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Critical power performance

Ran Cao, Xianjie Pu, Xinyu Du, Wei Yang, Jiaona Wang, Hengyu Guo, Shuyu Zhao, Zuqing Yuan, Chi Zhang, Congju Li, Zhong Lin Wang
Electronic textile (E-textile) with designable electric circuit and multi-functionalities holds great application prospect for future wearable electronics. However, most of the E-textiles still have critical challenges, including air permeability, satisfactory washability and massive fabrication. In this work, we fabricate a washable E-textile that addresses all of the concerns and show its application as a self-powered triboelectric gesture textile for intelligent human-machine interface. Utilizing conductive carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and screen-printing technology, this kind of E-textile embraces high conductivity (0...
May 17, 2018: ACS Nano
Yu Xia, Tyler S Mathis, Meng-Qiang Zhao, Babak Anasori, Alei Dang, Zehang Zhou, Hyesung Cho, Yury Gogotsi, Shu Yang
The scalable and sustainable manufacture of thick electrode films with high energy and power densities is critical for the large-scale storage of electrochemical energy for application in transportation and stationary electric grids. Two-dimensional nanomaterials have become the predominant choice of electrode material in the pursuit of high energy and power densities owing to their large surface-area-to-volume ratios and lack of solid-state diffusion1,2 . However, traditional electrode fabrication methods often lead to restacking of two-dimensional nanomaterials, which limits ion transport in thick films and results in systems in which the electrochemical performance is highly dependent on the thickness of the film1-4 ...
May 2018: Nature
Wei Gong, Pengfei Li, Yunheng Zhang, Xuhui Feng, Joshua Major, Douglas DeVoto, Paul Paret, Charles King, Sreekant Narumanchi, Sheng Shen
Due to the substantial increase in power density, thermal interface resistance that can constitute more than 50 % of the total thermal resistance has generally become a bottleneck for thermal management in electronics. However, conventional thermal interface materials (TIMs) such as solder, epoxy, gel, and grease cannot fulfill the requirements of electronics for high-power and long-term operation. Here we demonstrate a high-performance TIM consisting of a heterogeneous copper-tin nanowire array which we term "super-solder" to emulate the role of conventional solders in bonding various surfaces...
May 16, 2018: Nano Letters
Weihong Gao, Zhenyou Wang, Jin Huang, Zihang Liu
Thermoelectric conversion from low-grade heat to electricity is regarded as the highly reliable and environmentally friendly technology in energy harvesting area. However, how to develop efficient thermoelectric materials using a simple fabrication method is still a critical challenge in thermoelectric community. Here we first fabricate the high thermoelectric performance of Ca doped AgSbSe2 with hierarchical microstructure using a facile approach, namely mechanical alloying (for only 30 minutes) and quick hot pressing method...
May 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Aniruddha Chatterjee, Antonio Ahn, Euan J Rodger, Peter A Stockwell, Michael R Eccles
The identity of a cell or an organism is at least in part defined by its gene expression and therefore analyzing gene expression remains one of the most frequently performed experimental techniques in molecular biology. The development of the RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) method allows an unprecedented opportunity to analyze expression of protein-coding, noncoding RNA and also de novo transcript assembly of a new species or organism. However, the planning and design of RNA-Seq experiments has important implications for addressing the desired biological question and maximizing the value of the data obtained...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Pabitra Narayan Samanta, Jerzy Leszczynski
The thermoelectric transport properties of a metal-ceramic interface based on Al and γ-Al2O3 are explored by employing the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism (NEGF) coupled with density functional theory (DFT). However, to acquire the phonon thermal conductance, the parameterized ReaxFF potential is utilized for computing the intrinsic force constants of propagating phonons across the interface. Several interfacial electronic properties such as the charge transfer, the potential barrier, and the atomic orbital overlap are critically analyzed based on the DFT derived results of the electrostatic difference potential, the electron density difference, and the spin-polarized density of states in the fully relaxed structure of the interface...
May 16, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
John Nguyen, Noel Nacpil
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of dexmedetomidine versus propofol on extubation time, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, total hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality rates in cardiac surgery patients. INTRODUCTION: Recovery from cardiovascular surgery involves weaning from mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation decreases the work of breathing for patients by inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide via a ventilator or breathing machine...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Ana Margarida Rodrigues, Carla António
Studies of the plant metabolome include the analysis of a wide range of chemical species with very diverse physicochemical properties requiring powerful analytical tools for the separation, characterization, and quantification of this vast compound diversity present in plant matrices. In quantitative metabolomics studies, major efforts are put into optimizing sample extraction and separation as well as instrument conditions to measure specific plant metabolites. Here, challenges in the use of mass spectrometry (MS) as a quantitative tool in plant metabolomics experiments are discussed, and an overview of the most critical steps in the development and validation of MS-based analytical methods is presented...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Bernhard Wernly, Michael Lichtenauer, Namkje A R Vellinga, E Christiaan Boerma, Can Ince, Malte Kelm, Christian Jung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Microcirculatory Shock Occurrence in Acutely Ill Patients (micro-SOAP) study investigated associations of microcirculation and mortality. Risk stratification in critically ill patients is of utmost interest. Established score such as APACHE2 (Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation 2) are relatively complex and might therefore be of limited use. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was described to be associated with mortality in various diseases. We therefore aimed (i) to evaluate BUN for prediction of mortality in a cohort of critically ill patients and (ii) to investigate associations of BUN with microcirculation...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Taylor P Allred, Justin A Weibel, Suresh V Garimella
A variety of industrial applications such as power generation, water distillation, and high-density cooling rely on heat transfer processes involving boiling. Enhancements to the boiling process can improve the energy efficiency and performance across multiple industries. Highly wetting textured surfaces have shown promise in boiling applications since capillary wicking increases the maximum heat flux that can be dissipated. Conversely, highly nonwetting textured (superhydrophobic) surfaces have been largely dismissed for these applications as they have been shown to promote formation of an insulating vapor film that greatly diminishes heat transfer efficiency...
April 27, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Tarek Khalifa, Atef Abdrabou, Khaled Shaban, A M Gaouda
Supporting a conventional power grid with advanced communication capabilities is a cornerstone to transferring it to a smart grid. A reliable communication infrastructure with a high throughput can lay the foundation towards the ultimate objective of a fully automated power grid with self-healing capabilities. In order to realize this objective, the communication infrastructure of a power distribution network needs to be extended to cover all substations including medium/low voltage ones. This shall enable information exchange among substations for a variety of system automation purposes with a low latency that suits time critical applications...
May 11, 2018: Sensors
Madeline Sprajcer, Sarah M Jay, Grace E Vincent, Andrew Vakulin, Leon Lack, Sally A Ferguson
On-call working arrangements are employed in a number of industries to manage unpredictable events, and often involve tasks that are safety- or time-critical. This study investigated the effects of call likelihood during an overnight on-call shift on self-reported pre-bed anxiety, sleep and next-day cognitive performance. A four-night laboratory-based protocol was employed, with an adaptation, a control and two counterbalanced on-call nights. On one on-call night, participants were instructed that they would definitely be called during the night, while on the other on-call night they were told they may be called...
May 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
Jaewook Kim, Sungwoo Kang, Jaechang Lim, Woo Youn Kim
Promising applications of graphdiyne have often been initiated by theoretical predictions especially using DFT known as the most powerful first-principles electronic structure calculation method. However, there is no systematic study on the reliability of DFT for the prediction of the electronic properties of the graphdiyne. Here, we performed a study of Li adsorption on the graphdiyne using hybrid DFT with LC-ωPBE and compared the results with those of PBE, because accurate prediction of the Li adsorption is important for performance as a Li storage that was first theoretically suggested and then experimentally realized...
May 10, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ben Katz, Baruch Minke
The Drosophila light-activated Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channel is the founding member of a large and diverse family of channel proteins. It is now established that TRP channels are evolutionarily conserved and are found in many organisms and tissues. This review outlines the progress made in our understanding of Drosophila phototransduction with a focus on the light sensitive TRP channels. The visual system of Drosophila has remarkable capabilities, such as single photon sensitivity, low dark noise, wide dynamic range of responses to changing ambient light intensities and an unusually wide range of frequency responses to modulated lights...
May 5, 2018: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
Mingxing Ke, Ding Li, Shiwei Tian, Yuli Zhang, Kaixiang Tong, Yuhua Xu
The problem of distributed power allocation in wireless sensor network (WSN) localization systems is investigated in this paper, using the game theoretic approach. Existing research focuses on the minimization of the localization errors of individual agent nodes over all anchor nodes subject to power budgets. When the service area and the distribution of target nodes are considered, finding the optimal trade-off between localization accuracy and power consumption is a new critical task. To cope with this issue, we propose a power allocation game where each anchor node minimizes the square position error bound (SPEB) of the service area penalized by its individual power...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
Jinpeng Wu, Shawn Sallis, Ruimin Qiao, Qinghao Li, Zengqing Zhuo, Kehua Dai, Zixuan Guo, Wanli Yang
Energy storage has become more and more a limiting factor of today's sustainable energy applications, including electric vehicles and green electric grid based on volatile solar and wind sources. The pressing demand of developing high-performance electrochemical energy storage solutions, i.e., batteries, relies on both fundamental understanding and practical developments from both the academy and industry. The formidable challenge of developing successful battery technology stems from the different requirements for different energy-storage applications...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mohd Mukhtar Alam, Abid Ali Khan, Mohd Farooq
BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a neuromuscular training method that has recently received popularity in health and fitness centers, as an additional or substitute method to conventional training and therapy, in order to improve muscle strength and power. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to critically observe the effect of WBV training on neuromuscular performance in view of its ability to enhance the muscles strength, power, and flexibility; and also to investigate the influence of the different vibration characteristics (viz...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Rui Wu, Ahmed Kursumovic, Xingyao Gao, Chao Yun, Mary E Vickers, Haiyan Wang, Seungho Cho, Judith L MacManus-Driscoll
Electric field control of magnetism is a critical future technology for low-power, ultrahigh density memory. However, despite intensive research efforts, no practical material systems have emerged. Interface-coupled, composite systems containing ferroelectric and ferri-/ferromagnetic elements have been widely explored, but they have a range of problems, for example, substrate clamping, large leakage, and inability to miniaturize. In this work, through careful material selection, design, and nanoengineering, a high-performance room-temperature magnetoelectric system is demonstrated...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Stephen A Allsop, Romy Wichmann, Fergil Mills, Anthony Burgos-Robles, Chia-Jung Chang, Ada C Felix-Ortiz, Alienor Vienne, Anna Beyeler, Ehsan M Izadmehr, Gordon Glober, Meghan I Cum, Johanna Stergiadou, Kavitha K Anandalingam, Kathryn Farris, Praneeth Namburi, Christopher A Leppla, Javier C Weddington, Edward H Nieh, Anne C Smith, Demba Ba, Emery N Brown, Kay M Tye
Observational learning is a powerful survival tool allowing individuals to learn about threat-predictive stimuli without directly experiencing the pairing of the predictive cue and punishment. This ability has been linked to the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the basolateral amygdala (BLA). To investigate how information is encoded and transmitted through this circuit, we performed electrophysiological recordings in mice observing a demonstrator mouse undergo associative fear conditioning and found that BLA-projecting ACC (ACC→BLA) neurons preferentially encode socially derived aversive cue information...
April 27, 2018: Cell
Qiang Wan, Huiyong Wang, Shuangyu Li, Jianji Wang
Liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite is a promising method to produce graphene in large quantities. Selection of the solvent is the most important factor in determining the productivity of liquid-phase exfoliation and stability of the graphene dispersion. However, only low concentrations of graphene dispersion have been achieved in most of the solvents, and the solvents usually employed are toxic up to now. To address the performance and environmental safety issues of solvent, renewable solvents water and 1, 1, 3, 3-tetramethylurea (TMU) are explored as a mixture to exfoliate graphite into graphene in the present work...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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