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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087217/psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-short-forms-of-the-pain-catastrophizing-scale-in-participants-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Akihisa Watanabe, Akihito Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is a commonly used as measure of pain catastrophizing. The scale comprises 13 items related to magnification, rumination, and helplessness. To facilitate quick screening and to reduce participant's burden, the four-item and six-item short forms of the English version of the PCS were developed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Japanese version of the short forms of PCS using a contemporary approach called Rasch analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073181/participation-restrictions-in-ambulatory-als-patients-physical-and-psychological-factors
#2
Annerieke C van Groenestijn, Carin D Schröder, Esther T Kruitwagen-van Reenen, Leonard H van den Berg, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of participation restrictions in ambulatory patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to identify physical and psychological contributory factors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-reported participation restrictions of 72 ambulatory ALS patients were assessed using the social health status dimension (SIPSOC) of the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP-68). Associations between SIPSOC and physical functioning, psychological factors, and demographic factors were analyzed using hierarchical regression analyses...
January 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068142/distinguishing-war-related-ptsd-resulting-from-perpetration-and-betrayal-based-morally-injurious-events
#3
Alexander H Jordan, Ethan Eisen, Elisa Bolton, William P Nash, Brett T Litz
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) during a combat deployment may lead to PTSD through distinct pathways from danger-based events. We also examined the prevalence of perpetration-based PMIEs, during which service members behaved in ways that violated their own moral values, and betrayal-based PMIEs, during which personal moral expectations were violated by trusted others. METHOD: Using a sample of 867 active duty Marines from a single infantry battalion that engaged in heavy ground combat while deployed to Afghanistan, a structural equation model was built to examine the relationships between perpetration- and betrayal-based PMIEs, combat experiences, and peritraumatic dissociation reported at 1 month postdeployment, and guilt/shame, anger, and PTSD symptoms reported at 8 months postdeployment...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062258/mice-subjected-to-uncontrollable-electric-shocks-show-depression-like-behaviors-irrespective-of-their-state-of-helplessness
#4
Jin Yong Kim, Soo Hyun Yang, Jihyun Kwon, Hyun Woo Lee, Hyun Kim
The unpredictable and inescapable electric shock-induced "learned helplessness" paradigm has long been used to produce an animal model of depression to identify the molecules associated with depressive symptoms or to assess the efficacy of pharmacological treatments for depression. After exposure to unpredictable and inescapable shocks (uncontrollable stress), most of mice showed defect in escape behavior in active avoidance test (learned helplessness, LH), while others did not (non-learned helplessness, NLH)...
January 3, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043734/conceptual-model-of-acid-attacks-based-on-survivor-s-experiences-lessons-from-a-qualitative-exploration
#5
Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Elham Mohammadi, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Maliheh Arshi
INTRODUCTION: Acid attack, a worldwide phenomenon, has been increasing in recent years. In addition to severe injuries to the face and body, such violence leads to psychological and social problems that affect the survivors' quality of life. The present study provides a more in-depth understanding of this phenomenon and explores the nature and dimensions of acid attacks based on survivors' experiences. METHOD: A grounded theory study using semi-structured, recorded interviews and applying purposeful theoretical sampling was conducted with 12 acid attack survivors in Iran...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038385/changes-in-quality-of-life-as-a-result-of-ketogenic-diet-therapy-a-new-approach-to-assessment-with-the-potential-for-positive-therapeutic-effects
#6
Susan Bruce, Anita Devlin, Linda Air, Lucy Cook
There are difficulties inherent in measuring Quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness, including agreement on definitions of quality of life and the type of measure used, disease specific or generic. Well validated QoL instruments for epilepsy exist but focus on capturing common themes pertinent to children and families as a group instead of focusing on themes important to individual patients and their families/carers. In addition, it is common for numerous items on these inventories to be left incomplete or responded to with "not applicable" since many of the items are not suitable for children with disabilities and their families...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029622/towards-zero-waste-furniture-design
#7
Bongjin Koo, Jean Hergel, Sylvain Lefebvre, Niloy Mitra
In traditional design, shapes are first conceived, and then fabricated. While this decoupling simplifies the design process, it can result in unwanted material wastage, especially where off-cut pieces are hard to reuse. In absence of explicit feedback on material usage, the designer remains helpless to effectively adapt the design - even when design variabilities exist.We investigate waste minimizing furniture design wherein based on the current design, the user is presented with design variations that result in less wastage of materials...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028506/helplessness-of-doctors-and-nurses-in-china
#8
Chi-Hao Zhang, Meng Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025131/glutamatergic-stimulation-of-the-left-dentate-gyrus-abolishes-depressive-like-behaviors-in-a-rat-learned-helplessness-paradigm
#9
Jeho Seo, Hojin Cho, Gun Tae Kim, Chul Hoon Kim, Dong Goo Kim
BACKGROUND: Episodic experiences of stress have been identified as the leading cause of major depressive disorder (MDD). The occurrence of MDD is profoundly influenced by the individual's coping strategy, rather than the severity of the stress itself. Resting brain activity has been shown to alter in several mental disorders. However, the functional relationship between resting brain activity and coping strategies has not yet been studied. In the present study, we observed different patterns of resting brain activity in rats that had determined either positive (resilient to stress) or negative (vulnerable to stress) coping strategies, and examined whether modulation of the preset resting brain activity could influence the behavioral phenotype associated with negative coping strategy (i...
December 23, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012292/behavioral-and-physiological-consequences-of-enrichment-loss-in-rats
#10
Brittany L Smith, Carey E Lyons, Fernanda Guilhaume Correa, Stephen C Benoit, Brent Myers, Matia B Solomon, James P Herman
Significant loss produces the highest degree of stress and compromised well-being in humans. Current rodent models of stress involve the application of physically or psychologically aversive stimuli, but do not address the concept of loss. We developed a rodent model for significant loss, involving removal of long-term access to a rewarding enriched environment. Our results indicate that removal from environmental enrichment produces a profound behavioral and physiological phenotype with depression-like qualities, including helplessness behavior, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis dysregulation and overeating...
December 2, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994405/learned-helplessness
#11
EDITORIAL
Sivakumar Nuvvula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977291/talk-to-her
#12
Alexandra Pârvan
The author presents a poem that was inspired by the compassionate care provided by a physician to a comatose person in the ICU, whose family member felt helpless in finding a way to care for her. The doctor's humanity revealed a dimension of care that was healing to all those present. (PsycINFO Database Record
December 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973914/the-discordance-between-subjectively-and-objectively-measured-physical-function-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-association-with-catastrophizing-and-self-efficacy-cognitions-the-al-%C3%A3-ndalus-project
#13
Fernando Estévez-López, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Manuel Pulido-Martos, Virginia A Aparicio, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Rinie Geenen
PURPOSE: People with fibromyalgia experience a disagreement between patient-reported (i.e., subjective) and performance-based (i.e., objective) status. This study aimed to (i) corroborate the discordance between subjectively and objectively measured physical function and (ii) examine whether catastrophizing (worrying, pain magnifying, and helpless cognitions) and self-efficacy (believing capable to manage pain) are independently associated with this discordance. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study included 405 women with fibromyalgia and 193 age-matched female controls...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965039/genetic-predisposition-to-high-anxiety-and-depression-like-behavior-coincides-with-diminished-dna-methylation-in-the-adult-rat-amygdala
#14
Chelsea R McCoy, Nateka L Jackson, Jeremy Day, Sarah M Clinton
Understanding biological mechanisms that shape vulnerability to emotional dysfunction is critical for elucidating the neurobiology of psychiatric illnesses like anxiety and depression. To elucidate molecular and epigenetic alterations in the brain that contribute to individual differences in emotionality, our laboratory utilized a rodent model of temperamental differences. Rats bred for low response to novelty (Low Responders, LRs) are inhibited in novel situations and display high anxiety, helplessness, and diminished sociability compared to High Novelty Responder (HR) rats...
December 11, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956615/childhood-poverty-and-adult-psychological-well-being
#15
Gary W Evans
Childhood disadvantage has repeatedly been linked to adult physical morbidity and mortality. We show in a prospective, longitudinal design that childhood poverty predicts multimethodological indices of adult (24 y of age) psychological well-being while holding constant similar childhood outcomes assessed at age 9. Adults from low-income families manifest more allostatic load, an index of chronic physiological stress, higher levels of externalizing symptoms (e.g., aggression) but not internalizing symptoms (e...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943570/telephone-delivered-individual-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-cancer-patients-an-equivalence-randomised-trial
#16
M Watson, C White, A Lynch, K Mohammed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Telephone-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (T-CBT) compared to CBT face to face treatment as usual (TAU-CBT), in cancer patients with high psychological needs, in terms of mental health and coping. METHOD: A prospective randomised equivalence trial with Patient Reported Outcome (PRO's), measured pre- and post-therapy including; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale: Helpless/Hopeless subscale only (MAC H/H), Checklist of Cancer Concerns (CLCC) and the Cancer Coping Questionnaire (CCQ)...
December 12, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936902/psychiatrists-emotional-reactions-useful-for-precise-diagnosis-in-adolescence
#17
Sarah Knaus, Roland Grassl, Charles Seidman, Tamara Seitz, Andreas Karwautz, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Therapist response (countertransference) can be defined as the range of emotions a clinician experiences when interacting with a patient. Previous research has shown that this reaction plays an important role in the establishment of the therapeutic relationship, and that certain psychiatric disorders are systematically related to strong countertransference reactions in clinicians. For this study, 30 videotaped sessions were retrospectively analyzed by one observer using the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ)...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935188/characteristics-of-physical-prefrailty-among-japanese-healthy-older-adults
#18
Eiji Matsushita, Kiwako Okada, Yui Ito, Shosuke Satake, Nariaki Shiraishi, Takahisa Hirose, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of frailty at an early stage (prefrailty) in a healthy elderly Japanese population. METHODS: The participants were 620 healthy older adults (age range 60-89 years) who were current students or graduates of a community college for older adults in Japan. All participants were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist, a tool developed to screen for frailty in Japan. The participants were categorized by the Fried criteria (lost weight, handgrip strength, walking speed, exhaustion, physical activity) into either a prefrailty (1-2 criteria) or a non-frailty (0 criterion) group...
December 9, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919695/metabolomics-identifies-perturbations-in-amino-acid-metabolism-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-the-learned-helplessness-rat-model-of-depression
#19
Xinyu Zhou, Lanxiang Liu, Yuqing Zhang, Juncai Pu, Lining Yang, Chanjuan Zhou, Shuai Yuan, Hanping Zhang, Peng Xie
Major depressive disorder is a serious psychiatric condition associated with high rates of suicide and is a leading cause of health burden worldwide. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of major depression are still essentially unclear. In our study, a non-targeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics approach was used to investigate metabolic changes in the prefrontal cortex of the learned helplessness (LH) rat model of depression. Body-weight measurements and behavioral tests including the active escape test, sucrose preference test, forced swimming test, elevated plus-maze and open field test were used to assess changes in the behavioral spectrum after inescapable footshock stress...
December 3, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#20
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
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