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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197083/balb-c-mice-can-learn-touchscreen-visual-discrimination-and-reversal-tasks-faster-than-c57bl-6-mice
#1
Karly M Turner, Christopher G Simpson, Thomas H J Burne
Touchscreen technology is increasingly being used to characterize cognitive performance in rodent models of neuropsychiatric disorders. Researchers are attracted to the automated system and translational potential for touchscreen-based tasks. However, training time is extensive and some mouse strains have struggled to learn touchscreen tasks. Here we compared the performance of commonly used C57BL/6 mice against the BALB/c mice, which are considered a poor performing strain, using a touchscreen task. BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were trained to operate the touchscreens before learning a visual discrimination (VD) and reversal task...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191986/studies-of-learned-helplessness-in-honey-bees-apis-mellifera-ligustica
#2
Christopher W Dinges, Christopher A Varnon, Lisa D Cota, Stephen Slykerman, Charles I Abramson
The current study reports 2 experiments investigating learned helplessness in the honey bee (Apis mellifera ligustica). In Experiment 1, we used a traditional escape method but found the bees' activity levels too high to observe changes due to treatment conditions. The bees were not able to learn in this traditional escape procedure; thus, such procedures may be inappropriate to study learned helplessness in honey bees. In Experiment 2, we used an alternative punishment, or passive avoidance, method to investigate learned helplessness...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179628/the-impact-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-policies-in-singapore-a-qualitative-analysis-of-public-perceptions
#3
Karen Siegel, Alex R Cook, Hanh La
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread pediatric disease in Asia. Most cases are relatively mild and caused by Coxsackie viruses, but in epidemics caused by Enterovirus 71, severe complications can occur. In response to the deaths of dozens of children in a 1997 outbreak (Podin in BMC Public Health 6:180,1 Abubakar in Virus Res 61(1):1-9,2 WHO in3), Singapore practices childcare centre surveillance, case-isolation, and short-term closure of centres. We conducted 44 in-depth interviews with teachers, principals, and parents at four childcare centres in Singapore to better understand experiences with current control policies...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165276/climate-change-helplessness-and-the-de-moralization-of-individual-energy-behavior
#4
Erika Salomon, Jesse L Preston, Melanie B Tannenbaum
Although most people understand the threat of climate change, they do little to modify their own energy conservation behavior. One reason for this gap between belief and behavior may be that individual actions seem unimpactful and therefore are not morally relevant. This research investigates how climate change helplessness-belief that one's actions cannot affect climate change-can undermine the moralization of climate change and personal energy conservation. In Study 1, climate change efficacy predicted both moralization of energy use and energy conservation intentions beyond individual belief in climate change...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159849/close-look-at-the-experiences-of-patients-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial-of-acupuncture-treatment-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-korea-a-qualitative-study-nested-within-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Seung Min Kathy Lee, Jungtae Leem, Jun Hyeong Park, Kang Hyun Yoon, Jong Shin Woo, Jung Myung Lee, Jin-Bae Kim, Weon Kim, Sanghoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in the context of a prospective, two-parallel-armed, participant-blinded and assessor-blinded sham-controlled randomised trial. DESIGN: A nested qualitative study within an ongoing randomised controlled trial to explore acupuncture's antiarrhythmic effects on drug refractory acupuncture in persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) (ACU-AF trial). PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited using purposeful sampling and a maximum variation strategy with regard to treatment allocation (treatment or control) and protocol completion (completion or non-completion)...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150259/-the-relationship-between-pain-and-demoralization-in-cancer-patients
#6
Chia-Hui Lin, Chih-Tsan Wang
BACKGROUND: While patients with cancer commonly experience bodily pain, their perceptions of this pain may differ. Continually experiencing pain elicits a sense of helplessness and pessimism in these patients and exacerbates their perception of interpersonal alienation, which may cause the demoralization syndrome. In Taiwan, the rate of demoralization among patients with cancer is substantially higher than that in other countries. PURPOSE: The meaning of cancer pain is used as the mediating variable to investigate the relationship between the pain that is experienced by patients with cancer and their demoralization...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148403/-daring-to-talk-about-sexuality-with-patients
#7
Christiane Vial
Sexual health encompasses many aspects other than sexual intercourse. Talking about it with patients requires professionals to distance themselves from their own representations. Nurses, often confronted directly or indirectly with this issue, feel helpless. Sexology counselling can offer some answers to these difficulties.
June 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146596/chronic-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Elizabeth Donovan, Megan L Ranney, A Marc Reid, Janette Baird, Traci C Green
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences of emergency department (ED) use among a population of Rhode Island Medicaid patients with chronic pain and a recent history of frequent ED use, who were eligible to participate in the Rhode Island Medicaid Pain Management program. METHODS:  Qualitative interviews were conducted with twenty-four patients who were either enrolled, or eligible to be enrolled, in a pain management program that is part of a state-funded initiative to reduce ED overuse...
February 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143863/perspectives-of-older-kidney-transplant-recipients-on-kidney-transplantation
#9
Jule Pinter, Camilla S Hanson, Jeremy R Chapman, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Jane O Schell, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Older kidney transplant recipients are susceptible to cognitive impairment, frailty, comorbidities, immunosuppression-related complications, and chronic graft failure, however, there has been limited focus on their concerns and expectations related to transplantation. This study aims to describe the perspectives of older kidney transplant recipients about their experience of kidney transplantation, self-management, and treatment goals to inform strategies and interventions that address their specific needs...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129708/learned-helplessness-and-depressive-symptoms-following-myocardial-infarction
#10
Benjamin A Smallheer, Michael Vollman, Mary S Dietrich
Psychosocial factors are known to impact depressive symptoms across clinical populations. Learned helplessness has the potential of affecting depressive symptoms following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), though little is known about this relationship. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between learned helplessness and depressive symptoms in patients following an AMI. Using a descriptive cross-sectional design, participants with a diagnosed AMI within the past 12 months were recruited...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121476/if-i-am-not-for-myself-who-is-for-me-the-experiences-of-older-migrant-home-care-recipients-during-their-hospitalization
#11
Shiri Shinan-Altman, Liat Ayalon
OBJECTIVE: Hospitalization is a major risk for older adults; therefore, it is crucial to provide the appropriate treatment during hospitalization. This study examined hospitalized older adults' perceptions regarding three groups of treatment providers: nursing staff, family members, migrant home care workers. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 hospitalized older adults. Data were gathered by in-depth interviews. Content analysis included open coding, axial coding and integration of the main findings using constant comparisons...
February 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096911/depression-and-catastrophizing-predict-suicidal-ideation-in-tertiary-care-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#12
Dean A Tripp, J Curtis Nickel, Adrijana Krsmanovic, Michel Pontari, Robert Moldwin, Robert Mayer, Lesley K Carr, Claire C Yang, Jorgen Nordling
INTRODUCTION: We sought to evaluate psychosocial factors as predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) in a tertiary care outpatient sample of women suffering from interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). METHODS: The patients are women managed at tertiary care centres (n=190). Controls were recruited from the community (n=117). Both groups completed questionnaires on demographics, pain (McGill Pain Questionnaire), IC/BPS symptoms, and psychological variables...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095844/barriers-and-facilitators-of-help-seeking-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-a-qualitative-study
#13
Tobias Staiger, Tamara Waldmann, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: Unemployed people with mental health problems often do not use mental health services and therefore do not benefit from available therapies. As unemployed individuals outside the healthcare system are a hard-to-reach group, barriers to and facilitators of mental health service use are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to and facilitators of help-seeking and service use based on experiences of unemployed people with mental health problems...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093012/male-coping-through-a-long-term-cancer-trajectory-secondary-outcomes-from-a-rtc-examining-the-effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-repca-among-radiated-men-with-prostate-cancer
#14
Karin B Dieperink, Christoffer Johansen, Steinbjørn Hansen, Lis Wagner, Klaus K Andersen, Lisbeth R Minet, Olfred Hansen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive sessions with a physical therapist (n = 79), or standard care (n = 82)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087217/psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-short-forms-of-the-pain-catastrophizing-scale-in-participants-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Akihisa Watanabe, Akihito Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is a commonly used as measure of pain catastrophizing. The scale comprises 13 items related to magnification, rumination, and helplessness. To facilitate quick screening and to reduce participant's burden, the four-item and six-item short forms of the English version of the PCS were developed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Japanese version of the short forms of PCS using a contemporary approach called Rasch analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073181/participation-restrictions-in-ambulatory-als-patients-physical-and-psychological-factors
#16
Annerieke C van Groenestijn, Carin D Schröder, Esther T Kruitwagen-van Reenen, Leonard H van den Berg, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of participation restrictions in ambulatory patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to identify physical and psychological contributory factors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-reported participation restrictions of 72 ambulatory ALS patients were assessed using the social health status dimension (SIPSOC) of the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP-68). Associations between SIPSOC and physical functioning, psychological factors, and demographic factors were analyzed using hierarchical regression analyses...
January 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068142/distinguishing-war-related-ptsd-resulting-from-perpetration-and-betrayal-based-morally-injurious-events
#17
Alexander H Jordan, Ethan Eisen, Elisa Bolton, William P Nash, Brett T Litz
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) during a combat deployment may lead to PTSD through distinct pathways from danger-based events. We also examined the prevalence of perpetration-based PMIEs, during which service members behaved in ways that violated their own moral values, and betrayal-based PMIEs, during which personal moral expectations were violated by trusted others. METHOD: Using a sample of 867 active duty Marines from a single infantry battalion that engaged in heavy ground combat while deployed to Afghanistan, a structural equation model was built to examine the relationships between perpetration- and betrayal-based PMIEs, combat experiences, and peritraumatic dissociation reported at 1 month postdeployment, and guilt/shame, anger, and PTSD symptoms reported at 8 months postdeployment...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062258/mice-subjected-to-uncontrollable-electric-shocks-show-depression-like-behaviors-irrespective-of-their-state-of-helplessness
#18
Jin Yong Kim, Soo Hyun Yang, Jihyun Kwon, Hyun Woo Lee, Hyun Kim
The unpredictable and inescapable electric shock-induced "learned helplessness" paradigm has long been used to produce an animal model of depression to identify the molecules associated with depressive symptoms or to assess the efficacy of pharmacological treatments for depression. After exposure to unpredictable and inescapable shocks (uncontrollable stress), most of mice showed defect in escape behavior in active avoidance test (learned helplessness, LH), while others did not (non-learned helplessness, NLH)...
January 3, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043734/conceptual-model-of-acid-attacks-based-on-survivor-s-experiences-lessons-from-a-qualitative-exploration
#19
Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Elham Mohammadi, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Maliheh Arshi
INTRODUCTION: Acid attack, a worldwide phenomenon, has been increasing in recent years. In addition to severe injuries to the face and body, such violence leads to psychological and social problems that affect the survivors' quality of life. The present study provides a more in-depth understanding of this phenomenon and explores the nature and dimensions of acid attacks based on survivors' experiences. METHOD: A grounded theory study using semi-structured, recorded interviews and applying purposeful theoretical sampling was conducted with 12 acid attack survivors in Iran...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038385/changes-in-quality-of-life-as-a-result-of-ketogenic-diet-therapy-a-new-approach-to-assessment-with-the-potential-for-positive-therapeutic-effects
#20
Susan Bruce, Anita Devlin, Linda Air, Lucy Cook
There are difficulties inherent in measuring Quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness, including agreement on definitions of quality of life and the type of measure used, disease specific or generic. Well validated QoL instruments for epilepsy exist but focus on capturing common themes pertinent to children and families as a group instead of focusing on themes important to individual patients and their families/carers. In addition, it is common for numerous items on these inventories to be left incomplete or responded to with "not applicable" since many of the items are not suitable for children with disabilities and their families...
January 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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