, 100, 365 days follow-up and analyzed by Ion Torrent PGM...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435342/patient-web-portals-disease-management-and-primary-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Steven S Coughlin, Judith J Prochaska, Lovoria B Williams, Gina M Besenyi, Vahé Heboyan, D Stephen Goggans, Wonsuk Yoo, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: Efforts aimed at health care reform and continued advances in information technologies have prompted interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals. Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer the patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. METHODS: This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews important developments in web portals for primary and secondary disease prevention, including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records, disease-specific portals, health disparities, and health-related community web portals...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435321/a-behavioral-medicine-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sara Cederbom, Eva Denison, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults, particularly those who live alone and/or those who are dependent on formal care. Chronic pain is associated with mobility problems, falls, fear of falling, catastrophizing thoughts, and a lower quality of life. Research shows that physical therapy interventions based on behavioral medicine approaches are beneficial for middle-aged adults with chronic pain. However, there appears to be no previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on this theoretical framework that have examined the effect on older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain who live alone at home and are dependent on formal care to manage their everyday lives...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435100/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-5-patient-reported-outcomes-pro-can-be-linked-to-epidemiologic-measures-to-monitor-populations-and-inform-public-health-decisions
#20
Hiroshi Mamiya, Lisa M Lix, William Gardner, Susan J Bartlett, Sara Ahmed, David Buckeridge
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive picture of population health status can be captured by the incorporation of patient reported outcome measures into population health monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To identify current state, opportunities, and future research related to the utilization of patient reported outcome measures for population health monitoring in Canada. DISCUSSIONS: Patient reported outcome measures can help to identify community health needs in public health topics including injury, chronic disease, and communicable disease...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
104347
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"