Read by QxMD icon Read


Daphnée Michelet, Juliette Andreu-Gallien, Alia Skhiri, Arnaud Bonnard, Yves Nivoche, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laparoscopic pediatric surgery allows a rapid postoperative rehabilitation and hospital discharge. However, the optimal postoperative pain management preserving advantages of this surgical technique remains to be determined. This study aimed to identify factors affecting the postoperative recovery of bowel function after laparoscopic surgery in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of factors affecting recovery of bowel function in children and infants undergoing laparoscopic surgery between January 1, 2009 and September 30, 2009, was performed...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
J C G van Niel, J Schneider, T M Tzschentke
Buprenorphine and the mixed agonists/antagonists nalbuphine and pentazocine, formerly classified as µ-opioid (MOP) receptor antagonists, have more recently been shown to be partial to full agonists of the human MOP receptor. These receptors do not necessarily have to be maximally activated for a full physiological response. Partial agonists can also sufficiently stimulate signaling processes leading to a full analgesic response, as shown by the effectiveness of buprenorphine, nalbuphine and pentazocine in animal pain models and in clinical settings where these drugs induce analgesia with full efficacy without a ceiling effect...
August 9, 2016: Drug Research
Chih-Peng Lin, Chih-Hung Hsu, Wen-Mei Fu, Ho-Min Chen, Ying-Hui Lee, Mei-Shu Lai, Yu-Yun Shao
BACKGROUND: Opioids are crucial in cancer pain management. We examined the nationwide prescription patterns of opioids in Taiwan cancer patients to find the potential concerns. METHODS: We reviewed the claims database of the National Health Insurance of Taiwan for patients diagnosed with cancer from 2003 to 2011. The use and cost of analgesics were analyzed. Opioids were classified into recommended strong opioids (morphine and transdermal fentanyl), recommended weak opioids (tramadol, buprenorphine, and codeine), and unrecommended opioids (propoxyphene, nalbuphine, and meperidine)...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
T Hauffe, P Jirkow, M Arras, D Müller, D R Spahn, D Bettex, A Rudiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg, Daniel Trachsel, Guicheng Zhang, Thomas O Erb, Jürg Hammer
BACKGROUND: Topical lidocaine has been found to result in overestimation of the severity of laryngomalacia in infants undergoing flexible bronchoscopy under conscious sedation with midazolam and nalbuphine. This effect has never been confirmed and may depend on the level of sedation and the drugs used. We assessed the effect of topical lidocaine on laryngomalacia in infants undergoing flexible bronchoscopy under general anesthesia with propofol. METHODS: Thirteen infants with congenital stridor referred to diagnostic flexible video-bronchoscopy were studied under propofol anesthesia before and 3 minutes after topical lidocaine administration to the larynx at a dose of 3 mg/kg body weight...
July 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Ahmed A M Moustafa, Amr Samir Baaror, Ibrahim A Abdelazim
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal morphine provides effective postoperative analgesia, but their use is associated with numerous side effects, including pruritus, nausea, vomiting, urinary retention, and respiratory depression. Pruritus is the most common side effect with a reported incidence of 58-85%. OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study was performed for women scheduled for cesarean delivery using spinal anesthesia to compare nalbuphine and ondansetron in the prevention of intrathecal morphine-induced pruritus...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
David R Maguire, Charles P France
Cannabinoid receptor agonists such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) enhance some (antinociceptive) but not other (positive reinforcing) effects of mu opioid receptor agonists, suggesting that cannabinoids might be combined with opioids to treat pain without increasing, and possibly decreasing, abuse. The degree to which cannabinoids enhance antinociceptive effects of opioids varies across drugs insofar as Δ(9)-THC and the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist CP55940 increase the potency of some mu opioid receptor agonists (e...
August 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Chaojie Wei, Narimane Al Kattani, Huguette Louis, Eliane Albuisson, Bruno Levy, Antoine Kimmoun
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that lowering heart rate (HR) by selective β1-blockers improves sepsis-induced cardiac and vascular dysfunction primarily by decreasing proinflammatory pathways. However, the impact of isolated heart rate reduction (HRR) on hemodynamics and inflammatory pathways remains unknown. The present study was designed to assess the effects of HRR by ivabradine, an If channel inhibitor, on cardiovascular function and inflammatory pathways in peritonitis-induced septic shock in rats...
September 2016: Shock
Anna J Haw, Leith Cr Meyer, Andrea Fuller
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of two opioid agonist-antagonists, nalbuphine and butorphanol, in reversing etorphine-induced respiratory depression in immobilized goats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, experimental trial conducted at 1753 m.a.s.l. ANIMALS: Eight adult female Boer goats (Capra hircus). METHODS: Eight minutes following immobilization with an intramuscular injection of 0.1 mg kg(-1) etorphine, goats were given one of nalbuphine (0...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Veena Chatrath, Joginder Pal Attri, Anju Bala, Ranjana Khetarpal, Deepti Ahuja, Sawinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: The challenging task of postoperative pain relief comes within the realm of the anesthesiologist. Combined spinal epidural (CSE) anesthesia can be used as the sole technique for carrying out surgical procedures and managing postoperative pain using various drug regimes. Epidural administration of opioids in combination with local anesthetic agents in low dose offers new dimensions in the management of postoperative pain. AIMS: Comparative evaluation of bupivacaine hydrochloride with nalbuphine versus bupivacaine with tramadol for postoperative analgesia in lower limb orthopedic surgeries under CSE anesthesia to know the quality of analgesia, incidence of side effects, surgical outcome and level of patient satisfaction...
September 2015: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Lesya Mateshuk-Vatseba, Uliana Pidvalna, Andriy Kost
OBJECTIVE: This article deals with determination of changes in the structural organization of vascular tunic of the eyeball under the effect of opioid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 24 mature white male rats aged 3.0-4.5 months and 170-280 g weight. The research material included histological specimen and semi-thin sections of white rats' eyeball vascular tunic. For the histological study, microscopic sections of the eyeball were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin, Heidenhain's Azan trichrome...
2015: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Rose G Jannuzzi
OBJECTIVES: Opioid-induced pruritus is a common side effect of opioid treatment in patients with acute pain associated with surgery or childbirth. There are several options available to treat opioid-induced pruritus, including nalbuphine. However, it is not known whether nalbuphine offers greater efficacy in treating pruritus without attenuation of analgesia and an increase in the incidence of adverse outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search of studies assessing treatment efficacy of nalbuphine was conducted through Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and ProQuest databases...
January 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Miguel Ladino Silva, Alexandre Pinto Ribeiro, Germana Alegro Silva, Irma Ximena Barbosa Sanchez, Roberta Renzo, Ricardo Uscategui, Tiago Barbalho Lima, Marcela Aldrovani, José Luiz Laus
PURPOSES: To evaluate the effects of nalbuphine 1% on the expression of metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), and opioid growth factor (OGF) in rabbit corneas after lamellar keratectomy. METHODS: The rabbits were assigned to two groups: group nalbuphine (GN, n=30), which received 30 µL of nalbuphine 1% in 4 daily applications at regular intervals until corneal epithelialization, and group control (GC, n=30), which received physiological saline solution under the same conditions adopted in GN...
May 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Anna Kubica-Cielińska, Marzena Zielińska
Nalbuphine is an agonist-antagonist opioid. It causes analgesic and sedative effect and because of ceiling effect it does not cause a respiratory depression. In a perioperative therapy of paediatric patients it may be used for premedication, sedation during diagnostic procedures as well as for postoperative pain treatment. It reverses adverse reactions of other opioids such as itch or urinary retention, not significantly influencing its analgetic properties. After sevoflurane anaesthesia of small children, it reduces the incidences of emergence agitation...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Zheng Zeng, Jianhua Lu, Chang Shu, Yuanli Chen, Tong Guo, Qing-ping Wu, Shang-long Yao, Ping Yin
Although morphine is the standard opioid analgesic for pain control and has been widely used, certain drug-induced adverse effects have been reported as intolerable and need to be addressed. Nalbuphine may have a few advantages over morphine in this respect. We aimed to describe the effect of nalbuphine as well as its safety compared to morphine by analyzing published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta-analysis approach. We analysed 15 trials (820 patients). Overall, there was no evidence to show that the effect of pain relief had any difference between nalbuphine and morphine (pooled relative risks [RRs], 1...
2015: Scientific Reports
Christophe Aveline, Hubert Le Hetet, Alain Le Roux, Francis Bonnet
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting are frequent symptoms after tonsillectomy. There have been controversies concerning the advantages and drawbacks of different analgesics in this setting, especially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, because of potential side effects. We have evaluated the effectiveness and safety of a shift from prednisolone to ibuprofen for postoperative analgesia after tonsillectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 1231 children scheduled for tonsillectomy over a period of 30 months were analysed...
October 2015: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Richard Brown, Robert Howard, Bridget Candy, Elizabeth L Sampson
BACKGROUND: Agitation is a common experience for people living with dementia, particularly as day-to-day function and cognition start to decline more. At the present time there are limited pharmacological options for relieving agitation and little is known about the safety and efficacy of opioid drugs in this setting. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical efficacy and safety of opioids for agitation in people with dementia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched ALOIS, the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group Specialized Register, on 13 June 2014 using the terms: narcotic OR opioid OR opium OR morphine OR buprenorphine OR codeine OR dextromoramide OR diphenoxylate OR dipipanone OR dextropropoxyphene OR propoxyphene OR diamorphine OR dihydrocodeine OR alfentanil OR fentanyl OR remifentanil OR meptazinol OR methadone OR nalbuphine OR oxycodone OR papaveretum OR pentazocine OR meperidine OR pethidine OR phenazocine OR hydrocodone OR hydromorphone OR levorphanol OR oxymorphone OR butorphanol OR dezocine OR sufentanil OR ketobemidone...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Dilip Kothari, Chetan K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Narcotic drugs have been used to attenuate laryngoscopy and intubation induced circulatory responses, but are not always available due to tough narcotics laws. Nalbuphine a synthetic opioid, free from restrictions has been in use for post-operative pain relief. Hence, we decided to compare nalbuphine and pentazocine for attenuation of hemodynamic effects during larygoscopy and endotracheal intubation in a randomized, double-blind clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients (ASA I and II) of either sex, between 18 years and 50 years were given either nalbuphine 0...
September 2013: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Arghya Mukherjee, Anirban Pal, Jitendra Agrawal, Amrita Mehrotra, Nidhi Dawar
BACKGROUND: Nalbuphine has been used intrathecally as an adjuvant in previous studies, but none clearly state the most effective dose of nalbuphine. The purpose of our study was to establish the effectiveness of intrathecal nalbuphine as an adjuvant, compare three different doses and determine the optimum dose with prolonged analgesic effect and minimal side-effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled study, 100 ASA I and II patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery under subarachnoid block (SAB), were randomly allocated to four groups: A, B, C and D, to receive 0...
July 2011: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Amale Hawi, Harry Alcorn, Jolene Berg, Carey Hines, Howard Hait, Thomas Sciascia
BACKGROUND: Uremic pruritus is a common and deleterious condition among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Central gating of μ/κ opiate circuitry plays an important role in mediating and countering pruritogenic sensation. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of the mixed μ-antagonist/κ-agonist nalbuphine, administered orally as nalbuphine HCl extended release (ER) tablets in HD patients, and explore its effect on pruritus. METHODS: In this open-label multiple escalating dose study, 15 HD patients with pruritus and 9 matched healthy subjects were enrolled...
2015: BMC Nephrology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"