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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799076/comparison-of-group-vs-self-directed-music-interventions-to-reduce-chemotherapy-related-distress-and-cognitive-appraisal-an-exploratory-study
#1
Shu-Chuan Chen, Cheng-Chen Chou, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Mei-Feng Lin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine effects of group music intervention and self-directed music intervention on anxiety, depression, and cognitive appraisal among women with breast cancer. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design randomly assigned 60 women undergoing chemotherapy to 3 groups: group music intervention, self-directed music intervention, or a control group. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale were administered before, after the 8-week interventions, and at 3-month follow-up...
August 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798343/isoflurane-produces-antidepressant-effects-and-induces-trkb-signaling-in-rodents
#2
Hanna Antila, Maria Ryazantseva, Dina Popova, Pia Sipilä, Ramon Guirado, Samuel Kohtala, Ipek Yalcin, Jesse Lindholm, Liisa Vesa, Vinicius Sato, Joshua Cordeira, Henri Autio, Mikhail Kislin, Maribel Rios, Sâmia Joca, Plinio Casarotto, Leonard Khiroug, Sari Lauri, Tomi Taira, Eero Castrén, Tomi Rantamäki
A brief burst-suppressing isoflurane anesthesia has been shown to rapidly alleviate symptoms of depression in a subset of patients, but the neurobiological basis of these observations remains obscure. We show that a single isoflurane anesthesia produces antidepressant-like behavioural effects in the learned helplessness paradigm and regulates molecular events implicated in the mechanism of action of rapid-acting antidepressant ketamine: activation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) receptor TrkB, facilitation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway and inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β)...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782590/may-the-use-of-different-background-strains-strain-the-stress-related-phenotype-of-gr-mice
#3
Miriam A Vogt, Natascha Pfeiffer, Anne Marie Le Guisquet, Christiane Brandwein, Bruno Brizard, Peter Gass, Catherine Belzung, Sabine Chourbaji
Genetically altered mice are available on different background strains. While respective backcrosses are often performed for pragmatic reasons, e.g. references, comparability, or existing protocols, the interaction between the mutations per se and the background strain often remains a neglected factor. The heterozygous mutation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (GR) represents a well-examined model for depressive-like behavior in mice. To address the question in how far a robust depressive-like phenotype on a distinct background strain may allow a generalized conclusion, we analyzed respective phenotypes in two commonly used inbred strains: i...
August 3, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769826/posttraumatic-reactions-to-psychosis-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Weili Lu, Kim T Mueser, Stanley D Rosenberg, Philip T Yanos, Neisrein Mahmoud
The current study aimed to evaluate the potentially traumatic aspects of psychotic symptoms and psychiatric treatment of psychosis using qualitative methods. Participants included 63 people with first episode psychosis or multiple psychotic episodes recruited from an inpatient psychiatric unit and an urban state psychiatric hospital in the North East region of the United States. Quasi-structured interviews were used to explore those aspects of symptoms and treatment that were perceived as traumatic Emotional reactions to the most traumatic aspect of symptoms and treatment, during and after the event, were also examined...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766974/the-experiences-of-clinicians-caring-for-older-adults-with-dual-diagnosis-an-exploratory-study
#5
Adam Searby, Phillip Maude, Ian McGrath
Dual diagnosis has been identified as a significant challenge to mental health services, resulting in higher rates of psychiatric relapse and greater illness severity. Much research explores dual diagnosis in the adult mental health cohort, however little research attention has been paid to older adults with dual diagnosis. Far from being a trivial issue, preliminary studies have shown that dual diagnosis in older adults is under diagnosed and poorly identified by clinicians with few specific treatment options available...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754027/illuminating-the-psychological-experience-of-elderly-loneliness-from-a-societal-perspective-a-qualitative-study-of-alienation-between-older-people-and-society
#6
Anna Wong, Anson K C Chau, Yang Fang, Jean Woo
Loneliness is a common experience among older people that is associated with health risks and negative well-being. As a psychological phenomenon, it has typically been defined in Western research literature as the discrepancy between desired and actual interpersonal relations. In our qualitative study in Hong Kong, we offer insight into ageing and loneliness in an urban environment of the non-Western world and propose to reconceptualise loneliness by exploring older people's experience of alienation at the societal level as an important but often neglected dimension of their loneliness...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751876/dimensions-of-emotional-intelligence-and-online-gaming-addiction-in-adolescence-the-indirect-effects-of-two-facets-of-perceived-stress
#7
Dexin Che, Jianping Hu, Shuangju Zhen, Chengfu Yu, Bin Li, Xi Chang, Wei Zhang
This study tested a parallel two-mediator model in which the relationship between dimensions of emotional intelligence and online gaming addiction are mediated by perceived helplessness and perceived self-efficacy, respectively. The sample included 931 male adolescents (mean age = 16.18 years, SD = 0.95) from southern China. Data on emotional intelligence (four dimensions, including self-management of emotion, social skills, empathy and utilization of emotions), perceived stress (two facets, including perceived self-efficacy and perceived helplessness) and online gaming addiction were collected, and bootstrap methods were used to test this parallel two-mediator model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749831/targets-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
Elizabeth A Klingaman, Julie M McCarthy, Elana K Schwartz, Philip R Gehrman, Melanie E Bennett
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Insomnia is pervasive among people with serious mental illnesses (SMI) and has a profound negative impact on their psychiatric symptom management and recovery. However, little is known about the factors that affect severity of insomnia in those with SMI. In addition, very few studies have explored whether evidence-based interventions developed for those without SMI are appropriate for or applicable to individuals with SMI. The purpose of this study was to test the role of arousal, dysfunctional cognitions about sleep, and sleep-related behaviors in predicting severity of insomnia in a sample of 60 Veterans who were receiving care in Veterans Health Administration mental health and psychosocial rehabilitation programs and who reported subjective insomnia...
July 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743322/presentation-of-the-coding-and-assessment-system-for-narratives-of-trauma-casnot-application-in-spanish-battered-women-and-preliminary-analyses
#9
Violeta Fernández-Lansac, María Crespo
This study introduces a new coding system, the Coding and Assessment System for Narratives of Trauma (CASNOT), to analyse several language domains in narratives of autobiographical memories, especially in trauma narratives. The development of the coding system is described. It was applied to assess positive and traumatic/negative narratives in 50 battered women (trauma-exposed group) and 50 nontrauma-exposed women (control group). Three blind raters coded each narrative. Inter-rater reliability analyses were conducted for the CASNOT language categories (multirater Kfree coefficients) and dimensions (intraclass correlation coefficients)...
July 26, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739293/psychological-recovery-after-intensive-care-outcomes-of-a-long-term-quasi-experimental-study-of-structured-nurse-led-follow-up
#10
Rannveig J Jónasdóttir, Helga Jónsdóttir, Berglind Gudmundsdottir, Gisli H Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVES: To compare psychological recovery of patients receiving structured nurse-led follow-up and patients receiving usual care after intensive care discharge. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Single centre, university hospital, mixed intensive care patient population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression measured three and four times over 12 months after intensive care discharge...
July 21, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#11
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712272/quality-of-life-among-dermatology-patients-a-systematic-review-of-investigations-using-qualitative-methods
#12
Sanminder Singh, Nazanin Ehsani-Chimeh, Heather Kornmehl, April W Armstrong
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life may be assessed using quantitative or qualitative methods. Quantitative methods are commonly used in research settings; however, they may fail to capture the full range of patient experiences and impact on quality of life. Qualitative methods may be used to address this limitation. In this systematic review, we aim to synthesize data from articles utilizing qualitative methods to assess quality of life in dermatology patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic review search using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases...
July 13, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703034/the-impact-of-maternal-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-on-expectant-fathers-findings-from-the-australian-fathers-study
#13
Julie Sartori, Rodney Petersen, David A Coall, Julie Quinlivan
INTRODUCTION: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) are common. Whilst the impact on pregnant women has been well documented, there is less data on the impact on partners. This study evaluated awareness and impact of maternal NVP on expectant fathers. METHODS: Observational study of 300 expectant fathers. Institutional ethics approval and consent were obtained. Fathers were recruited from antenatal clinics and community settings. Researchers administered demographic, attitudinal and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale questionnaires during the third trimester...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698390/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-home-based-walking-program-to-reduce-moderate-to-severe-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#14
Kirsten A Nyrop, Leigh F Callahan, Rebecca J Cleveland, Liubov L Arbeeva, Betsy S Hackney, Hyman B Muss
BACKGROUND: In postmenopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC), most BC tumors are hormone receptor positive and guidelines recommend adjuvant endocrine therapy that includes an aromatase inhibitor (AI). This study investigates the impact of a 6-week, home-based, self-directed walking program on the commonly reported side effect of AI-associated arthralgia (AIAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this phase II trial, consented BC patients were randomized to walking Intervention (n = 31) or Wait List Control (WLC; n = 31)...
July 11, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695170/emotional-responses-to-persistent-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-experienced-by-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-in-japan
#15
Kiyoko Kanda, Keiko Fujimoto, Ayumi Kyota
OBJECTIVE: For patients who wish to continue treatment for persistent chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (PCIPN) while maintaining the quality of life (QOL), the only effective way appears to be the stop-and-go strategy. The objective of the present study was to analyze emotional responses of Japanese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) experiencing PCIPN for the first time and to consider effective ways of providing supportive nursing care. METHODS: In all, 25 patients with metastatic CRC who had completed more than six courses receiving first-line therapy with modified FOLFOX6 were included...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683112/the-best-encouraging-persons-in-labor-a-content-analysis-of-iranian-mothers-experiences-of-labor-support
#16
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The process of giving birth is very stressing for the mother. Meanwhile, maternity ward staff's lack of awareness of mothers' fears make mothers feel lonely and helpless. This study aimed to explore women's perceptions of labor support during vaginal delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study used qualitative content analysis to explore Iranian mothers' experiences of labor support. Data were collected using observations and semi-structured interviews with 25 individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659834/how-accurate-appraisal-of-behavioral-costs-and-benefits-guides-adaptive-pain-coping
#17
REVIEW
Wiebke Gandhi, India Morrison, Petra Schweinhardt
Coping with pain is a complex phenomenon encompassing a variety of behavioral responses and a large network of underlying neural circuits. Whether pain coping is adaptive or maladaptive depends on the type of pain (e.g., escapable or inescapable), personal factors (e.g., individual experiences with coping strategies in the past), and situational circumstances. Keeping these factors in mind, costs and benefits of different strategies have to be appraised and will guide behavioral decisions in the face of pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658441/indirect-self-destructiveness-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#18
Konstantinos Tsirigotis
Objective: To explore the indirect self-destructiveness syndrome in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Two hundred individuals with paranoid schizophrenia (117 men and 83 women, mean age 37.15 years), all in remission, were examined using the Polish version of the Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale. Two hundred well-matched healthy individuals served as a control group. Results: The intensity of indirect self-destructiveness was greater in the schizophrenia group than in controls...
June 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647759/a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mom-power-parenting-intervention-for-mothers-with-interpersonal-trauma-histories-and-their-young-children
#19
Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik, Diana M Morelen, Emily A Alfafara, Nicole M Miller, Rachel M Waddell, Melisa M Schuster, Julie Ribaudo
We conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of Mom Power, a multifamily parenting intervention to improve mental health and parenting among high-risk mothers with young children in a community-based randomized controlled trial (CB-RCT) design. Participants (N = 122) were high-risk mothers (e.g., interpersonal trauma histories, mental health problems, poverty) and their young children (age <6 years), randomized either to Mom Power, a parenting intervention (treatment condition), or weekly mailings of parenting information (control condition)...
June 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642693/exposure-to-unsolvable-anagrams-impairs-performance-on-the-iowa-gambling-task
#20
Katrin Starcke, Janet D Agorku, Matthias Brand
Recent research indicates that external manipulations, such as stress or mood induction, can affect decision-making abilities. In the current study, we investigated whether the exposure to an unsolvable task affected subsequent performance on the Iowa Gambling Task. Participants were randomly assigned to a condition in which they were exposed to unsolvable anagrams (n = 20), or a condition in which they worked on solvable anagrams (n = 22). Afterwards, all participants played the Iowa Gambling Task, a prominent task that measures decision making under uncertain conditions with no explicit rules for gains and losses...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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