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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#1
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283228/perioperative-nt-probnp-level-potential-prognostic-markers-in-children-undergoing-congenital-heart-disease-surgery
#2
Jiangbo Qu, Huiying Liang, Na Zhou, Lijuan Li, Yanfei Wang, Jianbin Li, Yanqin Cui
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels at different time points and early outcome, and to evaluate the reliability of NT-proBNP level as a predictor of early outcome after surgery in a large series of children with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A retrospective observational study involving 363 consecutive children with CHD was used. Plasma NT-proBNP records were obtained for each patient before and 1, 12, and 36 hours after surgery...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281852/the-patterns-of-eeg-changes-in-early-onset-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#3
Xuetao He, Yuhu Zhang, Jieling Chen, Chunge Xie, Rong Gan, Rong Yang, Limin Wang, Kun Nie, Lijuan Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of brain activities changes in early-onset parkinson's disease(EOPD) patients and its relationship with the severity of disease and motor deterioration. Electroencephalography (EEG) was performed in a sample of 52 nondemented EOPD patients and 20 healthy controls with similar age. All patients underwent a battery to assess PD severity and motor deterioration. The EEG data were rated by visual and quantitative analyses with the Grant total EEG(GTE) score and NicoletOne Software...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280973/determinants-of-curvature-constant-w-of-the-power-duration-relationship-under-normoxia-and-hypoxia-the-effect-of-pre-exercise-alkalosis
#4
Sanjoy K Deb, Lewis A Gough, S Andy Sparks, Lars R McNaughton
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of induced alkalosis on the curvature constant (W') of the power-duration relationship under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. METHODS: Eleven trained cyclists (mean ± SD) Age: 32 ± 7.2 years; body mass (bm): 77.0 ± 9.2 kg; VO2peak: 59.2 ± 6.8 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1) completed seven laboratory visits which involved the determination of individual time to peak alkalosis following sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion, an environment specific ramp test (e...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275652/altered-sleep-and-eeg-power-in-the-p301s-tau-transgenic-mouse-model
#5
Jerrah K Holth, Thomas E Mahan, Grace O Robinson, Andreia Rocha, David M Holtzman
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances are prevalent in human tauopathies yet despite the importance of sleep, little is known about its relationship with tau pathology. Here, we investigate this interaction by analyzing sleep and tau pathology throughout tauopathy disease progression in P301S human tau transgenic mice. METHODS: P301S and wild-type mice were analyzed by electroencephalography (EEG)/electromyography at 3, 6, 9, and 11 months of age for sleep/wake time, EEG power, and homeostatic response...
March 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269313/detecting-slow-eye-movement-for-recognizing-driver-s-sleep-onset-period-with-eeg-features
#6
Yingying Jiao, Bao-Liang Lu
Slow eye movement (SEM) is reported as a reliable indicator of sleep onset period (SOP) in sleep researches, but its characteristics and functions for detecting driving fatigue have not been fully studied. Through visual observations on ten subjects' experimental data, we found that SEMs tend to occur during eye closure events (ECEs). SEMs accompanied with alpha wave's attenuation during simulated driving was observed in our study. We used box plots to analyze the distribution of durations of different ECEs to measure sleepiness level...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261029/how-does-stigma-affect-people-with-psoriasis
#7
Patryk Łakuta, Kamil Marcinkiewicz, Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is associated with a major additional psychological burden. AIM: To investigate whether the extent of skin involvement, stigmatization, and perceived social support are related to depressive symptoms in psoriasis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-eight psoriasis patients completed in the BSA, the Beck Depression Inventory, Stigmatization Scale, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support...
February 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252572/pharmacogenetics-of-ketamine-induced-emergence-phenomena-a-pilot-study
#8
Edwin N Aroke, Sybil L Crawford, Jennifer R Dungan
BACKGROUND: Up to 55% of patients who are administered ketamine experience an emergence phenomena (EP) that closely mimics schizophrenia and increases their risk of injury; however, to date, no studies have investigated genetic association of ketamine-induced EP in healthy patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and sample sizes required to explore the relationship between CYP2B6*6 and GRIN2B single-nucleotide polymorphisms and ketamine-induced EP...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227551/detecting-slow-eye-movement-for-recognizing-driver-s-sleep-onset-period-with-eeg-features
#9
Yingying Jiao, Bao-Liang Lu, Yingying Jiao, Bao-Liang Lu, Baa-Liang Lu, Yingying Jiao
Slow eye movement (SEM) is reported as a reliable indicator of sleep onset period (SOP) in sleep researches, but its characteristics and functions for detecting driving fatigue have not been fully studied. Through visual observations on ten subjects' experimental data, we found that SEMs tend to occur during eye closure events (ECEs). SEMs accompanied with alpha wave's attenuation during simulated driving was observed in our study. We used box plots to analyze the distribution of durations of different ECEs to measure sleepiness level...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217081/blinker-automated-extraction-of-ocular-indices-from-eeg-enabling-large-scale-analysis
#10
Kelly Kleifges, Nima Bigdely-Shamlo, Scott E Kerick, Kay A Robbins
Electroencephalography (EEG) offers a platform for studying the relationships between behavioral measures, such as blink rate and duration, with neural correlates of fatigue and attention, such as theta and alpha band power. Further, the existence of EEG studies covering a variety of subjects and tasks provides opportunities for the community to better characterize variability of these measures across tasks and subjects. We have implemented an automated pipeline (BLINKER) for extracting ocular indices such as blink rate, blink duration, and blink velocity-amplitude ratios from EEG channels, EOG channels, and/or independent components (ICs)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195304/association-between-psychological-health-and-wound-complications-after-surgery
#11
P Britteon, N Cullum, M Sutton
BACKGROUND: Surgical wound complications remain a major cause of morbidity, leading to higher costs and reduced quality of life. Although psychological health is widely considered to affect wound healing, the evidence on wound outcomes after surgery is mixed. Studies generally focus on small samples of patients undergoing a specific procedure and have limited statistical power. METHODS: This study investigated the relationship between three different measures of anxiety and/or depression and seven adverse surgical outcomes using observational data collected before and after surgery between 2009 and 2011...
February 14, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179011/cardiorespiratory-and-metabolic-responses-to-body-mass-based-squat-exercise-in-young-men
#12
Miki Haramura, Yohei Takai, Takaya Yoshimoto, Masayoshi Yamamoto, Hiroaki Kanehisa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to quantify cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to body mass-based squat exercise, with specific emphasis on the relationships with the exercise duration. METHODS: Fifteen healthy young men performed body mass-based squat exercise as well as an incremental loaded bicycle test, which determine maximal oxygen uptake and maximal heart rate, with an interval of 2 days between the tests. During both tasks, oxygen uptake, blood lactate concentration (BLa), and heart rate (HR) were determined...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170106/narcissism-and-social-networking-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#13
Timo Gnambs, Markus Appel
OBJECTIVE: The increasing popularity of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter has given rise to speculations that the intensity of using these platforms is associated with narcissistic tendencies. However, recent research on this issue has been all but conclusive. METHOD: We present a three-level, random-effects meta-analysis including 289 effect sizes from 57 studies (total N = 25,631) on the association between trait narcissism and social networking behavior...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166392/interictal-network-synchrony-and-local-heterogeneity-predict-epilepsy-surgery-outcome-among-pediatric-patients
#14
Samuel B Tomlinson, Brenda E Porter, Eric D Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a disorder of aberrant cortical networks. Researchers have proposed that characterizing presurgical network connectivity may improve the surgical management of intractable seizures, but few studies have rigorously examined the relationship between network activity and surgical outcome. In this study, we assessed whether local and global measures of network activity differentiated patients with favorable (seizure-free) versus unfavorable (seizure-persistent) surgical outcomes...
February 6, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134994/retrospective-analysis-of-the-treatment-of-melasma-lesions-exhibiting-increased-vascularity-with-the-595-nm-pulsed-dye-laser-combined-with-the-1927-nm-fractional-low-powered-diode-laser
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth R C Geddes, Ashlyn B Stout, Paul M Friedman
BACKGROUND: Melasma presents a significant challenge to laser surgeons. Aggressive treatments often result in rebound melasma or post-inflammatory pigmentary alteration. Recent reports suggest melasma pathogenesis may have a vascular component. Spectrocolorimetry can detect subtle or sub-clinical telangiectatic erythema within melasma lesions. For certain patients identified by spectrocolorimetry, effective melasma treatment may include vascular-targeted therapy together with pigment-specific treatment modalities...
January 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125096/diabetes-mellitus-an-independent-predictor-of-duration-of-prostaglandin-labor-induction
#16
J S Hawkins, M Stephenson, B Powers, D A Wing
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association of diabetes mellitus with progress and outcomes of prostaglandin (PG) labor induction using a retrievable vaginal insert. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of data collected during the Misoprostol Vaginal Insert Trial (Miso-Obs-004), a multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial of women undergoing induction of labor with PGs. The duration, characteristics and outcomes of labor were compared in women with and without diabetes...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086966/predictive-value-of-non-fasting-remnant-cholesterol-for-short-term-outcome-of-diabetics-with-new-onset-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Li-Feng Hong, Xiao-Ni Yan, Zhen-Hua Lu, Ying Fan, Fei Ye, Qiong Wu, Song-Hui Luo, Bo Yang, Jian-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: The relationship between non-fasting remnant cholesterol and cardiovascular outcome in the era of potent statin therapy remained to be elucidated. METHODS: A cohort study of three hundred and twenty eight diabetics diagnosed with new-onset stable coronary artery disease (CAD) by coronary angiography were enrolled. All cases were followed up for an average duration of twelve months. The association between baseline remnant cholesterol levels and major cardiovascular outcomes were evaluated using the receivers operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis...
January 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073900/the-longer-the-better-an-empirical-study-of-the-extent-and-mechanisms-of-attenuating-biomarker-associations-in-cardiovascular-patient-cohorts
#18
Lutz P Breitling, Ute Mons, Harry Hahmann, Wolfgang Koenig, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: Identifying novel risk markers in cardiovascular patients remains a research priority. Longer follow-up generally is considered favorable in such studies, but associations of interest may become attenuated with increasing follow-up. This issue has not been adequately addressed in the context of patient cohorts. The current study analyzed the extent and mechanisms of attenuating associations in a cardiovascular patient cohort. METHODS: The associations of numerous biomarkers with all-cause mortality were estimated by multiple Cox regression in the Langzeiterfolge der KARdiOLogischen Anschlussheilbehandlung (KAROLA) prospective cohort study of 1204 patients who had participated in an inpatient rehabilitation program after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or coronary bypass operation...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049676/power-of-peers-students-perceptions-of-pairing-in-clinical-dental-education
#19
Denise A Mills, Christine L Hammer, Aseel Murad
Prior studies have identified many benefits of peer mentoring in higher education, but the subject has not been widely examined in dental clinical education. Students at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona are paired with a partner for the duration of the clinical phase of education. The initial vision behind pairing was to train students in a realistic four-handed, efficient general practice model. The aim of this study was to assess the students' perceptions of the peer mentoring component of pairing third- and fourth-year dental students in the clinical phase of their education...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029445/dual-antagonism-of-pdgf-and-vegf-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-phase-iib-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Glenn J Jaffe, Thomas A Ciulla, Antonio P Ciardella, Francois Devin, Pravin U Dugel, Chiara M Eandi, Harvey Masonson, Jordi Monés, Joel A Pearlman, Maddalena Quaranta-El Maftouhi, Federico Ricci, Keith Westby, Samir C Patel
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of E10030 (Fovista; Ophthotech, New York, NY), a platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) antagonist, administered in combination with the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agent ranibizumab (Lucentis; Roche, Basel, Switzerland) compared with ranibizumab monotherapy in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). DESIGN: Phase IIb global, multicenter, randomized, prospective, double-masked, controlled superiority trial...
February 2017: Ophthalmology
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