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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045635/caregiving-spouses-and-the-experience-of-involuntary-separation
#1
Willow C Glasier, Kelly J Arbeau
Background and Objectives: We explored the meaning of the experience of involuntary separation, as defined formally by the Canadian government and informally by our participants, in formerly caregiving spouses whose partners had been admitted to long-term care. Our goal was to explore their lifeworld experience of separation, including factors influencing well-being as spouses shifted from at-home caregiving to involuntary separation. Research Design and Methods: Guided, semi-scripted personal interviews were conducted with 10 individuals who had become involuntarily separated up to 4 years prior to the interview...
October 13, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045584/oxytocin-fails-to-recruit-serotonergic-neurotransmission-in-the-autistic-brain
#2
Arthur Lefevre, Raphaëlle Mottolese, Jérôme Redouté, Nicolas Costes, Didier Le Bars, Marie-Maude Geoffray, Marion Leboyer, Angela Sirigu
Oxytocin (OT), a neuropeptide involved in affiliation has been shown to enhance social skills in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Nevertheless, OT improvements seem ephemeral. Animal research has demonstrated OT action on serotonin (5-HT), an interaction that we also found in the healthy human brain. Whether such synaptic interplay also occurs in ASD patients is unknown. To address this issue, we mapped the effects of intranasal OT on 5-HT in 18 patients with ASD and 24 healthy controls (HC) in a double blind, placebo controlled, within subject PET-scan experiment...
October 17, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045260/encopresis-plus
#3
DePorres Cormier, Marie Reilly, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Dexter is a 12-year-old boy who presents with his maternal grandmother for follow-up to primary care for secondary encopresis. Dexter presented, 18 months ago, with a 3-month history of secondary encopresis. At that time, a comprehensive assessment revealed functional constipation resulting in encopresis. Dexter's symptoms resolved with a combination of medication management and behavioral strategies; laxatives were discontinued 12 months ago.Dexter's grandmother reports that for the past 6 months, her grandson developed encopresis once again...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044927/knock-out-of-histamine-receptor-h3-alters-adaptation-to-sudden-darkness-and-monoamine-levels-in-the-zebrafish
#4
Henri A J Puttonen, Maria Sundvik, Svetlana Semenova, Yukako Shirai, Yu-Chia Chen, Pertti Panula
AIM: Histamine receptor H3 has substantial neuropharmacological potential. Currently, knock-out models of this receptor have been investigated only in mice. We characterized the expression of this receptor in the zebrafish and generated a zebrafish histamine receptor H3 knock-out line. Using this model, we studied the role of histamine receptor H3 in important behaviours. We also analyzed the effect of histamine receptor H3 knock-out on monoaminergic systems, which has not been thoroughly studied in any animal model...
October 16, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044832/understanding-acceptability-of-and-engagement-with-web-based-interventions-aiming-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors-a-synthesis-of-current-research
#5
REVIEW
Teresa Corbett, Karmpaul Singh, Liz Payne, Katherine Bradbury, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Alison Richardson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
PURPOSE: This review sought to summarize existing knowledge in order to inform the development of an online intervention that aims to improve quality of life after cancer treatment. METHODS: To inform our intervention, we searched for studies relating to web-based interventions designed to improve QoL in adults who have completed primary treatment for breast, prostate and colorectal cancer (as these are three of the most common cancers and impact a large number of cancer survivors)...
October 17, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044607/compassion-focused-therapy-exploring-the-effectiveness-with-a-transdiagnostic-group-and-potential-processes-of-change
#6
Jennifer Cuppage, Katie Baird, Jennifer Gibson, Richard Booth, David Hevey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment. DESIGN: A non-randomized control trial was used. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants who engaged in group CFT were compared to 29 participants receiving TAU. Group CFT consisted of 14 sessions twice weekly for 5 weeks and once weekly for 4 weeks...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044370/the-ecology-and-epidemiology-of-ross-river-and-murray-valley-encephalitis-viruses-in-western-australia-examples-of-one-health-in-action
#7
John S Mackenzie, Michael D A Lindsay, David W Smith, Allison Imrie
Arboviruses are maintained and transmitted through an alternating biological cycle in arthropods and vertebrates, with largely incidental disease in humans and animals. As such, they provide excellent examples of One Health, as their health impact is inextricably linked to their vertebrate hosts, their arthropod vectors and the environment. Prevention and control requires a comprehensive understanding of these interactions, and how they may be effectively and safely modified. This review concentrates on human disease due to Ross River and Murray Valley encephalitis viruses, the two major arboviral pathogens in Australia...
June 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043921/adaptation-of-the-barkin-scale-of-maternal-functioning-and-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties
#8
Ruveyde Aydın, Kamile Kukulu
Evaluation of the maternal function is important not only for the mother and the baby but for the family health, as well. The aim of the researchers was to examine the Barkin Index of Maternal Function (BIMF) to Turkish Culture. Two hundred thirty-five postpartum women participated in the study. As a result of exploratory factor analysis of the scale, we decided that it should be 5-factor. Fit indexes of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were determined as Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0...
October 18, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043489/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-apis-mellifera-antennae-of-workers-performing-different-tasks
#9
Hongyi Nie, Shupeng Xu, Cuiqin Xie, Haiyang Geng, Yazhou Zhao, Jianghong Li, Wei-Fone Huang, Yan Lin, Zhiguo Li, Songkun Su
Honey bee is a social insect. Its colony is mainly coordinated by the chemical signals such as pheromones produced by queen or brood. Correspondingly, the worker bee developed numerous complicated olfactory sensilla in antennae for detection of these colony chemical signals and nectar/pollen signals in foraging. With the normal development of new emerged workers, young adults (nurse bee) worked in colony at the first 2-3 weeks and then followed by the foraging activity outside of the hive, which give rise to great change of the surrounding chemical signals...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043286/perceived-social-support-and-maternal-competence-in-primipara-women-during-pregnancy-and-after-childbirth
#10
Sara Esmaelzadeh Saeieh, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Mansooreh Yazdkhasti, Shoukofeh Torkashvand
BACKGROUND: Developing maternal competence in first time mothers has a significant impact on neonate's growth psychosocial development and neonates growth and psychological development. Social support can be an important element for becoming a new mother. We aimed to investigate how social support and maternal competence change during pregnancy and 4 months after it and examine the relationships among social support and maternal competence. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted on 100 first time mothers attending health centers in Alborz city, Alborz Province, between February 2015 and January 2016...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043278/understanding-the-contextual-factors-affecting-women-s-health-in-sistan-and-baluchestan-province-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#11
Nasrin Rezaee, Alireza Salar, Fereshteh Ghaljaei, Naimeh Seyedfatem, Neda Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Contextual factors impact health the same way social and cultural conditions do. Women's health, with its varying dimensions, is also under the influence of biological, societal, and cultural contexts. This typical condition has been developed along the continuum of their life cycle, bearing close correlation with their lif style. Therefore, identifying those marices within which women's health behaviors are formed is important.This study aims at exploring the contextual factors affecting women's health in Sistan and Baluchestan in Iran...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043248/health-by-design-interweaving-health-promotion-into-environments-and-settings
#12
Andrew E Springer, Alexandra E Evans, Jaquelin Ortuño, Deborah Salvo, Maria Teresa Varela Arévalo
The important influence of the environmental context on health and health behavior-which includes place, settings, and the multiple environments within place and settings-has directed health promotion planners from a focus solely on changing individuals, toward a focus on harnessing and changing context for individual and community health promotion. Health promotion planning frameworks such as Intervention Mapping provide helpful guidance in addressing various facets of the environmental context in health intervention design, including the environmental factors that influence a given health condition or behavior, environmental agents that can influence a population's health, and environmental change methods...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#13
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042248/the-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-like-effects-of-fluoxetine-and-clozapine-in-chronically-isolated-rats-involve-inhibition-of-hippocampal-tnf-%C3%AE
#14
Nevena Todorović, Dragana Filipović
Brain oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are implicated in psychiatric disorders. Thus, it is important to investigate the effects of individual psychotropic agents on antioxidative defense and proinflammatory mediators in brain regions associated with these disorders. Psychosocial stress is recognized as a threat to mental health, and the hippocampus is a primary target of stress-related damage. Chronic social isolation (CSIS) is a mild psychosocial stress used to model the pathophysiology of depression...
October 14, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042214/synthetic-cannabinoid-am2201-induces-seizures-involvement-of-cannabinoid-cb1-receptors-and-glutamatergic-transmission
#15
Masahiko Funada, Mika Takebayashi-Ohsawa
Abuse of synthetic cannabinoids is a serious social problem worldwide. Intentional ingestion of synthetic cannabinoids can cause severe toxicity, including seizures. Here we investigated the effects of acute administration of synthetic cannabinoids on the induction of epileptic seizures by monitoring electroencephalographic activity in freely moving mice. The synthetic cannabinoid, AM2201, induced abnormal, high-amplitude (>2-fold baseline amplitude), sharp-wave activity. The abnormal spike-wave discharges were accompanied by epileptiform behavior: rigid posture, tail extension, rearing with forepaws extended, jumping, and intermittent tonic-clonic jerking movements...
October 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041941/disentangling-the-effects-of-a-multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-zambia-a-theory-based-process-evaluation
#16
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Joyce Chilekwa, Roma Chilengi, Val Curtis
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death in Zambia. As elsewhere, the disease burden could be greatly reduced through caregiver uptake of existing prevention and treatment strategies. We recently reported the results of the Komboni Housewives intervention which tested a novel strategy employing motives including affiliation and disgust to improve caregiver practice of four diarrhoea control behaviours: exclusive breastfeeding; handwashing with soap; and correct preparation and use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc...
October 17, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040950/green-spaces-are-not-all-the-same-for-the-provision-of-air-purification-and-climate-regulation-services-the-case-of-urban-parks
#17
Joana Vieira, Paula Matos, Teresa Mexia, Patrícia Silva, Nuno Lopes, Catarina Freitas, Otília Correia, Margarida Santos-Reis, Cristina Branquinho, Pedro Pinho
The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas. While the mere presence of urban green spaces is pointed as an overarching solution, the relative importance of specific vegetation structure, composition and management to improve the ecosystem services of air purification and climate regulation are overlooked...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040948/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-community-functioning-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#18
Alan H L Chan, Samuel Y S Wong, Wai-Tong Chien
The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma...
October 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040824/perceived-harm-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-social-norms-and-marijuana-use-and-related-consequences-among-american-indian-youth
#19
Mark A Prince, Randall C Swaim, Linda R Stanley, Bradley T Conner
BACKGROUND: American Indian (AI) youth are at increased risk for marijuana use with marijuana use rates on or near reservations 1.6-4.8 times higher compared to non-AI youth in the same regions (Stanley et al., 2014). One outcome of the changing social and legal acceptance of marijuana is a decrease in perceived risk among adolescents. It is unknown whether these changes in perceptions of marijuana-related harm will presage higher rates of use among AI youth. Perceptions of others use (i...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040624/altering-practices-to-include-bimodal-bilingual-asl-spoken-english-programming-at-a-small-school-for-the-deaf-in-canada
#20
Karen Priestley, Charlotte Enns, Shauna Arbuckle
Bimodal-bilingual programs are emerging as one way to meet broader needs and provide expanded language, educational and social-emotional opportunities for students who are deaf and hard of hearing (Marschark, M., Tang, G. & Knoors, H. (Eds). (2014). Bilingualism and bilingual Deaf education. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Paludneviciene & Harris, R. (2011). Impact of cochlear implants on the deaf community. In Paludneviciene, R. & Leigh, I. (Eds.), Cochlear implants evolving perspectives (pp. 3-19)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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