keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351715/the-impact-of-migration-background-on-the-health-outcomes-of-preschool-children-linking-a-cross-sectional-survey-to-the-school-entrance-health-examination-database-in-bavaria-germany
#1
Thu Giang Le Thi, Annette Heißenhuber, Thomas Schneider, Rebekka Schulz, Caroline Eva Wella Herr, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Gabriele Hölscher
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the impact of migration background on the health outcomes of preschool children from families of various social status levels. METHODS: During the school entrance health examination (Schuleingangsuntersuchung (SEU)) from October 2012 to August 2013, the parents of 5052 preschool children (62% response rate) participated in a cross-sectional health survey within the framework of health-monitoring units (Gesundheits-Monitoring-Einheiten (GME)) in Bavaria, Germany...
January 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351660/behavior-change-is-not-one-size-fits-all-psychosocial-phenotypes-of-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-participants
#2
Marissa Burgermaster, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Lena Mamykina
Variability in individuals' responses to interventions may contribute to small average treatment effects of childhood obesity prevention interventions. But, neither the causes of this individual variability nor the mechanism by which it influences behavior are clear. We used qualitative methods to characterize variability in students' responses to participating in a childhood obesity prevention intervention and psychosocial characteristics related to the behavior change process. We interviewed 18 students participating in a school-based curriculum and policy behavior change intervention...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351657/characterization-of-the-spatial-and-temporal-distribution-of-nipah-virus-spillover-events-in-bangladesh-2007-2013
#3
Maria C Cortes, Simon Cauchemez, Noemie Lefrancq, Stephen P Luby, M Jahangir Hossain, Hossain M S Sazzad, Mahmudur Rahman, Peter Daszak, Henrik Salje, Emily S Gurley
Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus, harbored by bats and lethal to humans. Bat to human spillovers occur every winter in Bangladesh. However, there is significant heterogeneity in the number of spillovers detected by district and year that remains unexplained. We analyzed data from all 57 spillovers from 2007-2013 and found that temperature differences explained 36% of the year-to-year variation in the total number of spillovers each winter while distance to surveillance hospitals explained 45% of spatial heterogeneity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351639/call-to-action-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-in-africa
#4
Peyton Wilson, Jonathan B Parr, Ravi Jhaveri, Steve R Meshnick
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a significant public health issue that has not been adequately addressed, especially in the high-prevalence region of Africa. Despite the incorporation of HBV vaccines into the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI), children continue to be infected with HBV through maternal-to-child transmission (MTCT). The addition of a birth dose of HBV vaccine would be a cost-effective method to reduce MTCT. Birth-dose HBV vaccine policies have been adopted in the Western Pacific region but have yet to be implemented in the African region...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351629/housing-conditions-and-risk-of-physical-function-limitations-a-prospective-study-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Bibiana Pérez-Hernández, Esther Lopez-García, Auxiliadora Graciani, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther García-Esquinas
Background: Poor housing conditions have been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in old age. Methods: Prospective cohort of 1602 older adults followed from 2012 to 2015. Poor conditions were defined as living in a walk-up building, lacking piped hot water or heating, feeling frequently cold at home, lacking a bathtub/shower, a refrigerator, a washing machine, an own room or a landline. Frailty was assessed with the Fried criteria, lower extremities performance with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and disability in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) with the Lawton and Brody questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351625/physical-activity-weight-and-functional-limitations-in-elderly-spanish-people-the-national-health-survey-2009-2014
#6
Pedro A Latorre-Román, José A Laredo-Aguilera, Felipe García-Pinillos, Víctor M Soto-Hermoso, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze physical activity (PA), functional limitations, weight status, self-perceived health status and disease or chronic health problems in older people aged 65 and over using the European Health Survey in Spain (EHSS) conducted one in 2009 and one in 2014. Methods: This study included 12,546 older people, 6026 [2330 men and 3696 women; age (Mean, SD) =75.61 ± 7.11 years old] in 2009 and 6520 [2624 men and 3896 women; age (Mean, SD) =75...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#7
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351561/preconception-use-of-cart-by-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-increases-the-risk-of-infants-being-born-small-for-gestational-age
#8
Ingrid J M Snijdewind, Colette Smit, Mieke H Godfried, Rachel Bakker, Jeannine F J B Nellen, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Elisabeth van Leeuwen, Peter Reiss, Eric A P Steegers, Marchina E van der Ende
BACKGROUND: The benefits of combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-positive pregnant women (improved maternal health and prevention of mother to child transmission [pMTCT]) currently outweigh the adverse effects due to cART. As the variety of cART increases, however, the question arises as to which type of cART is safest for pregnant women and women of childbearing age. We studied the effect of timing and exposure to different classes of cART on adverse birth outcomes in a large HIV cohort in the Netherlands...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351507/-i-smoke-like-this-to-suppress-these-issues-that-are-flaws-of-my-character-challenges-and-facilitators-of-cessation-among-smokers-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Jaimee L Heffner, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Robert M Anthenelli, Sarah Hohl, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) have low rates of successful quitting, yet no prior studies have evaluated the process of quitting among these smokers in the context of a current quit attempt. To facilitate development of more effective interventions, we conducted a qualitative exploration of challenges and facilitators of quitting in an intervention study for smokers with BD. METHODS: Participants were adult daily smokers with BD (n = 10) who completed a 10-week smoking cessation intervention consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and nicotine patch...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351498/high-power-diode-laser-on-management-of-drug-induced-gingival-overgrowth-report-of-two-cases-and-long-term-follow-up
#10
Luana Campos, Marina Gallottini, Débora Pallos, Alyne Simões, Fabiana Martins
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is attributed mainly to the prolonged use of calcium channel blocking agents, anticonvulsants, and anti-calcineurin inhibitors . The management of DIGO depends on the severity of the disease and includes surgical intervention and plaque control. Compared to conventional surgical treatment, the recent literature data have shown that gingivectomy using a high-power laser (HPL) is a short and easy procedure, which results in minimal postoperative discomfort and greater patient accep- tance...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351487/contribution-of-parasympathetic-muscarinic-augmentation-of-insulin-secretion-to-olanzapine-induced-hyperinsulinemia
#11
Michael R Rickels, Elys M Perez, Amy J Peleckis, Erica Alshehabi, Huong-Lan Nguyen, Darko Stefanovski, Karl Rickels, Karen L Teff
Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been associated with the development of obesity and diabetes. In particular, olanzapine can induce peripheral insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia independent of weight gain or psychiatric disease. To determine if this compensatory increase in insulin is mediated by parasympathetic muscarinic stimulation, we randomized fifteen healthy subjects 2:1 to receive double-blind olanzapine or placebo for 9 days under diet and activity controlled inpatient conditions...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351469/inhibition-of-mtor-protects-the-blood-brain-barrier-in-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#12
Candice E Van Skike, Jordan B Jahrling, Angela B Olson, Naomi L Sayre, Stacy A Hussong, Zoltan I Ungvari, James D Lechleiter, Veronica Galvan
An intact blood-brain barrier (BBB) limits entry of pro-inflammatory and neurotoxic blood-derived factors into the brain parenchyma. The BBB is damaged in Alzheimer's disease (AD), which contributes significantly to the progression of AD pathologies and cognitive decline. However, the mechanisms underlying BBB breakdown in AD remain elusive and no interventions are available for treatment or prevention. We and others recently established that inhibition of the mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway with rapamycin yields significant neuroprotective effects, improving cerebrovascular and cognitive function in mouse models of AD...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351463/intermediary-metabolism-and-fatty-acid-oxidation-novel-targets-of-electron-transport-chain-driven-injury-during-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#13
Qun Chen, Masood S Younus, Jeremy Thompson, Ying Hu, John M Hollander, Edward J Lesnefsky
BACKGROUND: Cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR) damages the electron transport chain (ETC) causing mitochondrial and cardiomyocyte injury. Reversible blockade of the ETC at complex I during ischemia protects the ETC and decreases cardiac injury. In the present study, we used an unbiased proteomic approach to analyze the extent of ETC-driven mitochondrial injury during IR. METHODS: Isolated-perfused mouse (C57BL/6) hearts underwent 25 min global ischemia (37{degree sign}C) and 30 min reperfusion...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351455/thrombosis-systemic-and-cardiac-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-induced-by-pulmonary-exposure-to-diesel-exhaust-particles-and-the-effect-of-nootkatone-thereon
#14
Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Sumaya Beegam, Priya Yuvaraju, Badreldin H Ali
Adverse cardiovascular effects of particulate air pollution persist even at lower concentrations than those of the current air quality limit. Therefore, identification of safe and effective measures against particles-induced cardiovascular toxicity is needed. Nootkatone is a sesquiterpenoid in grapefruit with diverse bioactivities including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. However, its protective effect on the cardiovascular injury induced by diesel exhaust particles (DEP) has not been studied before...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351453/superoxide-inhibition-restores-endothelium-dependent-dilatation-in-aging-arteries-by-enhancing-impaired-adherens-junctions
#15
Fumin Chang, Sheila Flavahan, Nicholas A Flavahan
Endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide (NO)-mediated dilatation is impaired in aging arteries. The dysfunction reflects increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is reversed by inhibiting superoxide with superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimics, and is assumed to reflect superoxide-mediated inactivation of NO. However, the dysfunction also reflects Src-dependent degradation and loss of VE-cadherin from adherens junctions, resulting in a selective impairment in the ability of the junctions to amplify endothelial dilatation...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351446/mechanisms-and-consequences-of-oxidative-stress-in-lung-disease-therapeutic-implications-for-an-aging-populace
#16
Louise Hecker
The rapid expansion of the elderly population has led to the recent epidemic of age-related diseases, including increased incidence and mortality of chronic and acute lung diseases. Numerous studies have implicated aging and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of various pulmonary diseases; however, despite recent advances in these fields, the specific contributions of aging and oxidative stress remain elusive. This review will discuss the consequences of aging on lung morphology and physiology, and how redox imbalance with aging contributes to lung disease susceptibility...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351437/metabolic-reprogramming-in-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-lung-diseases-including-bpd-copd-and-pulmonary-fibrosis
#17
Haifeng Zhao, Phyllis A Dennery, Hongwei Yao
The metabolism of nutrient substrates including glucose, glutamine and fatty acids provides acetyl-CoA for the tricarboxylic acid cycle to generate energy, and metabolites for the biosynthesis of biomolecules including nucleotides, proteins, and lipids. It has been shown that metabolism of glucose, fatty acid, and glutamine plays important roles in modulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, autophagy, senescence, and inflammatory responses. All these cellular processes contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic lung diseases, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pulmonary fibrosis...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351435/effects-of-cigarette-smoke-on-pulmonary-endothelial-cells
#18
Qing Lu, Eric Gottlieb, Sharon Rounds
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the US. Cardiovascular co-morbidities associated with both active and secondhand cigarette smoking indicate the vascular toxicity of smoke exposure. Growing evidence supports the injurious effect of cigarette smoke on pulmonary endothelial cells and the roles of endothelial cell injury in development of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), emphysema, and pulmonary hypertension. This review summarizes results from studies of humans, preclinical animal models, and cultured endothelial cells that document toxicities of cigarette smoke exposure on pulmonary endothelial cell functions, including barrier dysfunction, endothelial activation and inflammation, apoptosis, and vasoactive mediator production...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351406/interleukin-6-promotes-a-sustained-loss-of-endothelial-barrier-function-via-janus-kinase-mediated-stat3-phosphorylation-and-de-novo-protein-synthesis
#19
Hiba Alsaffar, Nina Martino, Joshua P Garrett, Alejandro P Adam
Vascular leakage is a hallmark of the inflammatory response. Acute changes in endothelial permeability are due to post-translational changes in intercellular adhesion and cytoskeleton proteins. However, little is known about the mechanisms leading to long-term changes in vascular permeability. Here, we show that Interleukin-6 (IL-6) promotes an increase in endothelial monolayer permeability that lasts over 24 h and demonstrate that activation of Src and MEK/Erk pathways are required only for short-term increases in permeability, being dispensable after 2 h...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351391/the-bile-acids-deoxycholic-acid-and-ursodeoxycholic-acid-regulate-colonic-epithelial-wound-healing
#20
Magdalena S Mroz, Natalia K Lajczak, Bridie J Goggins, Simon Keely, Stephen Joseph Keely
The intestinal epithelium constitutes an innate barrier which, upon injury, undergoes self-repair processes known as restitution. Although, bile acids are known as important regulators of epithelial function in health and disease, their effects on wound healing processes are not yet clear. Here we set out to investigate the effects of the colonic bile acids, deoxycholic acid (DCA) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on epithelial restitution. Wound healing in T84 cell monolayers grown on transparent, permeable, supports was assessed over 48 hrs {plus minus} bile acids...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
keyword
keyword
104245
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"