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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781554/children-who-face-development-risks-due-to-maternal-addiction-during-pregnancy-require-extra-medical-and-psychosocial-resources
#1
Jenny Rangmar, Maria Lilja, Marie Köhler, Antonia Reuter
AIM: This study examined medical and psychosocial risk factors in children born to women with addiction problems during pregnancy and the children's needs for extra medical and psychosocial resources. METHODS: Swedish midwives routinely screen pregnant women for drugs and alcohol and refer women with addictions to the Maternity and Child Healthcare Resource Team. We investigated the medical records of 127 children (51% girls) whose mothers were referred to the Resource Team from 2009-2015...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779551/emerging-roles-for-peer-providers-in-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#2
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash, Kimberly Mayer, Joanne Spetz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify and assess states with best practices in peer provider workforce development and employment. A growing body of research demonstrates that peer providers with lived experience contribute positively to the treatment and recovery of individuals with behavioral health needs. Increased employment opportunities have led to policy concerns about training, certification, roles, and reimbursement for peer provider services. METHODS: A case study approach included a national panel of subject matter experts who suggested best practice states...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779548/utilization-and-economic-contribution-of-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-practitioners-in-public-behavioral-health-services
#3
Susan A Chapman, Bethany J Phoenix, Talia E Hahn, Deborah C Strod
INTRODUCTION: Expanded insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act and parity in behavioral health coverage have increased demand for services. Yet there is a persistent shortage in the behavioral health workforce. Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) may be part of the solution to shortages but are not yet fully utilized. The purpose of this study was to describe how PMHNPs are utilized, identify barriers to full utilization, and assess PMHNPs' economic contribution in public behavioral health systems...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779543/geographic-variation-in-the-supply-of-selected-behavioral-health-providers
#4
C Holly A Andrilla, Davis G Patterson, Lisa A Garberson, Cynthia Coulthard, Eric H Larson
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, an estimated 43.4 million Americans aged 18 and older suffered from a behavioral health issue. Accurate estimates of the number of psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric nurse practitioners are needed as demand for behavioral health care grows. METHODS: The National Plan and Provider Enumeration System National Provider Identifier data (October 2015) was used to examine the supply of psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric nurse practitioners...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778776/identification-and-medical-utilization-of-incident-cases-of-alcohol-dependence-a-population-based-case-control-study
#5
Chun-Hung Pan, Min-Shan Li, Tien-Wey Yang, Ming-Chyi Huang, Sheng-Shiang Su, Yen-Ni Hung, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: Patients with alcohol dependence (AD) often seek help from medical professionals due to alcohol-related diseases, but the overall distribution of medical specialties identifying new AD cases is unclear. We investigated how such cases were identified and how medical resources were utilized before the identification of AD in a nationwide cohort. METHODS: We enrolled a population-based cohort (N = 1,000,000) using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan; 8181 cases with incident AD were retrieved between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2010...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#6
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766133/trauma-transitional-care-coordination-protecting-the-most-vulnerable-trauma-patients-from-hospital-readmission
#7
Erin C Hall, Rebecca Tyrrell, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Background: Unplanned hospital readmissions increase healthcare costs and patient morbidity. We hypothesized that a program designed to reduce trauma readmissions would be effective. Methods: A Trauma Transitional Care Coordination (TTCC) program was created to support patients at high risk for readmission. TTCC interventions included call to patient (or caregiver) within 72 hours of discharge to identify barriers to care, complete medication reconciliation, coordination of appointments, and individualized problem solving...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764998/mapping-cortical-brain-asymmetry-in-17-141-healthy-individuals-worldwide-via-the-enigma-consortium
#8
Xiang-Zhen Kong, Samuel R Mathias, Tulio Guadalupe, David C Glahn, Barbara Franke, Fabrice Crivello, Nathalie Tzourio-Mazoyer, Simon E Fisher, Paul M Thompson, Clyde Francks
Hemispheric asymmetry is a cardinal feature of human brain organization. Altered brain asymmetry has also been linked to some cognitive and neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, the ENIGMA (Enhancing NeuroImaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis) Consortium presents the largest-ever analysis of cerebral cortical asymmetry and its variability across individuals. Cortical thickness and surface area were assessed in MRI scans of 17,141 healthy individuals from 99 datasets worldwide. Results revealed widespread asymmetries at both hemispheric and regional levels, with a generally thicker cortex but smaller surface area in the left hemisphere relative to the right...
May 15, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754012/clinical-spectrum-of-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-an-observational-study
#9
Priyanka Madaan, Sheffali Gulati, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Savita Sapra, Rajesh Sagar, Akbar Mohammad, R M Pandey, Manjari Tripathi
PURPOSE: The current study was designed to analyze the clinical spectrum of Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in children. METHODS: Children aged 6-16years with clinically suspected PNES, confirmed by short-term VEEG (STVEEG{video electroencephalogram}) and induction were classified as per Seneviratne classification. Stressors, associated co morbidities, Verbal IQ (Intelligence Quotient) and behavioral abnormalities were assessed using HTP(House tree person) test, DSM IV (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders) TR criteria, MISIC (Malin intelligence scale for Indian children) and CBCL (Child behaviour checklist)...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752701/pain-agreements-and-healthcare-utilization-in-a-veterans-affairs-primary-care-population-a-retrospective-chart-review
#10
Cynthia Kay, Erica Wozniak, Alice Ching, Joanne Bernstein
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of chronic pain is enormous. In America, the management of chronic pain and opioids remains a critical focus. Guidelines recommend pain agreements as part of the management of chronic pain and opioids; however, evidence of improvement in patient outcomes is lacking. An aspect of patient outcome includes utilization of healthcare resources, such as emergency department visits and hospitalizations. It remains uncertain whether the use of pain agreements lessens healthcare utilization...
May 11, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752290/aapl-practice-resource-for-the-forensic-evaluation-of-psychiatric-disability
#11
Stuart A Anfang, Liza H Gold, Donald J Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744988/behavioral-health-care-in-solid-organ-transplantation-in-a-pediatric-setting
#12
Katharine Thomson, Kristine McKenna, Katherine Bedard-Thomas, Melisa Oliva, Patricia Ibeziako
This study examined the demographic, medical, and psychiatric characteristics of transplant patients across organ groups seen by transplant psychology/psychiatry clinicians at a pediatric institution between 2008 and 2014. Chart reviews were conducted to better understand the behavioral health care provided to SOT patients and the role of transplant-dedicated psychology and psychiatry clinicians. Transplant psychology/psychiatry was consulted a total of 1060 times on 399 unique SOT patients over a 6-year period...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741237/-walking-the-tightrope-the-role-of-peer-support-workers-in-facilitating-consumers-participation-in-decision-making
#13
Michelle Cleary, Toby Raeburn, Phil Escott, Sancia West, Violeta Lopez
In adult mental health services, the participation of consumers is essential. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges faced by peer support workers when involving mental health consumers in decision-making about their care and the strategies they employed to overcome these challenges so as to improve mental health consumers' participation in decision-making and recovery. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with six peer support workers currently employed in psychiatric hospitals and/or community mental health systems...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740352/a-follow-up-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorders-in-tuareg-refugees-in-burkina-faso
#14
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Daniela Moro, Fadimata Wallet Oumar, Maria Francesca Moro, Mirra Pintus, Elisa Pintus, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Elisabetta Pascolo-Fabrici, Antonio Preti, Dinesh Kumar Bhugra
Introduction: The aim of this study was to carry out a 2-year follow-up of refugees in a camp in Burkina Faso who had been interviewed previously. We also aimed to verify whether the general conditions in which they lived (e.g., protection by international organizations and the conclusion of negotiations and new hope of returning to Mali and reunification with surviving family members) would affect their mental health state. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study repeated over time on a cohort of refugees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718218/current-landscape-of-telemedicine-practice-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Seema A Patil, Raymond K Cross
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprised of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, affects 1.6 million people in the United States. Although effective medical treatments exist to treat the disease, outcomes are still suboptimal. The reasons for poor outcomes vary but include nonadherence to therapy, inadequate monitoring of patients, limited access to IBD specialty care, concurrent psychiatric disease, limited patient knowledge of the disease and treatments, and patient provider discordance. Telemedicine is a candidate intervention that can be used to improve patient outcomes through more frequent monitoring, patient self-management, delivery of education (patient and provider), and to increase access to multidisciplinary IBD care...
April 28, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718082/integration-of-neuropsychological-services-in-a-va-hiv-primary-care-clinic
#16
Moira C Dux, Terry Lee-Wilk
The Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) is the largest health care provider for individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with >28,000 Veterans with HIV/AIDS enrolled in care. Advances in medical treatment have improved the life-limiting effects of the disease, though many chronic symptoms persist. Comprehensive care is critical to manage the diverse constellation of symptoms. However, many patients face challenges to receiving optimal care due to limited resources, mistrust of health care providers, and/or co-occurring medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717540/brainmap-vbm-an-environment-for-structural-meta-analysis
#17
Thomas J Vanasse, P Mickle Fox, Daniel S Barron, Michaela Robertson, Simon B Eickhoff, Jack L Lancaster, Peter T Fox
The BrainMap database is a community resource that curates peer-reviewed, coordinate-based human neuroimaging literature. By pairing the results of neuroimaging studies with their relevant meta-data, BrainMap facilitates coordinate-based meta-analysis (CBMA) of the neuroimaging literature en masse or at the level of experimental paradigm, clinical disease, or anatomic location. Initially dedicated to the functional, task-activation literature, BrainMap is now expanding to include voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies in a separate sector, titled: BrainMap VBM...
May 2, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713951/accommodation-and-health-costs-of-deinstitutionalized-people-with-mental-illness-living-in-residential-services-in-brazil
#18
Denise Razzouk
BACKGROUND: Health costs are the main hindrances for expanding community mental health services. Exploring patient profiles and cost predictors may be useful for optimising financial resources. However, the deinstitutionalisation process may burden health budgets in terms of supporting multiple community services based on varying levels of need. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed accommodation and health service costs, quality of life and clinical and psychosocial profiles among individuals receiving mental healthcare through residential services...
April 30, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709720/outcome-of-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-with-limited-resources-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Fateme Ziyaee
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the long-term outcome of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) and factors potentially associated with their outcome in Iran. METHODS: We investigated all patients with PNES admitted to the epilepsy monitoring unit at the Shiraz Comprehensive Epilepsy Center from 2008 through 2013. Patients included in this study had a confirmed diagnosis of PNES. In a phone call interview to the patients in December 2017, we obtained the following information: seizure outcome (seizure-free during the past 12 months or not), history of receiving any psychotherapy after confirming their diagnosis in the past, and number of psychotherapy sessions the patient had received...
April 25, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708023/textbook-descriptions-of-people-with-psychosis-some-ethical-aspects
#20
Terje Emil Fredwall, Inger Beate Larsen
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are central for the education of professionals in the health field and a resource for practitioners already in the field. OBJECTIVES: This article focuses on how 12 textbooks in psychiatric nursing and psychiatry, published in Norway between 1877 and 2012, describe and present people with psychosis. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used qualitative content analysis. Ethical considerations: The topic is published textbooks, made available to be read by students, teachers and professionals, and no ethical approval was required...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
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