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Device related pressure ulcer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782417/prevalence-and-analysis-of-medical-device-related-pressure-injuries-results-from-the-international-pressure-ulcer-prevalence-survey
#1
Susan A Kayser, Catherine A VanGilder, Elizabeth A Ayello, Charlie Lachenbruch
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of medical device-related pressure injuries (MDR PIs) in a large, generalizable database. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of the 2016 International Pressure Ulcer Prevalence data. Data were limited to US and Canadian facilities. Facilities included acute care, long-term care, rehabilitation, long-term acute care hospitals, and hospice. Analysis included 102,865 adult patients; 99,876 had complete data and were the focus of the analysis and are reported in the results below...
June 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738002/evidence-based-synthesis-for-prevention-of-noninvasive-ventilation-related-facial-pressure-ulcers
#2
Jaber S Alqahtani, Mohammed D AlAhmari
The last 2 decades have seen a growing trend towards the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) therapy in the management of many conditions that cause acute respiratory failure. However, there is a serious side effect that results in using these devices; the development of facial skin pressure damage, specifically pressure ulcers. This skin damage has a considerable effect on patients' quality of life, treatment adherence and patients' comfort in addition to the therapy challenges of wound care. The aim of this clinical review is to discuss the different characteristics of NIV interfaces and to provide evidence based recommendations to facilitate the selection and application of such interfaces to reduce NIV interfaces related pressure ulcers...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617058/multicenter-randomized-controlled-observer-blinded-study-of-a-nitric-oxide-generating-treatment-in-foot-ulcers-of-patients-with-diabetes-pronox1-study
#3
Michael E Edmonds, Harvey J Bodansky, Andrew Jm Boulton, Paul J Chadwick, Cuong N Dang, Ryan D'Costa, Atholl Johnston, Brian Kennon, Graham Leese, Satyan M Rajbhandari, Thomas E Serena, Matthew J Young, Joanne E Stewart, Arthur T Tucker, Marissa J Carter
The aim of this multi-center, prospective, observer-blinded, parallel group, randomized controlled trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of EDX110, a nitric oxide generating medical device, in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers in a patient group reflecting "real world" clinical practice compared against optimal standard care. Participants were recruited from ten hospital sites in multidisciplinary foot ulcer clinics. The ulcers were full thickness, with an area of 25-2500mm2 and either a palpable pedal pulse or ankle brachial pressure index >0...
April 4, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588621/investigating-the-effects-of-cervical-collar-design-and-fit-on-the-biomechanical-and-biomarker-reaction-at-the-skin
#4
Peter R Worsley, Nathan D Stanger, Aran K Horrell, Dan L Bader
Background: Research has shown that up to 33% of pressure ulcers (PUs) acquired in hospitals result from the application of a medical device. Cervical collars (C-collars) have been implicated in causing PUs, due to the mechanical force they apply to the skin. In order to improve our understanding of collar-related PUs, the present study aimed to assess the biomechanical, biochemical, and microclimate effects of C-collar design and fitting tension. Methods: A cohort of 15 healthy volunteers was fit with two different C-collars according to the manufacturer guidelines...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397270/device-related-pressure-ulcers-pre-and-post-identification-and-intervention
#5
Pamela Clay, Casey Cruz, Keith Ayotte, Jeremy Jones, Susan B Fowler
PROBLEM: From 2014 to 2016, device related pressure injuries accounted for 62-81% of all hospital acquired pressure injuries. From January to June 2014, there were 5 BiPAP/CPAP pressure injuries noted, accounting for 3.579 injuries per 1000 ventilator days. In 2015, hospital data revealed that 26.5% of all hospital acquired pressure injuries occurred to prone surgical spine patients. METHODS: Collaborative teams including respiratory therapists and operating room staff were convened and crafted new strategies...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371890/diabetic-foot-australia-guideline-on-footwear-for-people-with-diabetes
#6
Jaap J van Netten, Peter A Lazzarini, David G Armstrong, Sicco A Bus, Robert Fitridge, Keith Harding, Ewan Kinnear, Matthew Malone, Hylton B Menz, Byron M Perrin, Klaas Postema, Jenny Prentice, Karl-Heinz Schott, Paul R Wraight
Background: The aim of this paper was to create an updated Australian guideline on footwear for people with diabetes. Methods: We reviewed new footwear publications, (inter)national guidelines, and consensus expert opinion alongside the 2013 Australian footwear guideline to formulate updated recommendations. Result: We recommend health professionals managing people with diabetes should: (1) Advise people with diabetes to wear footwear that fits, protects and accommodates the shape of their feet...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326410/-factors-predicting-the-interface-pressure-related-to-pressure-injury-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#7
Ji Seon Shine, Soo Jin Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Mi Yu
PURPOSE: Interface pressure is a factor that contributes to the occurrence of pressure injuries. This study aimed to investigate interface pressure at common sites of pressure injury (occipital, gluteal and peritrochanteric areas), to explore the relationships among risk factors, skin condition and interface pressure, and to identify risk factors influencing interface pressure. METHODS: A total of 100 patients admitted to the intensive care unit were enrolled at a tertiary teaching hospital in Korea...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314659/effectiveness-of-using-a-new-polyurethane-foam-multi-layer-dressing-in-the-sacral-area-to-prevent-the-onset-of-pressure-ulcer-in-the-elderly-with-hip-fractures-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Cristiana Forni, Fabio D'Alessandro, Pina Gallerani, Rossana Genco, Andrea Bolzon, Caterina Bombino, Sandra Mini, Laura Rocchegiani, Teresa Notarnicola, Arianna Vitulli, Alfredo Amodeo, Guglielmo Celli, Patrizia Taddia
Hip fractures in the elderly are a serious problem for the health service due to the high rate of complications. One of these complications is pressure ulcers that, according to the literature, occur in 8.8% to 55% of patients and mainly arise in the sacral area. The present randomised controlled trial tests whether applying a new innovative multi-layer polyurethane foam dressing (ALLEVYN LIFE™), reduces the onset of pressure ulcers in the sacral area. From March to December 2016, 359 fragility hip fracture patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: 182 in the control group and 177 in the experimental group...
January 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243399/diabetic-foot-ulcer-management-in-clinical-practice-in-the-uk-costs-and-outcomes
#9
Julian F Guest, Graham W Fuller, Peter Vowden
The aim of this study was to estimate the patterns of care and annual levels of health care resource use attributable to managing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) in clinical practice by the UK's National Health Service (NHS), and the associated costs of patient management. This was a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of 130 patients with a newly diagnosed DFU in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and health care resource use were quantified, and the total NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2015-2016 prices...
February 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091036/a-prospective-descriptive-study-to-assess-nursing-staff-perceptions-of-and-interventions-to-prevent-medical-device-related-pressure-injury
#10
Ayişe Karadag, Seval C Hanönü, Evrim Eyikara
Nurses play an important role in identifying patients at risk for medical device-related (MDR) pressure injuries and preventing their occurrence. A prospective, descriptive study was conducted across 6 hospitals in Ankara, Turkey between December 2014 and June 2015 to assess nursing perceptions about and interventions used for the pre- vention of MDR pressure ulcers. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic information and data on experience with MDR pressure ulcers; in addition, participants completed a Nursing Interventions Form that included 10 statements regarding basic nursing interventions to prevent MDR pressure ulcers; answer options were I perform, I partly perform, I do not perform...
October 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019580/effects-of-local-pressure-on-cutaneous-blood-flow-in-pigs
#11
Michel Luciano Holger Toledano Vaena, João Paulo Sinnecker, Bruno Benedetti Pinto, Mario Fritsch Toros Neves, Fernando Serra-Guimarães, Ruy Garcia Marques
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effects of increasing pressures on the cutaneous blood flow in the skin of pigs. METHODS: we conducted an experimental study in pigs submitted to subcutaneous magnetic implants (n=30). After healing, were applied external magnets with varying magnetic forces to the skin, generating compression. We evaluated the cutaneous circulation of the skin under compression by the Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI) technique. We measured the depth of the implants by ultrasonography, and applied computational simulations to the calculation of the different pressure values, considering the different distances between implants and external magnets...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827240/national-audit-of-pressure-ulcers-and-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-in-hospitals-across-wales-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Michael Clark, Martin J Semple, Nicola Ivins, Kirsten Mahoney, Keith Harding
OBJECTIVE: The Chief Nurse National Health Service Wales initiated a national survey of acute and community hospital patients in Wales to identify the prevalence of pressure ulcers and incontinence-associated dermatitis. METHODS: Teams of two nurses working independently assessed the skin of each inpatient who consented to having their skin observed. RESULTS: Over 28 September 2015 to 2nd October 2015, 8365 patients were assessed across 66 hospitals with 748 (8...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644115/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-lightweight-fibreglass-heel-casts-in-the-management-of-ulcers-of-the-heel-in-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
William Jeffcoate, Frances Game, Vivienne Turtle-Savage, Alison Musgrove, Patricia Price, Wei Tan, Lucy Bradshaw, Alan Montgomery, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Angela Farr, Thomas Winfield, Ceri Phillips
BACKGROUND: Ulcers of the foot in people with diabetes mellitus are slow to heal and result in considerable cost and patient suffering. The prognosis is worst for ulcers of the heel. OBJECTIVE: To assess both the clinical effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of lightweight fibreglass casts in the management of heel ulcers. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, parallel, observer-blinded randomised controlled trial. A central randomisation centre used a computer-generated random number sequence to allocate participants to groups...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639707/dressings-and-topical-agents-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#14
REVIEW
Maggie J Westby, Jo C Dumville, Marta O Soares, Nikki Stubbs, Gill Norman
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, decubitus ulcers and pressure injuries, are localised areas of injury to the skin or the underlying tissue, or both. Dressings are widely used to treat pressure ulcers and promote healing, and there are many options to choose from including alginate, hydrocolloid and protease-modulating dressings. Topical agents have also been used as alternatives to dressings in order to promote healing.A clear and current overview of all the evidence is required to facilitate decision-making regarding the use of dressings or topical agents for the treatment of pressure ulcers...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611986/scipad-effective-implementation-of-telemedicine-using-ipads-with-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-case-series
#15
Kazuko Shem, Samantha J Sechrist, Eleanor Loomis, Linda Isaac
BACKGROUND: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) must often travel long distances to see a rehabilitation specialist. While telemedicine (TM) for pressure ulcer management has been used in this population, real-time video telecommunication using iPad has never been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide specialized care for persons with SCI through TM consultation expediently in order to address medical needs, manage secondary complications, and to improve quality of life (QoL) of individuals with SCI...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603664/seating-related-pressure-injury-prevention-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-review-of-compensatory-technologies-to-improve-in-seat-movement-behavior
#16
Tamara L Vos-Draper, Melissa M B Morrow
A PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to (1) assess the factors related to the occurrence of pressure injuries in people with a spinal cord injury (SCI), (2) review methods of pressure injury prevention, and (3) examine compensatory technologies developed to promote in-seat movement to reduce the risk of pressure injuries. B RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors for seating-related pressure injuries are well documented, yet, ulceration remains a daily concern for individuals with SCI...
December 2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368915/reduction-of-pressure-related-complications-with-an-improved-method-of-securing-endotracheal-tubes-in-burn-patients-with-facial-burns
#17
Angela B Whitley, Rachel M Nygaard, Frederick W Endorf
Facial burns are extremely common in the burn population, as is the need for endotracheal intubation. However, securing the endotracheal tube in these patients can be difficult. Our institution's historically preferred method of securing tubes with twill tape was effective but had a high rate of device-related pressure ulcers. The introduction of new silicone pressure-reducing strips for use in conjunction with twill tape was effective in reducing the incidence of pressure ulcers in this patient population from 21% to 5% (P = ...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255240/evaluation-of-external-pressure-to-the-sacral-region-in-the-lithotomy-position-using-the-noninvasive-pressure-distribution-measurement-system
#18
Ju Mizuno, Toru Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PUs) in the sacral region can be a complication of surgical procedures performed in the lithotomy position. Previous reports have noted a difference between men and women in PU development related to the supine position, and body weight and body mass index (BMI) have been also described as known risk factors in supine position-related PU development. The BIG-MAT(®) system is a noninvasive pressure distribution measurement device used to measure external pressure (EP)...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225711/reactive-oxygen-therapy-a-novel-therapy-in-soft-tissue-infection
#19
REVIEW
Matthew Dryden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global burden of disease in skin and soft tissue lesions is enormous. Many chronic, poorly healing lesions get treated with antibiotics despite the lack of evidence for long-term antibiotics. There is a global antibiotic resistance crisis driven largely by inappropriate use of large volumes of antibiotics. One solution is to reduce the selection pressure on bacteria by reducing the volume of antibiotic use in medicine, agriculture and the environment. There are few novel antimicrobials...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151511/-economic-impact-of-afid-management-with-modern-management-system-in-intensive-care-patients-comparison-between-icus
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Giovanni Fuoco, Paola Di Giulio
. Economic impact of AFId management with modern management systems in Intensive Care patients: comparison between ICUs. INTRODUCTION: Acute fecal incontinence associated with diarrhea (AFId) affects up to 40% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients and may be responsible for pressure ulcers (PU). The FMS (Fecal Management System) though improving the management of these patients is not often provided due to its cost. AIM: To measure the costs of the use of FMS compared to routine care in three intensive care units (ICU) of Piedmont (Italy)...
October 2016: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
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