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Nobuhide Kido, Iori Itagaki, Daisuke Kiryu, Tomoko Omiya, Kaori Ono
Two radiated tortoises (Astrochelys radiata) exhibited anorexia and hypokinesia. In both cases, hematological and serum biochemical examinations revealed high alkaline phosphatase levels, moderately high aspartate aminotransferase levels and white blood cell counts approximately within the normal range. Despite being treated, the tortoises died 9 and 43 days after the first clinical examination. Gross pathological examinations revealed that the livers of both animals were extremely swollen and contained pale yellow necrotic tissue...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
C M Batra, Rajiv Agarwal
Hypocalcemic cardiomyopathy is a rare entity. We describe a patient with severe heart failure, decreased ejection fraction and global hypokinesia documented on echocardiogram, associated with severe hypocalcemia, very low vitamin D status, increased QT intervals, increased BNP (serum brain natriuretic peptide) levels and CPK (creatine phosphokinase) levels. All these defects reversed on treatment with vitamin D and calcium within a few days without any specific cardiac intervention.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Sebnem Albeyoglu, Mustafa Aldag, Ufuk Ciloglu, Hakan Kutlu, Sabri Dagsali
BACKGROUND: Pericardial decompression syndrome is defined as paradoxical hemodynamic instability, left ventricular or bi ventricular systolic dysfunction and pulmonary edema after pericardial fluid drainage. Pericardial Decompression Syndrome is an unexpected clinical scenario with an incidence less than 5% in all surgically or percutaneously managed pericardial tamponade patients. The aim of this manuscript was to describe a case with cardiac tamponade in whom acute biventricular heart failure and pulmonary edema developed after surgical creation of a pericardial window, and to discuss this case in light of the literature...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ivan Zeljković, Hrvoje Pintarić, Mislav Vrsalović, Ivan Kruljac
AIMS: To investigate the effectiveness of cardiogoniometry, a novel, non-invasive method, in diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD) in women and compare it with exercise-ECG test, by using coronary angiography as a reference method. METHODS: It was a single-centre, case-series study including consecutive female patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing coronary angiography. Exercise-ECG test, done according to the Bruce protocol, and cardiogoniometry were obtained prior to coronary angiography...
September 23, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Gustavo Fernández-Pajarín, Ángel Sesar, Begoña Ares, Alfonso Castro
BACKGROUND: There are not many data about the beneficial effect of nocturnal continuous subcutaneous apomorphine infusion (NCSAI) over sleep disturbances in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of the NCSAI in sleeping problems and insomnia due to nocturnal hypokinesia inadvanced PD. METHODS: We assessed 17 advanced PD patients with several sleep disturbances measured by SCOPA-SLEEP and PDSS scales. All the patients were on apomorphine infusion during daytime...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Yasuhiro Tanaka, Takashi Tsuboi, Hirohisa Watanabe, Yasukazu Kajita, Daisuke Nakatsubo, Yasushi Fujimoto, Reiko Ohdake, Mizuki Ito, Naoki Atsuta, Masahiko Yamamoto, Toshihiko Wakabayashi, Masahisa Katsuno, Gen Sobue
BACKGROUND: Voice and speech disorders are one of the most important issues after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. OBJECTIVE: We studied the articulation features of PD patients with STN-DBS. METHODS: Participants were 56 PD patients treated with STN-DBS (STN-DBS group) and 41 patients treated only with medical therapy (medical-therapy-alone group). Articulation function was evaluated with acoustic and auditory-perceptual analyses...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
A Nordin, E Svenungsson, L Björnådal, K Elvin, A Larsson, K Jensen-Urstad
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac manifestations in systemic sclerosis (SSc) are associated with poor prognosis. Few studies have investigated cardiac troponins in SSc. We studied the relationships between echocardiographic abnormalities, cardiac biomarkers, and disease manifestations in a population-based cohort of patients with SSc and controls. METHOD: The study comprised 110 patients with SSc and 105 age- and sex-matched population-based controls. We examined ventricular function, heart valves, and estimated pulmonary arterial pressure (ePAP) by echocardiography in all participants...
September 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Jirada Sringean, Poonpak Taechalertpaisarn, Chusak Thanawattano
Although nocturnal hypokinesia represents one of the most common nocturnal disabilities in Parkinson disease (PD), it is often a neglected problem in daily clinical practice. We have developed a portable ambulatory motion recorder (the NIGHT-Recorder), which consists of 16-bit triaxial integrated microelectromechanical system inertial sensors that are specifically designed to measure movements, register the position of the body with respect to gravity, and provide information on rotations on the longitudinal axis while lying in bed...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
E M Vasil'eva, A V Nikitin, A A Bulat, S V Zhemnchuzhnikov
Deterioration of health characteristics and ever increasing diabetes and cardiovascular morbidity among young subjects imply the necessity of identification ofpossible risk factors of these conditions. We evaluated the prevalence of hyperlipoproteinemia and adipose tissue activity based on the results of screening for resistin level, aggravated heredity, disordered hydrocarbon metabolism, overweight, arterial hypertension, behaviour (physical overstrain, hypokinesia, smoking, inadequate dietary regime). The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and overall risk of cardiovascular disorders were calculated...
2016: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
A O Razina, S D Runenko, E E Achkasov
The review of literature presents the results of recent epidemiological studies in obese people in Russia and abroad taking into account gender, age, ethnic, social, and geographicalfactors. The increase of obesity prevalence among different population groups including children and adolescents was registered. The risks of health problems associated with overweight and obesity probably leading to disability and mortality were analyzed. It was shown that the energy imbalance played a key role in the etiopathogenesis of obesity among many other factors...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Marc E Wolf, Hans H Capelle, Hansjörg Bäzner, Michael G Hennerici, Joachim K Krauss, Christian Blahak
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has been established as an effective and safe treatment for dystonia. In general, side effects are rare, but there is increasing evidence that GPi DBS in dystonia can induce hypokinetic symptoms like micrographia or freezing of gait. We aimed to evaluate and quantify possible changes of gait following bilateral chronic GPi DBS for dystonia by computerized gait analyses. METHODS: We prospectively performed computerized gait analysis in ten consecutive patients (mean age 57...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Sihem Darouich, Nadia Boujelbene, Mehdi Kehila, Mohamed Badis Chanoufi, Hédi Reziga, Soumeya Gaigi, Aida Masmoudi
INTRODUCTION: The Neu-Laxova syndrome (NLS) is a rare autosomal recessive and early lethal disorder. It is characterized by severe intra-uterine growth retardation, abnormal facial features, ichthyotic skin lesions and severe central nervous system malformations, especially microlissencephaly. Others characteristic features associated with fetal hypokinesia sequence, including arthrogryposis, subcutaneous edema and pulmonary hypoplasia, are frequently reported in NLS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinicopathological characteristics of NLS are described in three cases with striking prenatal diagnostic findings and detailed post-mortem examinations...
August 2016: Annales de Pathologie
Teresa H Sanders, Dieter Jaeger
Electrical deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is effective for ameliorating the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) including bradykinesia. The STN receives its main excitatory input from cortex; however, the contribution of cortico-subthalamic projection neurons to the effects of DBS remains unclear. To isolate the consequences of stimulating layer 5 primary motor cortex (M1) projections to the STN, we used a dual virus transfection technique to selectively express opsins in these neurons in mice made parkinsonian by unilateral nigrostriatal 6-OHDA lesioning...
November 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Mirae Lee, Ju Hyeon Oh, Kyung Been Lee, Gu Hyun Kang, Yong Hwan Park, Woo Jin Jang, Woo Jung Chun, Sang Hyuk Lee, In Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: Cardiac dysfunction (CD) associated with brain hemorrhage is similar to that with takotsubo cardiomyopathy but still not well understood. We aimed to investigate the clinical and echocardiographic findings of acute CD (ACD) related to brain hemorrhage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2013 and 2014, consecutive patients diagnosed with spontaneous and traumatic brain hemorrhage were prospectively enrolled. Electrocardiography, cardiac enzymes, and echocardiography were performed...
August 25, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
N A Kibler, S V Akhmetzianova, V P Nuzhny
Repolarization properties of ventricular myocardium were studied in anesthetized adult dogs of both sexes subjected to antiorthostatic hypokinesia (head-down tilt at 45° and 60° to the horizontal) and during recovery period (horizontal position for 15 min). The time of repolarization of ventricular myocardium during recovery surpassed the initial value, which represents an adaptive response of the heart to antiorthostasis.
June 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Jun Zhang, Xianyun Wang, Jing Li, Rui Huang, Xuerui Yu, Ci Dong, Pujuan Liu, Fan Zhang, Jie Hu, Yixin Qi, Jing Zhang, Quanhai Li, Baoyong Yan
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a type of degenerative disorder of the basal ganglia, causing tremor at rest, muscle rigidity hypokinesia, and dementia. The effectiveness of drug treatments gradually diminishes because the conversion to dopamine within the brain is increasingly disrupted by the progressive degeneration of the dopaminergic terminals. After long-term treatment, most patients with PD suffer from disability that cannot be satisfactorily controlled. To solve these issues, stem cells have recently been used for cell therapy of PD...
2016: BioMed Research International
Mohamed Faisal Lutfi
BACKGROUND: Although several reports demonstrate the efficacy of stress echocardiography in diagnosing coronary artery disease, comparable studies on the competence of the same imaging technique at rest are limited. This study aimed to evaluate whether ventricular akinesia/hypokinesia and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 55 % at rest are useful in predicting abnormal coronary angiography. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 100 diagnostic coronary catheterization candidates...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
M O Segizbaeva, N P Aleksandrova, Z A Donina, E V Baranova, V P Katuntsev, G G Tarasenkov, V M Baranov
As a part of the multi-disciplinary "SELENA-T"-2015 Bed Rest Study, we investigated the pattern of inspiratory muscles fatigue in 22 healthy male subjects during incremental exercise test to exhaustion before and after 21 days of hypokinesia evoked by bed rest. Hypokinesia consisted of head-down bed rest (HDBR) at a minus 6° angle, simulating microgravity present on orbiting spacecraft, in 10 subjects. The remaining 12 subjects spent the first 5 days of hypokinesia in HDBR position and the subsequent 16 days in head-up bed rest (HUBR) at a plus 9...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lucas Carvalho Aragão Albuquerque, Hilton Justino da Silva
UNLABELLED: This study aimed to characterize the amplitude and speed of isolated jaw movements and chewing using electrognathography in a volunteer and to compare these data with those of two other Parkinson Disease (PD) subjects, differentiated by the motor characteristics. METHOD: The 3 participants were divided into three categories: one with 1 non-PD volunteer, a second category with 1 volunteer characterized by Parkinson's hypokinesia, and a third with 1 volunteer characterized by Parkinson's tremor...
April 2016: CoDAS
O A Zhuravlyova, A A Markin, D S Kuzichkin, V I Loginov, I V Zabolotskaya, L V Vostrikova
In blood serum of 9 volunteers aged 27 to 42, participated in the experiment with 370-day antiorthostatic hypokinesia (-5 degrees), the lipid peroxidation derivates concentration--diene conjugates (DC), malonic dialdehyde (MDA), Schiff bases (SB) as well as antioxidant defense system indices--tocopherol (TP) concentration and total antioxidative activity level (AOA) were measured. The volunteers were divided into two groups subjected to physical training regimes and used prophylactic measures. In both groups the lipoperoxidation processes initial stages depression (by 54-73%) was observed starting from 50th day, thus the lipid peroxidation final product--SB level was decreased (by 50-61%) only to the 230 day and remains approximately at the same level till the end of the experiment...
January 2016: Fiziologiia Cheloveka
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