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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632327/photosensitivity-is-an-early-marker-of-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis-type-2-disease
#1
Nicola Specchio, Marcello Bellusci, Nicola Pietrafusa, Marina Trivisano, Luca de Palma, Federico Vigevano
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify early clinical, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalographic (EEG) characteristics of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) disease to enable early diagnosis, thus providing the key to early treatment, and optimized care and outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective clinical chart review of a series of patients diagnosed with CLN2 disease from 2005 to 2015 at a single center in Italy. Clinical, MRI, and EEG findings were reviewed...
June 20, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631958/-anything-that-makes-life-s-journey-better-exploring-the-use-of-digital-technology-by-people-living-with-motor-neurone-disease
#2
Esther V Hobson, Saima Fazal, Pamela J Shaw, Christopher J McDermott
Our aim was to explore the attitudes of those living with motor neuron disease towards digital technology. Postal and online questionnaires surveyed 83 people with MND (pwMND) and 54 friends and family members (fMND). Five pwMND and five fMND underwent semi-structured interviews. 82% of pwMND and 87% of fMND use technology every day with iPads and laptops being the devices most commonly used. pwMND used technology to help them continue to participate in everyday activities such as socialising, entertainment and accessing the internet...
February 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629645/atypical-activation-of-action-semantic-network-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Tracey A Knaus, Claire Burns, Jodi Kamps, Anne L Foundas
In typical adults, fMRI studies have shown activation of primary and pre-motor regions during action word processing. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social and communication impairments. ASD studies have shown atypical semantic processing and motor deficits. The objective of this study was to examine semantic processing of verbs in ASD. 15 ASD adolescents and 19 typically developing adolescents, 11-16years, completed a semantic similarity judgment task during fMRI...
June 16, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627281/mirroring-meaningful-actions-sensorimotor-learning-modulates-imitation-of-goal-directed-actions
#4
Caroline Catmur, Cecilia Heyes
Imitation is important in the development of social and technological skills throughout the lifespan. Experiments investigating the acquisition and modulation of imitation (and of its proposed neural substrate, the mirror neuron system) have produced evidence that the capacity for imitation depends on associative learning in which connections are formed between sensory and motor representations of actions. However, evidence that the development of imitation depends on associative learning has been found only for non-goal-directed actions...
June 19, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626441/teaching-improvisation-through-processes-applications-in-music-education-and-implications-for-general-education
#5
REVIEW
Michele Biasutti
Improvisation is an articulated multidimensional activity based on an extemporaneous creative performance. Practicing improvisation, participants expand sophisticated skills such as sensory and perceptual encoding, memory storage and recall, motor control, and performance monitoring. Improvisation abilities have been developed following several methodologies mainly with a product-oriented perspective. A model framed under the socio-cultural theory of learning for designing didactic activities on processes instead of outcomes is presented in the current paper...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626341/intercorporeality-and-aida-developing-an-interaction-theory-of-social-cognition
#6
Shogo Tanaka
The aim of this article is to develop an interaction theory (IT) of social cognition. The central issue in the field of social cognition has been theory of mind (ToM), and there has been debate regarding its nature as either theory-theory or as simulation theory. Insights from phenomenology have brought a second-person perspective based on embodied interactions into the debate, thereby forming a third position known as IT. In this article, I examine how IT can be further elaborated by drawing on two phenomenological notions-Merleau-Ponty's intercorporeality and Kimura's aida...
June 2017: Theory & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625210/household-everyday-functioning-in-the-internet-age-online-shopping-and-banking-skills-are-affected-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#7
Steven Paul Woods, Jennifer E Iudicello, Erin E Morgan, Marizela Verduzco, Tyler V Smith, Clint Cushman
OBJECTIVES: The Internet is a fundamental tool for completing many different instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), including shopping and banking. Persons with HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND) are at heightened risk for IADL problems, but the extent to which HAND interferes with the performance of Internet-based household IADLs is not known. METHODS: Ninety-three individuals with HIV disease, 43 of whom were diagnosed with HAND, and 42 HIV- comparison participants completed Internet-based tests of shopping and banking...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622637/children-benefit-differently-from-night-and-day-time-sleep-in-motor-learning
#8
Jin H Yan
Motor skill acquisition occurs while practicing (on-line) and when asleep or awake (off-line). However, developmental questions still remain about whether children of various ages benefit similarly or differentially from night- and day-time sleeping. The likely circadian effects (time-of-day) and the possible between-test-interference (order effects) associated with children's off-line motor learning are currently unknown. Therefore, this study examines the contributions of over-night sleeping and mid-day napping to procedural skill learning...
June 13, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619605/the-prognostic-value-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-term-newborns-treated-with-therapeutic-hypothermia-following-asphyxia
#9
Paul E Sijens, Katharina Wischniowsky, Hendrik J Ter Horst
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate brain metabolism assessed shortly after therapeutic hyperthermia by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), with neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: At the age of 6.0±1.8days, brain metabolites of 35 term asphyxiated newborns, treated with therapeutic hypothermia, were quantified by multivoxel proton MRS of a volume cranial to the corpus callosum, containing both gray and white matter. At the age of 30months the Bayley Scale of Infant Development-III was performed...
June 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619292/psychophysiological-response-in-parachute-jumps-the-effect-of-experience-and-type-of-jump
#10
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Jesús Fernández-Lucas
We aimed to analyse the effect of experience and type of parachute jump on the psychophysiological responses of jumpers. We analysed blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, lactate and creatinkinase, leg strength, isometric hand strength, cortical arousal, specific fine motor skills, self-confidence and cognition, and somatic and state anxiety, before and after four different parachute jumps: a sport parachute jump, a manual tactical parachute jump, tandem pilots, and tandem passengers. Independently of the parachute jump, the psychophysiological responses of experienced paratroopers were not affected by the jumps, except for an increase in anaerobic metabolism...
June 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#11
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611709/relationships-between-motor-and-executive-functions-and-the-effect-of-an-acute-coordinative-intervention-on-executive-functions-in-kindergartners
#12
Marion Stein, Max Auerswald, Mirjam Ebersbach
There is growing evidence indicating positive, causal effects of acute physical activity on cognitive performance of school children, adolescents, and adults. However, only a few studies examined these effects in kindergartners, even though correlational studies suggest moderate relationships between motor and cognitive functions in this age group. One aim of the present study was to examine the correlational relationships between motor and executive functions among 5- to 6-year-olds. Another aim was to test whether an acute coordinative intervention, which was adapted to the individual motor functions of the children, causally affected different executive functions (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611610/music-games-potential-application-and-considerations-for-rhythmic-training
#13
REVIEW
Valentin Bégel, Ines Di Loreto, Antoine Seilles, Simone Dalla Bella
Rhythmic skills are natural and widespread in the general population. The majority can track the beat of music and move along with it. These abilities are meaningful from a cognitive standpoint given their tight links with prominent motor and cognitive functions such as language and memory. When rhythmic skills are challenged by brain damage or neurodevelopmental disorders, remediation strategies based on rhythm can be considered. For example, rhythmic training can be used to improve motor performance (e.g...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610813/motor-adaptation-capacity-as-a-function-of-age-in-carrying-out-a-repetitive-assembly-task-at-imposed-work-paces
#14
Martine Annie Gilles, Jean-Charles Guélin, Kévin Desbrosses, Pascal Wild
The working population is getting older. Workers must adapt to changing conditions to respond to the efforts required by the tasks they have to perform. In this laboratory-based study, we investigated the capacities of motor adaptation as a function of age and work pace. Two phases were identified in the task performed: a collection phase, involving dominant use of the lower limbs; and an assembly phase, involving bi-manual motor skills. Results showed that senior workers were mainly limited during the collection phase, whereas they had less difficulty completing the assembly phase...
October 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610466/the-effect-of-practice-and-visual-feedback-on-oral-diadochokinetic-rates-for-younger-and-older-adults
#15
Boaz M Ben-David, Michal Icht
Assessments of oral-diadochokinetic rates are commonly performed to evaluate oral-motor skills. However, the appropriate administration protocol is not defined, and varies across therapists, clinics and laboratories. In three experiments and an auxiliary one, this study analyzes the effects of brief (motor) practice and visual feedback on the performance of 98 younger (20-40 years old) and 78 older adults (over 65) with the sequential motion rate (SMR) version. Overall rates were significantly faster for younger over older adults...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610451/cognitive-function-is-largely-intact-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients
#16
Odelia Elkana, Miriam Adelson, Glen M Doniger, Anat Sason, Einat Peles
OBJECTIVES: To confirm our previous findings of less cognitive impairments (based on cognitive screening tools) among Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) patients who achieved take-home dose (THD) privileges. METHODS: a random sample of 65 Israeli MMT patients were studied using computerized, age and education standardized, cognitive domains (attention, executive function, memory, motor skills), and non-computerized phonetic and semantic verbal fluency. Cognitive scores were within ±1 standard deviation (SD) of average for most domains, including non-verbal IQ, attention and motor skills...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608768/effects-of-dog-assisted-therapy-on-communication-and-basic-social-skills-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-pilot-study
#17
Ivano Scorzato, Leonardo Zaninotto, Michela Romano, Chiara Menardi, Lino Cavedon, Alessandra Pegoraro, Laura Socche, Piera Zanetti, Deborah Coppiello
Thirty-nine adults with severe to profound intellectual disability (ID) were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n = 21) or a control group (n = 18). Assessment was blinded and included selected items from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), the Behavioral Assessment Battery (BAB), and the Learning Accomplishment Profile (LAP). The experimental group, who attended a dog-assisted treatment intervention over a 20-week period, showed significant improvements in several cognitive domains, including attention to movement (BAB-AM), visuomotor coordination (BAB-VM), exploratory play (BAB-EP), and motor imitation (BAB-CO-MI), as well as in some social skills, as measured by LAP items...
June 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608521/cultural-entrainment-of-motor-skill-development-learning-to-write-hiragana-in-japanese-primary-school
#18
Tetsushi Nonaka
The aim of the present study was to examine how the social norms shared in a classroom environment influence the development of movement dynamics of handwriting of children who participate in the environment. To look into this issue, the following aspects of the entire period of classroom learning of hiragana letters in Japanese 1st graders who had just entered primary school were studied: First, the structure of classroom events and the specific types of interaction and learning within such environment were described...
June 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608149/exercise-capacity-and-self-efficacy-are-associated-with-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Laura Banks, Shelly Rosenthal, Cedric Manlhiot, Chun-Po Steve Fan, Adam McKillop, Patricia E Longmuir, Brian W McCrindle
This study sought to determine whether exercise capacity, self-efficacy, and gross motor skills are associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels in children, and if these associations differ by congenital heart disease (CHD) type. Medical history was abstracted from chart review. We assessed MVPA levels (via accelerometry), percent-predicted peak oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text] cardiopulmonary exercise test), gross motor skill percentiles (test of gross motor development version-2), and self-efficacy [children's self-perceptions of adequacy and predilection for physical activity scale (CSAPPA scale)]...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606825/assessment-of-motor-skill-task-performance-with-a-task-progress-weighted-error-measure
#20
T Eakin
A quantitative measure has been developed for the assessment and skill ordering of target-cued motor control and coordination task performances. It is similar to the classical root mean square error (RMSE) measure but modified with task progress weighting that attenuates with target proximity to its destination and amplifies as data sampling occurrences accumulate prior to task completion. The measure has the same mathematical form whether the task design is of the tracing type or of the tracking type, and thus can be used in cross task type comparisons...
June 9, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
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