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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683794/the-mount-sinai-international-enhancement-of-social-work-leadership-program-the-past-and-the-future
#1
Elisa Gordon, Karen Green, Louisa Whitwam, Irwin Epstein, Susan Bernstein
Developed in 1988, the Mount Sinai International Enhancement of Social Work Leadership Program brings 4-6 social workers from several countries each year to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, where they meet with leaders from the hospital, community based organizations and graduate schools of social work, to enhance their leadership ability, strengthen management and research skills, and build upon global social work relationships. This article reviews the results of a survey conducted in 2016 to assess whether the visiting scholars met established learning objectives of the Program...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683382/public-health-system-delivered-mental-health-preventive-care-links-to-significant-reduction-of-health-care-costs
#2
Jie Chen, Priscilla Novak, Howard Goldman
The objective was to estimate the association between health care expenditures and implementation of preventive mental health programs by local health departments (LHDs). Multilevel nationally representative data sets were linked to test the hypothesis that LHDs' provision of preventive mental health programs was associated with cost savings. A generalized linear model with log link and gamma distribution and state-fixed effects was used to estimate the association between LHDs' mental illness prevention services and total health care expenditures per person per year for adults aged 18 years and older...
April 23, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683059/wind-power-and-the-situatedness-of-community-engagement
#3
Hyomin Kim, Seung Hee Cho, Sungsoo Song
Jeju, an island in Korea, became a place to site wind turbines with an unusually high level of public acceptance. Based on interviews, media analyses, and policy research, we found that the collective memory of socio-economic deprivation enabled community engagement to matter to residents, the provincial government, and environmental activists. It was within socio-historically contextualized processes of articulating the vision of a "good" society that an actual form of community engagement, however inadequate it might appear to some, became relevant to stakeholders in a particular locality...
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683024/twelve-tips-for-enhancing-student-engagement
#4
Harm Peters, Marko Zdravkovic, Manuel João Costa, Antonio Celenza, Kulsoom Ghias, Debra Klamen, Liz Mossop, Michael Rieder, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Danai Wangsaturaka, Martin Wohlin, Margot Weggemans
Student engagement refers to a broad range of activities where students participate in management, education, research, and community activities within their institutions. It is a mutually beneficial collaborative approach between students and their institutions. This article provides practical advice for the implementation or further development of student engagement at medical, dental, and veterinary schools. The tips provided are based on the experiences of a group of universities recently recognized for best practice in student engagement, and are supported by evidence from the literature...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680684/fungalbraid-a-goldenbraid-based-modular-cloning-platform-for-the-assembly-and-exchange-of-dna-elements-tailored-to-fungal-synthetic-biology
#5
Miguel Hernanz-Koers, Mónica Gandía, Sandra Garrigues, Paloma Manzanares, Lynne Yenush, Diego Orzaez, Jose F Marcos
Current challenges in the study and biotechnological exploitation of filamentous fungi are the optimization of DNA cloning and fungal genetic transformation beyond model fungi, the open exchange of ready-to-use and standardized genetic elements among the research community, and the availability of universal synthetic biology tools and rules. The GoldenBraid (GB) cloning framework is a Golden Gate-based DNA cloning system developed for plant synthetic biology through Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation (ATMT)...
April 19, 2018: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680493/teens-drugs-vegas-toxicological-surveillance-of-illicit-prescription-and-illegal-drug-abuse-in-adolescents-12-17-years-using-post-mortem-data-in-clark-county-nevada-from-2005-to-2015
#6
Anthea B Mahesan Paul, Lary Simms, Andrew A Mahesan, Eric Charles Belanger
Illegal drug abuse, particularly prescription drug abuse is a growing problem in the United States. Research on adolescent drug abuse is based on national self-reported data. Using local coroner data, quantitative prevalence of illegal substance toxicology and trends can be assessed to aid directed outreach and community-based prevention initiatives. Retrospective analysis was conducted on all cases aged 12-17 years referred to the Office of the Medical Examiner, Clark County from 2005 to 2015 (n = 526)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680112/supporting-community-based-healthy-eating-and-active-living-efforts-in-sustaining-beyond-the-funding-cycle
#7
Rebecca D Ochtera, Claire J Siemer, Leslie T Levine
INTRODUCTION: Considerable research has been done to define, conceptualize, and study sustainability for public health initiatives. New research suggests evaluating sustainability through additional characteristics, like type of intervention or focus of change, may help uncover differences in approaches and resources needed for sustainability. Additionally, available research often misses perspectives from those involved on what is necessary to sustain strategies long term. METHODS: Data collected through community reports and interviews with eight Colorado communities implementing large-scale community-based healthy eating and active living initiatives were used to document strategy characteristics, barriers to sustainability, and community-based perspectives on supports needed for long-term sustainability...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679432/an-rct-with-the-combination-of-varenicline-and-bupropion-for-smoking-cessation-clinical-implications-for-front-line-use
#8
Paul M Cinciripini, Jennifer A Minnix, Charles E Green, Jason D Robinson, Jeffrey M Engelmann, Francesco Versace, David W Wetter, Sanjay Shete, Maher Karam-Hage
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite the availability of several efficacious smoking cessation treatments, less than 25% of smokers who quit remain abstinent 1 year post treatment. This study aimed to determine if varenicline and bupropion combination treatment would result in higher abstinence rates than varenicline alone. DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized, parallel groups smoking cessation clinical trial in which participants were exposed to 12 weeks of treatment and followed for 12 months...
April 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678912/characterizing-the-ecology-of-vibrio-in-the-neuse-river-estuary-north-carolina-using-heat-shock-protein-60-hsp60-next-generation-amplicon-sequencing
#9
Kelsey J Jesser, Rachel T Noble
Of marine eubacteria, the genus Vibrio is intriguing because member species are relevant to both marine ecology and human health. Many have touted the relationships of Vibrio to environmental factors, especially temperature and salinity, to predict total Vibrio abundance, but these studies lacked the taxonomic resolution to identify relationships among species and key drivers of Vibrio dynamics. In order to improve NGS surveys of Vibrio, we have conducted both 16S small subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and heat shock protein 60 ( hsp60 ) amplicon sequencing of water samples collected at two well-studied locations in the Neuse River Estuary, NC...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678669/using-big-data-in-oncology-to-prospectively-impact-clinical-patient-care-a-proof-of-concept-study
#10
Vérène Dougoud-Chauvin, Jae Jin Lee, Edgardo Santos, Vonetta L Williams, Nicolò M L Battisti, Kavita Ghia, Marina Sehovic, Cortlin Croft, Jongphil Kim, Lodovico Balducci, Julie A Kish, Martine Extermann
OBJECTIVE: Big Data is widely seen as a major opportunity for progress in the practice of personalized medicine, attracting the attention from medical societies and presidential teams alike as it offers a unique opportunity to enlarge the base of evidence, especially for older patients underrepresented in clinical trials. This study prospectively assessed the real-time availability of clinical cases in the Health & Research Informatics Total Cancer Care™ (TCC) database matching community patients with cancer, and the impact of such a consultation on treatment...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678598/the-benefits-of-defining-snacks
#11
Julie M Hess, Joanne L Slavin
Whether eating a "snack" is considered a beneficial or detrimental behavior is largely based on how "snack" is defined. The term "snack food" tends to connote energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods high in nutrients to limit (sugar, sodium, and/or saturated fat) like cakes, cookies, chips and other salty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages. Eating a "snack food" is often conflated with eating a "snack," however, leading to an overall perception of snacks as a dietary negative...
April 17, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677955/compatibility-between-metadata-standards-import-pipeline-of-cdisc-odm-to-the-samply-mdr
#12
Ann-Kristin Kock-Schoppenhauer, Hannes Ulrich, Stefanie Wagen-Zink, Petra Duhm-Harbeck, Josef Ingenerf, Philipp Neuhaus, Martin Dugas, Philipp Bruland
The establishment of a digital healthcare system is a national and community task. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research in Germany is providing funding for consortia consisting of university hospitals among others participating in the "Medical Informatics Initiative". Exchange of medical data between research institutions necessitates a place where meta information for this data is made accessible. Within these consortia different metadata registry solutions were chosen. To promote interoperability between these solutions, we have examined whether the portal of Medical Data Models is eligible for managing and communicating metadata and relevant information across different data integration centres of the Medical Informatics Initiative and beyond...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677930/a-predictive-model-for-acute-admission-in-aged-population
#13
Marjan Mansourvar, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Christian Nøhr, Uffe Kock Wiil
Acute hospital admission among the elderly population is very common and have a high impact on the health services and the community, as well as on the individuals. Several studies have focused on the possible risk factors, however, predicting who is at risk for acute hospitalization associated with disease and symptoms is still an open research question. In this study, we investigate the use of machine learning algorithms for predicting acute admission in older people based on admission data from individual citizens 70 years and older who were hospitalized in the acute medical unit of Svendborg Hospital in Denmark...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677579/factors-underlying-perceptions-of-community-care-and-other-healthcare-areas-in-first-year-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-focus-group-study
#14
Margriet van Iersel, Corine H M Latour, Marjon van Rijn, Rien de Vos, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing labour market shortage of well-educated community nurses, few baccalaureate nursing students choose for a career in community care. Obtaining knowledge of how students perceive healthcare areas early in their education is important to take meaningful steps in counteracting any existing misconceptions with targeted curriculum redesign. OBJECTIVE: Determination of factors underlying perceptions of healthcare areas in first-year baccalaureate nursing students...
April 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676630/international-approach-to-environmental-and-lung-health-a-perspective-from-the-fogarty-international-center
#15
Roger I Glass, Joshua P Rosenthal
The global burden of lung disease is substantial, accounting for an estimated 7.5 million deaths per year, approximately 14% of annual deaths worldwide. The prime illnesses include, in descending order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, asthma, and interstitial lung fibrosis. Key risk factors include smoking, both indoor and outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposures. Although the distribution of both the diseases and the risk factors varies greatly by age, geography, and setting, the greatest burden falls on populations living in low- and middle-income countries...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676618/cancer-risk-from-paediatric-computed-tomography-scanning-implications-for-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#16
A Kesminiene, E Cardis
The use of computed tomography (CT) imaging is clearly beneficial for millions of patients. However, the potential adverse health effects, particularly cancer, of ionising radiation exposure from CT early in life are an issue of growing concern in the radiological protection, medical, and public health communities. Although efforts to quantify these effects have been conducted, the precision and accuracy of reported risks needs confirmation. EPI-CT, a European collaborative epidemiological study, was set up to quantify risks from paediatric CT to optimise paediatric diagnostic protocol...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676518/hospital-based-care-utilization-of-children-with-medical-complexity-in-japan
#17
Yui Yamaoka, Nanako Tamiya, Akimitsu Watanabe, Yayoi Miyazono, Ryuta Tanaka, Akemi Matsuzawa, Ryo Sumazaki
BACKGROUND: Few researches have been reported hospital-based care utilization of children with medical complexity (CMC) in Japan. This study examined frequency and differences of hospital-based care utilization among moderate and severe CMC in Japan. METHODS: This study utilized medical records of three pediatric tertiary hospitals in one prefecture, 2014. We examined the numbers of outpatient visits and admissions to the hospital for CMC during 5 years after medical care at home was introduced...
April 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676399/nursing-research-cer-pico-and-pcori
#18
Darpan I Patel
Community and public health nurse researchers encompass a unique cohort of nurse researchers that have the skills and capacity to lead projects and programs of science centered on improvement of patient outcomes through methods of comparative effectiveness research (CER). CER, as a general method, has been taught to all nurses in the form of the PICO question to improve evidence-based practices. As the climate for funding becomes more and more competitive, nurse researchers are primed to lead the change in improving patient outcomes through patient centered outcomes research (PCOR)...
2018: Journal of community & public health nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676245/structure-and-interaction-prediction-in-prokaryotic-rna-biology
#19
Patrick R Wright, Martin Mann, Rolf Backofen
Many years of research in RNA biology have soundly established the importance of RNA-based regulation far beyond most early traditional presumptions. Importantly, the advances in "wet" laboratory techniques have produced unprecedented amounts of data that require efficient and precise computational analysis schemes and algorithms. Hence, many in silico methods that attempt topological and functional classification of novel putative RNA-based regulators are available. In this review, we technically outline thermodynamics-based standard RNA secondary structure and RNA-RNA interaction prediction approaches that have proven valuable to the RNA research community in the past and present...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675361/a-survey-of-gpu-based-acceleration-techniques-in-mri-reconstructions
#20
REVIEW
Haifeng Wang, Hanchuan Peng, Yuchou Chang, Dong Liang
Image reconstruction in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) clinical applications has become increasingly more complicated. However, diagnostic and treatment require very fast computational procedure. Modern competitive platforms of graphics processing unit (GPU) have been used to make high-performance parallel computations available, and attractive to common consumers for computing massively parallel reconstruction problems at commodity price. GPUs have also become more and more important for reconstruction computations, especially when deep learning starts to be applied into MRI reconstruction...
March 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
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