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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186634/maintaining-mental-health-through-positive-writing-effects-of-a-resource-diary-on-depression-and-emotion-regulation
#1
M Suhr, A K Risch, G Wilz
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the beneficial effects of the resource-oriented positive writing intervention resource diary (RD) on mental health variables among patients recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient treatment. METHOD: Eighty-nine patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group completing RD over the course of 4 weeks (n = 45) or a control group receiving no intervention (n = 44). To measure changes in mental health, patients filled out a number of self-report questionnaires on depression, emotion regulation, and resource activation before and after the intervention...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183281/assessing-the-risk-for-suicide-in-schizophrenia-according-to-migration-ethnicity-and-geographical-ancestry
#2
Nuwan C Hettige, Ali Bani-Fatemi, James L Kennedy, Vincenzo De Luca
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among those afflicted by schizophrenia. Previous studies demonstrated that the stressors associated with immigration may lead to an onset of schizophrenia and suicide separately in susceptible individuals. However, no studies have shown whether immigration may lead to suicidal behaviour for individuals with schizophrenia. Our study proposes that an individual's geographical ancestry, ethnicity or migration status may be predictive of suicide risk in schizophrenia...
February 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182466/development-of-a-spirituality-infused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#3
Andrew M Subica, Ann-Marie Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Spirituality offers a vital coping resource that can bolster mental health and psychosocial well-being for individuals with serious mental illnesses (SMI). However, limited research on spirituality-infused evidence-based interventions exists to assist providers in mobilizing spirituality as a mental health resource. This article presents the cognitive-behavioral intervention Spiritual Strategies for Psychosocial Recovery (SSPR), developed to promote recovery among ethnoculturally diverse individuals with SMI by strengthening their coping mechanisms for internal and external distress through spiritual means...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173823/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-practice-change-intervention-in-increasing-the-provision-of-nicotine-dependence-treatment-in-inpatient-psychiatric-facilities-an-implementation-trial
#4
Paula M Wye, Emily A Stockings, Jenny A Bowman, Chris Oldmeadow, John H Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending the routine provision of nicotine dependence treatment to smokers in inpatient psychiatric facilities, the prevalence of such treatment provision is low. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinical practice change intervention in increasing clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment to patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities. METHODS: We undertook an interrupted time series analysis of nicotine dependence treatment provision before, during and after a clinical practice change intervention to increase clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment for all hospital discharges (aged >18 years, N = 4175) over a 19 month period in two inpatient adult psychiatric facilities in New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167398/prevalence-of-prolonged-grief-disorder-in-adult-bereavement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Marie Lundorff, Helle Holmgren, Robert Zachariae, Ingeborg Farver-Vestergaard, Maja O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a bereavement-specific syndrome expected to be included in the forthcoming ICD-11. Defining the prevalence of PGD will have important nosological, clinical, and therapeutic implications. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to estimate the prevalence rate of PGD in the adult bereaved population, identify possible moderators, and explore methodological quality of studies in this area. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science, and CINAHL...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161344/trends-of-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-inpatient-2002-2011
#6
Paris Charilaou, Kanishk Agnihotri, Pablo Garcia, Apurva Badheka, Douglas Frenia, Balaji Yegneswaran
RATIONALE: Nationwide prevalence of cannabis use/abuse has more than doubled from 2002 to 2011. Whether the outpatient trend is reflected in the inpatient setting, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence and incidence of cannabis abuse/dependence as determined by discharge coding in a 10-year (2002-2011) National Inpatient Sample, as well as various trends among demographics, comorbidities and hospitalization outcomes. METHODS: Cannabis abuse/dependence was identified based on ICD-9-CM codes 304...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152397/the-effects-of-perceptual-load-in-processing-emotional-facial-expression-in-psychotic-disorders
#7
Joana Grave, Sandra C Soares, Sofia Morais, Paulo Rodrigues, Nuno Madeira
Psychotic disorders are some of the most severe psychiatric conditions. Patients have difficulties in identifying facial expressions and appear to be highly sensitive to the presence of emotional distractors. Yet, no study has investigated whether perceptual load modulates the interference of emotional distractors. Our goal was to test whether psychotic patients were more sensitive to irrelevant emotional stimulus, even when the task demands a high amount of attentional resources. Twenty-two participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and twenty-two healthy controls, performed a target letter discrimination task with emotional task-irrelevant stimulus (angry, happy and neutral facial expressions)...
January 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152138/effect-of-reverse-triage-on-creation-of-surge-capacity-in-a-pediatric-hospital
#8
Gabor D Kelen, Ruben Troncoso, Joshua Trebach, Scott Levin, Gai Cole, Caitlin M Delaney, J Lee Jenkins, James Fackler, Lauren Sauer
Importance: The capacity of pediatric hospitals to provide treatment to large numbers of patients during a large-scale disaster remains a concern. Hospitals are expected to function independently for as long as 96 hours. Reverse triage (early discharge), a strategy that creates surge bed capacity while conserving resources, has been modeled for adults but not pediatric patients. Objective: To estimate the potential of reverse triage for surge capacity in an academic pediatric hospital...
February 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149828/clinically-providing-psycho-social-care-for-caregivers-in-emergency-and-trauma-care-setting-scope-for-medical-and-psychiatric-social-workers
#9
Birudu Raju, Suresh Lukose, Prabu Raj, Krishna Reddy
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in young people. TBI is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and socioeconomic loss, especially in developing countries such as India. It is creating damage to the psychosocial well-being of caregiver and their family members significantly. Caregivers' informational, educational, psychosocial problems are still overlooked and unaddressed. Providing psychosocial interventions such as educating caregivers about TBI-related consequences, increasing social support, mobilization of resources for the needy, and dealing with psychological stress will be beneficial to reduce the caregiver burden...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#10
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149320/antidepressive-response-of-inpatients-with-major-depression-to-adjuvant-occupational-therapy-a-case-control-study
#11
Marc-Andreas Edel, Brian Blackwell, Markus Schaub, Barbara Emons, Tanja Fox, Friederike Tornau, Bernward Vieten, Patrik Roser, Ida Sibylle Haussleiter, Georg Juckel
BACKGROUND: Despite marked costs and limited evidence regarding effectiveness, occupational therapy (OT) is widely applied in psychiatric settings and financed by health insurance companies in European countries. This pilot study investigated the antidepressive effects of adjuvant OT for patients with major depression in a 6-week inpatient setting, stratified for females and males. METHODS: A total of 114 inpatients with major depression were assigned to either a standard OT group (using basic handcraft) or an active control group that played board games (2 h daily, 5 days a week)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140731/depressive-spectrum-disorders-in-cancer-prevalence-risk-factors-and-screening-for-depression-a-critical-review
#12
R Caruso, M G Nanni, M Riba, S Sabato, A J Mitchell, E Croce, L Grassi
BACKGROUND: Although depression and mood-related disorders are common in persons with cancer, these conditions remain frequently overlooked in clinical practice. Negative consequences of depressive disorder spectrum have been reported (e.g. suicidal ideation, increase physical complications and somatic symptoms, negative influence on prognosis), indicating the need for routine screening, assessment and management. METHODS: A search of the major databases (Medline, Embase, PsycLIT, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library) was conducted on the reviews and meta-analyses available in order to summarize relevant data concerning depressive disorders spectrum in terms of prevalence, risk factors, and screening and assessment among patients with cancer across the trajectory of the disease...
January 31, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132694/buprenorphine-prescribing-practice-trends-and-attitudes-among-new-york-providers
#13
Andrea Kermack, Mara Flannery, Babak Tofighi, Jennifer McNeely, Joshua D Lee
Buprenorphine office-based opioid maintenance is an increasingly common form of treatment for opioid use disorders. However, total prescribing has not kept pace with the current opioid and overdose epidemic and access remains scarce among the underserved. This study sought to assess current provider attitudes and clinical practices among a targeted sample of primarily New York City public sector buprenorphine prescribers. A cross-sectional online survey purposefully sampled buprenorphine prescribers in NYC with a focus on those serving Medicaid and uninsured patient populations...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129262/trauma-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
E A Clous, K C Beerthuizen, K J Ponsen, J S Luitse, M Olff, J C Goslings
BACKGROUND: Suicide is currently a topic of high priority for policy-makers, researchers and clinicians. The World Health Organization estimated 804.000 suicide deaths worldwide in 2012. Some studies that focused on patients with self-inflicted injury revealed that mortality in this group is higher than for patients who sustain unintentional injury. However little is known about the impact of psychiatric disorders on health care resources including length of hospital stay. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether trauma patients with a psychiatric disorder or after attempting suicide are at higher risk of a complicated course than patients without a psychiatric disorder or accidental cause...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125850/-health-care-situation-and-barriers-for-working-with-children-of-mentally-ill-parents-from-the-perspective-of-adult-psychiatry-in-germany-a-nationwide-survey
#15
Olga Wlodarczyk, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Objective The aim of the present study was to assess the health care situation and barriers to support minor children of mentally ill parents from the perspective of adult psychiatry in Germany. Methods Based on the German Hospital Register mental health practitioners of all psychiatric clinics in Germany were asked to answer a 37-item questionnaire. Overall, 441 practitioners of 239 psychiatric clinics participated in the cross sectional study. Results Most important barriers were high workload, scarce resources, patient-focused treatment, missing expertise as well as insufficient awareness...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125848/-fimpsy-questionnaire-for-the-assessment-of-medical-and-non-medical-resource-utilisation-in-mental-disorders-development-and-application
#16
Helen Grupp, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Alexander Konnopka
Objective: In Germany, patients with mental disorders can benefit from many medical and non-medical services. However, assessing the consumption of these services is difficult. We developed the questionnaire FIMPsy that can be used to assess health care consumption in patients with mental disorders and thereby facilitate economic evaluations. Methods: We identified relevant medical and non-medical services for patients with mental disorders and included frequently consumed services in the questionnaire. Results: FIMPsy can be utilized to assess the consumption of the following services in the preceding six months retrospectively: informal care, psychiatric counselling, psychosocial care, assisted living and occupational integration...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118099/an-analysis-of-the-federal-funding-for-mental-health-care-in-brazil
#17
Maria Lúcia Teixeira Garcia, Edineia Figueira Dos Anjos Oliveira
This article analyzes spending on mental health by the Brazilian Ministry of Health between 2001 and 2014. It is documental research of the Brazilian Ministry of Health's databases. It analyzes the data using descriptive statistical analysis. Total spending on mental health for the period 2001 to 2014 shows a percentage increase in resources destined for outpatient care, but this increase is a reallocation from hospital services to community-based services and total resources for the mental health program remain at an average of 2...
January 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114092/-utilization-of-technological-resources-within-the-framework-of-operation-of-a-mobile-mental-health-unit
#18
D Garoni, D Sarantidis, K Katsadoros
Telepsychiatry was introduced in the early 1950's for the provision of mental health services from a distance. In 1990 the progress made in telecommunications technologies caused a significant expansion in telepsychiatry services. It can refer to store and forward technologies, interactive technologies, remote monitoring technologies and it is applied to contribute to the lift of restrictions placed on providing mental health services. Restrictions may exist due to geographic isolation, lack of specialized services, high cost of moving patients etc...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#19
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100293/psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-europe
#20
W Rössler, R E Drake
To describe the core elements of modern psychiatric rehabilitation. Based on selected examples we describe the discussion about values in mental health care with focus on Europe. We present outcome data from studies, which have tried to implement care structures based on this value discussion. In the second half of the 20th century, mental health care in all European and other high-income countries changed conceptually and structurally. Deinstitutionalisation reduced the number of psychiatric beds and transferred priority to outpatient care and community-based services, but community mental health programs developed differently across and within these countries...
January 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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