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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034259/problem-adaptation-therapy-for-pain-path-pain-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-and-negative-emotions-in-primary-care
#1
Dimitris N Kiosses, Lisa D Ravdin, Amy Stern, Ruth Bolier, Cara Kenien, M Carrington Reid
Chronic pain is highly prevalent in older adults, contributes to activity restriction and social isolation, disrupts family and interpersonal relationships, and poses a significant economic burden to society. Negative emotions such as sadness, anxiety, helplessness, and hopelessness are associated with chronic pain and contribute to poor quality of life, impaired interpersonal and social functioning, and increased disability. Psychosocial interventions for older adults with chronic pain have been historically developed for, and are almost exclusively delivered to, cognitively intact patients...
2017: Geriatrics (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031895/chronic-pelvic-pain-in-an-interdisciplinary-setting-1-year-prospective-cohort
#2
Catherine Allaire, Christina Williams, Sonja Bodmer-Roy, Sean Zhu, Kristina Arion, Kristin Ambacher, Jessica Wu, Ali Yosef, Fontayne Wong, Heather Noga, Susannah Britnell, Holly Yager, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Arianne Y Albert, Sarka Lisonkova, Paul J Yong
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain affects ∼15% of women, and presents a challenging problem for gynecologists due to its complex etiology involving multiple comorbidities. Thus an interdisciplinary approach has been proposed for chronic pelvic pain, where these multifactorial comorbidities can be addressed by different interventions at a single integrated center. Moreover, while cross-sectional studies can provide some insight into the association between these comorbidities and chronic pelvic pain severity, prospective longitudinal cohorts can identify comorbidities that are associated with changes in chronic pelvic pain severity over time...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976127/dr-samokhotskiy-s-method-of-healing-inflammation-by-the-analysis-and-regulation-of-blood-electrolyte-balance
#3
Vadym V Bacherikov, Valeriy A Bacherikov
An overview of a little-known method, which was discovered by Dr. Alexander S. Samokhotskiy, for treatment of gangrenous, traumatic, and postoperative inflammation, sepsis and some other diseases, was represented. Dr. A. S. Samokhotskiy carried out numerous animal experiments and clinical trials and found that application of wet bandages and/or intravenous injection of solution containing trivalent chromium ions (Cr(3+)), alum, resorcinol, sodium salicylate, lactate buffer, colloidal sulphur, thioglycolic acid and glutathione with adding KCl, MgCl2, CaCl2 or NaCl solutions can heal inflammation of various etiology...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966982/moment-to-moment-within-person-associations-between-acts-of-discrimination-and-internalized-stigma-in-people-living-with-hiv-an-experience-sampling-study
#4
Pariya L Fazeli, Janet M Turan, Henna Budhwani, Whitney Smith, James L Raper, Michael J Mugavero, Bulent Turan
Internalized stigma related to HIV is associated with poorer outcomes for people living with HIV (PLWH). However, little is known about the association between experiences of daily acts of discrimination by others and the activation of internalized stigma, including factors that may moderate this association. One hundred nine men living with HIV responded to experience sampling method (ESM) questions 3 times a day for 7 days via smart-phones. ESM questions included experiences of recent acts of discrimination, internalized HIV stigma, avoidance coping with HIV, and recent social support...
August 2017: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962682/confronting-online-social-aggression-in-hong-kong-a-wake-up-call
#5
Rebecca Ong
Online bullying as a form of online aggression is an increasingly growing phenomenon that is experienced by all age groups. Apart from the use of technology, online bullying shares the same attributes as conventional bullying. This includes a power imbalance vis-a-vis the bully and the victim and the victims' feeling of helplessness. Its impact however, is greater resulting in severe psychological, social and mental health problems. Because online bullying presents a new type of challenge for lawmakers, educators and parents, there may not be a single solution to this social problem...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957945/rough-and-tumble-play-induces-resilience-to-stress-in-rats
#6
Jeffrey Burgdorf, Roger A Kroes, Joseph R Moskal
Positive emotions have been shown to induce resilience to stress in humans, as well as increase cognitive abilities (learning, memory, and problem solving) and improve overall health. In rats, frequency modulated 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (hedonic 50 kHz) reflect a positive affective state and are best elicited by rough-and-tumble play. A well-established rat chronic unpredictable stress paradigm was used to produce a robust and long-lasting decrease in positive affect, increase in negative affect, and learned helplessness in Sprague-Dawley rats...
September 27, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942747/prevalence-correlates-and-impact-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorder-in-cancer-findings-from-a-multicenter-study
#7
Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Eun-Seung Yu, Ha Kyoung Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Sung Man Chang, Jong-Chul Yang, Jong-Heun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the prevalence, correlates, and association of depressive and anxiety disorders with quality of life (QoL) and such other outcomes as the need for psychosocial services in cancer patients. METHOD: A total of 400 patients participated in a multicenter survey involving five cancer centers located throughout Korea. The Short-Form Health Survey, the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory, the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MINI-MAC), and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview were administered...
September 25, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935132/acute-leukemia-patients-needs-qualitative-findings-and-opportunities-for-early-palliative-care
#8
Nathan A Boucher, Kimberly S Johnson, Thomas W LeBlanc
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with acute leukemias likely have needs that palliative care can respond to, yet little is known about specific challenges they face, particularly during active treatment. We examined acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients' expressed challenges and supports following intensive induction chemotherapy. We aimed to understand opportunities for palliative care interventions in this population. METHODS: A qualitative study of AML patients with high-risk disease at Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932999/prolonged-transport-and-cannibalism-of-mummified-infant-remains-by-a-tonkean-macaque-mother
#9
Arianna De Marco, Roberto Cozzolino, Bernard Thierry
Observations of animals' responses to dying or dead companions raise questions about their awareness of states of helplessness or death of other individuals. In this context, we report the case of a female Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana) that transported the body of her dead infant for 25 days and cannibalized its mummified parts. The mother appeared agitated in the first 2 days after the birth. She then took care of her infant's corpse, which progressively dried and became mummified. In a third stage, the mother continued to transport the corpse as it started disintegrating, and she gnawed and consumed some parts of the remains...
September 20, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929805/-it-feels-like-something-difficult-is-coming-back-to-haunt-me-an-exploration-of-meltdowns-associated-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-from-a-parental-perspective
#10
Indiana Montaque, Rudi Dallos, Becky McKenzie
The research explored the experience and understandings expressed by parents of children with autism concerning 'meltdowns', which are commonly described as distressing, escalating episodes of conflicts. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six parents of children with a diagnosis of autism regarding their experience of 'meltdowns'. Parents were asked to track the process of the meltdowns as well as to describe their experiences. Three over-arching themes emerged which encapsulated their experience: Living in Dread: Anxiety and fear of escalating patterns, Attempting to Correct for Negative Childhood Experiences and Condemnation from the Self and Others...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919156/chronic-low-back-pain-and-the-transdiagnostic-process-how-do-cognitive-and-emotional-dysregulations-contribute-to-the-intensity-of-risk-factors-and-pain
#11
M Le Borgne, A H Boudoukha, A Petit, Y Roquelaure
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Based on a transdiagnostic approach, this study assesses the impact of cognitive and emotional processes (difficulties in emotional regulation, impulsiveness, rumination and somatosensory amplification) on the psychological risk factors of chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The study was carried out with 256 patients with chronic low-back pain. All the variables were assessed through a booklet of 10 validated questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis and moderation analysis were performed...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895980/coping-with-the-pain-of-elderly-pain-patients-nursing-approach
#12
Burcu Babadağ, Güler Balcı Alparslan, Sacit Güleç
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine methods used by elderly patients to cope with pain and serve as a guide for nurses. METHODS: This descriptive survey was carried out with geriatric patients (n=100) aged 60 years or more in inpatient Algology Unit of a university hospital between November 28, 2014 and January 28, 2015. Data were collected using descriptive characteristics questionnaire prepared based on review of the literature and via one-on-one interviews using Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ)...
April 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893601/seek-destroy-use-of-targeting-peptides-for-cancer-detection-and-drug-delivery
#13
Vadim Le Joncour, Pirjo Laakkonen
Accounting for 16 million new cases and 9 million deaths annually, cancer leaves a great number of patients helpless. It is a complex disease and still a major challenge for the scientific and medical communities. The efficacy of conventional chemotherapies is often poor and patients suffer from off-target effects. Each neoplasm exhibits molecular signatures - sometimes in a patient specific manner - that may completely differ from the organ of origin, may be expressed in markedly higher amounts and/or in different location compared to the normal tissue...
September 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893459/placing-the-patient-at-the-centre-of-chronic-wound-care-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#14
REVIEW
Naomi Fearns, Stephen Heller-Murphy, Joanna Kelly, Jenny Harbour
BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds are a major health burden and have a severe impact on well-being. This synthesis of qualitative studies was undertaken to inform a health technology assessment of antimicrobial wound dressings. It aimed to explore patients' experiences of chronic wounds and determine improvements for clinical practice. METHOD: Inclusion criteria included use of qualitative methods, and English language publication. Databases searched included MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE in Process (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCOHost), and PsychInfo (EBSCOHost)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867895/estrous-cycle-phase-dependent-changes-in-anxiety-and-depression-like-profiles-in-the-late-adolescent-wistar-kyoto-rat
#15
Deepthi D'Souza, Monika Sadananda
BACKGROUND: Depression often manifests during adolescence when the development and networking of social and emotional brain areas is being influenced by hormones. The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat has been proposed as an animal model of adolescent depression with various face, construct, and predictive validities for clinical depression having been established. PURPOSE: The influence of the estrous cycle on anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in female adolescents may be tested out further using this model...
July 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866721/progression-of-suicidal-ideation-to-suicidal-behavior-from-a-perspective-of-selected-suicidological-models
#16
REVIEW
Paweł Rodziński, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Anna Ostachowska
In clinical practice suicidal ideation (SI) is one of the most commonly encountered symptoms in patients with mental disorders. Such encounter calls for diligent evaluation of suicidal risk. Although the risk factors are widely known, accurate estimation of suicidal risk remains one of the most difficult and most important tasks that clinicians face - especially considering recently collected data showing increase in suicide prevalence in Poland. More thorough estimation of suicidal risk in patients with SI requires taking under consideration not only suicidal risk factors but also factors that are more specific for progression of SI to suicidal behaviors (SB)...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862727/bladder-pain-the-patient-perspective
#17
Jane M Meijlink
Patients with chronic pain, discomfort and other urinary symptoms related to bladder pain syndrome or urinary tract infections may experience severely diminished quality of life and psychological and social problems, including depression, anxiety, and a sense of helplessness and hopelessness. These patients require empathy, understanding and practical support to allow them to cope with their chronic bladder disorder.
August 17, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857756/explicit-and-implicit-stigma-of-mental-illness-as-predictors-of-the-recovery-attitudes-of-assertive-community-treatment-practitioners
#18
Laura G Stull, Haley McConnell, John McGrew, Michelle P Salyers
BACKGROUND: While explicit negative stereotypes of mental illness are well established as barriers to recovery, implicit attitudes also may negatively impact outcomes. The current study is unique in its focus on both explicit and implicit stigma as predictors of recovery attitudes of mental health practitioners. METHOD: Assertive Community Treatment practitioners (n = 154) from 55 teams completed online measures of stigma, recovery attitudes, and an Implicit Association Test (IAT)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857339/qualitative-analyses-of-lived-experience-for-residents-in-the-elderly-care-departments-at-the-community-health-service-centres-in-southwestern-china
#19
Dan Wang, Huilan Zhang, Hui Ren, Yu Luo
With its huge ageing population, China faces an enormous challenge for its elderly support and care. One of the proposed solutions was to diversify the elderly support systems. Towards this goal, setting up the Elderly Care Departments in the community health service centres is one of such new Chinese endeavour. This qualitative study was conducted among the residents enrolled in existing Elderly Care Departments established at the community health service centres in Chongqing, a Southwestern Chinese city, to evaluate the lived experience of the residents and to find strategies for improvement...
August 30, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856721/focus-group-study-to-identify-the-central-facets-of-fear-of-hypoglycaemia-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
J Grammes, W Stock, C G Mann, E M Flynn, T Kubiak
AIMS: To determine key worries about hypoglycaemia among insulin-using adults with Type 2 diabetes using a focus group approach. METHODS: Thirteen focus groups were conducted in three diabetes outpatient care units and one peer support group was set up, in Germany. A total of 64 insulin-dependent adults with Type 2 diabetes (36.5% women, mean age 65.2 ± 11.0 years) discussed their worries about hypoglycaemia. The qualitative results were assigned into thematic categories using a bottom-up coding procedure...
August 30, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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