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Sperm apoptosis

O Ersoy, G Kizilay
Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting from hyperglycemia and inadequate endogenous antioxidant systems are responsible for the complications of diabetes. ROS accumulate in the cell and stimulate apoptosis, which compromises sperm quality and function. We investigated the possible effects of fucoidan, a potent antioxidant with a regulatory effect on blood glucose homeostasis, on the testicular tissues of rats with experimental diabetes. Diabetes was induced by administering 40 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) on five consecutive days...
March 7, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
Ajay Godwin Potnuri, Lingesh Allakonda, Mangala Lahkar
Chemotherapy induced testicular toxicity is an emerging reason for azoospermia and impotency in males. Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent to manage neoplastic and non-neoplastic autoimmune diseases. Testicular toxicity along with bladder and hepatotoxicity are its widely reported adverse effects. Crocin (CR) is the digentiobiosyl ester of crocetin, found in the fruits of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides E.) and dried stigmas of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) possess antioxidant, anti-depressant, anti-tumor and aphrodisiac properties...
February 24, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xi-Li Miao, Gui-Min Gao, Lei Jiang, Rui Xu, Da-Peng Wan
Testicular cell apoptosis is associated with impaired spermatogenesis. It has been reported that Asiatic acid (AA) may suppress apoptosis. However, little is known about the effect of AA on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced impairment of spermatogenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether AA protects against HFD-induced impairment of spermatogenesis. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: Control group, HFD group and AA (50 mg/kg) + HFD group. Rats fed an HFD were orally administered with AA (50 mg/kg) daily for 12 weeks, and blood samples, testis and epididymis were harvested for further analysis...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Congcong Cao, Yujiao Wen, Xiaoli Wang, Na Fang, Shuiqiao Yuan, Xunbin Huang
PURPOSE: PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) is a sub-group of small RNAs about 30 nucleotides length which specifically expressed in mammalian germ cells. Although piRNAs play pivotal roles in spermatogenesis regulation, little is known in the testicular tissues of infertile men. To explore whether piRNA profile could serve as a biomarker for male infertility diagnosis in a clinic, in this study, we systematically investigated the expression profile of piRNAs in testicular tissues from the patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) between successful and unsuccessful sperm retrieval before micro-dissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE)...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Carla Tatone, Giovanna Di Emidio, Arcangelo Barbonetti, Gaspare Carta, Alberto M Luciano, Stefano Falone, Fernanda Amicarelli
BACKGROUND: Sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are a family of NAD+-dependent deacetylases that catalyze post-translational modifications of proteins. Together, they respond to metabolic challenges, inflammatory signals or hypoxic/oxidative stress, and are associated with aging and longevity. The role of Sirtuins in the regulation of fertility emerged in 2003 when a defective reproductive phenotype was observed in SIRT1-null mice. Although studies on Sirtuins in reproductive biology have been increasing in the last years, a recent comprehensive update on this issue is still lacking...
February 13, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
K M Engel, C H Springsguth, S Grunewald
To study apoptosis as a functional pathway in mature spermatozoa and apoptosis correlated to the acrosome reaction via the intracellular calcium concentration, semen samples from 27 healthy human donors were treated with inducers of apoptosis (betulinic acid, thapsigargin), inducers of the acrosome reaction (thapsigargin, calcium ionophore) or hydrogen peroxide to produce reactive oxygen species with and without prior incubation with a calcium chelator. Computer-assisted sperm analysis, flow cytometry, and transmission electron microscopy were performed to analyze changes in the acrosomal status and in apoptotic features...
February 13, 2018: Andrology
Jun Zhao, Huan Li, Hao Deng, Li Zhu, Bingyu Zhou, MeiQiong Yang, QianRu Liu, GuoQun Luo, Yunxia Yang, WenMin Ma
Varicocele-related sperm damages are usually caused by oxidative stresses. Growing evidence indicates that lncRNA growth arrested DNA-damage inducible gene 7 (gadd7) is involved in the regulation of the oxidative stress responses. In this study, we measured the expression level of gadd7 in the sperm and found that the expression of gadd7 was significantly up-regulated in patients with varicocele compared with the healthy control. The relative expression level of gadd7 was negatively correlated with the sperm count...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Hamdy A A Aly, Memy H Hassan
Gentamycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic commonly used against Gram-negative bacteria. This study was designed to investigate the testicular toxicity of gentamicin in adult rats. Gentamicin was given to rats at 0, 60, 80 or 100 mg/kg/day for 10 consecutive days. The absolute weight of testes reduced significantly in relation to the dose, while gentamicin at a dose of 60 mg/kg did not show any significant change in the relative testes weight. Sperm count and motility and daily sperm production decreased in a dose-related manner...
February 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
C Cebi Sen, N Yumusak, H I Atilgan, M Sadic, G Koca, M Korkmaz
This study was designed to investigate the potential radioprotective impact of melatonin on the testicular tissue and sperm quality in rat given radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups as untreated control (Group 1); oral radioiodine group (RAI, 111 MBq, administrated rats); and RAI+melatonin group (oral radioiodine and intraperitoneal 12 mg/kg/day melatonin, starting 2 days before and continuing for 1 week after oral RAI administration)...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
Asif Mehfooz, Quanwei Wei, Kaizhi Zheng, Mohamed Babo Fadlalla, Gracijela Maltasic, Fangxiong Shi
In order to investigate the effects of Rutin against restraint stress, 50 adult male mice were divided into five groups: control, restraint stress (RS), and RS with 2 doses of Rutin treatments. Mice were restrained in a conical tube for 4 h daily and Rutin was injected intraperitoneally for 15 consecutive days. Restraint stress significantly decreases body weights, testis and epididymis weights, thymus weights, visceral fats, serum concentrations of testosterone, sperm counts, sperm motility and sperm viability, while it increases serum epinephrine levels, adrenal gland weights and abnormal sperms...
February 2018: Tissue & Cell
Chong Li, Shiwei Xiao, Jie Hao, Xiaogang Liao, Gang Li
Cryptochrome (Cry)1 is essential for generating circadian rhythm in central and many peripheral oscillators; however, its role in male reproduction remains unclear. We investigated this question using Cry1 knockout (KO) mice. We found that Cry1 is necessary for normal testicular function: Cry1 deficiency increased testicular germ cell apoptosis and decreased sperm count. A transcriptome analysis showed that the expression levels of 375 genes-including 12 encoding micro (mi)RNAs-were altered in the testis of Cry1 KO mice relative to wild-type controls...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
N Javdan, S A Ayatollahi, M Iqbal Choudhary, S Al-Hasani, H Pazoki-Toroudi
Testicular torsion-related oxidative stress causes a sequential chain of DNA damage, lipid peroxidation and cell death that leads to the derangement in the sperm functions and infertility. Capsaicin that has been applied for pain relief and cancer prevention possesses antioxidant properties which can be exploited to confer cell survival under ischaemic testis damage. Wistar male rats weighing 150-200 g were randomly divided into four groups: (i) sham group (all procedures except torsion of testis), (ii) ischaemia group (TT group), (iii) three TT groups treated with different dose of capsaicin (TT + different doses of Cap) and (iv) three control groups treated with different doses of capsaicin (100, 500 and 1000 ug/ml)...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
F Gevrek, Ç Biçer, M Kara, F Erdemir
Torsion/detorsion (T/D) induces testicular damages in both germinal epithelial and interstitial tissues. Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) exerts antioxidant and free radical scavenger. We investigated the effect of GbE on testicular tissues, Leydig and sperm cells in rats injured with T/D. Twenty-eight Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned into four groups (Control, GbE, Treatment: T/D+GbE, T/D). T/D performed to the rats in torsion, treatment received GbE (50 mg/kg) 1 hr before T/D, GbE group received only GbE (50 mg/kg) and control was defined as sham group...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
Xiaoyan Pan, Xiyan Wang, Xuenan Wang, Wansheng Zhang, Zhanxuan Sun, Xuanxuan Liang, Xue Zhang, Wenjun Li, Zhixin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction (new WSSJD; including Cornu Cervi Nippon Parvum, Panax ginseng, Cynomorium songaricum, Cistanche deserticola, Radix Astragali, Epimedium brevicornum and Angelica sinensis) on cyclosporine-induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis in mice. A total of 90 adult male Kunming mice were divided into the following 6 groups: Control (no intervention), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; received only DMSO), cyclosporine A (CsA), clomifene citrate (CC; CsA + CC, 15 mg/kg/day), WSSJD (CsA + WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day) and new WSSJD (CsA + new WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
O Yaman, Y Topcu-Tarladacalisir
We investigated the possible protective effects of L-carnitine on cisplatin induced prepubertal gonadotoxicity and on adult sperm. Prepubertal 30-day-old male rats were divided randomly into three groups: control (n = 12), cisplatin exposed (n = 16) and carnitine treated after cisplatin exposure (n = 16). Rats in the experimental groups were injected with a single dose of cisplatin. L-carnitine was injected 1 h before cisplatin administration and for the following 3 days for the cisplatin + carnitine group...
February 1, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
Syeda Abida Ejaz, Aamer Saeed, Syed Jawad Ali Shah, Abdul Hameed, Joanna Lecka, Jean Sévigny, Jamshed Iqbal
In the recent years, the role of alkaline phosphatase (AP) isozymes in the cause of neoplastic diseases such as breast, liver, renal and bone cancer has been confirmed and, thus they represent a novel target for the discovery of anticancer drugs. In this study different derivatives of thiazol-2-ylidene-benzamide were evaluated for their potential to inhibit alkaline phosphatase (AP) isozymes. Their anticancer potential was assessed using human breast cancer (MCF-7), bone-marrow cancer (K-562) and cervical cancer (HeLa) cell lines in comparison to normal cells from baby hamster kidney BHK-21...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Mansi Shukla, Nirmalya Ganguli, Souvik Sen Sharma, Subeer S Majumdar
The somatic component of seminiferous epithelium, the Sertoli cells (Sc) respond to Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and Testosterone (T) to produce factors which are necessary for germ cell (Gc) survival and differentiation. Infant Sc do not support spermatogenesis in spite of sufficient hormonal milieu, a situation similar to that found in male idiopathic infertility. Sc maturation during pubertal period involves expression of some genes which may be important for initiation of spermatogenesis. Analysis of differentially expressed genes, one by one, in infant and pubertal Sc might provide useful information about the regulation of spermatogenesis...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Hong Wang, Qingqing Yuan, Minghui Niu, Wenhui Zhang, Liping Wen, Hongyong Fu, Fan Zhou, Zuping He
Infertility affects 10-15% of couples worldwide, and male factors account for 50%. Spermatogenesis is precisely regulated by genetic factors, and the mutations of genes result in abnormal spermatogenesis and eventual male infertility. The aim of this study was to explore the role and transcriptional regulation of P63 in the apoptosis and mouse spermatogenesis. P63 protein was decreased in male germ cells of P63(+/-) mice compared with wild-type mice. There was no obvious difference in testis weight, sperm motility, and fecundity between P63(+/-) and wild-type mice...
January 23, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Sakineh Panahi, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Abbas Aliaghaei, Hamid Nazarian, Shahrokh Paktinat, Shabnam Abdi, Reza Mastery Farahani
Busulfan is an anticancer drug, which causes the apoptosis germ cells and azoospermia in humans and animals. Abnormal morphology of spermatozoa related to the male infertility. The sperm morphology is evaluation of sperm size, shape and appearance characteristics should be assessed by carefully observing a stained sperm sample under the microscope. Evaluation of sperm morphology has been considered as one of the most important factors for a successful fertilization and determining sperm quality. The mice were assigned to tow experimental groups: control and busulfan...
December 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Xiaoli Chen, Mingyuan Liang, Dong Wang
The preparation of spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplant recipients laid the technical foundation for SSC transplant technology and the understanding of spermatogenesis mechanisms. Busulfan is commonly used to prepare recipients for mouse SSC transplantation; however, its safety and efficiency have been questioned. This review summarizes the relationship between SSCs and Sertoli cells (SCs), and the mechanism of busulfan toxicity against sperm cells. We concluded that the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of SSCs are regulated by SCs...
January 19, 2018: Cytotechnology
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