keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Zoo animals

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030716/prevalence-transmission-and-host-specificity-of-cryptosporidium-spp-in-various-animal-groups-from-two-french-zoos
#1
Marwan Osman, Dima El Safadi, Sadia Benamrouz-Vanneste, Amandine Cian, Romain Moriniere, Nausicaa Gantois, Pilar Delgado-Viscogliosi, Karine Guyot, Stéphanie Bosc, Magali Chabé, Thierry Petit, Eric Viscogliosi, Gabriela Certad
Cryptosporidium represents a major cause of gastrointestinal illness in humans and animals including domestic, wild, and in captivity animals, and more than 30 validated species of Cryptosporidium are recognized as infectious to different hosts such as mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Therefore, numerous investigations have been conducted worldwide in order to shed light on the epidemiology of this parasite and to explore its potential reservoirs. Few surveys, targeting humans and animals have been carried out regarding the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp...
October 13, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024063/influence-of-ration-composition-on-nutritive-and-digestive-variables-in-captive-giraffes-giraffa-camelopardalis-indicating-the-appropriateness-of-feeding-practice
#2
I Gussek, C Große-Brinkhaus, K-H Südekum, J Hummel
The nutrition of captive giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), a browsing ruminant, is challenging because browse availability is limited in zoos and rations need to be composed of compensatory feeds. In this study, ration composition for giraffes in 12 German zoos was documented and linked to animal variables that indicate suitability of nutrition. Rations differed in proportion of ration items and chemical composition resulting in various grades of accordance with feeding recommendations. An estimated daily metabolisable energy (ME) intake (MEI; mean ± SD) of 0...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985710/early-life-exposures-and-johne-s-disease-risk-in-zoo-ruminants
#3
Tristan L Burgess, Carmel L Witte, Bruce A Rideout
Johne's disease, caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), is a chronic, progressive bacterial enteritis of ruminants that can cause serious losses in both livestock and exotic species. Infection risk in exotic ruminants is associated with maternal infection status, but the effect of other herdmates on risk of infection has not been reported, to our knowledge. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the association between MAP infection status and early-life contact with infected herdmates...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959932/epidemiology-of-clinical-feline-herpesvirus-infection-in-zoo-housed-cheetahs-acinonyx-jubatus
#4
Carmel L Witte, Nadine Lamberski, Bruce A Rideout, Florin Vaida, Scott B Citino, Michael T Barrie, Holly J Haefele, Randall E Junge, Suzan Murray, Laura L Hungerford
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of and risk factors for clinical feline herpesvirus (FHV) infection in zoo-housed cheetahs and determine whether dam infection was associated with offspring infection. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS 144 cheetah cubs born in 6 zoos from 1988 through 2007. PROCEDURES Data were extracted from the health records of cheetahs and their dams to identify incident cases of clinical FHV infection and estimate incidence from birth to 18 months of age. Univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models, controlling for correlations among cheetahs with the same dam, were used to identify risk factors for incident FHV infection...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950121/unusual-arsenic-metabolism-in-giant-pandas
#5
Simone Braeuer, Eveline Dungl, Wiebke Hoffmann, Desheng Li, Chengdong Wang, Hemin Zhang, Walter Goessler
The total arsenic concentration and the arsenic speciation in urine and feces samples of the two Giant Pandas living at Vienna zoo and of their feed, bamboo, were determined with ICPMS and HPLC-ICPMS. Urine was the main excretion route and accounted for around 90% of the ingested arsenic. The urinary arsenic concentrations were very high, namely up to 179 μg/L. Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) was the dominating arsenic compound in the urine samples and ranged from 73 to 92% of the total arsenic, which is unusually high for a terrestrial mammal...
September 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944602/hepatitis-e-virus-and-related-viruses-in-wild-domestic-and-zoo-animals-a-review
#6
REVIEW
C Spahr, T Knauf-Witzens, T Vahlenkamp, R G Ulrich, R Johne
Hepatitis E is a human disease mainly characterized by acute liver illness, which is caused by infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Large hepatitis E outbreaks have been described in developing countries; however, the disease is also increasingly recognized in industrialized countries. Mortality rates up to 25% have been described for pregnant women during outbreaks in developing countries. In addition, chronic disease courses could be observed in immunocompromised transplant patients. Whereas the HEV genotypes 1 and 2 are mainly confined to humans, genotypes 3 and 4 are also found in animals and can be zoonotically transmitted to humans...
September 24, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936179/seasonal-variations-in-heart-rate-variability-as-an-indicator-of-stress-in-free-ranging-pregnant-przewalski-s-horses-e-ferus-przewalskii-within-the-hortob%C3%A3-gy-national-park-in-hungary
#7
Friederike Pohlin, Kristin Brabender, Gerhard Fluch, Gabrielle Stalder, Thierry Petit, Chris Walzer
Background: Ecosystems with seasonal fluctuations in climate and food availability present physiological challenges to resident mammals and may cause "stress." The two predominant physiological responses to stressors are (1) the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and (2) the modulation of the autonomic nervous system. To date, the primary indicator for "stress" in wildlife- and zoo animal research are glucocorticoid levels. By measuring the autonomic regulation of cardiac activity, particularly the vagal tone, heart rate variability (HRV) is presently emerging as a suitable indicator of "stress" in farm- and domestic animal research...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920819/disseminated-toxoplasmosis-in-a-captive-adult-dromedary-camel-camelus-dromedarius
#8
Jennifer Riley, Michael M Garner, Matti Kiupel, Elizabeth E Hammond
An 11-yr-old dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) at a zoo in south Florida presented with diarrhea while being treated with enrofloxacin and dexamethasone for a chronic skin condition. Three weeks after initiation of therapy with dexamethasone, the camel developed diarrhea, which worsened despite treatment with antibiotics. The animal became increasingly debilitated, developed hemorrhagic diarrhea, declined rapidly over the next 3 days, and died despite aggressive fluid therapy and supportive care. Histologic examination revealed intralesional protozoal tissue cysts consistent with Toxoplasma gondii in the intestines, lungs, and liver, as well as lymphoid depletion of the spleen suggesting immunosuppression...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920810/newly-described-toxoplasma-gondii-strain-causes-high-mortality-in-red-necked-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus-in-a-zoo
#9
Amanda Guthrie, Leah Rooker, Rommel Tan, Richard Gerhold, Karen Trainor, Tiantian Jiang, Chunlei Su
This manuscript describes an outbreak of fatal toxoplasmosis in wallabies. Ten adult red necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) were imported from New Zealand to the Virginia Zoo. Agglutination testing upon admission into quarantine showed all animals to be negative for antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii. Nine of these wallabies died from acute toxoplasmosis within 59-565 (average 224) days after being moved onto exhibit. Clinical signs included lethargy, diarrhea, tachypnea, and ataxia that progressed rapidly; death without premonitory signs occurred in one case...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920809/evaluation-of-bone-mineralization-by-computed-tomography-in-wild-and-captive-european-common-spadefoots-pelobates-fuscus-in-relation-to-exposure-to-ultraviolet-b-radiation-and-dietary-supplements
#10
Martine van Zijll Langhout, Richard P J H Struijk, Tessa Könning, Dick van Zuilen, Katalin Horvath, Hester van Bolhuis, Roelof Maarschalkerweerd, Frank Verstappen
Captive rearing programs have been initiated to save the European common spadefoot (Pelobates fuscus), a toad species in the family of Pelobatidae, from extinction in The Netherlands. Evaluating whether this species needs ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation and/or dietary supplementation for healthy bone development is crucial for its captive management and related conservation efforts. The bone mineralization in the femurs and the thickest part of the parietal bone of the skulls of European common spadefoots (n = 51) was measured in Hounsfield units (HUs) by computed tomography...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920807/use-of-oral-fluoxetine-for-the-treatment-of-abnormal-aggression-in-two-red-necked-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus
#11
June E Olds
: Abnormal inter- and intraspecies aggression, perceived to be anxiety related, was identified in two male red-necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) housed within a zoo. Aggressive episodes were directed at conspecifics, other exhibit animals, and, in one case, human caretakers. The clinical use of oral fluoxetine (0.5 mg/kg po bid) for a period of approximately 4 mo was effective in eliminating aggression towards humans and other animals in these two individuals. There was no evidence of recrudescence of aggression in either case following discontinuation of therapy for up to 3 yr posttreatment...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920785/detomidine-and-butorphanol-for-standing-sedation-in-a-range-of-zoo-kept-ungulate-species
#12
Tim Bouts, Joanne Dodds, Karla Berry, Abdi Arif, Polly Taylor, Andrew Routh, Frank Gasthuys
General anesthesia poses risks for larger zoo species, like cardiorespiratory depression, myopathy, and hyperthermia. In ruminants, ruminal bloat and regurgitation of rumen contents with potential aspiration pneumonia are added risks. Thus, the use of sedation to perform minor procedures is justified in zoo animals. A combination of detomidine and butorphanol has been routinely used in domestic animals. This drug combination, administered by remote intramuscular injection, can also be applied for standing sedation in a range of zoo animals, allowing a number of minor procedures...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920778/first-report-of-trypanosoma-evansi-infection-surra-in-a-puma-felis-concolor-of-lahore-zoo-pakistan
#13
Imran Rashid, Haroon Akbar, Mohamed Gharbi, Farooq Riaz, Saher Islam, Muhammad Baber Saleem, Sammuel Shahzad, Wasim Shehzad, Mariem Rouatbi, Kamran Ashraf
The blood protozoan Trypanosoma evansi, which is transmitted by biting flies, is frequently neglected due to subclinical infections. This report describes a case of trypanosomiasis due to T. evansi in a 9-yr-old male puma (Felis concolor) housed at the Lahore Zoo in Pakistan. Early in January 2015, this male puma presented with chronic lethargy, weight loss, incoordination, hyperthermia, anorexia, sunken eyes, and unthriftiness. Microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained blood smears showed numerous Trypanosoma parasites...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916271/the-effects-of-preferred-natural-stimuli-on-humans-affective-states-physiological-stress-and-mental-health-and-the-potential-implications-for-well-being-in-captive-animals
#14
REVIEW
Misha Ross, Georgia J Mason
Exposure to certain natural stimuli improves people's moods, reduces stress, enhances stress resilience, and promotes mental and physical health. Laboratory studies and real estate prices also reveal that humans prefer environments containing a broad range of natural stimuli. Potential mediators of these outcomes include: 1) therapeutic effects of specific natural products; 2) positive affective responses to stimuli that signalled safety and resources to our evolutionary ancestors; 3) attraction to environments that satisfy innate needs to explore and understand; and 4) ease of sensory processing, due to the stimuli's "evolutionary familiarity" and/or their fractal, self-repeating properties...
September 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903821/age-and-sex-associated-differences-in-phenotypic-and-functional-characteristics-of-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-in-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes
#15
Pramod N Nehete, Elizabeth R Magden, Bharti P Nehete, Lawrence E Williams, Christian R Abee, K Jagannadha Sastry
Chimpanzees are the closest phylogenetic relatives to humans, sharing more than 98% genetic sequence identity. These genetic similarities prompted the belief that chimpanzees can serve as an ideal model for human disease conditions and vaccine development. However, in light of the recent NIH decision to phase out biomedical research in chimpanzees and retire NIH-supported chimpanzees, data from the present study will continue to provide value for the care of aged and sick chimpanzees located in zoos, sanctuaries, and primate centers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887336/in-spain-zoo-animals-boost-drug-adherence-for-young-children
#16
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861612/molecular-characterization-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-isolates-in-laboratory-macaques-in-north-china-zoonotic-concerns
#17
Hang Yang, Yongchao Lin, Yijing Li, Mingxin Song, Yixin Lu, Wei Li
The significance of wild and zoo nonhuman primates (NHPs) as potential sources of human Enterocytozoon bieneusi infections has been increasingly appreciated, while the role of laboratory NHPs in zoonotic transmission of microsporidiosis remains elusive. In this study, the infection rate, genetic characteristic, and zoonotic potential of E. bieneusi were investigated for 205 laboratory macaques in Beijing, north China. The parasite was identified in 37 (18.0%) animals by nested PCR and sequencing of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), with an infection rate of 25...
August 31, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851356/fatal-infection-in-three-grey-slender-lorises-loris-lydekkerianus-nordicus-caused-by-clonally-related-trueperella-pyogenes
#18
Samy Nagib, Stefanie P Glaeser, Tobias Eisenberg, Osama Sammra, Christoph Lämmler, Peter Kämpfer, Nicole Schauerte, Christina Geiger, Ute Kaim, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff, André Becker, Amir Abdulmawjood
BACKGROUND: Trueperella pyogenes is a worldwide known bacterium causing mastitis, abortion and various other pyogenic infections in domestic animals like ruminants and pigs. In this study we represent the first case report of three unusual fatal infections of Grey Slender Lorises caused by Trueperella pyogenes. Meanwhile, this study represents the first in-depth description of the multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) on T. pyogenes species. CASE PRESENTATION: Three Trueperella pyogenes were isolated from three different Grey Slender Lorises, which died within a period of two years at Frankfurt Zoo (Frankfurt am Main - Germany)...
August 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811626/outbreak-and-genotyping-of-canine-distemper-virus-in-captive-siberian-tigers-and-red-pandas
#19
He Zhang, Fen Shan, Xia Zhou, Bing Li, Jun-Qiong Zhai, Shu-Zhan Zou, Meng-Fan Wu, Wu Chen, Shao-Lun Zhai, Man-Lin Luo
In this study, four canine distemper virus (CDV) strains were isolated from captive Siberian tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) and red pandas (Ailurus fulgens) during two separate CDV outbreaks in a zoo in Guangdong province, China. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analyses based on the full-length hemagglutinin (H) and fusion (F) genes showed that they were closely identical to genotype Asia-1. Prior to confirmation of CDV in Siberian tigers, to control spread of the disease, a live attenuated combination CDV vaccine was used among almost all carnivore animals except for red pandas in which another recombinant combination CDV vaccine was used...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806735/molecular-characterization-and-multi-locus-genotypes-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-from-captive-red-kangaroos-macropus-rfus-in-jiangsu-province-china
#20
Zhijun Zhong, Yinan Tian, Yuan Song, Lei Deng, Junxian Li, Zhihua Ren, Xiaoping Ma, Xiaobin Gu, Changliang He, Yi Geng, Guangneng Peng
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most common pathogen of microsporidian species infecting humans worldwide. Although E. bieneusi has been found in a variety of animal hosts, information on the presence of E. bieneusi in captive kangaroos in China is limited. The present study was aimed at determining the occurrence and genetic diversity of E. bieneusi in captive kangaroos. A total of 61 fecal specimens (38 from red kangaroos and 23 from grey kangaroos) were collected from Nanjing Hongshan Forest Zoo and Hongshan Kangaroo Breeding Research Base, Jiangsu province, China...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
104198
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"