keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cMyC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545044/differentiation-of-spontaneously-contracting-cardiomyocytes-from-non-virally-reprogrammed-human-amniotic-fluid-stem-cells
#1
Aaron J Velasquez-Mao, Christopher J M Tsao, Madeline N Monroe, Xavier Legras, Beatrice Bissig-Choisat, Karl-Dimiter Bissig, Rodrigo Ruano, Jeffrey G Jacot
Congenital heart defects are the most common birth defect. The limiting factor in tissue engineering repair strategies is an autologous source of functional cardiomyocytes. Amniotic fluid contains an ideal cell source for prenatal harvest and use in correction of congenital heart defects. This study aims to investigate the potential of amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSC) to undergo non-viral reprogramming into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) followed by growth-factor-free differentiation into functional cardiomyocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503428/soluble-expression-of-recomb-inant-cmyc-klf4-oct4-and-sox2-proteins-in-bacteria-and-transduction-into-living-cells
#2
Guo-Dan Liu, Shi-Feng Zhou, Xu-Chen Ding, Chun-Lai Fang, Shu-Yong Mi, Xiang-Chun Gao, Qing Han
AIM: To develop a new method to produce recombinant reprogramming proteins, cMyc, Klf4, Oct4, and Sox2, in soluble format with low cost for the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). METHODS: A short polypeptide sequence derived from the HIV trans-activator of transcription protein (TAT) and the nucleus localization signal (NLS) polypeptide were fused to the N terminus of the reprogramming proteins and they were constructed into pCold-SUMO vector which can extremely improve the solubility of recombinant proteins...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492301/high-affinity-rgd-knottin-peptide-as-a-new-tool-for-rapid-evaluation-of-the-binding-strength-of-unlabeled-rgd-peptides-to-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-5-and-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-integrin-receptors
#3
Dominik Bernhagen, Laura De Laporte, Peter Timmerman
We describe a highly sensitive competition ELISA to measure integrin-binding of RGD-peptides in high-throughput without using cells, ECM-proteins or antibodies. The assay measures (non-labeled) RGD-peptides' ability to inhibit binding of a biotinylated 'knottin'-RGD peptide to surface-immobilized integrins, and thus enables quantification of the binding strength of high-, medium- and low-affinity RGD-binders. We introduced the biotinylated knottin-RGD peptide instead of biotinylated cyclo[RGDfK] (as reported by Piras et al...
May 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487787/ebv-negative-monomorphic-b-cell-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-with-marked-morphologic-pleomorphism-and-pathogenic-mutations-in-asxl1-bcor-cdkn2a-nf1-and-tp53
#4
Agata M Bogusz
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a diverse group of lymphoid or plasmacytic proliferations frequently driven by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV-negative PTLDs appear to represent a distinct entity. This report describes an unusual case of a 33-year-old woman that developed a monomorphic EBV-negative PTLD consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) 13 years after heart-lung transplant. Histological examination revealed marked pleomorphism of the malignant cells including nodular areas reminiscent of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) with abundant large, bizarre Hodgkin-like cells...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377413/quantifying-the-release-of-biomarkers-of-myocardial-necrosis-from-cardiac-myocytes-and-intact-myocardium
#5
Jack Marjot, Thomas E Kaier, Eva D Martin, Shiney S Reji, O'Neal Copeland, Mohammed Iqbal, Bob Goodson, Sarah Hamren, Sian E Harding, Michael S Marber
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is diagnosed when biomarkers of cardiac necrosis exceed the 99th centile, although guidelines advocate even lower concentrations for early rule-out. We examined how many myocytes and how much myocardium these concentrations represent. We also examined if dietary troponin can confound the rule-out algorithm. METHODS: Individual rat cardiac myocytes, rat myocardium, ovine myocardium, or human myocardium were spiked into 400-μL aliquots of human serum...
May 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352086/enhanced-generation-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-by-ectopic-expression-of-connexin-45
#6
Qiong Ke, Li Li, Xin Yao, Xingqiang Lai, Bing Cai, Hong Chen, Rui Chen, Zhichen Zhai, Lihua Huang, Kai Li, Anbin Hu, Frank Fuxiang Mao, Andy Peng Xiang, Liang Tao, Weiqiang Li
Somatic cells can be successfully reprogrammed into pluripotent stem cells by the ectopic expression of defined transcriptional factors. However, improved efficiency and better understanding the molecular mechanism underlying reprogramming are still required. In the present study, a scrape loading/dye transfer assay showed that human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) contained functional gap junctions partially contributed by Connexin 45 (CX45). We then found CX45 was expressed in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human dermal fibroblasts (hDFs) derived hiPSCs...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345785/nanog-overexpression-and-its-correlation-with-stem-cell-and-differentiation-markers-in-meningiomas-of-different-who-grades
#7
Diana Freitag, Aaron Lawson McLean, Michèle Simon, Arend Koch, Susanne Grube, Jan Walter, Rolf Kalff, Christian Ewald
NANOG, as a key regulator of pluripotency and acting synergistically with other factors, has been described as a crucial transcription factor in various types of cancer. In meningiomas the expression of this marker has not yet been described. With our study, we aimed to identify and localize NANOG and other possible markers of pluripotency, stem cell properties and differentiation in meningioma tissue, to elucidate a possible effect on tumorigenesis. The gene expression levels of NANOG (NANOG1 and NANOGP8), SOX2, OCT4, KLF4, ABCG2, CMYC, MSI1, CD44, NOTCH1, NES, SALL4B, TP53, and EPAS1 were quantitatively examined using RT-qPCR in 33 surgical specimens of low- (WHO grade I) as well as in high-grade (WHO grade II/III) meningiomas with dural tissue as reference...
March 27, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329683/inactivation-of-ezh2-upregulates-gfi1-and-drives-aggressive-myc-driven-group-3-medulloblastoma
#8
BaoHan T Vo, Chunliang Li, Marc A Morgan, Ilan Theurillat, David Finkelstein, Shaela Wright, Judith Hyle, Stephanie M C Smith, Yiping Fan, Yong-Dong Wang, Gang Wu, Brent A Orr, Paul A Northcott, Ali Shilatifard, Charles J Sherr, Martine F Roussel
The most aggressive of four medulloblastoma (MB) subgroups are cMyc-driven group 3 (G3) tumors, some of which overexpress EZH2, the histone H3K27 mono-, di-, and trimethylase of polycomb-repressive complex 2. Ezh2 has a context-dependent role in different cancers as an oncogene or tumor suppressor and retards tumor progression in a mouse model of G3 MB. Engineered deletions of Ezh2 in G3 MBs by gene editing nucleases accelerated tumorigenesis, whereas Ezh2 re-expression reversed attendant histone modifications and slowed tumor progression...
March 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276156/retinoic-acid-inducible-gene-1-protein-rig1-like-receptor-pathway-is-required-for-efficient-nuclear-reprogramming
#9
Nazish Sayed, Frank Ospino, Farhan Himmati, Jieun Lee, Palas Chanda, Edward S Mocarski, John P Cooke
We have revealed a critical role for innate immune signaling in nuclear reprogramming to pluripotency, and in the nuclear reprogramming required for somatic cell transdifferentiation. Activation of innate immune signaling causes global changes in the expression and activity of epigenetic modifiers to promote epigenetic plasticity. In our previous articles, we focused on the role of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) in this signaling pathway. Here, we define the role of another innate immunity pathway known to participate in response to viral RNA, the retinoic acid-inducible gene 1 receptor (RIG-1)-like receptor (RLR) pathway...
May 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275049/bardoxolone-methyl-and-a-related-triterpenoid-downregulate-cmyc-expression-in-leukemia-cells
#10
Un-Ho Jin, Yating Cheng, Beiyan Zhou, Stephen Safe
Structurally related pentacyclic triterpenoids methyl 2-cyano-3,12-dioxoolean-1,9-dien-28-oate [bardoxolone-methyl (Bar-Me)] and methyl 2-trifluoromethyl-3,11-dioxoolean-1,12-dien-30-oate (CF3DODA-Me) contain 2-cyano-1-en-3-one and 2-trifluoromethyl-1-en-3-one moieties, respectively, in their A-rings and differ in the position of their en-one structures in ring C. Only Bar-Me forms a Michael addition adduct with glutathione (GSH) and inhibits IKKβ phosphorylation. These differences may be due to steric hindrance by the 11-keto group in CF3DODA-Me, which prevents Michael addition by the conjugated en-one in the A-ring...
May 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157711/the-repurposed-anthelmintic-mebendazole-in-combination-with-trametinib-suppresses-refractory-nrasq61k-melanoma
#11
Cynthia M Simbulan-Rosenthal, Sivanesan Dakshanamurthy, Anirudh Gaur, You-Shin Chen, Hong-Bin Fang, Maryam Abdussamad, Hengbo Zhou, John Zapas, Valerie Calvert, Emanuel F Petricoin, Michael B Atkins, Stephen W Byers, Dean S Rosenthal
Structure-based drug repositioning in addition to random chemical screening is now a viable route to rapid drug development. Proteochemometric computational methods coupled with kinase assays showed that mebendazole (MBZ) binds and inhibits kinases important in cancer, especially both BRAFWT and BRAFV600E. We find that MBZ synergizes with the MEK inhibitor trametinib to inhibit growth of BRAFWT-NRASQ61K melanoma cells in culture and in xenografts, and markedly decreased MEK and ERK phosphorylation. Reverse Phase Protein Array (RPPA) and immunoblot analyses show that both trametinib and MBZ inhibit the MAPK pathway, and cluster analysis revealed a protein cluster showing strong MBZ+trametinib - inhibited phosphorylation of MEK and ERK within 10 minutes, and its direct and indirect downstream targets related to stress response and translation, including ElK1 and RSKs within 30 minutes...
February 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150056/myc-inhibits-jnk-mediated-cell-death-in-vivo
#12
Jiuhong Huang, Yu Feng, Xinhong Chen, Wenzhe Li, Lei Xue
The proto-oncogene Myc is well known for its roles in promoting cell growth, proliferation and apoptosis. However, in this study, we found from a genetic screen that Myc inhibits, rather than promotes, cell death triggered by c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling in Drosophila. Firstly, expression of Drosophila Myc (dMyc) suppresses, whereas loss of dMyc enhances, ectopically activated JNK signaling-induced cell death. Secondly, dMyc impedes physiologically activated JNK pathway-mediated cell death. Thirdly, loss of dMyc triggers JNK pathway activation and JNK-dependent cell death...
April 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111071/cooperative-binding-of-transcription-factors-orchestrates-reprogramming
#13
Constantinos Chronis, Petko Fiziev, Bernadett Papp, Stefan Butz, Giancarlo Bonora, Shan Sabri, Jason Ernst, Kathrin Plath
Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and cMyc (OSKM) reprogram somatic cells to pluripotency. To gain a mechanistic understanding of their function, we mapped OSKM-binding, stage-specific transcription factors (TFs), and chromatin states in discrete reprogramming stages and performed loss- and gain-of-function experiments. We found that OSK predominantly bind active somatic enhancers early in reprogramming and immediately initiate their inactivation genome-wide by inducing the redistribution of somatic TFs away from somatic enhancers to sites elsewhere engaged by OSK, recruiting Hdac1, and repressing the somatic TF Fra1...
January 26, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095325/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-activation-inhibits-liver-growth-through-mir-122-mediated-downregulation-of-cmyc
#14
Andrei A Yarushkin, Yuliya A Kazantseva, Vyacheslav S Kobelev, Yuliya A Pustylnyak, Vladimir O Pustylnyak
Although NR1C3 agonists inhibit cell growth, the molecular mechanism of their action has not been thoroughly characterized to date. A recent study demonstrated that NR1C3 can regulate miR-122 by binding to its promoter. Given that miR-122 can indirectly regulate cMyc-mediated promitogenic signaling by targeting E2f1, we hypothesized that NR1C3 activation inhibits hepatocyte proliferation through miR-122-mediated cMyc downregulation. In the present study, we examined if liver hyperplasia induced by a strong chemical mitogen for the liver, 1,4-bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)]benzene (TCPOBOP), which is an agonist of NR1I3, can be repressed by NR1C3 activation through miR-122 upregulation...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092744/quercetin-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-primary-effusion-lymphoma-cells-by-inhibiting-pi3k-akt-mtor-and-stat3-signaling-pathways
#15
Marisa Granato, Celeste Rizzello, Maria Saveria Gilardini Montani, Laura Cuomo, Marina Vitillo, Roberta Santarelli, Roberta Gonnella, Gabriella D'Orazi, Alberto Faggioni, Mara Cirone
Quercetin, a bioflavonoid contained in several vegetables daily consumed, has been studied for long time for its antiinflammatory and anticancer properties. Quercetin interacts with multiple cancer-related pathways such as PI3K/AKT, Wnt/β-catenin and STAT3. These pathways are hyperactivated in primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), an aggressive B cell lymphoma whose pathogenesis is strictly linked to the oncogenic virus Kaposis' Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus (KSHV). In this study, we found that quercetin inhibited PI3K/AKT/mTOR and STAT3 pathways in PEL cells, and as a consequence, it down-regulated the expression of the prosurvival cellular proteins such as c-FLIP, cyclin D1 and cMyc...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077463/novel-method-for-detection-of-glycogen-in-cells
#16
Alexander V Skurat, Dyann M Segvich, Anna A DePaoli-Roach, Peter J Roach
Glycogen, a branched polymer of glucose, functions as an energy reserve in many living organisms. Abnormalities in glycogen metabolism, usually excessive accumulation, can be caused genetically, most often through mutation of the enzymes directly involved in synthesis and degradation of the polymer leading to a variety of glycogen storage diseases (GSDs). Microscopic visualization of glycogen deposits in cells and tissues is important for the study of normal glycogen metabolism as well as diagnosis of GSDs...
May 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068320/myc-suppresses-tumor-invasion-and-cell-migration-by-inhibiting-jnk-signaling
#17
X Ma, J Huang, Y Tian, Y Chen, Y Yang, X Zhang, F Zhang, L Xue
Tumor metastasis, but not primary overgrowth, is the leading cause of mortality for cancer patients. During the past decade, Drosophila melanogaster has been well-accepted as an excellent model to address the intrinsic mechanism of different aspects of cancer progression, ranging from tumor initiation to metastasis. In a genetic screen performed in Drosophila, aiming to find novel modulators of tumor invasion, we identified the oncoprotein Myc as a negative regulator. While expression of Myc dramatically blocks tumor invasion and cell migration, loss of Myc promotes cell migration in vivo...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056299/-application-of-rabbit-monoclonal-antibody-gcet2-in-diagnosis-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#18
H Y Pan, X X Zhang, Y Y Weng, R Zhou
Objective: To prepare a rabbit monoclonal antibody GCET2 and to investigate its diagnostic value in the workup of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods: GCET2 rabbit monoclonal antibody was developed by using RabMAb(®) technology, and its specificity was confirmed by ELISA, Western blot, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and flow cytometry. A panel of immunomarkers including GCET2, CD10, bcl-6, MUM1, GCET1, FOXP1, Ki-67 and CMYC was evaluated in 81 cases of DLBCLs, 5 cases of follicular lymphomas (FL) and 2 cases of Burkitt's lymphomas...
December 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056296/-expression-of-pdgfra-and-cmyc-in-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-and-their-prognostic-implications
#19
Y P Chen, W F Zhu, J Y Lin, T M He, H M Ma, J P Lu, X A Ye, C W Xu, G Chen
Objective: To investigate the relationship between expression of PDGFRA/CMYC and clinicopathologic features of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Methods: Fifty-four cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma were included in the study.Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of CD20, CD2, CD3, CD56, TIA1, GrB, Ki-67, PDGFRA and CMYC.In situ hybridization was performed to detect the presence of EBV encoded small RNA (EBER). Fifty cases of nasopharyngeal mucosal lymphoid tissue hyperplasia were used as normal control...
December 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045943/arginine-and-lysine-transporters-are-essential-for-trypanosoma-brucei
#20
Christoph Mathieu, Juan P Macêdo, Daniel Hürlimann, Corina Wirdnam, Alexander C Haindrich, Marianne Suter Grotemeyer, Amaia González-Salgado, Remo S Schmidt, Ehud Inbar, Pascal Mäser, Peter Bütikofer, Dan Zilberstein, Doris Rentsch
For Trypanosoma brucei arginine and lysine are essential amino acids and therefore have to be imported from the host. Heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants identified cationic amino acid transporters among members of the T. brucei AAAP (amino acid/auxin permease) family. TbAAT5-3 showed high affinity arginine uptake (Km 3.6 ± 0.4 μM) and high selectivity for L-arginine. L-arginine transport was reduced by a 10-times excess of L-arginine, homo-arginine, canavanine or arginine-β-naphthylamide, while lysine was inhibitory only at 100-times excess, and histidine or ornithine did not reduce arginine uptake rates significantly...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
104238
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"