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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636611/unmanned-aircraft-systems-as-a-new-source-of-disturbance-for-wildlife-a-systematic-review
#1
Margarita Mulero-Pázmány, Susanne Jenni-Eiermann, Nicolas Strebel, Thomas Sattler, Juan José Negro, Zulima Tablado
The use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS; also known as "drones") for professional and personal-leisure use is increasing enormously. UAS operate at low altitudes (<500 m) and in any terrain, thus they are susceptible to interact with local fauna, generating a new type of anthropogenic disturbance that has not been systematically evaluated. To address this gap, we performed a review of the existent literature about animals' responses to UAS flights and conducted a pooled analysis of the data to determine the probability and intensity of the disturbance, and to identify the factors influencing animals' reactions towards the small aircraft...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630265/drone-based-automatic-external-defibrillators-for-sudden-death-do-we-need-more-courage-or-more-serenity
#2
EDITORIAL
Daniel B Mark, Steen M Hansen, Monique L Starks, Mary L Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627478/a-glimpse-into-the-specialization-history-of-the-lipases-acyltransferases-family-of-cplip2
#3
Anne-Hélène Jan, Eric Dubreucq, Jullien Drone, Maeva Subileau
Lipases/acyltransferases homologous to CpLIP2 from Candida parapsilosis belong to the α/β hydrolase superfamily as lipase A from Moesziomyces antarcticus (Candida antarctica), and constitute a consistent phylogenetic subgroup with at least 56% identity. Lipases/acyltransferases share the phenotypic characteristic of a high acyltransfer activity even in aqueous media with very high water thermodynamic activity. Previous mutagenesis and evolution strategies have given insights into the role of key residues and protein subdomains in the reaction and substrate specificities of these enzymes...
June 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610192/intraspecific-variation-in-adult-i-uvitellina-i-i-iraquensis-i-dronen-ali-amp-al-amura-2013-cyclocoelidae-haematotrephinae-from-two-collection-sites-of-white-tailed-lapwing-i-vanellus-i-i-leucurus-i-lichtenstein-charadriiformes-charadriidae-in-iraq
#4
Norman O Dronen, Nothiala R Al-Kassar, Atheer H Ali, Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Basim H Abdullah, Sabeeh H Al-Mayah
A total of 19 white-tailed lapwing, Vanellus leucurus, were collected from Huwazah Marsh, north-eastern Basrah Province, Iraq from February to March and in October, 2011 (collection site #1) and 60 V. leucurus were collected from Al-Hammar Marshes, Thi-Qar Province, southern Iraq from July to November, 2012 (collection site #2), and examined for cyclocoelids. Nineteen Uvitellina iraquensis Dronen, Ali & Al-Amura, 2013 from site #1 and 17 specimens from site #2 were fixed with minimal compression for comparisons of morphological characteristics, measurements, morphometric percentages and morphometric ratios commonly used to distinguish species of cyclocoelids...
March 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609525/time-to-delivery-of-an-automated-external-defibrillator-using-a-drone-for-simulated-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-vs-emergency-medical-services
#5
Andreas Claesson, Anders Bäckman, Mattias Ringh, Leif Svensson, Per Nordberg, Therese Djärv, Jacob Hollenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597052/on-the-ground-or-in-the-air-a-methodological-experiment-on-crop-residue-cover-measurement-in-ethiopia
#6
Frédéric Kosmowski, James Stevenson, Jeff Campbell, Alemayehu Ambel, Asmelash Haile Tsegay
Maintaining permanent coverage of the soil using crop residues is an important and commonly recommended practice in conservation agriculture. Measuring this practice is an essential step in improving knowledge about the adoption and impact of conservation agriculture. Different data collection methods can be implemented to capture the field level crop residue coverage for a given plot, each with its own implication on survey budget, implementation speed and respondent and interviewer burden. In this paper, six alternative methods of crop residue coverage measurement are tested among the same sample of rural households in Ethiopia...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582677/fast-and-safe-gas-detection-from-underground-coal-fire-by-drone-fly-over
#7
Lucila Dunnington, Masami Nakagawa
Underground coal fires start naturally or as a result of human activities. Besides burning away the important non-renewable energy resource and causing financial losses, burning coal seams emit carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxide and methane, and is a leading cause of smog, acid rain, global warming, and air toxins. In the U.S. alone, the combined cost of coal-fire remediation projects that have been completed, budgeted, or projected by the U.S. Department of the Interior's Office of Surface Mining Remediation and Enforcement (OSM), exceeds $1 billion...
June 2, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572582/coordination-between-the-sexes-constrains-the-optimization-of-reproductive-timing-in-honey-bee-colonies
#8
Natalie J Lemanski, Nina H Fefferman
Honeybees are an excellent model system for examining how trade-offs shape reproductive timing in organisms with seasonal environments. Honeybee colonies reproduce two ways: producing swarms comprising a queen and thousands of workers or producing males (drones). There is an energetic trade-off between producing workers, which contribute to colony growth, and drones, which contribute only to reproduction. The timing of drone production therefore determines both the drones' likelihood of mating and when colonies reach sufficient size to swarm...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560722/effectiveness-of-drugs-in-routine-care-a-model-for-sequential-monitoring-of-new-medicines-using-dronedarone-as-example
#9
Thomas Cars, Lars Lindhagen, Rickard Malmström, Martin Neovius, Jonas Schwieler, Björn Wettermark, Johan Sundström
Although there is no doubt about the scientific value of randomized controlled clinical trials, they are usually conducted in selected populations different from those treated in clinical practice. Therefore, it is important to optimize real-time post-marketing evaluation of effectiveness, safety, and cost of new drugs. Using electronic health records and administrative health databases from a well-defined region with universal access to healthcare, we have built a framework for real-time sequential monitoring of the effectiveness of newly marketed drugs in routine care...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556812/ultrafine-particle-distribution-and-chemical-composition-assessment-during-military-operative-trainings
#10
Marcello Campagna, Ilaria Pilia, Gabriele Marcias, Andrea Frattolillo, Sergio Pili, Manuele Bernabei, Ernesto d'Aloja, Pierluigi Cocco, Giorgio Buonanno
(1) Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM) and ultrafine particles (UFPs) in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2) Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact) were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM), equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS); (3) Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535305/preservation-of-domesticated-honey-bee-hymenoptera-apidae-drone-semen
#11
M Paillard, A Rousseau, P Giovenazzo, J L Bailey
Preservation of honey bee (Apis mellifera L., Hymenoptera: Apidae) sperm, coupled with instrumental insemination, is an effective strategy to protect the species and their genetic diversity. Our overall objective is to develop a method of drone semen preservation; therefore, two experiments were conducted. Hypothesis 1 was that cryopreservation (-196 °C) of drone semen is more effective for long-term storage than at 16 °C. Our results show that after 1 yr of storage, frozen sperm viability was higher than at 16 °C, showing that cryopreservation is necessary to conserve semen...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531141/eyes-of-things
#12
Oscar Deniz, Noelia Vallez, Jose L Espinosa-Aranda, Jose M Rico-Saavedra, Javier Parra-Patino, Gloria Bueno, David Moloney, Alireza Dehghani, Aubrey Dunne, Alain Pagani, Stephan Krauss, Ruben Reiser, Martin Waeny, Matteo Sorci, Tim Llewellynn, Christian Fedorczak, Thierry Larmoire, Marco Herbst, Andre Seirafi, Kasra Seirafi
Embedded systems control and monitor a great deal of our reality. While some "classic" features are intrinsically necessary, such as low power consumption, rugged operating ranges, fast response and low cost, these systems have evolved in the last few years to emphasize connectivity functions, thus contributing to the Internet of Things paradigm. A myriad of sensing/computing devices are being attached to everyday objects, each able to send and receive data and to act as a unique node in the Internet. Apart from the obvious necessity to process at least some data at the edge (to increase security and reduce power consumption and latency), a major breakthrough will arguably come when such devices are endowed with some level of autonomous "intelligence"...
May 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487253/the-drone-ambulance-a-uas-golden-bullet-or-just-a-blank
#13
P Van de Voorde, S Gautama, A Momont, C M Ionescu, P De Paepe, N Fraeyman
Defibrillation within the first minutes after sudden cardiac arrest can save many quality-adjusted life years. Yet, despite enormous investments, 'healthcare' is still unable to provide this for the majority of patients. Emergency Medical Services often have a too long mean response time and many issues surround Public Access Defibrillation programs. In this article we argument that AED-equipped drones could be the 'magic bullet'. They are easily deployed and fast, and have a relatively low operational cost...
July 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484488/progress-in-eeg-based-brain-robot-interaction-systems
#14
REVIEW
Xiaoqian Mao, Mengfan Li, Wei Li, Linwei Niu, Bin Xian, Ming Zeng, Genshe Chen
The most popular noninvasive Brain Robot Interaction (BRI) technology uses the electroencephalogram- (EEG-) based Brain Computer Interface (BCI), to serve as an additional communication channel, for robot control via brainwaves. This technology is promising for elderly or disabled patient assistance with daily life. The key issue of a BRI system is to identify human mental activities, by decoding brainwaves, acquired with an EEG device. Compared with other BCI applications, such as word speller, the development of these applications may be more challenging since control of robot systems via brainwaves must consider surrounding environment feedback in real-time, robot mechanical kinematics, and dynamics, as well as robot control architecture and behavior...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468813/the-cues-of-colony-size-how-honey-bees-sense-that-their-colony-is-large-enough-to-begin-to-invest-in-reproduction
#15
Michael L Smith, Phoebe A Koenig, Jacob M Peters
As organisms develop, they first invest resources in survival and growth, but after reaching a certain condition they start to also invest in reproduction. Likewise, superorganisms, such as honey bee colonies, first invest in survival and growth, and later commit resources to reproduction once the number of workers in the colony surpasses a reproductive threshold. The first form of reproductive investment for a honey bee colony is the building of beeswax comb made of special large cells used for rearing males (drones)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467390/cooperative-spatial-retreat-for-resilient-drone-networks
#16
Jin-Hyeok Kang, Young-Min Kwon, Kyung-Joon Park
Drones are broadening their scope to various applications such as networking, package delivery, agriculture, rescue, and many more. For proper operation of drones, reliable communication should be guaranteed because drones are remotely controlled. When drones experience communication failure due to bad channel condition, interference, or jamming in a certain area, one existing solution is to exploit mobility or so-called spatial retreat to evacuate them from the communication failure area. However, the conventional spatial retreat scheme moves drones in random directions, which results in inefficient movement with significant evacuation time and waste of battery lifetime...
May 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456343/reconsidering-drone-warfare
#17
REVIEW
Roger Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426426/pseudopecoelus-mccauleyi-n-sp-and-podocotyle-sp-digenea-opecoelidae-from-the-deep-waters-off-oregon-and-british-columbia-with-an-updated-key-to-the-species-of-pseudopecoelus-von-wicklen-1946-and-checklist-of-parasites-from-lycodes-cortezianus-perciformes-zoarcidae
#18
REVIEW
Charles K Blend, Norman O Dronen, Gabor R Racz, Scott L Gardner
Pseudopecoelus mccauleyi n. sp. (Opecoelidae: Opecoelinae) is described from the intestine of the bigfin eelpout, Lycodes cortezianus (Gilbert, 1890) (Perciformes: Zoarcidae), collected at 200-800 m depths in the Northeastern Pacific Ocean off Oregon and Vancouver Island, British Columbia. The new species is distinguished by possessing a unique combination of the following diagnostic characters: vitelline fields that extend to the posterior margin of the ventral sucker; a slender, tubular and sinuous seminal vesicle that extends some distance into the hindbody; an unspecialized, protuberant ventral sucker; a genital pore at pharynx level; lobed to deeply multilobed testes; a lobed ovary; and an egg size of 68-80 μm × 30-46 μm...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425222/class-iii-antiarrhythmic-drugs-amiodarone-and-dronedarone-impair-kir-2-1-backward-trafficking
#19
Yuan Ji, Hiroki Takanari, Muge Qile, Lukas Nalos, Marien J C Houtman, Fee L Romunde, Raimond Heukers, Paul M P van Bergen En Henegouwen, Marc A Vos, Marcel A G van der Heyden
Drug-induced ion channel trafficking disturbance can cause cardiac arrhythmias. The subcellular level at which drugs interfere in trafficking pathways is largely unknown. KIR 2.1 inward rectifier channels, largely responsible for the cardiac inward rectifier current (IK1 ), are degraded in lysosomes. Amiodarone and dronedarone are class III antiarrhythmics. Chronic use of amiodarone, and to a lesser extent dronedarone, causes serious adverse effects to several organs and tissue types, including the heart. Both drugs have been described to interfere in the late-endosome/lysosome system...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#20
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
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