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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822799/effect-of-application-sequence-of-fluoride-and-cpp-acp-on-remineralization-of-white-spot-lesions-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#1
Ola B Al-Batayneh, Reem A Jbarat, Susan N Al-Khateeb
OBJECTIVE: To explore how application sequence of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and fluoride influences remineralization of enamel white spot lesions (WSL) in primary teeth. DESIGN: In this in-vitro study, artificial WSLs were created in 130 primary teeth. Teeth were divided into 4 groups (n=27) and a control group (n=22) and exposed to one of the following remineralization regimens for 10 weeks: Group-1; 500ppm fluoride dentifrice; Group-2; 10% w/v CPP-ACP; Group-3; fluoride applied first, then CPP-ACP; Group-4; CPP-ACP applied first, then fluoride, and Group-5 was control...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822513/frequency-and-predictors-of-non-adherence-to-lifestyle-modifications-and-medications-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Muhammad Armughan Ali, Javeria Yasir, Rida Noor Sherwani, Marium Fareed, Fizza Arshad, Fareeha Abid, Ramsha Arshad, Safana Ismail, Sarim Ahmed Khan, UroojJamal Siddiqui, Marium Gul Muhammad, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to dietary recommendations, exercise and prescribed drug regimens, in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), is a major health care issue worldwide. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and predictors of non-adherence to lifestyle changes and medication among CHD patients after undergoing CABG surgery. METHOD: The sample of this cross sectional descriptive study was 265 patients who underwent isolated primary CABG...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822493/interactions-between-bee-foraging-and-floral-resource-phenology-shape-bee-populations-and-communities
#4
REVIEW
Jane E Ogilvie, Jessica Rk Forrest
Flowers are ephemeral, yet bees rely on them for food throughout their lives. Floral resource phenology - which can be altered by changes in climate and land-use - is therefore key to bee fitness and community composition. Here, we discuss the interactions between floral resource phenology, bee foraging behaviour, and traits such as diet breadth, sociality, and body size. Recent research on bumble bees has examined behavioural responses to local floral turnover and effects of landscape-scale floral resource phenology on fitness, abundance, and foraging distances...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822079/interethnic-interaction-strategic-bargaining-power-and-the-dynamics-of-cultural-norms-a-field-study-in-an-amazonian-population
#5
John Andrew Bunce, Richard McElreath
Ethnic groups are universal and unique to human societies. Such groups sometimes have norms of behavior that are adaptively linked to their social and ecological circumstances, and ethnic boundaries may function to protect that variation from erosion by interethnic interaction. However, such interaction is often frequent and voluntary, suggesting that individuals may be able to strategically reduce its costs, allowing adaptive cultural variation to persist in spite of interaction with out-groups with different norms...
August 18, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822053/colorectal-cancer-patient-s-self-efficacy-for-managing-illness-related-problems-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-after-diagnosis-results-from-the-colorectal-well-being-crew-study
#6
Chloe Grimmett, Joanne Haviland, Jane Winter, Lynn Calman, Amy Din, Alison Richardson, Peter W F Smith, Claire Foster
PURPOSE: There is a growing emphasis on self-management of cancer aftercare. Little is known about patient's self-efficacy (confidence) to manage illness-related problems and how this changes over time. This paper describes the patterns of self-efficacy for managing illness-related problems amongst colorectal cancer patients in the 2 years following diagnosis. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, questionnaires were administered at baseline (pre-surgery), 3, 9, 15 and 24 months to 872 colorectal cancer patients...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821908/predicting-homeless-people-s-perceived-health-after-entering-the-social-relief-system-in-the-netherlands
#7
Jorien van der Laan, Barbara van Straaten, Sandra N Boersma, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen, Judith R L M Wolf
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether changes in the perceived health of homeless people after entering the social relief system (SRS) in The Netherlands were predicted by housing, income, hours of work, social support, unmet care needs, arrests, physical and mental health, substance use, and experiences of autonomy, competence and relatedness, in addition to perceived health at baseline, demographics, suspected intellectual disability, the duration of homelessness and the company of children in the shelter facility...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821809/impact-of-varying-social-experiences-during-life-history-on-behaviour-gene-expression-and-vasopressin-receptor-gene-methylation-in-mice
#8
Carina Bodden, Daniel van den Hove, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Norbert Sachser
Both negative and positive social experiences during sensitive life phases profoundly shape brain and behaviour. Current research is therefore increasingly focusing on mechanisms mediating the interaction between varying life experiences and the epigenome. Here, male mice grew up under either adverse or beneficial conditions until adulthood, when they were subdivided into groups exposed to situations that either matched or mismatched previous conditions. It was investigated whether the resulting four life histories were associated with changes in anxiety-like behaviour, gene expression of selected genes involved in anxiety and stress circuits, and arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (Avpr1a) gene methylation...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821515/does-the-person-s-context-influence-engagement-in-life-activities-following-primary-knee-replacement-results-from-a-canadian-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Aileen M Davis, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas-Sillanpää, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Fiona Webster
OBJECTIVE: The impact of the context of a person's life on recovery from surgical interventions is not well understood. This study evaluated if people's social, environmental and biomedical context was associated with change in frequency in engagement in life activities after total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: 418 people aged 30+ years who had TKR were followed presurgery to 1 year postsurgery. The outcome was change in frequency in engagement in life activities measured by the Late Life Disability Index (LLDI)...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821408/is-late-life-dependency-increasing-or-not-a-comparison-of-the-cognitive-function-and-ageing-studies-cfas
#10
Andrew Kingston, Pia Wohland, Raphael Wittenberg, Louise Robinson, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Jagger
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the proportions of dependency states have changed between generational cohorts of older people. We aimed to estimate years lived in different dependency states at age 65 years in 1991 and 2011, and new projections of future demand for care. METHODS: In this population-based study, we compared two Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies (CFAS I and CFAS II) of older people (aged ≥65 years) who were permanently registered with a general practice in three defined geographical areas (Cambridgeshire, Newcastle, and Nottingham; UK)...
August 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821275/socio-ecological-perspective-of-older-age-life-expectancy-income-gender-inequality-and-financial-crisis-in-europe
#11
Jong In Kim, Gukbin Kim
BACKGROUND: Population is aging rapidly in Europe. Older age life expectancy (OLE) can be influenced by country-level depth of credit information (DCI) as an indicator of financial crisis, gross national income (GNI) per capita, and gender inequality index (GII). These factors are key indicators of socio-ecological inequality. They can be used to develop strategies to reduce country-level health disparity. The objective of this study was to confirm the relationship between socio-ecological factors and OLE in Europe...
August 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820696/new-surge-of-syphilis-among-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-martinique-in-2015
#12
Alain Putot, Benoît Rozé, Sandrine Pierre-François, Mathilde Pircher, Rosalie Vilain, Charline Miossec, Nicole Desbois, Patrick Hochedez, Karine Guitteaud, Ingrid Laudarin, Sylvie Abel, André Cabié
A syphilis outbreak began in Martinique, French Antilles, in 2004, initially among men who had sex with men (MSM) and who were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The outbreak subsequently affected all groups at risk, leading to a first epidemic peak in 2008. After an initial decrease, the outbreak started growing again in 2014 among patients living with HIV with unprecedented incidence among MSM. Herein, we describe the change in medical and social parameters of the outbreak since 2005.
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820613/influence-of-paddock-size-on-social-relationships-in-domestic-horses
#13
Katarzyna Majecka, Aneta Klawe
The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and ponies, forming 3 groups, were included in the study. The time of the observation was divided into 2 periods. The data obtained from the 1st period (the horses were on relatively small paddocks) and the 2nd period (the paddocks were significantly bigger) were compared...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820525/the-content-validity-of-a-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-patient-reported-outcome-measure
#14
Ellen M Lavoie Smith, Rylie Haupt, James P Kelly, Deborah Lee, Grace Kanzawa-Lee, Robert Knoerl, Celia Bridges, Paola Alberti, Nusara Prasertsri, Clare Donohoe
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test the content validity of a 16-item version of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (QLQ-CIPN20). 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Cross-sectional, prospective, qualitative design. 
. SETTING: Six outpatient oncology clinics within the University of Michigan Health System's comprehensive cancer center in Ann Arbor. 
...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820427/a-review-of-the-neuropsychological-dimensions-of-tourette-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Simon Morand-Beaulieu, Julie B Leclerc, Philippe Valois, Marc E Lavoie, Kieron P O'Connor, Bruno Gauthier
Neurocognitive functioning in Tourette syndrome (TS) has been the subject of intensive research in the past 30 years. A variety of impairments, presumably related to frontal and frontostriatal dysfunctions, have been observed. These impairments were found in various domains, such as attention, memory, executive functions, language, motor and visuomotor functions, among others. In line with contemporary research, other neurocognitive domains have recently been explored in TS, bringing evidence of altered social reasoning, for instance...
August 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820406/-results-of-preparation-and-implementation-of-ivf-program-in-patients-with-thrombophilia-and-history-of-failed-ivf
#16
G Abrahamyan
The problem of infertility and reproductive losses maintains its urgency, as well as medical and social significance. Frequency of infertility in overall population, according to the data from different authors, varies from 9 to 18 per cent. Methods of aided reproductive technologies (ART) opened a new era in the field of correction of infertile marriage. As a result, more and more couples choose to solve this problem by means of aided reproductive technologies (ART): in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819107/medial-prefrontal-cortical-thinning-mediates-shifts-in-other-regarding-preferences-during-adolescence
#17
Sunhae Sul, Berna Güroğlu, Eveline A Crone, Luke J Chang
Adolescence is a time of significant cortical changes in the 'social brain', a set of brain regions involved in sophisticated social inference. However, there is limited evidence linking the structural changes in social brain to development of social behavior. The present study investigated how cortical development of the social brain relates to other-regarding behavior, in the context of fairness concerns. Participants aged between 9 to 23 years old responded to multiple rounds of ultimatum game proposals...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818821/patient-participation-at-health-care-conferences-engaged-patients-increase-information-flow-expand-propagation-and-deepen-engagement-in-the-conversation-of-tweets-compared-to-physicians-or-researchers
#18
Audun Utengen, Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Francisco Jose Grajales Iii, Nisha Pradhan, Alicia C Staley, Liza Bernstein, Sean D Young, Kevin A Clauson, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Health care conferences present a unique opportunity to network, spark innovation, and disseminate novel information to a large audience, but the dissemination of information typically stays within very specific networks. Social network analysis can be adopted to understand the flow of information between virtual social communities and the role of patients within the network. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact engaged patients bring to health care conference social media information flow and how they expand dissemination and distribution of tweets compared to other health care conference stakeholders such as physicians and researchers...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818773/adversity-driven-changes-in-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-functioning-during-adolescence-the-trails-study
#19
Odilia M Laceulle, Esther Nederhof, Marcel A G van Aken, Johan Ormel
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been proposed to be a key mechanism underlying the link between adversity and mental health, but longitudinal studies on adversity and HPA-axis functioning are scarce. Here, we studied adversity-driven changes in HPA-axis functioning during adolescence (N=141). HPA-axis functioning (basal cortisol, cortisol awakening response, anticipation of, reaction to and recovery after a stress task) was measured twice, at age 16 and 19. Adversity (i.e., social defeat and loss/illness) since age 16 was measured extensively with the Life Stress Interview at age 19...
August 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818735/prospective-assessment-of-social-network-quality-among-depressed-mothers-treated-with-brief-psychotherapy-the-social-network-quality-snq-scales
#20
Luis E Flores, Jill M Cyranowski, Marlissa Amole, Holly A Swartz
OBJECTIVE: Social relationships play important roles in emotional health, and are common targets of psychotherapeutic interventions. To better evaluate social relationship structure and function in the context of psychotherapy trials, this study introduces and psychometrically evaluates the Social Network Quality (SNQ) scales, which supplement the Social Network Index (SNI). The original SNI evaluates social network structure (i.e., extent of participation in diverse social roles and number of social relationships)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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