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Contemporary Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057351/versatility-of-sub-occipital-approach-for-foramen-magnum-meningiomas-a-single-centre-experience
#1
Antonio Bocchetti, Valentina Cioffi, Cristian Gragnaniello, Raffaele de Falco
BACKGROUND: Foramen magnum meningiomas (FMM) represent a challenge for neurosurgeons. Multiple surgical strategies have been reported to treat these lesions in their variable location. Contemporary technical innovations allow the utilization of common sub-occipital craniotomy to treat ventrally, ventro-laterally and dorsally located FMMs. We present our technique and experience. METHODS: From November 2004 to November 2015, we treated 14 patients with FMM at the Department of Neurosurgery of the Santa Maria delle Grazie Hospital in Pozzuoli, Naples, Italy...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018554/psychiatric-neurosurgery-in-the-21st-century-overview-and-the-growth-of-deep-brain-stimulation
#2
REVIEW
Kenneth Barrett
Ambulatory deep brain stimulation (DBS) became possible in the late 1980s and was initially used to treat people with movement disorders. Trials of DBS in people with treatment-resistant psychiatric disorder began in the late 1990s, initially focusing on obsessive-compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder and Tourette syndrome. Despite methodological issues, including small participant numbers and lack of consensus over brain targets, DBS is now being trialled in a wide range of psychiatric conditions...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970769/pattern-of-referrals-of-head-injury-to-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#3
A O Adeleye
BACKGROUND: Although there are now many neurosurgical units in Nigeria, cases of head injury (HI) continue to present in the University College Hospital, UCH, Ibadan, from hospitals all over the country. OBJECTIVE: This report aims to highlight the contemporary patterns of referrals of cases of head injury for neurosurgery in Ibadan. METHOD: The study emanated from an analysis of registry of cases of head injury managed in our practice covering a 7-year period at the UCH Ibadan...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943419/severe-cerebral-complications-secondary-to-perforation-injury-of-the-anterior-skull-base-during-sinonasal-surgery-an-underappreciated-problem
#4
Shadi Al-Afif, Elvis J Hermann, Gökce Hatipoglu Majernik, Makoto Nakamura, Peter Raab, Thomas Lenarz, Joachim K Krauss
OBJECTIVE: Functional endonasal sinus surgery (FESS) is widely practiced and is considered a generally safe procedure. Skull base injuries occur in <1% of procedures and are typically associated with cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Rarely, skull base injuries might result in cerebral lesions. Here we present a series of 4 patients with iatrogenic perforating injuries of the anterior skull base and cerebral lesions after routine FESS. METHODS: Four patients with iatrogenic perforating cerebral lesions after routine FESS, performed at other institutions, were referred to a tertiary neurosurgery department...
December 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661949/an-overview-of-stroke-infrastructure-network-and-nursing-services-in-contemporary-greece
#5
Dimitrios Theofanidis, Antigoni Fountouki
This article describes the provision of stroke services in Greece and addresses the possible effects of the hospital rotation system. Unique to Greece is a centrally administered rotation system for hospital 24-hour on-call systems in the major cities. This means that a hospital may admit new patients only during specific 24-hour periods every 3 to 5 days. All Greek city hospitals must conform to this rotation basis for emergency and scheduled admissions. Patients with stroke arrive to designated rotation on-call hospital via ambulance or taxi or by private means and are first seen in the accident and emergency department where they are given priority attention accordingly and allocated to a neurology ward, medical ward, or stroke bay if the hospital has one...
August 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488627/neurosurgery-at-the-bombay-hospital
#6
Chandrashekhar E Deopujari
Neurosurgery at Bombay Hospital started in 1953 when Dr. Ram Ginde joined as the Honorary Neurosurgeon. Over the years, the Department of Neurosurgery has earned the reputation of providing contemporary medical services as well as of imparting excellent training to the neurosurgical residents. Professor S. N. Bhagwati started the prestigious annual 'Ginde oration' in 1991, that has been given by several illustrious orators from across the world and has become a precursor of various medical activities held thereafter...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290395/indian-society-of-neuro-oncology-consensus-guidelines-for-the-contemporary-management-of-medulloblastoma
#7
Tejpal Gupta, Chitra Sarkar, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Sandip Chatterjee, Neelam Shirsat, Dattatreya Muzumdar, Sona Pungavkar, Girish Chinnaswamy, Rakesh Jalali
INTRODUCTION: The high success rate in the management medulloblastoma achieved in the western world is not exactly mirrored in developing countries including India. Socio-demographic differences, health-care disparity, and lack in uniformity of care with resultant widespread variations in the clinical practice are some of the reasons that may partly explain this difference in outcomes. Patients with medulloblastoma require a multi-disciplinary team approach involving but not limited to neuro-radiology, neurosurgery; neuropathology, molecular biology, radiation oncology, pediatric medical oncology and rehabilitative services for optimizing outcomes...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194399/the-role-of-permissive-and-induced-hypotension-in-current-neuroanesthesia-practice
#8
Suren Soghomonyan, Nicoleta Stoicea, Gurneet S Sandhu, Jeffrey J Pasternak, Sergio D Bergese
BACKGROUND: Induced hypotension (IH) had been used for decades in neurosurgery to reduce the risk for intraoperative blood loss and decrease blood replacement. More recently, this method fell out of favor because of concerns for cerebral and other end-organ ischemia and worse treatment outcomes. Other contributing factors to the decline in its popularity include improvements in microsurgical technique, widespread use of endovascular procedures, and advances in blood conservation and transfusion protocols...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185969/joseph-buford-pennybacker-c-b-e-m-d-f-r-c-s-1907-1983-continuing-sir-hugh-cairns-oxford-legacy-and-pioneer-of-the-modern-management-of-cerebral-abscesses
#9
Ravindran Visagan, Harold Ellis
The authors examine the life and contribution of Joseph Buford Pennybacker to British neurosurgery and the modern management of cerebral abscesses. Pennybacker's inspirational journey began with him aspiring to follow in the footsteps of the pioneering surgeon, Ephraim McDowell. It saw him cross the Atlantic, learn medicine at Edinburgh, train in neurology at Queen Square in London, and study neurosurgery under Sir Hugh Cairns in Oxford. Pennybacker navigated a successful career through World War II and together with Cairns established the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford as a highly esteemed neurosurgical unit...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853958/beyond-breast-specific-graded-prognostic-assessment-in-patients-with-brain-metastases-from-breast-cancer-treatment-impact-on-outcome
#10
Gaia Griguolo, Maria Vittoria Dieci, Tommaso Giarratano, Carlo Alberto Giorgi, Enrico Orvieto, Cristina Ghiotto, Franco Berti, Alessandro Della Puppa, Cristina Falci, Eleonora Mioranza, Giulia Tasca, Nicola Milite, Federica Miglietta, Renato Scienza, Pierfranco Conte, Valentina Guarneri
Brain metastases are a serious relatively common complication of breast cancer. We evaluated prognostic factors for survival after diagnosis of brain metastases from breast cancer in a contemporary cohort of patients. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer brain metastases at our institution between 1999 and March 2016 were evaluated. Overall survival was defined as time from brain metastasis diagnosis to death or last follow-up. Patients were classified according to the Breast cancer-specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (BS-GPA), based on age, Karnofsky performance score and breast cancer phenotype...
January 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759681/beyond-the-cyst-the-many-contributions-of-isadore-tarlov-1905-1977-to-contemporary-neurosurgical-practice
#11
Anand Kaul, Sunil Manjila, Jonathan P Miller
: Isadore Max Tarlov (1905-1977) is primarily remembered for his 1938 description of the eponymous perineural "Tarlov cyst." However, during his long career as a neurosurgeon and researcher, he was responsible for many other observations and inventions that influenced the development of neurosurgery in the 20th century. While studying at Johns Hopkins Medical School he was acquainted with Walter Dandy, and he became the first resident to study under Wilder Penfield at the newly formed Montreal Neurological Institute...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659831/clinical-considerations-and-surgical-approaches-for-low-grade-gliomas-in-deep-hemispheric-locations-thalamic-lesions
#12
Tai-Tong Wong, Hsin-Hung Chen, Muh-Lii Liang, Kevin Li-Chun Hsieh, Yi-Shan Yang, Donald Ming-Tak Ho, Kai-Ping Chang, Yi-Yen Lee, Shih-Chieh Lin, Ting-Rong Hsu, Yi-Wei Chen, Sang-Hue Yen, Feng-Chi Chang, Wan-You Guo, Kuo-Wei Chen, Wei-Kang Kwang, Wu-Yu Hou, Chung-Yih Wang
BACKGROUND: Tumors with epicenter in the thalamus occur in about 4 % of pediatric brain tumors. The histological diagnosis is mainly gliomas. Among them, low-grade glioma (LGG) constituted of a significant entity of the tumors (Cuccia et al., Childs Nerv Syst 13:514-521, 1997; Puget et al., J Neurosurg 106:354-362, 2007; Bernstein et al., J Neurosurg 61:649-656, 1984; Bilginer et al., Childs Nerv Syst 30:1493-1498, 2014). Since Kelly's report in 1989, >90 % resection of thalamic tumors were achieved in reported series (Ozek and Ture, Childs Nerv Syst 18:450-6, 2002; Villarejo et al...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534760/-georg-schl%C3%A3-ndorff-the-father-of-computer-assisted-surgery
#13
R Mösges
Georg Schlöndorff (1931-2011) developed the idea of computer-assisted surgery (CAS) during his time as professor and chairman of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at the Medical Faculty of the University of Aachen, Germany. In close cooperation with engineers and physicists, he succeeded in translating this concept into a functional prototype that was applied in live surgery in the operating theatre. The first intervention performed with this image-guided navigation system was a skull base surgical procedure 1987...
September 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521193/chronic-pain-in-neurosurgery
#14
REVIEW
Samuel Grodofsky
This review includes a summary of contemporary theories of pain processing and advocates a multimodal analgesia approach for providing perioperative care. A summary of various medication classes and anesthetic techniques is provided that highlights evidence emerging from neurosurgical literature. This summary covers opioid management, acetaminophen, nonsteroidal antiinflammatories, ketamine, lidocaine, dexmedetomidine, corticosteroids, gabapentin, and regional anesthesia for neurosurgery. At present, there is not enough investigation into these areas to describe best practices for treating or preventing chronic pain in neurosurgery; but providers can identify a wider range of options available to personalize perioperative care strategies...
September 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494821/contemporary-analysis-of-the-intraoperative-and-perioperative-complications-of-neurosurgical-procedures-performed-in-the-sitting-position
#15
Benjamin T Himes, Grant W Mallory, Arnoley S Abcejo, Jeffrey Pasternak, John L D Atkinson, Fredric B Meyer, W Richard Marsh, Michael J Link, Michelle J Clarke, William Perkins, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVE Historically, performing neurosurgery with the patient in the sitting position offered advantages such as improved visualization and gravity-assisted retraction. However, this position fell out of favor at many centers due to the perceived risk of venous air embolism (VAE) and other position-related complications. Some neurosurgical centers continue to perform sitting-position cases in select patients, often using modern monitoring techniques that may improve procedural safety. Therefore, this paper reports the risks associated with neurosurgical procedures performed in the sitting position in a modern series...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465417/five-year-institutional-bibliometric-profiles-for-119-north-american-neurosurgical-residency-programs-an-update
#16
Ryan P Lee, Garrett T Venable, Mallory L Roberts, Kara A Parikh, Douglas R Taylor, Nickalus R Khan, L Madison Michael, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: We recently performed a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of 103 U.S. neurosurgical departments and found the ih(5)-index as meaningful and reproducible using public data. The present report expands this analysis by adding 14 Canadian and 2 additional U.S. programs. METHODS: Departments were included if listed in the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Residency Directory. Each institution was considered a single entity, and original research articles with authors who were neurosurgeon faculty were counted only once per institution, although a single article may have been credited toward multiple institutions, if applicable...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445706/the-co-evolution-of-neuroimaging-and-psychiatric-neurosurgery
#17
REVIEW
Timothy G Dyster, Charles B Mikell, Sameer A Sheth
The role of neuroimaging in psychiatric neurosurgery has evolved significantly throughout the field's history. Psychiatric neurosurgery initially developed without the benefit of information provided by modern imaging modalities, and thus lesion targets were selected based on contemporary theories of frontal lobe dysfunction in psychiatric disease. However, by the end of the 20th century, the availability of structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allowed for the development of mechanistic theories attempting to explain the anatamofunctional basis of these disorders, as well as the efficacy of stereotactic neuromodulatory treatments...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341609/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-and-level-of-evidence-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#18
Daniel Hansen, Aditya Vedantam, Valentina Briceño, Sandi K Lam, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The emphasis on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes is increasing, along with an emphasis on evidence-based medicine. However, there is a notable paucity of validated HRQOL instruments for the pediatric population. Furthermore, no standardization or consensus currently exists concerning which HRQOL outcome measures ought to be used in pediatric neurosurgery. The authors wished to identify HRQOL outcomes used in pediatric neurosurgery research over the past 10 years, their frequency, and usage trends...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273318/history-of-endonasal-skull-base-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Amy J Wang, Hasan A Zaidi, Edward D Laws
While the endonasal approach to the skull base continues to advance, this paper invokes its long history. The centuries of medieval neuroanatomy and early neurosurgery enabled the conception of the first transfacial approaches in the late 1800s; Henry Schloffer performed the first transsphenoidal surgery in 1907. Although the procedure was initially met with much interest, Harvey Cushing eventually led the field of neurosurgery to abandon the transsphenoidal approach in the 1920s. The following three generations of neurosurgeons contained several key figures including Norman Dott, Gerard Guiot, and Jules Hardy who were steadfast in preserving the technique as well as in addressing its shortcomings...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035838/german-emergency-care-in-neurosurgery-and-military-neurology-during-world-war-ii-1939-1945
#20
Frank W Stahnisch
A critical analysis of the historical involvement of neurology and neurosurgery in military emergency care services enables us to better contextualize and appreciate the development of modern neurology at large. Wartime neurosurgery and civil brain science during the German Nazi period tightly coalesced in examining the specific injury types, which military neurosurgeons such as Wilhelm Toennis, Klaus Joachim Zuelch, and Georg Merrem encountered and treated based on their neurophysiological understanding gained from earlier peacetime research...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
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