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Pedro M Lourenço, José A Alves, Jeroen Reneerkens, Ah Jelle Loonstra, Peter M Potts, José P Granadeiro, Teresa Catry
Many migratory bird species show high levels of site fidelity to their wintering sites, which confers advantages due to prior knowledge, but may also limit the ability of the individual to move away from degrading sites or to detect alternative foraging opportunities. Winter site fidelity often varies among age groups, but sexual differences have seldom been recorded in birds. We studied a population of individually colour-marked sanderlings wintering in and around the Tejo estuary, a large estuarine wetland on the western coast of Portugal...
2016: PeerJ
Xudong Liu, Xiang Qian Lao, Claudie Chiu-Yi Wong, Lixing Tan, Zilong Zhang, Tze Wai Wong, Lap-Ah Tse, Arthur P S Lau, Ignatius T S Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite the popular use of household cleaning products worldwide, there is no published study investigating the health effects of these products on rhinitis in children. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the household use of cleaning products and rhinitis patterns in Chinese children. METHODS: A total of 2299 children were recruited from 21 primary schools with wide geographic coverage in Hong Kong. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by parents/guardians to collect detailed information on respiratory symptoms and household use of 14 types of chemical cleaning products, as well as clean water...
September 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Seong-Woong Kang, Won Ah Choi, Han Eol Cho, Jang Woo Lee, Jung Hyun Park
Since 2001, financial support has been provided for all patients with neuromuscular disease (NMD) who require ventilatory support due to the paralysis of respiratory muscles in Korea. The purpose of this study was to identify ventilator usage status and appropriateness in these patients. We included 992 subjects with rare and incurable NMD registered for ventilator rental fee support. From 21 February 2011 to 17 January 2013, ventilator usage information, regular follow-up observation, and symptoms of chronic hypoventilation were surveyed by phone...
June 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Jee Hyang Jeong, Hae Ri Na, Seong Hye Choi, Jungeun Kim, Duk L Na, Sang Won Seo, Juhee Chin, Sun Ah Park, Eun-Joo Kim, Hyun Jeong Han, Seol-Heui Han, Soo Jin Yoon, Jae-Hong Lee, Kyung Won Park, So Young Moon, Moon Ho Park, Mun Seong Choi, Il-Woo Han, Jun Hong Lee, Jung Seok Lee, Yong S Shim, Jeong Yeon Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined the efficacy of group-based cognitive intervention (GCI) and home-based cognitive intervention (HCI) in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and intervention effects on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). METHODS: In this randomized and rater-blinded trial, 293 patients with aMCI from 18 nationwide hospitals were randomized: 96 to the GCI group, 98 to the HCI group and 99 to the control group. For 12 weeks, subjects receiving GCI participated twice per week in group sessions led by trained instructors, and those receiving HCI completed homework materials 5 days per week...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Hyunok Choi, Norbert Schmidbauer, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag
BACKGROUND: The question regarding the true sources of the purported microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) remains unanswered. OBJECTIVE: To identify microbial, as well as non-microbial sources of 28 compounds, which are commonly accepted as microbial VOCs (i.e. primary outcome of interest is Σ 28 VOCs). METHODS: In a cross-sectional investigation of 390 homes, six building inspectors assessed water/mold damage, took air and dust samples, and measured environmental conditions (i...
July 2016: Environmental Research
Valentina Pengo, Anna Zurlo, Alberto Voci, Elisabetta Valentini, Francesca De Zaiacomo, Massimo Catarini, Mario Iasevoli, Stefania Maggi, Renzo Pegoraro, Enzo Manzato, Valter Giantin
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the proportion of physicians and nurses who agree with the administration of antibiotic therapy (AT), artificial hydration (AH), and artificial nutrition (AN) in patients with advanced dementia and different life expectancies. Furthermore, we aimed at analyzing the correlates of the opinion according to which medical treatments should no longer be given to advanced dementia patients once their life expectancy falls. METHODS: End-of-life decisions and opinions were measured with a questionnaire that was sent to geriatric units, hospices and nursing homes in three different regions of Italy...
March 23, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Rachel van der Pols-Vijlbrief, Hanneke Ah Wijnhoven, Hilde Molenaar, Marjolein Visser
OBJECTIVE: It is generally thought that causes of undernutrition are multifactorial, but there are limited quantitative studies performed. We therefore examined a wide range of potential factors associated with undernutrition in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years) receiving home care in the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Data on potential factors associated with (risk of) undernutrition were collected among 300 older adults...
August 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Yune-Jung Park, Seung-Ah Yoo, Daehee Hwang, Chul-Soo Cho, Wan-Uk Kim
To optimize treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), it is ideal to monitor the disease activity on a daily basis because RA activity fluctuates over time. Urine can be collected routinely at home by patients. Recently, we identified four urinary biomarker candidates-gelsolin (GSN), orosomucoid (ORM)1, ORM2 and soluble CD14 (sCD14)-in RA patients through transcriptomic and proteomic studies. Here, we investigated the clinical significance of the aforementioned urinary biomarker candidates in a prospective manner...
2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Tim Aubry, Geoffrey Nelson, Sam Tsemberis
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of the extant research literature on Housing First (HF) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) who are homeless and to describe the findings of the recently completed At Home (AH)-Chez soi (CS) demonstration project. HF represents a paradigm shift in the delivery of community mental health services, whereby people with SMI who are homeless are supported through assertive community treatment or intensive case management to move into regular housing. METHOD: The AH-CS demonstration project entailed a randomized controlled trial conducted in 5 Canadian cities between 2009 and 2013...
November 2015: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Jinho Yu, Kangmo Ahn, Youn Ho Shin, Kyung Won Kim, Dong In Suh, Ho Sung Yu, Mi Jin Kang, Kyung Shin Lee, Seo Ah Hong, Kil Yong Choi, Eun Lee, Song I Yang, Ju Hee Seo, Byoung Ju Kim, Hyo Bin Kim, So Yeon Lee, Suk Joo Choi, Soo Young Oh, Ja Young Kwon, Kyung Ju Lee, Hee Jin Park, Pil Ryang Lee, Hye Sung Won, Soo Jong Hong
PURPOSE: Although home renovation exposure during childhood has been identified as a risk factor for the development of allergy, there is limited information on the association between prenatal exposure to home renovation and cord blood (CB) IgE response. The aims of this study were to identify the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB IgE levels, and to investigate whether this exposure interacts with neonatal genes and whether the effect can be modified by maternal atopy...
January 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Yuqing Guo, Pamela Pimentel, Jared Lessard, Julie Rousseau, Jung-Ah Lee, Yvette Bojorquez, Michele Silva, Ellen Olshansky
BACKGROUND: MOMS Orange County is a coordinated home visitation program in which trained paraprofessional home visitors work under the close supervision of registered nurses. This model was developed to address health disparities in birth outcomes in a Hispanic community in Orange County, CA. PURPOSE: The primary objective was to test the impact of MOMS Orange County on birth outcomes. The second objective was to examine the breadth of prenatal health education topics as a mediator of the relationship between home visits and birth outcomes...
January 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Jun-Ah Song, Younjae Oh
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are sources of psychological distress for caregivers who take care of people with dementia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between BPSD and the burden on formal caregivers of nursing homes in South Korea. Results showed that the total severity score of BPSD had a statistically significant positive correlation with the total distress score. Agitation/Aggression was the most distressing symptom for registered nurses and care workers...
October 2015: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Lindy Swain, Lesley Barclay
BACKGROUND: The Australian Home Medicines Review (HMR) program consists of a pharmacist reviewing a patient's medicines at his or her home and reporting findings to the patient's general practitioner (GP) to assist optimisation of medicine management. Previous research has shown that the complex HMR program rules impede access to the HMR program by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients. This study explores the attitudes and perceptions of health professional employees working within Aboriginal Health Services (AHSs) towards the HMR program...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Ulysses J Magalang, Erna S Arnardottir, Ning-Hung Chen, Peter A Cistulli, Thorarinn Gíslason, Diane Lim, Thomas Penzel, Richard Schwab, Sergio Tufik, Allan I Pack
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Home sleep testing (HST) is used worldwide to confirm the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We sought to determine the agreement of HST scoring among international sleep centers. METHODS: Fifteen HSTs, previously recorded using a type 3 monitor, were deidentified and saved in European Data Format. The studies were scored by nine technologists from the sleep centers of the Sleep Apnea Global Interdisciplinary Consortium (SAGIC) using the locally available software...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Chhabi Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Eun Hee Choi, Anu Aryal, Myung Bae Park, Young Ah Doh
Different sociocultural barriers concerning women's health are still prevalent. Chhaupadi culture in Nepal is that threat wherein menstruating women have to live outside of the home in a shed-like dwelling. Our study aims to determine the factors of reproductive health problems related to Chhaupadi. A cross-sectional study was performed with women of menstrual age (N = 672) in Kailali and Bardiya districts of Nepal. Data were collected with stratified sampling and analyzed using SPSS. Reproductive health problems were observed according to the World Health Organization reproductive health protocol...
October 2015: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sung-Ah Lim, Kwang-Jo Cheong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to highlight the beneficial effects of yoga practice on bio-parameters, such as oxidative stress, antioxidant components, immune functions, and secretion of stress hormones, in healthy young people. STUDY DESIGN: This study was conducted on healthy volunteers recruited from among university students, who were divided into two groups: a control (no yoga intervention, n=13) group and a yoga (n=12) group. Yoga practice was with an instructor for 90 minutes once a week spread over 12 weeks, with recommendations to practice daily at home for 40 minutes with the help of a DVD...
September 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Seung-Ah Choe, Jinseob Kim, Saerom Kim, Yukyung Park, Siril Michael Kullaya, Chang-Yup Kim
There is a known high disparity in access to perinatal care services between urban and rural areas in Tanzania. This study analysed repeated cross-sectional (RCS) data from Tanzania to explore the relationship between antenatal care (ANC) visits, facility-based delivery and the reasons for home births in women who had made ANC visits. We used data from RCS Demographic and Health Surveys spanning 20 years and a cluster sample of 30 830 women from ∼52 districts of Tanzania. The relationship between the number of ANC visits (up to four) and facility delivery in the latest pregnancy was explored...
April 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Rosemary H M Lim, Janet E Anderson, Peter W Buckle
UNLABELLED: Medication safety and errors are a major concern in care homes. In addition to the identification of incidents, there is a need for a comprehensive system description to avoid the danger of introducing interventions that have unintended consequences and are therefore unsustainable. The aim of this study was to explore the impact and uniqueness of Work Domain Analysis (WDA) to facilitate an in-depth understanding of medication safety problems within the care home system and identify the potential benefits of WDA to design safety interventions to improve medication safety...
2016: Ergonomics
Androniki Naska, Michail Katsoulis, Philippos Orfanos, Carl Lachat, Kurt Gedrich, Sara S P Rodrigues, Heinz Freisling, Patrick Kolsteren, Dagrun Engeset, Carla Lopes, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Andrea Wendt, Sven Knüppel, Aida Turrini, Rosario Tumino, Marga C Ocké, Wlodzimierz Sekula, Lena Maria Nilsson, Tim Key, Antonia Trichopoulou
Eating out has been linked to the current obesity epidemic, but the evaluation of the extent to which out of home (OH) dietary intakes are different from those at home (AH) is limited. Data collected among 8849 men and 14,277 women aged 35-64 years from the general population of eleven European countries through 24-h dietary recalls or food diaries were analysed to: (1) compare food consumption OH to those AH; (2) describe the characteristics of substantial OH eaters, defined as those who consumed 25 % or more of their total daily energy intake at OH locations...
June 28, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
Shuai Shao, Jumin Geng, Hyun Ah Yi, Shobhit Gogia, Sriram Neelamegham, Amy Jacobs, Jonathan F Lovell
Methods to attach polypeptides to lipid bilayers are often indirect and ineffective, and can represent a substantial bottleneck in the formation of functionalized lipid-based materials. Although the polyhistidine tag (his-tag) has been transformative in its simplicity and efficacy in binding to immobilized metals, the successful application of this approach has been challenging in physiological settings. Here we show that lipid bilayers containing porphyrin-phospholipid conjugates that are chelated with cobalt, but not with other metals, can effectively capture his-tagged proteins and peptides...
May 2015: Nature Chemistry
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