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Tomasz Tański, Wiktor Matysiak
The purpose of this paper was to produce SiO₂ and TiO₂ nanowires via the electrospinning process from a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS)/Titanium (IV) butoxide (TNBT)/dimethylformamide (DMF) and ethanol (EtOH) solution. The as-obtained nanofibers were calcined at temperatures ranging from 400 °C to 600 °C in order to remove the organic phase. The one-dimensional ceramic nanostructures were studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) to analyze the influence of the used temperature on the morphology and structures of the obtained ceramic nanomaterials...
March 20, 2018: Nanomaterials
Guilong Yan, Haitao Niu, Hua Zhou, Hongxia Wang, Hao Shao, Xueting Zhao, Tong Lin
Auxiliary fields have been used to enhance the performance of needle electrospinning. However, much less has been reported on how auxiliary fields affect needleless electrospinning. Herein, we report a novel needleless electrospinning technique that consists of an aerodynamic field and a second electric field. The second electric field is generated by setting two grounded inductive electrodes near the spinneret. The two auxiliary fields have to be applied simultaneously to ensure working of the electrospinning process...
March 20, 2018: Nanotechnology
Honglin Jin, Chao Wan, Zhenwei Zou, Guifang Zhao, Lingling Zhang, Yuanyuan Geng, Tong Chen, Ai Huang, Fagang Jiang, Jue-Ping Feng, Jonathan F Lovell, Jing Chen, Gang Wu, Kunyu Yang
Immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments (TMEs) create tremendous obstacles for an effective cancer therapy. Herein, we developed a melittin-RADA32 hybrid peptide hydrogel loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) for a potent chemoimmunotherapy against melanoma through the active regulation of TMEs. The formed melittin-RADA32-DOX (MRD) hydrogel has an interweaving nanofiber structure and exhibits excellent biocompatibility, controlled drug release properties both in vitro and in vivo, and an enhanced killing effect to melanoma cells...
March 20, 2018: ACS Nano
Simon Drescher, Christian Otto, Sindy Müller, Vasil M Garamus, Christopher J Garvey, Susanne Grünert, Anke Lischka, Annette Meister, Alfred Blume, Bodo Dobner
In the present work, we describe the synthesis and the temperature-dependent aggregation behavior of a new class of asymmetrical glycerol diether bolalipid. These bolalipids are composed of a membrane-spanning alkyl chain with 32 carbon atoms (C32) in the sn-3 position, a methyl-branched C16 alkyl chain in the sn-2 position, and a zwitterionic phosphocholine headgroup in the sn-1 position of a glycerol moiety. The long C32 alkyl chain is terminated either by a second phos-phocholine (PC-Gly(2C16Me)C32-PC) or by a phosphodimethylethanolamine headgroup (PC-Gly(2C16Me)C32-Me2PE)...
March 20, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Muge Yucel, Osman Akin, Mehmet Cayoren, Ibrahim Akduman, Alagappan Palaniappan, Bo Liedberg, Gurkan Hizal, Fatih Inci, Umit Hakan Yildiz
This study reports on a handheld volatilome analyzer for selective determination of clinically relevant biomarkers in exhaled breath. The sensing platform is based on electrospun polymer nanofiber-multi walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) sensing micro-channels. Polymer nanofibers of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), polystyrene (PS), and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) incorporated with MWCNT exhibits stable response to interferences of humidity and CO2 and provides selective deformations upon exposure of exhaled breath target volatilomes acetone and toluene, exhibiting correlation to diabetes and lung cancer, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Tao Zhang, Yang Hou, Volodymyr Dzhagan, Zhongquan Liao, Guoliang Chai, Markus Löffler, Davide Olianas, Alberto Milani, Shunqi Xu, Matteo Tommasini, Dietrich R T Zahn, Zhikun Zheng, Ehrenfried Zschech, Rainer Jordan, Xinliang Feng
The engineering of acetylenic carbon-rich nanostructures has great potential in many applications, such as nanoelectronics, chemical sensors, energy storage, and conversion, etc. Here we show the synthesis of acetylenic carbon-rich nanofibers via copper-surface-mediated Glaser polycondensation of 1,3,5-triethynylbenzene on a variety of conducting (e.g., copper, graphite, fluorine-doped tin oxide, and titanium) and non-conducting (e.g., Kapton, glass, and silicon dioxide) substrates. The obtained nanofibers (with optical bandgap of 2...
March 19, 2018: Nature Communications
Engie Safwat, Mohammad L Hassan, Sayed Saniour, Dalia Yehia Zaki, Mervat Eldeftar, Dalia Saba, Mohamed Zazou
Nanofibrillated cellulose, obtained from rice straw agricultural wastes was used as a substrate for the preparation of a new injectable and mineralized hydrogel for bone regeneration. Tetramethyl pyridine oxyl (TEMPO) oxidized nanofibrillated cellulose, was mineralized through the incorporation of a prepared and characterized biphasic calcium phosphate at a fixed ratio of 50 wt%. The TEMPO-oxidized rice straw nanofibrillated cellulose was characterized using transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, and carboxylic content determination...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Li Xie, Liqin Chen, Pan Gu, Lanlan Wei, Xuejun Kang
The extraction and analysis of catecholamine neurotransmitters in biological fluids is of great importance in assessing nervous system function and related diseases, but their precise measurement is still a challenge. Many protocols have been described for neurotransmitter measurement by a variety of instruments, including high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). However, there are shortcomings, such as complicated operation or hard-to-detect multiple targets, which cannot be avoided, and presently, the dominant analysis technique is still HPLC coupled with sensitive electrochemical or fluorimetric detection, due to its high sensitivity and good selectivity...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
José Luis Suarez-Franco, Febe Carolina Vázquez-Vázquez, Amaury Pozos-Guillen, Juan José Montesinos, Octavio Alvarez-Fregoso, Marco Antonio Alvarez-Perez
This study evaluated the influence in the biocompatibility of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) mesenchymal stromal cell onto poly lactic-acid (PLA) films and PLA fiber membrane. Fiber scaffold was prepared via air jet spinning (AJS) from PLA solutions (6, 7, and 10%) and analyzed using SEM, AFM and FTIR. Biocompatibility was evaluated by adhesion, proliferation and cell-material interaction. PLA film exhibited a smooth and homogenously surface topography in comparison with random orientation of PLA fiber with roughness structure where diameter size depends on PLA solution...
March 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Hande Nalvuran, Ayşe Eser Elçin, Yaşar Murat Elçin
Graphene and silk fibroin (SF) have been extensively investigated in the literature. Hybrid scaffolds of SF and graphene combine the properties of both of the materials and provide promising applications for tissue engineering purposes. In this study, reduced graphene oxide (RGO) (0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0% (w/v)) was incorporated into SF and fabricated into composite nanofibers through electrospinning. The fibers were characterized and analyzed by SEM, XRD, FTIR, TGA, circular dichroism analysis, contact angle measurements and tensile tests...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Weibing Dong, Ziang Liu, Liying Sun, Cui Wang, Yue Guan, Xiaoman Mao, Dejing Shang
The threshold hydrophobicity and amphipathic structure of the peptidic chain are important for the biological function of antimicrobial peptides. Chensinin-1b exhibits broad-spectrum bactericidal activity with no hemolytic activity but has almost no anticancer ability against the selected cancer cell lines. In this study, the conjugation of aliphatic acid was designed with different lengths of N-terminal of chensinin-1b, the antimicrobial activity of the resulting lipo-chensinin-1b was examined, in which OA-C1b showed much stronger activity than those of cheninin-1b and the other two lipopeptides...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Christophe O Chantre, Patrick H Campbell, Holly M Golecki, Adrian T Buganza, Andrew K Capulli, Leila F Deravi, Stephanie Dauth, Sean P Sheehy, Jeffrey A Paten, Karl Gledhill, Yanne S Doucet, Hasan E Abaci, Seungkuk Ahn, Benjamin D Pope, Jeffrey W Ruberti, Simon P Hoerstrup, Angela M Christiano, Kevin Kit Parker
Wounds in the fetus can heal without scarring. Consequently, biomaterials that attempt to recapitulate the biophysical and biochemical properties of fetal skin have emerged as promising pro-regenerative strategies. The extracellular matrix (ECM) protein fibronectin (Fn) in particular is believed to play a crucial role in directing this regenerative phenotype. Accordingly, Fn has been implicated in numerous wound healing studies, yet remains untested in its fibrillar conformation as found in fetal skin. Here, we show that high extensional (∼1...
March 5, 2018: Biomaterials
Shijie Li, Shiwei Hu, Wei Jiang, Yanping Liu, Yingtang Zhou, Yu Liu, Liuye Mo
A huge challenge in the field of pollutant removal is the scarcity of visible-light-driven (VLD) photocatalysts that are efficient, stable, easily recyclable and capable of mineralizing organic pollutants. In this regard, a novel hierarchical architecture of Bi2 MoO6 nanosheets onto NiTiO3 nanofibers for tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) removal was rationally designed and fabricated via a facile approach. In this heterojunction system, highly homogeneous-distributed Bi2 MoO6 nanosheets were anchored on electrospun NiTiO3 nanofibers, endowing the heterojunction with compact interfacial contact...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Merve Özkan, Maryam Borghei, Alp Karakoç, Orlando J Rojas, Jouni Paltakari
We systematically investigated the effect of film-forming polyvinyl alcohol and crosslinkers, glyoxal and ammonium zirconium carbonate, on the optical and surface properties of films produced from TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TOCNFs). In this regard, UV-light transmittance, surface roughness and wetting behavior of the films were assessed. Optimization was carried out as a function of film composition following the "random forest" machine learning algorithm for regression analysis. As a result, the design of tailor-made TOCNF-based films can be achieved with reduced experimental expenditure...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chen Zou, Xiaojuan Zhao, Yan Xu
We report a novel, one-dimensional zirconium-doped layered trititanate with a porous core and a textured surface of ultrafine nanofibers (∼5 nm) by the hydrothermal alkaline treatment of electrospun fibers. It demonstrates superior efficiency for rapid, capacitive and simultaneous removal of multiple heavy metal ions such as Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. The adsorption is exceptionally rapid, showing 100% removal of Cu2+ in 10 min, and 100% removal of Pb2+ and Cd2+ in 20 min in water with a wide range of concentrations from 0...
March 16, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Y J Son, H S Kim, W Mao, J B Park, D Lee, H Lee, H S Yoo
A two-step strategy for coaxial electrospinning and postelectrospinning is an effective method for fabricating superfine nanofibers composed of highly swellable hydrogels. Alginate and poly(ε-caprolactone) [PCL] were coelectrospun via fibrous meshes with a coaxial nozzle; alginate at the core was subsequently cross-linked in calcium chloride solution. The PCL sheath was removed from the meshes by repeated organic-phase washing. The peeling process was monitored by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry, and the complete removal of the PCL outer layers was confirmed by the thinning of the fiber volume...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Dongni Wu, Shuangying Zhang, Yuyuan Zhao, Ningjian Ao, Seeram Ramakrishna, Liumin He
RADA16-I (Ac-(RADA)4 -CONH2 ) is a widely investigated self-assembling peptide (SAP) in the biomedical field. It can undergo ordered self-assembly to form stable secondary structures, thereby further forming a nanofiber hydrogel. The modification of RADA16-I with functional peptide motifs has become a popular research topic. Researchers aim to exhibit particular biomedical signaling, and subsequently, further expand its applications. However, only a few fundamental reports are available on the influences of the peptide motifs on self-assembly mechanisms of designer functional RADA16-I SAPs...
March 16, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Khairunnisa Amreen, Sivakumar Nisha, Annamalai Senthil Kumar
Direct sensing of uric acid (UA) in an undiluted whole blood sample is reported here taking human whole blood as an analyte and a self-supporting electrolyte. Among various solid electrodes (Pt, Au, GCE, and GCE/Nafion) and carbon nanomaterials (carbon nanofibers, graphene oxide, graphite nanopowder, graphitized mesoporous carbon (GMC), single-walled carbon nanotubes, and multiwalled carbon nanotubes) tested, a GMC-modified glassy carbon electrode, designated as GCE/GMC, showed a remarkable response towards direct electrochemical oxidation of blood uric acid at ∼0...
March 16, 2018: Analyst
Upendra A Rathnayake, Tharindu Senapathi, Chanaka Sandaruwan, Sanja Gunawardene, Veranja Karunaratne, Nilwala Kottegoda
This study explores the potential application of rice bran (agro waste) to nano-encapsulate phytase, which is a thermally unstable biologically active enzyme. Rice bran was converted to nanofibers (20-50 nm in diameter) using electrospinning. After optimizing the pH, viscosity, voltage and the distance between electrodes for electrospinning, phytase enzyme was encapsulated and the fibers were cross-linked using sodium tripolyphosphate. Thermal stability of phytase enzyme was improved by 90 °C when they are encapsulated and cross-linked with sodium tripolyphosphate...
March 14, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
Wen Shuo Chen, Ling Yu Guo, Chia Chun Tang, Cheng Kang Tsai, Hui Hua Huang, Ting Yu Chin, Mong-Lin Yang, Yui Whei Chen-Yang
In this study, we first synthesized a slow-degrading silica nanofiber (SNF2) through an electrospun solution with an optimized tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) ratio. Then, laminin-modified SNF2, namely SNF2-AP-S-L, was obtained through a series of chemical reactions to attach the extracellular matrix protein, laminin, to its surface. The SNF2-AP-S-L substrate was characterized by a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, and contact angle measurements...
March 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
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