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Bile duct AND ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523061/duel-stage-treatment-for-biliary-cysts-with-cholangitis-during-pregnancy
#1
Baoxing Jia, Ludong Tan, Zhe Jin, Yahui Liu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Biliary cysts in pregnant women are a complex medical issue, especially when complicated with cholangitis. It is a serious and life-threatening diagnosis that can seriously endanger both the expectant mother and the fetus. However, during pregnancy, surgical treatment would lead to further complications and higher fetal mortality. Here, we propose a novel therapeutic approach that would be safe for both mother and child during pregnancy, with a definitive treatment postponed until after delivery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521326/the-yield-of-abdominal-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-elevated-liver-enzymes-during-the-second-and-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#2
Aya Mohr-Sasson, Eyal Schiff, Ramy Rahamim Suday, Zehava Hayman, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Anat Kalter-Farber, Roy Mashiach, Yoav Yinon, Moti Dulitzki, Eyal Sivan, Shali Mazaki-Tovi
AIMS: To determine the clinical yield of abdominal ultrasound in the evaluation of elevated liver enzymes (ELEs) in the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all pregnant women admitted to a single tertiary care center was conducted between April 2011 and January 2015 with ELE. Inclusion criteria included gestational age above 24 weeks and ELEs, abdominal ultrasound report, and live fetus. Exclusion criteria included known maternal liver disease, structural or chromosomal fetal anomalies, and positive serology for viral hepatitis...
May 19, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507753/yield-of-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-for-the-investigation-of-bile-duct-dilatation-in-asymptomatic-patients
#3
Shlomit Tamir, Marius Braun, Assaf Issachar, Gil N Bachar, Ofer Benjaminov
BACKGROUND: Biliary dilatation in the asymptomatic patient is a frequent incidental finding in the work-up for which there are no current guidelines. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the yield of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in asymptomatic patients with an incidental finding of biliary duct dilatation. METHODS: The study included 68 consecutive patients for evaluation of biliary duct dilatation found incidentally on computed tomography (CT) or ultrasound (US)...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464201/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-transjejunal-rendezvous-access-to-the-common-bile-duct
#4
Lea E Fayad, Yen-I Chen, Yamile H Chavez, Vivek Kumbhari, Mouen A Khashab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450694/diagnostic-approach-in-biliary-strictures-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#5
Dorota Jarzębicka, Piotr Czubkowski, Anna Kamińska, Małgorzata Markiewicz-Kijewska, Katarzyna Nowak, Dorota Broniszczak, Maciej Dądalski, Irena Jankowska, Joanna Pawłowska
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of post-liver transplant biliary strictures (BS) requires a high degree of clinical suspicion because of the diversity of symptoms and usually mild clinical presentation. If quickly treated, successful outcome is achieved most cases. The aim of our study was to analyze the value of diagnostic methods in BS after pediatric LTx. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of children with BS after liver transplantation, with the main focus on diagnostic methods, including imaging studies and histology...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440241/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-for-obstructive-jaundice-with-venous-collaterals-around-the-bile-duct-wall-with-video
#6
Takeshi Ogura, Saori Onda, Wataru Takagi, Toshihisa Takeuchi, Shinya Fukunishi, Kazuhide Higuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438089/feline-biliary-tree-and-gallbladder-disease
#7
Corma Ma Otte, Louis C Penning, Jan Rothuizen
Practical relevance Diseases of the biliary tree and gallbladder are more common in cats than diseases of the liver parenchyma. The parenchyma is usually affected secondarily to systemic illnesses, while the biliary system is the prime target for infectious agents (eg, bacteria and flukes) and non-infectious conditions (eg, neoplasia and cysts). Clinical approaches Cats with biliary disease are evaluated because of common feline clinical signs such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting and lethargy. Icterus may or may not be obvious...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428811/role-of-intraoperative-cholangiography-for-detecting-residual-stones-after-biliary-pancreatitis-still-useful-a-retrospective-study
#8
Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Moamena El-Matbouly, Ibnouf Sulieman, Ahmad Elfaki, Tamer El-Bakary, Sherif Abdelaziem, Salahdin Gehani, Adriana Toro, Isidoro Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) may detect residual stones in the common bile duct (CBD) after acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). The aim of the present study is to analyze the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing cholecystectomy for ABP and if complications are related with this procedure. METHODS: Demographic and clinical factors were assessed in patients with mild ABP who underwent IOC during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425658/endoscopic-management-of-acute-cholangitis-as-a-result-of-common-bile-duct-stones
#9
Mohan Ramchandani, Partha Pal, D Nageshwar Reddy
Acute cholangitis is infectious disease of the biliary system and potentially can cause significant morbidity and mortality. With advances in intensive care, antibiotic therapy advances and endoscopic and other modalities of biliary drainage, mortality rates have significantly come down of late. Although most cases respond to antibiotics alone, definitive therapy is required later in most of the patients. Increased biliary pressure leads to biliovenous reflux of bacteria and purulent bile into the circulation leading to systemic inflammation and sepsis with subsequent organ dysfunction...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414680/a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#10
E M Dauchy, M Modica, N Masri
CASE: A 54 year old woman with hypothyroidism presented with right flank pain that began acutely one week prior to presentation. She was told initially she had a urinary tract infection and treatment resulted in mild symptomatic improvement. The pain returned and she presented to another Emergency Department (ED); and was told the pain was due to constipation. She returned to the ED the next day when her pain worsened and her labs were notable for WBC of 19,000/uL, BUN/Cr of 28/0.75 mg/dL, AST of 31 U/L, ALT of 92 U/L and total bilirubin of 0...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412956/management-of-suspected-common-bile-duct-stones-on-cholangiogram-during-same-stay-cholecystectomy-for-acute-gallstone-related-disease
#11
Sandra de Sousa, Olivier Tobler, Pouya Iranmanesh, Jean-Louis Frossard, Philippe Morel, Christian Toso
BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested that upfront cholecystectomy should be performed even in the presence of moderately abnormal liver function tests (LFTs). As a consequence, more common bile duct (CBD) stones are discovered on intra-operative cholangiogram. We assessed the presentation and management of such patients to refine their management plan. METHODS: Adult patients (>16 years) with an acute gallstone-related disease who had undergone same-stay cholecystectomy from January 2013 to January 2015 were retrospectively assessed...
April 17, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402981/prenatal-nonvisualization-of-the-gallbladder-a-diagnostic-and-prognostic-dilemma
#12
Aina Ruiz, Ana Robles, Francisca Salva, Ana Filgueira, Cristina Díaz, Miquel Juan, Albert Tubau
INTRODUCTION: Nonvisualization of the fetal gallbladder has been associated with benign conditions such as isolated gallbladder agenesis or severe diseases such as biliary atresia (BA). Recently, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGTP) fetal blood levels were reported as useful after 22 weeks. OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of fetal blood GGTP levels after 22 weeks, based on 2 cases. Case 1: 20+4-week secundipara, with subcutaneous edema and pleural effusion...
April 13, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397681/-isolated-gallbladder-agenesis-without-biliary-atresia-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#13
Bojan Kovacevic, Laura Sophie Mössinger, Thomas Boel
We present a case of a 16-year-old male patient with recurrent abdominal pain in the upper right quadrant, signed up for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to a single gallstone seen on preoperative abdominal ultrasound. Because of dilatation of the common bile duct subsequent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography was performed, and surprisingly, the gallbladder was found missing. The operation was therefore cancelled. Even though gallbladder agenesis is a rare condition, it still represents a diagnostic challenge as most cases are found peroperatively, and the patients undergo unnecessary surgery...
February 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382389/ct-guided-intranodal-lymphangiography-for-postoperative-chylous-ascites
#14
Masanori Hirata, Atsuo Shimizu, Shoko Abe, Azusa Ichinose, Akira Sugiyama, Yusuke Tanino, Suguru Watanabe, Ryota Nakano, Yoshihiko Kato, Toshiyuki Miyahara, Yasuhiro Sumi, Hiroshi Nakano
The utility and minimal invasiveness of ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography have already been reported by several researchers. Although ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography is known to be not technically difficult in general, a patient's edematous groin due to hypoalbuminemia resulting from chylous ascites made it too challenging to detect and prick the lymph nodes precisely. This report describes a 71-year-old female with refractory chylous ascites due to an operation for an extrahepatic bile duct cancer, who was successfully treated by computed tomography (CT)-guided intranodal lymphangiography...
April 5, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356912/toothpick-inside-the-common-bile-duct-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
V O Brunaldi, M O Brunaldi, R Masagao, C Silva, H Masuda, J E Brunaldi
The incidence and prevalence of foreign body (FB) ingestion are difficult to estimate. Unlike other foreign bodies, the ingestion of a toothpick is very uncommon and carries high morbidity and mortality rates. We report a case of a 73-year-old female patient presenting mid-term epigastric pain. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a slightly dilated common bile duct (CBD) and magnetic resonance showed an irregular filling failure in distal CBD and gallstones. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography revealed major papilla on the edge of a diverticulum and confirmed the distal filling failure...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350202/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-biliary-dyskinesia-in-children
#16
Sarah W Lai, Steven S Rothenberg, Saundra M Kay, Kristin E Shipman, Bethany J Slater
PURPOSE: To determine the outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a treatment for biliary dyskinesia in children. METHODS: With ethics approval, a retrospective chart review was performed on children (<21 years) at a single center diagnosed with biliary dyskinesia (defined as gallbladder ejection fraction [EF] <35% and/or pain with cholecystokinin [CCK] on cholescintigraphy, in the absence of gallstones or cholecystitis on ultrasound) and treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy between March 2010 and February 2016...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348491/percutaneous-intraductal-radiofrequency-ablation-for-treatment-of-biliary-stent-occlusion-a-preliminary-result
#17
Ning Xia, Ju Gong, Jian Lu, Zhi-Jin Chen, Li-Yun Zhang, Zhong-Min Wang
AIM: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a novel application of percutaneous intraductal radiofrequency (RF) for the treatment of biliary stent obstruction. METHODS: We specifically report a retrospective study presenting the results of percutaneous intraductal RF in patients with biliary stent occlusion. A total of 43 cases involving biliary stent obstruction were treated by placing an EndoHPB catheter and percutaneous intraductal RF was performed to clean stents...
March 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324028/a-duodenal-sdh-deficient-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-a-patient-with-a-germline-sdhb-mutation
#18
Marianne S Elston, Shekhar Sehgal, Michael Dray, Elizabeth Phillips, John V Conaglen, Roderick J Clifton-Bligh, Anthony J Gill
Context: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract arising from the interstitial cells of Cajal. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)-deficient GISTs are a unique class of GIST defined by loss of immunohistochemical expression of SDHB, indicating dysfunction of the mitochondrial complex 2; lack of driver mutations in KIT and PDGFRA; and distinctive morphologic features and natural history. To date, all reported SDH-deficient GISTs have arisen in the stomach...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320549/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage-in-malignant-distal-obstruction-of-the-common-bile-duct
#19
A Membrillo-Romero, M L Altamirano-Castañeda, A Muñoz-Bautista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301597/boiling-histotripsy-lesion-characterization-on-a-clinical-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-system
#20
Avinash Eranki, Navid Farr, Ari Partanen, Karun V Sharma, Hong Chen, Christopher T Rossi, Satya V V N Kothapalli, Matthew Oetgen, AeRang Kim, Ayele H Negussie, David Woods, Bradford J Wood, Peter C W Kim, Pavel S Yarmolenko
PURPOSE: High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a non-invasive therapeutic technique that can thermally ablate tumors. Boiling histotripsy (BH) is a HIFU approach that can emulsify tissue in a few milliseconds. Lesion volume and temperature effects for different BH sonication parameters are currently not well characterized. In this work, lesion volume, temperature distribution, and area of lethal thermal dose were characterized for varying BH sonication parameters in tissue-mimicking phantoms (TMP) and demonstrated in ex vivo tissues...
2017: PloS One
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