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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667127/bilateral-olfactory-mucosa-damage-induces-the-disappearance-of-olfactory-glomerulus-and-reduces-the-expression-of-extrasynaptic-%C3%AE-5gaba-a-rs-in-the-hippocampus-in-early-postnatal-sprague-dawley-rats
#1
Xiaomin Zheng, Liang Liang, Changchun Hei, Wenjuan Yang, Tingyuan Zhang, Kai Wu, Yi Qin, Qing Chang
Chloroform-induced olfactory mucosal degeneration has been reported in adult rats following gavage. We used fixed-point chloroform infusions on different postnatal days (PNDs) to investigate the effects of early olfactory bilateral deprivation on the main olfactory bulbs in Sprague Dawley rats. The experimental groups included rats infused with chloroform (5 μl) or saline (sham, 5 μl) on PNDs 3 and 8, and rats not receiving infusions (control) (n = 6 in all groups). Rats receiving chloroform on PND 3 showed significant hypoevolutism when compared to those in other groups (P < 0...
April 17, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666599/chronic-stereotype-threat-is-associated-with-mathematical-achievement-on-representative-sample-of-secondary-schoolgirls-the-role-of-gender-identification-working-memory-and-intellectual-helplessness
#2
Sylwia Bedyńska, Izabela Krejtz, Grzegorz Sedek
Stereotype threat affects performance in many different groups across many different domains. Despite a large body of experimental research on situational stereotype threat, little attention has been paid to the consequences of repeated experience of stereotype threat. Using structural equation modeling on data from a representative sample of girls from secondary schools, the current research examined the relations of chronic stereotype threat with mathematical achievement, and effectiveness of working memory functions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655581/paternal-understanding-of-menstrual-concerns-in-young-women
#3
Jane E Girling, Samuel Cj Hawthorne, Jennifer L Marino, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Sonia R Grover, Yasmin L Jayasinghe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: No studies have specifically considered paternal understanding of menstruation. This study aimed to establish the degree of understanding of fathers of adolescent girls with menstrual symptoms relative to mothers. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Adolescent patients attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic for dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and their parents were invited to complete surveys...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643581/hypervigilance-to-pain-affects-activities-of-daily-living-an-examination-using-the-japanese-version-of-the-pain-vigilance-awareness-questionnaire
#4
Hayato Shigetoh
[Purpose] Hypervigilance to pain is an important aspect of the fear-avoidance model of pain that may be associated with disability more than other psychological factors examined. The aim of the study was to investigate how hypervigilance to pain influences disability compared with other psychological factors examined. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 50 elderly patients with chronic pain (7 men and 43 women, 80.3 ± 7.8 years). To assess the pain level, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#5
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620593/evaluation-of-learned-helplessness-perceived-self-efficacy-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Sebastián Moyano, Marina Scolnik, Facundo Vergara, María Victoria García, Mirtha Rosa Sabelli, Javier Eduardo Rosa, Luis José Catoggio, Enrique Roberto Soriano
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare learned helplessness (LH) and perceived self-efficacy (SE) in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess their correlation with functional disability, level of perceived pain, and fatigue. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study included consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) with RA, according to the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria, and FM, according to 2010 American College of Rheumatology criteria...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609914/an-online-cross-sectional-comparison-of-women-with-symptoms-of-persistent-genital-arousal-painful-persistent-genital-arousal-and-chronic-vulvar-pain
#7
Robyn A Jackowich, Leah Pink, Allan Gordon, Évéline Poirier, Caroline F Pukall
BACKGROUND: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is an understudied condition characterized by unwanted physiologic genital arousal in the absence of subjective sexual arousal. Markos and Dinsmore (Int J STD AIDS 2013;24:852-858) theorized that PGAD shares a number of similarities with vulvodynia (unexplained chronic vulvar pain [CVP]), including symptom characteristics and comorbidities. AIM: To compare medical histories, symptom characteristics, pain characteristics, and daily functioning among women with persistent genital pain (PGA) (n = 42), painful PGA (n = 37), and CVP (n = 42) symptoms...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576213/-childbirth-support-by-children-s-nurses-from-the-mother-and-baby-welfare-protection-service
#8
Madeleine Collombier, Valérie Sieudat
As the stay in maternity hospitals gets shorter, parents often feel helpless upon their return home. It is therefore necessary to identify resource professionals to help them on the continuation of the care pathway. The children's nurses from the mother and infant welfare protection service, a frontline service accessible to everyone, provide their expertise to meet the basic needs of the child and support the parents in the development of their skills.
March 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566063/pain-catastrophizing-neuroticism-fear-of-pain-and-anxiety-defining-the-genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-a-sample-of-female-twins
#9
Andrea Burri, Soshiro Ogata, David Rice, Frances Williams
The objective of the present study was to establish the heritability of pain catastrophizing and its subdomains of helplessness, magnification, and rumination and to further explore the genetic and environmental sources that may contribute to pain catastrophizing as well as to its commonly reported psycho-affective correlates, including neuroticism, anxiety sensitivity, and fear of pain. N = 2,401 female twin individuals from the TwinsUK registry were subject to univariate and multivariate twin analyses. Well validated questionnaires including the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Pain Anxiety Symptom Scale, the Ten Item Personality Index, and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index were used to assess the study variables...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554264/isoflurane-but-not-halothane-prevents-and-reverses-helpless-behavior-a-role-for-eeg-burst-suppression
#10
P Leon Brown, Panos Zanos, Leiming Wang, Greg I Elmer, Todd D Gould, Paul D Shepard
Background: The volatile anesthetic isoflurane may exert a rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effect in patients with medication-resistant depression. The mechanism underlying the putative therapeutic actions of the anesthetic have been attributed to its ability to elicit cortical burst suppression, a distinct EEG pattern with features resembling the characteristic changes that occur following electroconvulsive therapy. It is currently unknown whether the antidepressant actions of isoflurane are shared by anesthetics that do not elicit cortical burst suppression...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552751/health-related-quality-of-life-of-young-women-with-breast-cancer-review-of-the-literature
#11
Aris Yfantis, George Intas, Maria Tolia, Michail Nikolaou, Nikolaos Tsoukalas, Maria Lymperi, George Kyrgias, George Zografos, Michalis Kontos
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present article was to investigate the health related quality of life (QoL) of young women with breast cancer. METHODS: For the purposes of this article, we reviewed the literature via the electronic databases Pubmed, Scopus and Google Scholar. Key words used were breast cancer, young women, health related quality of life, and quality of life. RESULTS: Young women reported fatigue, pain in the breast and hand problems with lymphedema as the most frequent physical effects of treatment...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551174/pain-experiences-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#12
Ozgul Erol, Serap Unsar, Lale Yacan, Meryem Pelin, Seda Kurt, Bülent Erdogan
PURPOSE: Uncontrolled pain, especially in patients with advanced cancer, affects quality of life negatively and causes negative physical and psychological conditions. The aim of this study was to explore the pain experiences of patients with advanced cancer and how they manage with pain, and to present a view of pain management approaches of nurses from the perspectives of the patients. METHODS: This was a qualitative descriptive study of sixteen hospitalized patients with advanced cancer...
April 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547680/factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-and-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-from-puerto-rico-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Grace Guerrero-Ramírez, Eduardo Cumba-Avilés
OBJECTIVE: People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) may experience significant changes in their daily routines due to this condition, which frequently results in depressive symptoms and the deterioration of their quality of life. We examined the factors associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and diabetes-related quality of life (DRQOL) in adolescents (aged 12 to 17) with T1D. METHODS: The sample consisted of 51 youths (29 girls) recruited during a treatment study for depression...
2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539650/-class-climate-academic-well-being-and-self-rated-health-among-school-children-in-germany-findings-of-the-national-educational-panel-study-neps
#14
Katharina Rathmann, Max Herke, Klaus Hurrelmann, Matthias Richter
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between features of class climate and school wellbeing, based on self-rated health and reports of absence from school due to illness among adolescents in secondary schools, by using data from the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). METHODS: Data was obtained from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). The sample includes (n=7,348) seventh grade students in regular schools (Starting Cohort 3, Wave 3, 2012)...
March 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535562/coping-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-stress-mindset-and-psychological-stress-response-a-pilot-study
#15
Satoshi Horiuchi, Akira Tsuda, Shuntaro Aoki, Kenichiro Yoneda, Yusuke Sawaguchi
Background: Coping, the cognitive and behavioral effort required to manage the effects of stressors, is important in determining psychological stress responses (ie, the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive responses to stressors). Coping was classified into categories of emotional expression (eg, negative feelings and thoughts), emotional support seeking (eg, approaching loved ones to request encouragement), cognitive reinterpretation (eg, reframing a problem positively), and problem solving (eg, working to solve the problem)...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529039/technology-attributions-and-emotions-in-post-secondary-education-an-application-of-weiner-s-attribution-theory-to-academic-computing-problems
#16
Rebecca Maymon, Nathan C Hall, Thomas Goetz, Andrew Chiarella, Sonia Rahimi
As technology becomes increasingly integrated with education, research on the relationships between students' computing-related emotions and motivation following technological difficulties is critical to improving learning experiences. Following from Weiner's (2010) attribution theory of achievement motivation, the present research examined relationships between causal attributions and emotions concerning academic computing difficulties in two studies. Study samples consisted of North American university students enrolled in both traditional and online universities (total N = 559) who responded to either hypothetical scenarios or experimental manipulations involving technological challenges experienced in academic settings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514110/shaping-the-use-of-psychotropic-medicines-in-nursing-homes-a-qualitative-study-on-organisational-culture
#17
Mouna Sawan, Yun-Hee Jeon, Timothy F Chen
Psychotropic medicines have limited efficacy in the management of behavioural and psychological disturbances, yet they are commonly used in nursing homes. Organisational culture is an important consideration influencing use of psychotropic medicines. Schein's theory elucidates that organisational culture is underpinned by basic assumptions, which are the taken for granted beliefs driving organisational members' behaviour and practices. By exploring the basic assumptions of culture we are able to find explanations for why psychotropic medicines are prescribed contrary to standards...
February 15, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512881/parent-pain-catastrophizing-predicts-child-depressive-symptoms-in-youth-with-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Alana Goldstein-Leever, Lindsey L Cohen, Carlton Dampier, Soumitri Sil
BACKGROUND: Youth with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for recurrent pain and depressive symptoms, both of which contribute to poorer health outcomes. Furthermore, youth and family coping with child pain, including pain catastrophizing, is known to be associated with poorer psychosocial adjustment and greater functional disability among youth with SCD. In particular, child catastrophizing about pain and parent catastrophizing about their child's pain have been linked to increased pain and depressive symptoms in youth with chronic pain conditions...
March 7, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508112/youth-with-chronic-pain-and-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-pots-treatment-mediators-of-improvement-in-functional-disability
#19
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Julia R Craner, Chelsea M Ale, Cynthia Harbeck-Weber, Philip R Fischer, Karen E Weiss
Intensive pain rehabilitation programs are effective in increasing functioning for youth with chronic pain (CP). However, the utility of such programs for youth with CP and co-morbid postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is rarely examined. In addition, studies examining mediators of treatment for CP are sparse. This paper compares treatment outcomes for youth with CP (n = 117) and youth with CP + POTS (n = 118). Additionally, depression and pain catastrophizing were tested as potential mediators of treatment effects...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506898/breakthrough-pain-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-northwest-china
#20
Qiang Liu, Lu-Lu Gao, Ya-Liang Dai, Yu Wang, Hai-Xia Wang, Xiang-Jiang Luo, Xiao-Min Chai, Guo-Xia Mu, Xiao-Yan Liang, Xi Zhang, Juan Liu, Jian-Qiang Yu, Yu-Xiang Li
Breakthrough pain is an extremely painful symptom that impairs quality of life in cancer patients. It negatively impacts their emotional wellbeing, physical function, and mental health. The aim of this study is to use a qualitative methodology to examine the perception of cancer patients with breakthrough pain in the Northwest of China. A semi-structured, face-to-face interview was conducted with nine cancer patients who experienced breakthrough pain; and a qualitative content analysis was performed. Five themes were generated: (1) sufferings from breakthrough cancer pain, (2) hopelessness and helplessness, (3) perception of breakthrough cancer pain and analgesia, (4) strong as a Chinese, and (5) support needed from health care system...
March 2, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
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