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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915087/genetically-unrelated-multidrug-and-carbapenem-resistant-citrobacter-freundii-detected-in-outpatients-admitted-to-a-portuguese-hospital
#1
Cátia Santos, Elmano Ramalheira, Gabriela Da Silva, Sónia Mendo
OBJECTIVES: Non-clonal, carbapenem- and multidrug-resistant Citrobacter freundii isolates were collected from unrelated outpatients admitted to a Portuguese hospital emergency department. One patient lived in a nursing home and was never hospitalised, whereas the other patient was repeatedly hospitalised in this hospital. The aim of this study was to unveil the molecular mechanisms associated with the carbapenem resistance of these isolates and to assess its potential dissemination. METHODS: Isolate identification was performed by VITEK(®)2 and was confirmed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911568/nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediates-mesenchymal-transition-remodeling-and-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-response-to-chronic-inflammation-by-viral-rna-patterns
#2
Bing Tian, Igor Patrikeev, Lorenzo Ochoa, Gracie Vargas, KarryAnne K Belanger, Julia Litvinov, Istvan Boldogh, Bill T Ameredes, Massoud Motamedi, Allan R Brasier
Airway remodeling is resultant of a complex multi-cellular response associated with a progressive decline of pulmonary function in patients with chronic airway disease. Here, repeated infections with respiratory viruses are linked with airway remodeling through largely unknown mechanisms. Although acute activation of the Toll like receptor (TLR)3 pathway by extracellular poly(I:C) induces innate signaling through the NFkB transcription factor in human small airway epithelial cells (hSAECs), prolonged (repetitive or tonic) poly(I:C) stimulation produces chronic stress fiber formation, mesenchymal transition and activation of a fibrotic program...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909082/proteomic-investigation-of-dermal-fibroblasts-isolated-from-affected-and-unaffected-skin-samples-from-patients-with-limited-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-2-distinct-entities
#3
Claudio Corallo, Annalisa Santucci, Giulia Bernardini, Natale Figura, Roberto Leoncini, Giulia Riolo, Antonio Montella, Chiara Chirico, Ranuccio Nuti, Nicola Giordano
OBJECTIVE: To identify using proteomic analysis the proteins of altered abundance in the affected and unaffected limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc) skin fibroblasts. METHODS: Excision biopsies (3 mm) were obtained from the affected and unaffected skin of 5 patients with lcSSc. Dermal fibroblasts were isolated enzymatically. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to separate and define proteins in affected and unaffected fibroblast lysates. Proteins of altered abundance were identified by mass spectrometry...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908735/unr-csde1-drives-a-post-transcriptional-program-to-promote-melanoma-invasion-and-metastasis
#4
Laurence Wurth, Panagiotis Papasaikas, David Olmeda, Nadine Bley, Guadalupe T Calvo, Santiago Guerrero, Daniela Cerezo-Wallis, Javier Martinez-Useros, María García-Fernández, Stefan Hüttelmaier, Maria S Soengas, Fátima Gebauer
RNA binding proteins (RBPs) modulate cancer progression through poorly understood mechanisms. Here we show that the RBP UNR/CSDE1 is overexpressed in melanoma tumors and promotes invasion and metastasis. iCLIP sequencing, RNA sequencing, and ribosome profiling combined with in silico studies unveiled sets of pro-metastatic factors coordinately regulated by UNR as part of RNA regulons. In addition to RNA steady-state levels, UNR was found to control many of its targets at the level of translation elongation/termination...
November 14, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903188/the-role-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-tractography-for-gamma-knife-thalamotomy-planning
#5
João Gabriel Ribeiro Gomes, Alessandra Augusta Gorgulho, Amanda de Oliveira López, Crystian Wilian Chagas Saraiva, Lucas Petri Damiani, Anderson Martins Pássaro, João Victor Salvajoli, Ludmila de Oliveira Siqueira, Bernardo Peres Salvajoli, Antônio Afonso Ferreira De Salles
OBJECTIVE The role of tractography in Gamma Knife thalamotomy (GK-T) planning is still unclear. Pyramidal tractography might reduce the risk of radiation injury to the pyramidal tract and reduce motor complications. METHODS In this study, the ventralis intermedius nucleus (VIM) targets of 20 patients were bilaterally defined using Iplannet Stereotaxy Software, according to the anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC-PC) line and considering the localization of the pyramidal tract. The 40 targets and tractography were transferred as objects to the GammaPlan Treatment Planning System (GP-TPS)...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901139/the-structure-and-volume-phase-transition-behavior-of-poly-n-vinylcaprolactam-based-hybrid-microgels-containing-carbon-nanodots
#6
Wenhui Sun, Peiyi Wu
In this paper, we investigated the internal structure and the volume phase transition (VPT) behavior of poly(N-vinylcaprolactam-co-vinylimidazole)/polymerizable carbon nanodot (P(VCL-co-VIM)/PCND) microgels with different amounts of PCNDs. Our study shows that compared to the pure P(VCL-co-VIM) microgel, the hybrid microgels undergo a two-step VPT as the temperature increases and a core-shell(-corona) structure of the hybrid microgels is formed by copolymerization with PCNDs. A change in the amount of PCNDs has effects on both of the volume phase transition temperature and internal structure of microgels...
November 30, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896617/comprehensive-dna-methylation-and-mutation-analyses-reveal-a-methylation-signature-in-colorectal-sessile-serrated-adenomas
#7
Árpád V Patai, Barbara Kinga Barták, Bálint Péterfia, Tamás Micsik, Réka Horváth, Csaba Sumánszki, Zoltán Péter, Árpád Patai, Gábor Valcz, Alexandra Kalmár, Kinga Tóth, Tibor Krenács, Zsolt Tulassay, Béla Molnár
Colorectal sessile serrated adenomas (SSA) are hypothesized to be precursor lesions of an alternative, serrated pathway of colorectal cancer, abundant in genes with aberrant promoter DNA hypermethylation. In our present pilot study, we explored DNA methylation profiles and examined selected gene mutations in SSA. Biopsy samples from patients undergoing screening colonoscopy were obtained during endoscopic examination. After DNA isolation and quality analysis, SSAs (n = 4) and healthy controls (n = 5) were chosen for further analysis...
November 29, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889178/comparison-with-adsorption-of-re-vii-by-two-different-%C3%AE-radiation-synthesized-silica-grafting-of-vinylimidazole-4-vinylpyridine-adsorbents
#8
Pu Xiao, Dong Han, Maolin Zhai, Ling Xu, Huibo Li
Two silica gel based adsorbents for Re (VII), i.e. SS-MPTS-VIMH and SS-MPTS-VPQ, were synthesised. Silica gel was used as the matrix for γ-radiation grafting, and the monomer of 1-vinyl imidazole (VIM) and 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP) was grafted onto the silica silanized by methacryloxy propyl trimethoxyl silane, respectively. A VIM concentration of 2molL(-1) and an absorbed dose of 30kGy were the optimal grafting conditions for adsorbent SS-MPTS-VIM, and a 4-VP concentration of 4molL(-1) and an absorbed dose of 40kGy were the optimal grafting conditions for adsorbent SS-MPTS-VP...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882088/study-on-the-resistance-mechanism-via-outer-membrane-protein-oprd2-and-metal-%C3%AE-lactamase-expression-in-the-cell-wall-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Shuangqi Cai, Yiqiang Chen, Dezhi Song, Jinliang Kong, Yanbin Wu, Huasong Lu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the imipenem-resistant mechanism via the outer membrane protein (OMP) OprD2 and metal β-lactamase expression in the cell wall of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa was clinically separated and validated by VITEK-2 full-automatic bacteria analyzer. Drug resistance, sensitive antibiotics and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) were tested using the drug sensitivity analysis system. The phenotype positive strains of MBL genes were screened using the Kirby-Bauer diffusion method by adding metal ion-chelating agent EDTA on the imipenem susceptibility paper...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877226/rac1-overexpression-is-correlated-with-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Yujuan Zhou, Qianjin Liao, Yaqian Han, Jie Chen, Zhigang Liu, Hang Ling, Jing Zhang, Wenjuan Yang, Linda Oyang, Longzheng Xia, Li Wang, Heran Wang, Lei Xue, Hui Wang, Bingqiang Hu
Objective: Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate1(Rac1) and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) are key therapeutic targets in cancer. We investigated the clinical significance of Rac1 and markers of EMT expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and their possible correlation with EMT phenotype. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to assess the expression of Rac1, Snail1, Twist1, N-cadherin (N-cad), Vimentin (Vim), and E-cadherin (E-cad) in 153 NSCLC paraffin-embedded specimens and 45 normal specimens adjacent to tumors...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869227/hypoxia-induced-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-in-human-colorectal-cancer-cells-involvement-of-hif-1a-claudin-4-and-e-cadherin-and-vimentin
#11
Wen Li, ShaoQi Zong, Qi Shi, HongJia Li, Jian Xu, Fenggang Hou
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) plays an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis, and both hypoxia and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) are necessary for VM. In this study, HIF-1α expression was upregulated in the VM-positive CRC cell line HCT-116 and thereby affected the expression of the EMT-related markers Claudin-4, E-cadherin (E-cd) and Vimentin(VIM). SB431542 and U0126EtOH, which can inhibit of EMT were used to treat HCT-116 and HCT-8 in these experiments. Both of the inhibitors had significant effect on EMT markers and the formations of VM in CRC cells...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866944/occurrence-of-carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-and-escherichia-coli-in-the-european-survey-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-euscape-a-prospective-multinational-study
#12
Hajo Grundmann, Corinna Glasner, Barbara Albiger, David M Aanensen, Chris T Tomlinson, Arjana Tambić Andrasević, Rafael Cantón, Yehuda Carmeli, Alexander W Friedrich, Christian G Giske, Youri Glupczynski, Marek Gniadkowski, David M Livermore, Patrice Nordmann, Laurent Poirel, Gian M Rossolini, Harald Seifert, Alkiviadis Vatopoulos, Timothy Walsh, Neil Woodford, Dominique L Monnet
BACKGROUND: Gaps in the diagnostic capacity and heterogeneity of national surveillance and reporting standards in Europe make it difficult to contain carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. We report the development of a consistent sampling framework and the results of the first structured survey on the occurrence of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in European hospitals. METHODS: National expert laboratories recruited hospitals with diagnostic capacities, who collected the first ten carbapenem non-susceptible clinical isolates of K pneumoniae or E coli and ten susceptible same-species comparator isolates and pertinent patient and hospital information...
November 17, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866753/-molecular-epidemiology-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-infection-colonisation-in-a-hospital-in-madrid
#13
Patricia Brañas, Marta Gil, Jennifer Villa, María Ángeles Orellana, Fernando Chaves
INTRODUCTION: A description is presented on the molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae infection in a tertiary hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study was made on all the carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae isolations obtained between February 2015 and March 2016 in the Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre (Madrid). Phenotypic and molecular methods were used. RESULTS: A total of 7 bacterial species were identified, with the majority being Klebsiella pneumoniae (K...
November 17, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846626/deep-brain-stimulation-in-posttraumatic-tremor-a-series-of-cases-and-literature-review
#14
Luis Mariano Rojas-Medina, Lucia Esteban-Fernández, Victor Rodríguez-Berrocal, Marta Del Álamo de Pedro, Luis Ley Urzaiz, Ignacio Regidor Bailly-Baillere
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic tremor (PTT) is the most frequent movement disorder secondary to cranioencephalic trauma and can be persistent and disabling. OBJECTIVES: We review and assess the efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) at the VIM/VOP/ZI (ventralis intermedius/ventrooralis posterior/zona incerta) complex level for the treatment of PTT. METHODS: During the period from 1999 to 2014, 5 patients diagnosed with PTT were selected who had experienced a major deterioration in their quality of life without improvement during medical treatment for more than 1 year...
November 16, 2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846383/unrelenting-translation-unrestrains-melanoma-migration
#15
Ashani T Weeraratna, Myriam Gorospe
The cytoplasmic RNA-binding protein UNR influences key developmental processes by controlling mRNA turnover and translation initiation. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Wurth et al. report that UNR is highly expressed in melanoma and enhances invasion and metastasis at least partly by inducing translation elongation of VIM and RAC1 mRNAs.
November 14, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834790/the-structure-of-the-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-vim-2-in-complex-with-a-triazolylthioacetamide-inhibitor
#16
Tony Christopeit, Ke Wu Yang, Shao Kang Yang, Hanna Kirsti S Leiros
The increasing number of pathogens expressing metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs), and in this way achieving resistance to β-lactam antibiotics, is a significant threat to global public health. A promising strategy to treat such resistant pathogens is the co-administration of MBL inhibitors together with β-lactam antibiotics. However, an MBL inhibitor suitable for clinical use has not yet been identified. Verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase 2 (VIM-2) is a widespread MBL with a broad substrate spectrum and hence is an interesting drug target for the treatment of β-lactam-resistant infections...
November 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818808/persistent-bacteremia-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-with-in-vitro-resistance-to-the-novel-antibiotics-ceftolozane-tazobactam-and-ceftazidime-avibactam
#17
Louie Mar Gangcuangco, Patricia Clark, Cynthia Stewart, Goran Miljkovic, Zane K Saul
Ceftazidime-avibactam and ceftolozane-tazobactam are new antimicrobials with activity against multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We present the first case of persistent P. aeruginosa bacteremia with in vitro resistance to these novel antimicrobials. A 68-year-old man with newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma was admitted to the medical intensive care unit for sepsis and right lower extremity cellulitis. The patient was placed empirically on vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam. Blood cultures from Day 1 of hospitalization grew P...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816778/thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-decelerates-automatic-lexical-activation
#18
Felicitas Ehlen, Isabelle Vonberg, Hannes O Tiedt, Andreas Horn, Ortwin Fromm, Andrea A Kühn, Fabian Klostermann
BACKGROUND: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) of the thalamic ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) is a therapeutic option for patients with essential tremor. Despite a generally low risk of side effects, declines in verbal fluency (VF) have previously been reported. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to specify effects of VIM-DBS on major cognitive operations needed for VF task performance, represented by clusters and switches. Clusters are word production spurts, thought to arise from automatic activation of associated information pertaining to a given lexical field...
November 2, 2016: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812135/characterization-and-genetic-analyses-of-new-genes-coding-for-nod2-interacting-proteins
#19
Raphaële Thiébaut, Sophie Esmiol, Patrick Lecine, Batoul Mahfouz, Aurelie Hermant, Cendrine Nicoletti, Stephane Parnis, Julie Perroy, Jean-Paul Borg, Leigh Pascoe, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Vincent Ollendorff
NOD2 contributes to the innate immune response and to the homeostasis of the intestinal mucosa. In response to its bacterial ligand, NOD2 interacts with RICK and activates the NF-κB and MAPK pathways, inducing gene transcription and synthesis of proteins required to initiate a balanced immune response. Mutations in NOD2 have been associated with an increased risk of Crohn's Disease (CD), a disabling inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Because NOD2 signaling plays a key role in CD, it is important to further characterize the network of protein interacting with NOD2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806701/yi-ai-fang-a-traditional-chinese-herbal-formula-impacts-the-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-of-human-colorectal-cancer-through-hif-1%C3%AE-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#20
Fenggang Hou, Wen Li, Qi Shi, Hongjia Li, Shanshan Liu, Shaoqi Zong, Jianlin Ren, Jie Chai, Jian Xu
BACKGROUND: Yi Ai Fang (YAF), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, has been identified to have anticancer activity in our previously studies. The present study aimed to explore the potential mechanism of YAF suppression of VM on colorectal cancer (CRC) in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay. HIF-1α, E-cd(E-cadherin), Claudin-4, and VIM (Vimentin) expressions level in vitro were evaluated by Western blot or RT-PCR. In addition, Human CRC HCT-116 cells were implanted in BALB/c nude mice; mice with xenografted tumors were randomly administrated vehicle (control), 8, 16, or 32 mg/mL YAF, or 1 mg/mL fluorouracil (5-FU)...
November 2, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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