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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535411/the-effectiveness-of-the-computerized-visual-perceptual-training-program-on-individuals-with-down-syndrome-an-fmri-study
#1
Yi-Ting Wan, Ching-Sui Chiang, Sharon Chia-Ju Chen, Yee-Pay Wuang
This study investigated the effectiveness of the Computerized Visual Perception Training (CVPT) program on individuals with Down syndrome (DS, mean age=13.17±4.35years, age range: 6.54-20.75 years). All participants have mild intellectual disability classified by the standard IQ measures (mean=61.2, ranges from 55 to 68). Both the Test of Visual Perceptual Skill- Third Edition (TVPS-3) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used to evaluate the training outcomes. Results of TVPS-3 and fMRI showed that DS group had visual perceptual deficits and abnormal neural networks related to visual organization...
May 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533005/risk-factors-for-daytime-or-combined-incontinence-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Bieke Samijn, Christine Van den Broeck, Ellen Deschepper, Catherine Renson, Piet Hoebeke, Frank Plasschaert, Johan Vande Walle, Erik Van Laecke
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for daytime or combined urinary incontinence (UI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted including children with CP with or without UI from the CP-Reference Centre at *** (blinded for review) and two associated special education schools. Factors were subdivided in three clusters, namely demographic and general medical data, CP classification and bladder and bowel dysfunction...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532504/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-to-identify-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-children-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi
#3
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Zainab Mohamed, Maria Michaelidou, Hannah Collins, Lindsey Rigby, Mars Skae, Raja Padidela, Stewart Rust, Mark Dunne, Karen Cosgrove, Indraneel Banerjee, Jacqueline Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disease of severe hypoglycaemia caused by excess insulin secretion and associated with adverse neurodevelopment in a third of children. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second Edition (VABS-II) is a parent report measure of adaptive functioning that could be used as a developmental screening tool in patients with CHI. We have investigated the performance of VABS-II as a screening tool to identify developmental delay in a relatively large cohort of children with CHI...
May 22, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#4
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#5
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522227/promoting-motor-skills-in-low-income-ethnic-children-the-physical-activity-in-linguistically-diverse-communities-paldc-nonrandomized-trial
#7
Anthony D Okely, Louise L Hardy, Marijka Batterham, Phillip Pearson, Kim McKeen, Lauren Puglisi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term effects of a professional learning program for classroom teachers on fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency of primary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: A cluster non-randomized trial using a nested cross-sectional design. METHODS: The study was conducted in 8 primary schools located in disadvantaged and culturally diverse areas in Sydney, Australia. The intervention used an action learning framework, with each school developing and implementing an action plan for enhancing the teaching of FMS in their school...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521656/oral-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#8
Judy Hopkins, Sharon A Cermak, Russell J Merritt
Children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) with associated intestinal failure may be unable to absorb sufficient nutrients to sustain life. Improvements in the medical management of SBS, including use of parenteral nutrition, has significantly increased life expectancy. Independence from parenteral nutrition further improves quality of life. However, children living with SBS often develop oral aversions and feeding difficulties. There is limited research and information on which to base interventions that will preserve and develop oral motor and feeding skills...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#9
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#10
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#11
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511125/the-many-facets-of-motor-learning-and-their-relevance-for-parkinson-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Lucio Marinelli, Angelo Quartarone, Mark Hallett, Giuseppe Frazzitta, Maria Felice Ghilardi
The final goal of motor learning, a complex process that includes both implicit and explicit (or declarative) components, is the optimization and automatization of motor skills. Motor learning involves different neural networks and neurotransmitters systems depending on the type of task and on the stage of learning. After the first phase of acquisition, a motor skill goes through consolidation (i.e., becoming resistant to interference) and retention, processes in which sleep and long-term potentiation seem to play important roles...
April 9, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#13
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509343/the-influence-of-vascular-risk-factors-on-cognitive-function-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Maxime Doiron, Mélanie Langlois, Nicolas Dupré, Martine Simard
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and obesity are well-established risk factors for cognitive impairment and dementia in older adults. In contrast, previous studies that have assessed the impact of vascular risk factors (VRFs) on cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) have had methodological limitations and reported conflicting findings. We address this question in a large well-characterized cohort of de novo PD patients. METHODS: A total of 367 untreated and non-demented patients aged 50 years and older with early PD (H&Y = 1...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508177/standing-postural-control-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Yi Huey Lim, Katie Partridge, Sonya Girdler, Susan L Morris
Impairments in postural control affect the development of motor and social skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This review compared the effect of different sensory conditions on static standing postural control between ASD and neurotypical individuals. Results from 19 studies indicated a large difference in postural control between groups across all sensory conditions. This review revealed sensorimotor and multiple sensory processing deficits in ASD. The tendency for individuals with ASD to be more susceptible to postural instability with use of visual information compared with somatosensory information suggests perinatal alterations in sensory development...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507981/a-quasi-experimental-study-of-a-movement-and-preliteracy-program-for-3-and-4-year-old-children
#16
Chloe Bedard, Emily Bremer, Wenonah Campbell, John Cairney
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 28% of children are not ready for kindergarten, 91% are inactive according to current guidelines, and 21% are overweight/obese. Early intervention to strengthen movement and preliteracy skills may help to curb the concerning rates of poor school readiness, inactivity, obesity, and subsequently positively impact health across the lifespan. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a motor and preliteracy skill program for a community sample of 3- to 4-year-old children...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507134/dopaminergic-modulation-of-basal-ganglia-output-through-coupled-excitation-inhibition
#17
Agata Budzillo, Alison Duffy, Kimberly E Miller, Adrienne L Fairhall, David J Perkel
Learning and maintenance of skilled movements require exploration of motor space and selection of appropriate actions. Vocal learning and social context-dependent plasticity in songbirds depend on a basal ganglia circuit, which actively generates vocal variability. Dopamine in the basal ganglia reduces trial-to-trial neural variability when the bird engages in courtship song. Here, we present evidence for a unique, tonically active, excitatory interneuron in the songbird basal ganglia that makes strong synaptic connections onto output pallidal neurons, often linked in time with inhibitory events...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506451/motor-skill-development-in-low-income-at-risk-preschoolers-a-community-based-longitudinal-intervention-study
#18
Laura L Bellows, Patricia L Davies, Jimikaye B Courtney, William J Gavin, Susan L Johnson, Richard E Boles
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to: (1) determine the status of fundamental movement skill (FMS) performance in low-income, at-risk preschoolers; and (2) evaluate the impact of the Food Friends Get Movin' with Mighty Moves (MM) program on improving children's FMS at two-year follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal, quasi-experimental study with matched controls. METHODS: The Colorado LEAP study was conducted in four Head Start/preschools (two intervention, two control) serving children aged 3-5 years...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502837/use-of-technology-to-facilitate-physical-activity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-study
#19
Melissa D Bittner, B Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, David L Nichols, Suzanna R Dillon
Deficits in social behavior and communication skills are correlated with reduced gross motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The ExerciseBuddy application (EB app) was designed to communicate these motor skills to those with ASD and integrates evidence-based practices such as visual support and video modeling supported by The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the EB app in facilitating increased physiologic responses to physical activity via a continuous measurement of energy expenditure and heart rate versus practice-style teaching methods in children with ASD...
May 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502698/effectiveness-of-a-fine-motor-skills-rehabilitation-program-on-upper-limb-disability-manual-dexterity-pinch-strength-range-of-fingers-motion-performance-in-activities-of-daily-living-functional-independency-and-general-self-efficacy-in-hand-osteoarthritis-a
#20
Jose Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Ma Carmen García-Ríos, María Azucena Ortega-Valdivieso, Enrique Elías Cano-Deltell, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez, Kelly Ickmans, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation treatments for improving fine motor skills (FMS) in hand osteoarthritis (HOA) have not been well explored yet. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess the effectiveness of a rehabilitation program on upper limb disability, independence of activities of daily living (ADLs), fine motor abilities, functional independency, and general self-efficacy in older adults with HOA. METHODS: About 45 adults (74-86 years) with HOA were assigned to an experimental group for completing an FMS intervention or a control group receiving conventional occupational therapy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
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