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Mixed specifier

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#1
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915074/evolutionary-stability-for-matrix-games-under-time-constraints
#2
József Garay, Villő Csiszár, Tamás F Móri
Game theory focuses on payoffs and typically ignores time constraints that play an important role in evolutionary processes where the repetition of games can depend on the strategies, too. We introduce a matrix game under time constraints, where each pairwise interaction has two consequences: both players receive a payoff and they cannot play the next game for a specified time duration. Thus our model is defined by two matrices: a payoff matrix and an average time duration matrix. Maynard Smith's concept of evolutionary stability is extended to this class of games...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904177/a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-primary-cutaneous-lymphomas-a-6-year-observational-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center-of-south-india
#3
Anza Khader, Shiny Padinjarayil Manakkad, Mohammed Shaan, Sarita Sasidharan Pillai, Najeeba Riyaz, P Binitha Manikoth, Muhammed Kunnummel, Sunitha Balakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Little data are available concerning clinical and pathological patterns of cutaneous lymphomas in India. AIM: To analyze the clinical and histopathological characteristics of cutaneous lymphomas in Indian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-center, prospective, observational study carried out from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015. The patients underwent clinical examination, human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) screening, skin biopsy with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry staining...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885310/concurrent-generation-of-multivariate-mixed-data-with-variables-of-dissimilar-types
#4
Anup Amatya, Hakan Demirtas
Data sets originating from wide range of research studies are composed of multiple variables that are correlated and of dissimilar types, primarily of count, binary/ordinal and continuous attributes. The present paper builds on the previous works on multivariate data generation and develops a framework for generating multivariate mixed data with a pre-specified correlation matrix. The generated data consist of components that are marginally count, binary, ordinal and continuous, where the count and continuous variables follow the generalized Poisson and normal distributions, respectively...
2016: Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875149/visualization-by-demonstration-an-interaction-paradigm-for-visual-data-exploration
#5
Bahador Saket, Hannah Kim, Eli T Brown, Alex Endert
Although data visualization tools continue to improve, during the data exploration process many of them require users to manually specify visualization techniques, mappings, and parameters. In response, we present the Visualization by Demonstration paradigm, a novel interaction method for visual data exploration. A system which adopts this paradigm allows users to provide visual demonstrations of incremental changes to the visual representation. The system then recommends potential transformations (Visual Representation, Data Mapping, Axes, and View Specification transformations) from the given demonstrations...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871641/longitudinal-course-of-bipolar-disorder-in-youth-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Xenia Borue, Carla Mazefsky, Brian T Rooks, Michael Strober, Martin B Keller, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim S Diler, David A Axelson, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Neal Ryan, Fangzi Liao, Jeffrey I Hunt, Daniel P Dickstein, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first longitudinal characterization of mood and psychosocial functioning in youth with comorbid bipolar (BD) and autism spectrum (ASD) disorders. METHOD: The Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth study followed 368 youth (aged 7-17 years) with DSM-IV bipolar I (BP-I), BP-II, or Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) for, on average, 9 years using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation. This subgroup analysis compared youth with and without ASD on clinical presentation, percentage of time with mood symptomatology, and psychosocial functioning...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870578/utilizing-a-newly-designed-scale-for-evaluating-family-support-and-its-association-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#7
Xiu Zhu, Luyan Liu, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: Although a woman's perception of her family members' support has long been established to be an influential factor on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), it still has not been specified and quantified as a facilitator and guidance for practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate in new mothers the association between EBF and maternal perception of family support with a standardized scale that classified support into nine items of behavioral or psychological support...
November 21, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869049/exclusion-of-overlapping-symptoms-in-dsm-5-mixed-features-specifier-heuristic-diagnostic-and-treatment-implications
#8
Gin S Malhi, Yulisha Byrow, Tim Outhred, Kristina Fritz
This article focuses on the controversial decision to exclude the overlapping symptoms of distractibility, irritability, and psychomotor agitation (DIP) with the introduction of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) mixed features specifier. In order to understand the placement of mixed states within the current classification system, we first review the evolution of mixed states. Then, using Kraepelin's original classification of mixed states, we compare and contrast his conceptualization with modern day definitions...
November 21, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866502/dysphoric-mania-mixed-states-and-mania-with-mixed-features-specifier-are-we-mixing-things-up
#9
Susan L McElroy, Paul E Keck
Various terms have been used to describe mania when it is accompanied by depressive symptoms. In this article, we attempt to define and discuss 3 of these terms: dysphoric mania, mixed state, and mania with mixed features specifier. We conclude that whatever term is used, it is important to be aware that mania is more often unpleasant than pleasant, and that the unpleasantness is not limited to depression.
November 21, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865511/modeling-genetic-and-nongenetic-variation-of-feed-efficiency-and-its-partial-relationships-between-component-traits-as-a-function-of-management-and-environmental-factors
#10
Y Lu, M J Vandehaar, D M Spurlock, K A Weigel, L E Armentano, C R Staples, E E Connor, Z Wang, M Coffey, R F Veerkamp, Y de Haas, R J Tempelman
Feed efficiency (FE), characterized as the fraction of feed nutrients converted into salable milk or meat, is of increasing economic importance in the dairy industry. We conjecture that FE is a complex trait whose variation and relationships or partial efficiencies (PE) involving the conversion of dry matter intake to milk energy and metabolic body weight may be highly heterogeneous across environments or management scenarios. In this study, a hierarchical Bayesian multivariate mixed model was proposed to jointly infer upon such heterogeneity at both genetic and nongenetic levels on PE and variance components (VC)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857833/design-formulation-and-physicochemical-evaluation-of-montelukast-orally-disintegrating-tablet
#11
Abolfazl Aslani, Maryam Beigi
BACKGROUND: Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) are a modern form of tablets that when placed in the oral cavity, disperses rapidly. These tablets have advantages, particularly good applications for children and old patients who have a complication in chewing or swallowing solid dosage forms. The aim of this study was to design, formulate, and evaluate the physicochemical properties of 5 mg montelukast ODTs for the prevention of asthma and seasonal allergies. METHODS: Formulations were prepared with different amounts of super disintegrating agents and effervescent bases as disintegrant agents...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851708/the-relationship-between-nurse-reported-safety-culture-and-the-patient-experience
#12
Kathleen Abrahamson, Zach Hass, Kristopher Morgan, Bradley Fulton, Rangaraj Ramanujam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to better understand the relationship between nurse-reported safety culture and the patient experience in a multistate sample of nurses and patients, matched by hospital unit/service line and timeframe of care delivery. BACKGROUND: Nurses play a key role in the patient experience and patient safety. A strong safety culture may produce positive spillover effects throughout the nurse caregiving experience, resulting in patient perception of a high-quality experience...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831463/what-is-the-role-of-conventional-antidepressants-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-episodes-with-mixed-features-specifier
#13
Gianni L Faedda, Ciro Marangoni
The newly introduced Mixed Features Specifier of Major Depressive Episode and Disorder (MDE/MDD) is especially challenging in terms of pharmacological management. Prior to the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, the symptoms of the mixed features specifier were intradepressive hypomanic symptoms, always and only associated with bipolar disorder (BD). Intradepressive hypomanic symptoms, mostly referred to as depressive mixed states (DMX), have been poorly characterized, and their treatment offers significant challenges...
November 10, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829453/measuring-the-operational-impact-of-digitized-hospital-records-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Philip J Scott, Paul J Curley, Paul B Williams, Ian P Linehan, Steven H Shaha
BACKGROUND: Digitized (scanned) medical records have been seen as a means for hospitals to reduce costs and improve access to records. However, clinical usability of digitized records can potentially have negative effects on productivity. METHODS: Data were collected during follow-up outpatient consultations in two NHS hospitals by non-clinical observers using a work sampling approach in which pre-defined categories of clinician time usage were specified. Quantitative data was analysed using two-way ANOVA models and the Mann-Whitney U test...
November 10, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829379/evidence-based-interventions-in-primary-care-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-systematic-scoping-review
#15
Manavi M Bhagwat, John A Woods, Mithilesh Dronavalli, Sandra J Hamilton, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease has a significant disease burden, but there are many known barriers to management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). General practitioners (GPs) bear considerable responsibility for post-discharge management of ACS in Australia and New Zealand (NZ), but knowledge about the extent and efficacy of such management is limited. This systematic review summarises published evidence from Australia and New Zealand regarding management in primary care after discharge following ACS...
November 9, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815850/experimental-assessment-of-non-edible-candlenut-biodiesel-and-its-blend-characteristics-as-diesel-engine-fuel
#16
H K Imdadul, N W M Zulkifli, H H Masjuki, M A Kalam, M Kamruzzaman, M M Rashed, H K Rashedul, Azham Alwi
Exploring new renewable energy sources as a substitute of petroleum reserves is necessary due to fulfilling the oncoming energy needs for industry and transportation systems. In this quest, a lot of research is going on to expose different kinds of new biodiesel sources. The non-edible oil from candlenut possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. The present study aims to produce biodiesel from crude candlenut oil by using two-step transesterification process, and 10%, 20%, and 30% of biodiesel were mixed with diesel fuel as test blends for engine testing...
November 4, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809909/sex-differences-in-acupuncture-effectiveness-in-animal-models-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
Sook-Hyun Lee, Maurits van den Noort, Peggy Bosch, Sabina Lim
BACKGROUND: Many animal experimental studies have been performed to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture in Parkinson's disease (PD). Sex differences are a major issue in all diseases including PD. However, to our knowledge, there have been no reviews investigating sex differences on the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for animal PD models. The current study aimed to summarize and analyze past studies in order to evaluate these possible differences. METHOD: Each of 7 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, 3 Korean medical databases, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure) was searched from its inception through March 2015 without language restrictions...
November 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801954/the-who-2016-classification-of-testicular-non-germ-cell-tumours-a-review-and-update-from-the-international-society-of-urological-pathology-testis-consultation-panel
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad T Idrees, Thomas M Ulbright, Esther Oliva, Robert H Young, Rodolfo Montironi, Lars Egevad, Daniel Berney, John R Srigley, Jonathan I Epstein, Satish K Tickoo
The World Health Organization (WHO) released a new tumour classification for the genitourinary system in early 2016 after consensus by pathologists with expertise in these organs. It utilized the framework of the 2004 classification and incorporated the most up-to-date information concerning these tumours. In testicular tumours, the majority of the changes occurred in the nomenclature and classification of the germ cell tumours; however, several modifications were also initiated for the non-germ cell tumours...
November 1, 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798404/the-impact-of-the-tree-prior-on-molecular-dating-of-data-sets-containing-a-mixture-of-inter-and-intraspecies-sampling
#19
Andrew M Ritchie, Nathan Lo, Simon Y W Ho
In Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of genetic data, prior probability distributions need to be specified for the model parameters, including the tree. When Bayesian methods are used for molecular dating, available tree priors include those designed for species-level data, such as the pure-birth and birth-death priors, and coalescent-based priors designed for population-level data. However, molecular dating methods are frequently applied to data sets that include multiple individuals across multiple species. Such data sets violate the assumptions of both the speciation and coalescent-based tree priors, making it unclear which should be chosen and whether this choice can affect the estimation of node times...
October 26, 2016: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794254/does-stress-play-a-significant-role-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Claudia Lex, Eva Bäzner, Thomas D Meyer
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that stressful life events (LE) play a crucial role in the etiology of bipolar affective disorder (BD). However, primary studies, as well as narrative reviews, have provided mixed results. The present meta-analysis combined and analyzed previous data in order to address these inconsistencies. METHOD: Forty-two studies published in 53 records were identified by systematically searching MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PSYCHINDEX using the terms "bipolar disorder" OR "manic-depressive" OR "bipolar affective disorder" OR "mania" AND "stress" OR "life event" OR "daily hassles" OR "goal attainment"...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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