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Désirée Louise Draeger, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Oliver W Hakenberg
Background: The experience of stress in patients with cancer through helplessness and the suppression of emotions correlates with unfavorable disease prognosis. Significant distress can reduce survival probability as well as subjectively perceived poor quality of life. Currently, there are few data on psychological stress in patients with renal cancer and most studies focus on survival time. The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychosocial stress of patients with renal cancer with screening questionnaires for an inpatient psychosocial treatment program...
June 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
Inara F Raupp-Barcaro, Maria A Vital, José C Galduróz, Roberto Andreatini
OBJECTIVE: Amantadine blocks N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and has dopaminergic and noradrenergic action, a neurochemical profile that suggests its potential as an antidepressant drug. We conducted a systematic review of preclinical and clinical studies addressing the effects of amantadine in animal models of depression and in patients with depression. METHODS: PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science were searched up to September 1, 2017 to identify clinical and preclinical studies...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Katharina Rathmann, Max Herke, Kristina Heilmann, Jaana M Kinnunen, Arja Rimpelä, Klaus Hurrelmann, Matthias Richter
Background: Schools are crucial settings for young people's development. Rare studies have examined the impact of perceived school-climate and academic well-being on young people's self-rated health in joint analyses. This study focuses on the role of perceived school-climate and academic well-being for young people's self-rated health and examines whether school climate is mediated by indicators of academic well-being. Methods: Data were obtained from the German National Educational Panel Study, including seventh grade students (n = 6838) aged 11-12, nested in 710 classes within 277 schools...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Anke Köbach, Martina Ruf-Leuschner, Thomas Elbert
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal evidence suggests the frequently traumatic nature of female genital mutilation (FGM). At present, systematic research on the psychological sequelae of this tradition has remained limited. The study provides preliminary, high-quality psychodiagnostic data on potential psychopathological consequences of FGM, with a focus on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), shutdown dissociation and other stress-related variables. METHODS: We investigated a convenience sample of N = 167 women, supported by the women's affairs headquarters in Jijiga (capital of the Ethiopian Somali Region) and a local Ethiopian non-governmental organization...
June 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Jenny Brown
This article explores some core findings from a qualitative investigation of parents' experiences of their child's treatment in an adolescent mental health service in Sydney, Australia. In particular, the research question was, "How does parents' involvement in the child/adolescent's treatment influence their perception of how they can be helpful in their child's recovery?" The theme of parent hope emerged from the broad qualitative exploration of parent's experience of their involvement in their adolescent's intensive treatment program...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Sheera F Lerman, Claudia M Campbell, Luis F Buenaver, Mary Medak, Jane Phillips, Michelle Polley, Michael T Smith, Jennifer A Haythornthwaite
Negative cognitions are central to the perpetuation of chronic pain and sleep disturbances. Patients with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJD), a chronic pain condition characterized by pain and limitation in the jaw area, have a high comorbidity of sleep disturbances that possibly exacerbate their condition. Ethnic group differences are documented in pain, sleep and coping, yet the mechanisms driving these differences are still unclear, especially in clinical pain populations. 156 women (79% white, 21% African American (AA)) diagnosed with TMJD were recruited as part of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of interventions targeting sleep and pain catastrophizing on pain in TMJD...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Pedro Villanueva, Alfonso Arteaga, Javier Fernández-Montalvo
OBJECTIVES: The main goals of this study were to determine the prevalence rate of suicidal ideation among callers to a Spanish telephone helpline (Teléfono de la Esperanza) and to identify gender-based characteristics and risk factors related to suicidal ideation. METHOD: A sample of 10,765 (6,868 men and 3,897 women) callers to this telephone helpline was assessed. ATENSIS, an assessment tool designed to collect information related to suicidal ideation among callers to telephone helplines, was used...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Joy Orpin, Shuby Puthussery, Rosemary Davidson, Barbara Burden
BACKGROUND: Disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women in health facilities continues to be a prevailing public health issue in many countries. Studies have reported significantly high prevalence of D&A among women during pregnancy and childbirth in Nigeria, but little is known about women's perceptions and experiences of D&A during maternity care in the country. The aim of this study was to explore: 1) how women perceived their experiences of D&A during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postnatal period in Benue State, Nigeria; and 2) how women viewed the impact of D&A on the future use of health facilities for maternity care...
June 7, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Angela R Bazzi, Melissa A Clark, Michael R Winter, Al Ozonoff, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE: Resilience could help protect the psychosocial wellbeing of sexual minority women (SMW) experiencing stressors from both breast cancer and sexual minority status; however, little research has assessed resilience among breast cancer survivors of different sexual orientations. METHODS: From 2011 to 2012, we surveyed a national sample of breast cancer survivors matched on sexual orientation, age, and cancer status. RESULTS: Among heterosexual (n = 339) and sexual minority (n = 201) breast cancer survivors (n = 540 overall), multivariable regression analyses revealed that more social support (coefficient: 0...
June 7, 2018: LGBT Health
Amanda J Sales, Manoela V Fogaça, Ariandra G Sartim, Vitor S Pereira, Gregers Wegener, Francisco S Guimarães, Sâmia R L Joca
Currently available antidepressants have a substantial time lag to induce therapeutic response and a relatively low efficacy. The development of drugs that addresses these limitations is critical to improving public health. Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotomimetic component of Cannabis sativa, is a promising compound since it shows large-spectrum therapeutic potential in preclinical models and humans. However, its antidepressant properties have not been completely investigated. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate in male rodents (i) whether CBD could induce rapid and sustained antidepressant-like effects after a single administration and (ii) whether such effects could be related to changes in synaptic proteins/function...
June 4, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Mirjam Anne Dijkxhoorn, Archana Padmakar, Nirmal Jude, Joske Bunders, Barbara Regeer
PURPOSE: A multiphase model for experiences of family members of persons with mental illness that considers both positive and negative aspects is proposed. DESIGN AND METHODS: Mixed methods (semistructured interviews, life history timelines, focus group discussions, and the Experience of Caregiving Inventory) were used with caregivers accessing outpatient services of a nongovernmental organization in urban and rural locations around Chennai, India. FINDINGS: Based on our results, we constructed a multiphase model, which we named The Banyan model of caregiver experiences...
June 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sonya Das, Raphaël Rousseau, Peter C Adamson, Andrew W Lo
Importance: Few patient populations are as helpless and in need of advocacy as children with cancer. Pharmaceutical companies have historically faced significant financial disincentives to pursue pediatric oncology therapeutics, including low incidence, high costs of conducting pediatric trials, and a lack of funding for early-stage research. Observations: Review of published studies of pediatric oncology research and the cost of drug development, as well as clinical trials of pediatric oncology therapeutics at ClinicalTrials...
June 2, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Brandie Pugh, Luye Li, Ivan Y Sun
In both China and the United States, public attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) have shifted from viewing IPV as a tolerable, private matter to viewing it as a matter of public concern that should be dealt with as a crime. Empirical and comparative examinations of the perceptions of why women stay in physically abusive relationships are lacking. Answering this question calls for comprehensive, methodologically rigorous research. Using survey data collected from approximately 1,000 college students from two Chinese and two U...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kayleigh J Mason, Terence W O'Neill, Mark Lunt, Anthony K P Jones, John McBeth
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Amplification of sensory signalling within the nervous system along with psychosocial factors contributes to the variation and severity of knee pain. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is a non-invasive test battery that assesses sensory perception of thermal, pressure, mechanical and vibration stimuli used in the assessment of pain. Psychosocial factors also have an important role in explaining the occurrence of pain. The aim was to determine whether QST measures were associated with self-reported pain, and whether those associations were mediated by psychosocial factors...
January 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Yaniv Efrati, Mateusz Gola
Background and aims Sexuality is natural to human life and inseparable from it, yet some individuals develop compulsive sexual behavior (CSB). Many individuals with CSB seek treatment in free self-support groups based on the twelve-step program. This program was extensively studied in substance abuse disorders (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous), but little is known about its efficiency in CSB. Methods We "assesed" questionnaire data on sociodemographical-, psychological-, and recovery-related factors from 97 male participants of Sexaholics Anonymous (SA) programs in Israel...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Olivier Laverdière, Thalie Beaulieu-Tremblay, Jean Descôteaux, Valérie Simard
Countertransference (CT) is usually conceptualized as emerging in the course of psychotherapy. This study explores whether CT manifests itself in the context of assessment and if the modality of exposure to participants (interviewer and observer) affects the intensity and nature of CT. Evaluators either led (direct exposure) or observed (indirect exposure) a 6-hour interview with a subject focusing on attachment and personality. Interviewers and evaluators then completed a measure of CT, the Therapist Response Questionnaire for a total of 43 subjects...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Betty R Ferrell, Kate Kravitz, Tami Borneman, Ellen Taratoot Friedmann
BACKGROUND: While providing physical, psychological, and spiritual care to their loved ones with cancer, family caregivers (FCGs) are physically and emotionally vulnerable to the tolls of caregiving. Patients and FCGs experience the uncertainty that comes with illness and treatment, its side effects, the lack of control, the emotional upheaval, the spiritual doubt, and the helplessness of advancing disease. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to better understand the quality-of-life needs of the FCG population, particularly those who encounter financial strain related to patients' cancer and treatment...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
August 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Tomonori Adachi, Aya Nakae, Tomoyuki Maruo, Kenrin Shi, Lynn Maeda, Youichi Saitoh, Masahiko Shibata, Jun Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to examine associations between the pain catastrophizing subcomponents and multiple pain-related outcomes in Japanese individuals with chronic pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed with 213 chronic pain outpatients. The participants were recruited from three units at one university hospital and from a pain clinic at a municipal hospital. Study measures were used to assess pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression, pain interference, and pain severity...
May 17, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Paula Orchiucci Miura, Leila Salomão de La Plata Cury Tardivo, Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos
The experience of helplessness or abandonment during pregnancy affects the emotional state of women, hindering their disposition in taking care of themselves and their baby. The aim of this study was to understand the emotional experience arising from intra-family violence experienced by institutionally sheltered adolescent mothers and pregnant adolescents. This study is exploratory, descriptive, clinical and qualitive. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a psychologist from the institution and with six adolescents in the institution: one pregnant girl and five mothers...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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