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Psychiatric resources

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#1
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930964/differences-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-between-volunteer-and-career-firefighters
#2
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Melanie A Hom, Nathan A Kimbrel, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about differences in psychiatric symptoms between volunteer and career firefighters. This study aimed to (1) describe differences in psychiatric symptoms and barriers to mental health care between U.S. firefighters in volunteer-only and career-only departments; and (2) determine if greater self-reported structural barriers to mental health care (e.g., cost, availability of resources) explain the differences in psychiatric symptom levels...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929403/regional-correlates-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#3
Taina Ala-Nikkola, Sami Pirkola, Minna Kaila, Samuli I Saarni, Grigori Joffe, Raija Kontio, Olli Oranta, Minna Sadeniemi, Kristian Wahlbeck
Current reforms of mental health and substance abuse services (MHS) emphasize community-based care and the downsizing of psychiatric hospitals. Reductions in acute and semi-acute hospital beds are achieved through shortened stays or by avoiding hospitalization. Understanding the factors that drive the current inpatient treatment provision is essential. We investigated how the MHS service structure (diversity of services and balance of personnel resources) and indicators of service need (mental health index, education, single household, and alcohol sales) correlated with acute and semi-acute inpatient treatment provision...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929227/intimate-partner-violence
#4
Daniel Dicola, Elizabeth Spaar
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent worldwide health problem, affecting women more commonly than men. IPV is underreported and underrecognized by health care professionals. Even when IPV is recognized, it remains an underaddressed issue. In addition to physical injury and death, IPV causes significant physical and psychiatric health problems commonly treated by family physicians. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening all female patients of childbearing age for IPV. There are several brief screening tools that have been proven effective at detecting IPV and that can be used in the office setting...
October 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927631/acute-coronary-syndrome-and-suicide-a-case-referent-study
#5
Chao-Han Liu, Ming-Kung Yeh, Ji-Hung Wang, Shu-Chuan Weng, Meng-Yi Bai, Jung-Chen Chang
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) represents a significant burden on healthcare resources. A robust association exists between depression and increased morbidity and mortality after ACS. This study examined the relationship between suicide and ACS after adjusting for depression and other comorbidities. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this case-referent study conducted in Taiwan, the cases were people aged 35 years or older who died from suicide between 2000 and 2012 and 4 live referents, each matched by age, sex, and area of residence...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922603/digital-footprints-facilitating-large-scale-environmental-psychiatric-research-in-naturalistic-settings-through-data-from-everyday-technologies
#6
N Bidargaddi, P Musiat, V-P Makinen, M Ermes, G Schrader, J Licinio
Digital footprints, the automatically accumulated by-products of our technology-saturated lives, offer an exciting opportunity for psychiatric research. The commercial sector has already embraced the electronic trails of customers as an enabling tool for guiding consumer behaviour, and analogous efforts are ongoing to monitor and improve the mental health of psychiatric patients. The untargeted collection of digital footprints that may or may not be health orientated comprises a large untapped information resource for epidemiological scale research into psychiatric disorders...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917343/a-new-bioinformatic-insight-into-the-associated-proteins-in-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Wenlong Zhao, Wenjing Yang, Shuanglin Zheng, Qiong Hu, Ping Qiu, Xinghua Huang, Xiaoqian Hong, Fenghua Lan
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric diseases severely affect the quality of patients' lives and bring huge economic pressure to their families. Also, the great phenotypic variability among these patients makes it difficult to investigate the pathogenesis. Nowadays, bioinformatics is hopeful to be used as an effective tool for the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders, which can identify sensitive biomarkers and explore associated signaling pathways. METHODS: In this study, we performed an integrated bioinformatic analysis on 1945 mental-associated proteins including 91 secreted proteins and 593 membrane proteins, which were screened from the Universal Protein Resource (Uniport) database...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900495/developing-research-collaborations-in-an-academic-clinical-setting-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#8
John A Sahs, Andel V Nicasio, Joan E Storey, Peter J Guarnaccia, Roberto Lewis-Fernández
Research collaboration in "real world" practice settings may enhance the meaningfulness of the findings and reduce barriers to implementation of novel intervention strategies. This study describes an initiative to integrate research into a hospital-based outpatient psychiatric clinic within an academic medical center, focusing on collaborative processes across three research projects. We report on the varied outcomes of the projects and utilize data from two focus groups to identify the key elements that contributed to the challenges and successes...
November 29, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885664/haloperidol-plus-promethazine-for-psychosis-induced-aggression
#9
REVIEW
Gisele Huf, Jacob Alexander, Pinky Gandhi, Michael H Allen
BACKGROUND: Health services often manage agitated or violent people, and such behaviour is particularly prevalent in emergency psychiatric services (10%). The drugs used in such situations should ensure that the person becomes calm swiftly and safely. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether haloperidol plus promethazine is an effective treatment for psychosis-induced aggression. SEARCH METHODS: On 6 May 2015 we searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Register of Trials, which is compiled by systematic searches of major resources (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, BIOSIS, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, and registries of clinical trials) and their monthly updates, handsearches, grey literature, and conference proceedings...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881525/rationale-and-protocol-for-using-a-smartphone-application-to-study-autism-spectrum-disorders-smartautism
#11
Olivier Bonnot, Dominique Bonneau, Aude Doudard, Philippe Duverger
INTRODUCTION: Longitudinal studies on the evolution of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms are limited and have primarily used repeated measurements performed several months apart. However, measurements of changes in everyday life should more closely reflect the 'real life' of the patient and his or her family. We propose to study the child's ASD symptoms and their effect on the quality of life, psychological status and anxiety of the child's parents over a 6-month period using SMARTAUTISM, a smartphone application...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#12
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863589/limb-loss-the-unspoken-psychological-aspect
#13
Jasmiry Bennett
In the United States, health care providers have diagnosed 29.1 million people with diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes is the main reason for limb loss. This review addresses the lack of psychological support after limb loss. Few scholarly sources analyze the psychological aspects of limb loss before and after amputation. These sources report that patients do not have a clear understanding of their disease process and that patients often report a lack of empathy and communication from health care providers. There is no standardization of postoperative care instructions causing great confusion and increasing anxiety for both the patient and the caregivers...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860081/women-s-experience-of-being-interviewed-about-abuse-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
B L Snyder
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: There is disagreement about the costs and benefits of asking women about their abuse experiences in practice and research settings. No known meta-syntheses have been conducted to evaluate the qualitative data that exist on the experiences of women being asked about their abuse. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO THE EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This review adds robust qualitative evidence that interviewing women about their abuse experiences can be a beneficial and healing experience for them...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857002/reviewing-outcomes-of-psychological-interventions-with-torture-survivors-conceptual-methodological-and-ethical-issues
#15
Nimisha Patel, Amanda C de C Williams, Blerina Kellezi
BACKGROUND: Torture survivors face multiple problems, including psychological difficulties, whether they are refugees or remain in the country where they were tortured. Provision of rehabilitation varies not only with the needs of survivors and resources available, but also with service models, service provider preferences and the local and country context. Despite increasing efforts in research on effectiveness of psychological interventions with torture survivors, results are inconclusive...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849509/responding-to-trauma-at-sea-a-case-study-in-psychological-first-aid-unique-occupational-stressors-and-resiliency-self-care
#16
Jeffrey Millegan, Eileen M Delaney, Warren Klam
The U.S. Navy deploys Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Teams (SPRINT) to sites of military disasters to assist survivors and the command. SPRINT functions primarily as a consultant to help commands effectively respond to the mental health needs of their service members following a traumatic event. Utilizing the principles of psychological first aid, the overall goal of SPRINT is to mitigate long-term mental health dysfunction and facilitate recovery at both the individual and unit level. We present a case study of a SPRINT mission to a deployed U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843348/the-danish-schizophrenia-registry
#17
REVIEW
Lone Baandrup, Charlotte Cerqueira, Lea Haller, Lene Korshøj, Inge Voldsgaard, Merete Nordentoft
AIM OF DATABASE: To systematically monitor and improve the quality of treatment and care of patients with schizophrenia in Denmark. In addition, the database is accessible as a resource for research. STUDY POPULATION: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and receiving mental health care in psychiatric hospitals or outpatient clinics. During the first year after the diagnosis, patients are classified as incident patients, and after this period as prevalent patients...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837570/the-importance-of-the-patients-deemed-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity-for-the-psychiatric-reform
#18
EDITORIAL
Athanasios Douzenis
According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835713/psychotherapy-for-depression-in-older-veterans-via-telemedicine-effect-on-quality-of-life-satisfaction-treatment-credibility-and-service-delivery-perception
#19
Leonard E Egede, Ron Acierno, Rebecca G Knapp, Rebekah J Walker, Elizabeth H Payne, B Christopher Frueh
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of telepsychology and same-room care on functioning, satisfaction, and perception of care based on a noninferiority trial of psychotherapy delivered via telemedicine or same-room care to elderly patients with depression. METHODS: 241 elderly patients with depression (meeting DSM-IV diagnostic criteria) were randomly assigned to either telemedicine (n = 120) or same-room treatment (n = 121) between April 1, 2007, and July 31, 2011...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833689/hours-and-miles-patient-and-health-system-implications-of-transfer-for-psychiatric-bed-capacity
#20
Amy M O'Neil, Annie T Sadosty, Kalyan S Pasupathy, Christopher Russi, Christine M Lohse, Ronna L Campbell
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of behavioral health (BH) patients are presenting to the emergency department (ED) while BH resources continue to decline. This situation-may lead to more external transfers to find care. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients presenting to a tertiary care academic ED from February 1, 2013, through January 31, 2014. Patients were identified through electronic health record documentation of psychiatric consultation during ED evaluation...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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