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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#1
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712272/quality-of-life-among-dermatology-patients-a-systematic-review-of-investigations-using-qualitative-methods
#2
Sanminder Singh, Nazanin Ehsani-Chimeh, Heather Kornmehl, April W Armstrong
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life may be assessed using quantitative or qualitative methods. Quantitative methods are commonly used in research settings; however, they may fail to capture the full range of patient experiences and impact on quality of life. Qualitative methods may be used to address this limitation. In this systematic review, we aim to synthesize data from articles utilizing qualitative methods to assess quality of life in dermatology patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic review search using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases...
July 13, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703034/the-impact-of-maternal-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-on-expectant-fathers-findings-from-the-australian-fathers-study
#3
Julie Sartori, Rodney Petersen, David A Coall, Julie Quinlivan
INTRODUCTION: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) are common. Whilst the impact on pregnant women has been well documented, there is less data on the impact on partners. This study evaluated awareness and impact of maternal NVP on expectant fathers. METHODS: Observational study of 300 expectant fathers. Institutional ethics approval and consent were obtained. Fathers were recruited from antenatal clinics and community settings. Researchers administered demographic, attitudinal and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale questionnaires during the third trimester...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698390/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-home-based-walking-program-to-reduce-moderate-to-severe-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Kirsten A Nyrop, Leigh F Callahan, Rebecca J Cleveland, Liubov L Arbeeva, Betsy S Hackney, Hyman B Muss
BACKGROUND: In postmenopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC), most BC tumors are hormone receptor positive and guidelines recommend adjuvant endocrine therapy that includes an aromatase inhibitor (AI). This study investigates the impact of a 6-week, home-based, self-directed walking program on the commonly reported side effect of AI-associated arthralgia (AIAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this phase II trial, consented BC patients were randomized to walking Intervention (n = 31) or Wait List Control (WLC; n = 31)...
July 11, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695170/emotional-responses-to-persistent-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-experienced-by-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-in-japan
#5
Kiyoko Kanda, Keiko Fujimoto, Ayumi Kyota
OBJECTIVE: For patients who wish to continue treatment for persistent chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (PCIPN) while maintaining the quality of life (QOL), the only effective way appears to be the stop-and-go strategy. The objective of the present study was to analyze emotional responses of Japanese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) experiencing PCIPN for the first time and to consider effective ways of providing supportive nursing care. METHODS: In all, 25 patients with metastatic CRC who had completed more than six courses receiving first-line therapy with modified FOLFOX6 were included...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683112/the-best-encouraging-persons-in-labor-a-content-analysis-of-iranian-mothers-experiences-of-labor-support
#6
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The process of giving birth is very stressing for the mother. Meanwhile, maternity ward staff's lack of awareness of mothers' fears make mothers feel lonely and helpless. This study aimed to explore women's perceptions of labor support during vaginal delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study used qualitative content analysis to explore Iranian mothers' experiences of labor support. Data were collected using observations and semi-structured interviews with 25 individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659834/how-accurate-appraisal-of-behavioral-costs-and-benefits-guides-adaptive-pain-coping
#7
REVIEW
Wiebke Gandhi, India Morrison, Petra Schweinhardt
Coping with pain is a complex phenomenon encompassing a variety of behavioral responses and a large network of underlying neural circuits. Whether pain coping is adaptive or maladaptive depends on the type of pain (e.g., escapable or inescapable), personal factors (e.g., individual experiences with coping strategies in the past), and situational circumstances. Keeping these factors in mind, costs and benefits of different strategies have to be appraised and will guide behavioral decisions in the face of pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658441/indirect-self-destructiveness-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#8
Konstantinos Tsirigotis
Objective: To explore the indirect self-destructiveness syndrome in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Two hundred individuals with paranoid schizophrenia (117 men and 83 women, mean age 37.15 years), all in remission, were examined using the Polish version of the Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale. Two hundred well-matched healthy individuals served as a control group. Results: The intensity of indirect self-destructiveness was greater in the schizophrenia group than in controls...
June 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647759/a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mom-power-parenting-intervention-for-mothers-with-interpersonal-trauma-histories-and-their-young-children
#9
Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik, Diana M Morelen, Emily A Alfafara, Nicole M Miller, Rachel M Waddell, Melisa M Schuster, Julie Ribaudo
We conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of Mom Power, a multifamily parenting intervention to improve mental health and parenting among high-risk mothers with young children in a community-based randomized controlled trial (CB-RCT) design. Participants (N = 122) were high-risk mothers (e.g., interpersonal trauma histories, mental health problems, poverty) and their young children (age <6 years), randomized either to Mom Power, a parenting intervention (treatment condition), or weekly mailings of parenting information (control condition)...
June 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642693/exposure-to-unsolvable-anagrams-impairs-performance-on-the-iowa-gambling-task
#10
Katrin Starcke, Janet D Agorku, Matthias Brand
Recent research indicates that external manipulations, such as stress or mood induction, can affect decision-making abilities. In the current study, we investigated whether the exposure to an unsolvable task affected subsequent performance on the Iowa Gambling Task. Participants were randomly assigned to a condition in which they were exposed to unsolvable anagrams (n = 20), or a condition in which they worked on solvable anagrams (n = 22). Afterwards, all participants played the Iowa Gambling Task, a prominent task that measures decision making under uncertain conditions with no explicit rules for gains and losses...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637285/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-endometriosis-on-male-partners
#11
L Culley, C Law, N Hudson, H Mitchell, E Denny, N Raine-Fenning
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of endometrioses on male partners of women with the condition? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis significantly impacts men across several life domains and can negatively impact emotional well-being. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life and may strain intimate relationships. Little is known about the impact on male partners. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The ENDOPART study was a cross-sectional, qualitative study of 22 women with endometriosis and their male partners (n = 44) in the UK (2012-2013)...
June 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634248/suburban-families-experience-with-food-insecurity-screening-in-primary-care-practices
#12
Deepak Palakshappa, Stephanie Doupnik, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) remains a major public health problem. With the rise in suburban poverty, a greater understanding of parents' experiences of FI in suburban settings is needed to effectively screen and address FI in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted 23 semistructured interviews with parents of children <4 years of age who presented for well-child care in 6 suburban pediatric practices and screened positive for FI. In the interviews, we elicited parents' perceptions of screening for FI, how FI impacted the family, and recommendations for how practices could more effectively address FI...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633291/p2x7-receptors-drive-spine-synapse-plasticity-in-the-learned-helplessness-model-of-depression
#13
L Otrokocsi, Á Kittel, B Sperlágh
Background: Major depressive disorder is characterized by structural and functional abnormalities of cortical and limbic brain areas, including a decrease in spine synapse number in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus. Recent studies highlighted that both genetic and pharmacological invalidation of the purinergic P2X7 receptor (P2rx7) leads to antidepressant-like phenotype in animal experiments, however, the impact of P2rx7 on depression-related structural changes in the hippocampus is not clarified yet...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617940/quality-of-life-in-childhood-epilepsy-in-pediatric-patients-enrolled-in-a-prospective-open-label-clinical-study-with-cannabidiol
#14
Evan C Rosenberg, Jay Louik, Erin Conway, Orrin Devinsky, Daniel Friedman
Recent clinical trials indicate that cannabidiol (CBD) may reduce seizure frequency in pediatric patients with certain forms of treatment-resistant epilepsy. Many of these patients experience significant impairments in quality of life (QOL) in physical, mental, and social dimensions of health. In this study, we measured the caregiver-reported Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy (QOLCE) in a subset of patients enrolled in a prospective, open-label clinical study of CBD. Results from caregivers of 48 patients indicated an 8...
June 15, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617373/-a-psychological-content-of-social-phobia-syndrome
#15
O A Sagalakova, D V Truevtsev, I Ya Stoyanova
AIM: To perform a psychological analysis of social phobia syndrome. The subject area of research is the structure of mental activity and behavior in social activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with symptoms of social phobia (ICD-10 F40.1) and 29 healthy people (controls). A complex of psychological methods (questionnaires; pathopsychological experiment) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early maladaptive schemes and a tendency to mental rigidity can be a premorbid basis of the syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617002/understanding-the-mental-health-consequences-of-family-separation-for-refugees-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#16
Alexander Miller, Julia Meredith Hess, Deborah Bybee, Jessica R Goodkind
Consistent evidence documents the negative impacts of family separation on refugee mental health and concerns for the welfare of distant family members and desire to reunite with family members as priorities for refugees postmigration. Less is known about refugees' emic perspectives on their experiences of family separation. Using mixed methods data from a community-based mental health intervention study, we found that family separation was a major source of distress for refugees and that it was experienced in a range of ways: as fear for family still in harm's way, as a feeling of helplessness, as cultural disruption, as the greatest source of distress since resettlement, and contributing to mixed emotions around resettlement...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616666/the-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-intensive-care-units
#17
REVIEW
Heidemarie Abrahamian, Diana Lebherz-Eichinger
Critically ill patients, their relatives, and intensive care staff are consistently exposed to stress. The principal elements of this exceptional burden are confrontation with a life-threatening disease, specific environmental conditions at the intensive care unit, and the social characteristics of intensive care medicine. The short- and long-term consequences of these stressors include a feeling of helplessness, distress, anxiety, depression, and even posttraumatic stress disorders. Not only the patients, but also their relatives and intensive care staff are at risk of developing such psychopathologies...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616005/development-and-validation-of-arabic-version-of-the-pain-catastrophizing-scale
#18
Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Michael Sullivan, Abdullah Abolkhair, Tariq Al-Zhahrani, Rayan Suliman Terkawi, Esraa M Alasfar, Shadi Sharif Abu Khait, Ahmed Elkabbani, Nasib Kabbani, Khaild A Altirkawi, Siny Tsang
INTRODUCTION: The pain catastrophizing scale (PCS) is the most widely used tool to assess pain catastrophizing. The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the PCS questionnaire in Arabic. METHODS: A systematic translation process was used to translate the original English PCS into Arabic. After the pilot study, we validated our version among patients with chronic pain at two tertiary care centers. We tested the reliability of our version using internal consistency and test-retest reliability...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612654/a-qualitative-comparison-of-dsm-depression-criteria-to-language-used-by-older-church-going-african-americans
#19
Esther Akinyemi, Daphne C Watkins, Janet Kavanagh, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Shana Lynn, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: Depression in late life is associated with substantial suffering, disability, suicide risk, and decreased health-related quality of life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a depression diagnosis is derived from a constellation of symptoms that may be described differently by different people. For example, the DSM language may be inadequate in capturing these symptoms in certain populations such as African-Americans, whose rates of depression misdiagnosis is high...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604575/my-child-my-patient
#20
Rashmi Kumar
Many times, we make decisions in our lives that have unanticipated impacts. Decisions made can change our careers and outlook toward life. As a younger doctor, I considered illness and disease abstractions, and good management with optimal outcomes for the patient was our focus, as we strive toward our professional goals. But having experienced the real pain and helplessness that patients and their parents undergo during critical illnesses, the importance of empathy together with the knowledge and skills needed to treat a child should never be undervalued...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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