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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475107/effect-of-socio-economic-status-family-smoking-and-mental-health-through-social-network-on-the-substance-use-potential-in-adolescents-a-mediation-analysis
#1
H Sajjadi, Z Jorjoran Shushtari, S Mahboubi, H Rafiey, Y Salimi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding pathways that influence substance use potential (SUP) can help with effective substance use prevention interventions among adolescents. The aim of the present study is to contribute to a better understanding of the SUP of adolescents by examining the mediating role of social network quality in the SUP of Iranian adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was conducted to assess the hypothesized model that social network quality would mediate the association of family socio-economic status, a mental health disorder, and family smoking with addiction potential...
February 20, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475058/using-intervention-mapping-for-child-development-and-wellbeing-programs-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings
#2
Amanda O'Connor, Claire Blewitt, Andrea Nolan, Helen Skouteris
Supporting children's social and emotional learning benefits all elements of children's development and has been associated with positive mental health and wellbeing, development of values and life skills. However, literature relating to the creation of interventions designed for use within the early childhood education and care settings to support children's social and emotional skills and learning is lacking. Intervention Mapping (IM) is a systematic intervention development framework, utilising principles centred on participatory co-design methods, multiple theoretical approaches and existing literature to enable effective decision-making during the development process...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474510/nudging-and-social-marketing-techniques-encourage-employees-to-make-healthier-food-choices-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-30-worksite-cafeterias-in-the-netherlands
#3
Elizabeth Velema, Ellis L Vyth, Trynke Hoekstra, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
Background: Currently, many studies focus on how the environment can be changed to encourage healthier eating behavior, referred to as choice architecture or "nudging." However, to date, these strategies are not often investigated in real-life settings, such as worksite cafeterias, or are only done so on a short-term basis. Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of a healthy worksite cafeteria ["worksite cafeteria 2.0" (WC 2...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473460/global-frameworks-local-strategies-women-s-rights-health-and-the-tobacco-control-movement-in-argentina
#4
Hepzibah Muñoz Martínez, Ann Pederson
The article examines how civil society organisations in Argentina used the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) to frame the country's failure to enact strong national tobacco control legislation as a violation of women's rights in the late 2000s. We analyze this case study through the politics of scale, namely the social processes that produce, reproduce, and contest the boundaries of policies and socio-economic relations. This approach understands how multiple scales overlap and connect to obstruct or enhance the right to health in Latin America...
February 23, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473440/goal-setting-in-paediatric-rehabilitation-for-children-with-motor-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#5
Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Shanon K Phelan
OBJECTIVES: The three objectives of this scoping review were to (1) identify key conceptual/theoretical frameworks and the extent to which they are used to inform goal setting related to rehabilitation goal setting with children with motor disabilities, (2) describe research that has evaluated goal setting processes and outcomes, and (3) summarize the purposes of goal setting described in paediatric rehabilitation literature. METHODS: The scoping review process described by Arksey and O'Malley was used to guide article selection and data extraction...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473393/-introduction-electronic-cigarettes-are-smokeless-devices-that-simulate-the-act-of-tobacco-smoking-by-spraying-an-e-liquid-and-diffusing-an-aerosol-that-is-inhaled-by-the-user-although-the-initial-enthusiasm-observed-in-2012-2013-has-tended-to-flag-electronic
#6
Astrid Fontaine, Fernanda Artigas
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes are smokeless devices that simulate the act of tobacco smoking by spraying an ?e-liquid? and diffusing an aerosol that is inhaled by the user. Although the initial enthusiasm observed in 2012-2013 has tended to flag, electronic cigarettes are now part of the landscape of smokers seeking an alternative to smoking and abstinence. Smoking cessation professionals need to meet a growing demand from smokers and must adopt a clear position in relation to this device...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473031/-find-cancer-early-evaluation-of-a-community-education-campaign-to-increase-awareness-of-cancer-signs-and-symptoms-in-people-in-regional-western-australians
#7
REVIEW
Emma Jane Croager, Victoria Gray, Iain Stephen Pratt, Terry Slevin, Simone Pettigrew, C D'arcy Holman, Max Bulsara, Jon Emery
Introduction: Cancer outcomes for people living in rural and remote areas are worse than for those living in urban areas. Although access to and quality of cancer treatment are important determinants of outcomes, delayed presentation has been observed in rural patients. Methods: Formative research with people from rural Western Australia (WA) led to the Find Cancer Early campaign. Find Cancer Early was delivered in three regions of WA, with two other regions acting as controls...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472954/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-friends-for-life-program-on-children-s-anxiety-and-depression
#8
Fatemeh Moharreri, Aazam-Sadat Heydari Yazdi
Objective: Anxiety disorders and depression during childhood and adolescence are among highly prevalent serious mental health problems, which lead to reduced performance in children and can also negatively affect children's emotional and social long-term development. This study, which was conducted in Mashhad in 2015, aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the Friends for Life cognitive-behavioral program in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression in children. Method: In this controlled clinical trial, 248 male students aged 10 were screened for mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and depression using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety (RCMA) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472950/psycho-socio-cultural-determinants-of-food-choice-a-qualitative-study-on-adults-in-social-and-cultural-context-of-iran
#9
Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari, Abouali Vedadhir, Parisa Amiri, Naser Kalantari, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Seyed Mohammad Hani Sadati
Objective: Food choice is a process through which people think, feel, and eat food. It does not only influence individuals' health and well-being, families and communities, but also it has an effect on regional, national, and global levels. This qualitative study was conducted to explore perceptions and lived experiences of Tehran adult residents on psychological, social and cultural determinants of food choice. Method: In this qualitative design, we recruited 33 adults aged 30 to 64 years from various districts of Tehran, capital of Iran, and we explored how people make decisions about food choice in practice and shape their perception, attitude, and eating practices...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472177/implementation-of-the-enhanced-moderated-online-social-therapy-most-model-within-a-national-youth-e-mental-health-service-eheadspace-protocol-for-a-single-group-pilot-study-for-help-seeking-young-people
#10
Simon Rice, John Gleeson, Steven Leicester, Sarah Bendall, Simon D'Alfonso, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Eoin Killackey, Alexandra Parker, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ingrid Pryor, Daveena Mawren, Aswin Ratheesh, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: There is a substantial need for youth electronic mental health (e-mental health) services. In addressing this need, our team has developed a novel moderated online social therapy intervention called enhanced moderated online social therapy (MOST+). MOST+ integrates real-time, clinician-delivered Web chat counseling, interactive user-directed online therapy, expert and peer moderation, and private and secure peer-to-peer social networking. MOST+ has been designed to give young people immediate, 24-hour access to anonymous, evidence-based, and short-term mental health care...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472174/peer-based-social-media-features-in-behavior-change-interventions-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Sheik Mohammad Roushdat Ally Elaheebocus, Mark Weal, Leanne Morrison, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Incorporating social media features into digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs) has the potential to contribute positively to their success. However, the lack of clear design principles to describe and guide the use of these features in behavioral interventions limits cross-study comparisons of their uses and effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of DBCIs targeting modifiable behavioral risk factors that have included social media features as part of their intervention infrastructure...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472173/co-designing-a-collaborative-chronic-care-network-c3n-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-development-of-methods
#12
Michael Seid, George Dellal, Laura E Peterson, Lloyd Provost, Peter A Gloor, David Livingstone Fore, Peter A Margolis
BACKGROUND: Our health care system fails to deliver necessary results, and incremental system improvements will not deliver needed change. Learning health systems (LHSs) are seen as a means to accelerate outcomes, improve care delivery, and further clinical research; yet, few such systems exist. We describe the process of codesigning, with all relevant stakeholders, an approach for creating a collaborative chronic care network (C3N), a peer-produced networked LHS. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the methods used, with a diverse group of stakeholders, to translate the idea of a C3N to a set of actionable next steps...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472159/bereavement-care-interventions-and-outcome-criteria-planned-by-community-nurses-in-the-canary-islands
#13
Martín Rodríguez-Álvaro, Alfonso Miguel García-Hernández, Pedro Ruymán Brito-Brito, Armando Aguirre-Jaime, Domingo Ángel Fernández-Gutiérrez
Nursing care in bereavement is complex. Primary health care is the ideal setting to support the bereaved, but we do not know much about the care plans designed by primary health care nurses in the treatment of grief. OBJECTIVE: To identify the outcomes criteria and interventions planned by nurses for mourners with and without complications in the Canary Islands. METHOD: Retrospective longitudinal study, using the electronic health records of the Canary Islands health service of people with a diagnosis of grieving, risk of complicated grieving and complicated grieving, in the period 2009-2014...
February 19, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471834/widening-disparities-in-health-between-educational-levels-and-their-determinants-in-later-life-evidence-from-a-nine-year-cohort-study
#14
Takashi Oshio
BACKGROUND: Education has attracted more attention as a key determinant of health in later life. In this study, the hypothesis that widened educational disparities in health can be observed in later life was investigated, and the factors that mediated the association between education and changes in health were also assessed. METHODS: Using the 9-year (10-wave) longitudinal data of 20,024 individuals (9320 men and 10,704 women) aged 50-59 years at baseline, collected from a nationwide population survey in Japan (2005-2014), the changes in self-rated health, functional limitations, and psychological distress between educational levels were compared...
February 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471784/potential-cost-savings-to-be-made-by-slowing-cognitive-decline-in-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-using-a-model-derived-from-the-uk-geras-observational-study
#15
Alan Lenox-Smith, Catherine Reed, Jeremie Lebrec, Mark Belger, Roy W Jones
BACKGROUND: Given the high costs associated with the care of those with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia, we examined the likely impact of a reduction in the rate of cognitive decline upon cost outcomes associated with this disease. METHODS: Using the group of patients with mild AD dementia from the GERAS study, generalised linear modelling (GLM) was used to explore the relationship between change in cognition as measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and UK overall costs (health care and social care costs, and total societal costs) associated with AD dementia...
February 23, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471736/incursions-from-the-epicentre-southern-theory-social-science-and-the-global-hiv-research-domain
#16
Rebecca Hodes, Robert Morrell
Research about HIV constitutes a global domain of academic knowledge. The patterns that structure this domain reflect inequalities in the production and dissemination of knowledge, as well as broader inequalities in geopolitics. Conventional metrics for assessing the value and impact of academic research reveal that "Northern" research remains dominant, while "Southern" research remains peripheral. Southern theory provides a framework for greater critical engagement with knowledge produced by researchers within the global South...
February 22, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471303/awareness-of-the-new-kidney-allocation-system-among-united-states-dialysis-providers-with-low-waitlisting
#17
Rachel E Patzer, Mohua Basu, Kayla D Smith, Laura Plantinga, Sumit Mohan, Cam Escoffery, Joyce J Kim, Taylor Melanson, Stephen O Pastan
It is unknown whether dialysis facility staff are aware of the new kidney allocation system implemented in December 2014, which changed how deceased donor kidneys are allocated and waiting time is calculated. U.S. dialysis facilities with low annual waitlisting (<15.2%) were surveyed as part of a large randomized study. Among 653 facilities, 57.9% of staff were aware of the policy change, with medical directors (84.4%) being more aware than social workers (73.3%), facility administrators (53.1%), nurse managers (46...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471028/the-structural-and-functional-brain-networks-that-support-human-social-networks
#18
M P Noonan, R B Mars, J Sallet, R I M Dunbar, L K Fellows
Social skills rely on a specific set of cognitive processes, raising the possibility that individual differences in social networks are related to differences in specific brain structural and functional networks. Here, we tested this hypothesis with multimodality neuroimaging. With diffusion MRI (DMRI), we showed that differences in structural integrity of particular white matter (WM) tracts, including cingulum bundle, extreme capsule and arcuate fasciculus were associated with an individual's social network size (SNS)...
February 19, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470565/sociodemographic-medical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-adults-diagnosed-with-uveal-melanoma
#19
Timothy J Williamson, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Tara A McCannel, Tammy M Beran, Annette L Stanton
Importance: Understanding supportive care needs in patients with cancer is important for developing approaches that enhance quality of life and promote satisfaction with care. Objective: To characterize the nature and frequency of sociodemographic, medical, and psychosocial factors associated with unmet needs in patients with uveal melanoma 1 week and 3 months after diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 3-month, prospective, longitudinal survey study was conducted at a university-based ophthalmology practice from June 1, 2007, to July 1, 2011...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469669/-i-want-to-walk-with-my-moko-the-application-of-social-cognitive-theory-in-the-creation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-documentary-with-new-zealand-m%C3%A4-ori
#20
Alison Farmer, Timothy Edgar, Jeffrey Gage, Ray Kirk
Type 2 diabetes is almost three times more prevalent in the indigenous people of New Zealand (Māori) than non-Māori. Despite the high rate of diabetes there is a low level of diabetes knowledge and awareness in the Māori community. Several studies of Māori health identify a need for new health communication approaches to diabetes prevention in order to reduce the gap between Māori and non-Māori disease rates. We applied a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) framework and behavioral theory to create a culturally appropriate documentary for Māori at risk for type 2 diabetes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
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