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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759902/peri-anaesthetic-mortality-and-nonfatal-gastrointestinal-complications-in-pet-rabbits-a-retrospective-study-on-210-cases
#1
Hoi W Lee, Hanna Machin, Chiara Adami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the associated risk factors of peri-anaesthetic mortality and gastrointestinal complications in pet rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: A total of 185 pet rabbits admitted to the Exotic Referal Service of Beaumont Sainsbury's Animal Hospital over the period 2009-2016. METHODS: The clinical records of the rabbits were obtained from the database...
February 27, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698080/superficial-chronic-ulcerative-dermatitis-scud-in-psittacine-birds-review-of-11-cases-2008-2016
#2
Tariq Abou-Zahr, Daniel Calvo Carrasco, Naomi Shimizu Dvm, Neil A Forbes, Thomas A G Dutton, Fiona Froehlich, Filippo De Bellis
We reviewed 11 cases of superficial chronic ulcerative dermatitis (SCUD) in psittacine birds that presented to an exotic animal practice over an 8-year period. African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) were overrepresented, accounting for 55% of SCUD-affected birds. All affected birds were hand-reared pets and bonded strongly to their owners. In all cases, fungal culture results were negative. The most commonly cultured bacteria were Enterobacter cloacae (27%), followed by Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus (both 18%)...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690533/snakebite-when-the-human-touch-becomes-a-bad-touch
#3
REVIEW
Bryan G Fry
Many issues and complications in treating snakebite are a result of poor human social, economic and clinical intervention and management. As such, there is scope for significant improvements for reducing incidence and increasing patient outcomes. Snakes do not target humans as prey, but as our dwellings and farms expand ever farther and climate change increases snake activity periods, accidental encounters with snakes seeking water and prey increase drastically. Despite its long history, the snakebite crisis is neglected, ignored, underestimated and fundamentally misunderstood...
April 21, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655479/update-on-cancer-treatment-in-exotics
#4
REVIEW
Ashley Zehnder, Jennifer Graham, Gunther Antonissen
Treatment options for animals with cancer are rapidly expanding, including in exotic animal medicine. Limited information is available about treatment effects in exotic pet species beyond individual case reports. Most cancer treatment protocols in exotic animals are extrapolated from those described in humans, dogs, and cats. This review provides an update on cancer treatment in exotic animal species. The Exotic Species Cancer Research Alliance accumulates clinical cases in a central location with standardized clinical information, with resources to help clinicians find and enter their cases for the collective good of exotic clinicians and their patients...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655476/avian-vaccination-current-options-and-strategies
#5
REVIEW
J Jill Heatley, Susan Payne, Ian Tizard
Researchers have generated an array of potential avian antiviral vaccines. However, vaccine and viral complexity, small profit margins, the cost of development and manufacturing, and the small population at risk relegate most avian vaccine use to commercial species. Some vaccines designed for use in nonavian species are used to prevent or ameliorate disease in exotic and companion birds. This article highlights newly developed vaccines that may be used in exotic and pet birds. Information pertinent to vaccine choice and strategy is provided, including disease lethality, species affected, and previous knowledge regarding vaccine safety and efficacy...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655473/therapeutic-contraindications-in-exotic-pets
#6
REVIEW
Olivia A Petritz, Sue Chen
The selection and dosing of medications for exotic pets are often challenging because most drugs are used in an extralabel manner without pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies. Doses are often extrapolated from common domestic animals and safety data are often lacking in exotic species. Just as the bioavailability and therapeutic levels are different for each species, what may be a safe and commonly used medication in one species can be deadly in another. Various drugs with documented contraindications in certain exotic pet species are outlined in this review and the pathophysiology, clinical signs, and treatment options are described when applicable...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523201/preliminary-studies-on-isolates-of-clostridium-difficile-from-dogs-and-exotic-pets
#7
Sara Andrés-Lasheras, Inma Martín-Burriel, Raúl Carlos Mainar-Jaime, Mariano Morales, Ed Kuijper, José L Blanco, Manuel Chirino-Trejo, Rosa Bolea
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is recognised as an emerging disease in both humans and some animal species. During the past few years, insights into human CDI epidemiology changed and C. difficile is also considered as an emerging community-acquired pathogen. Certain ribotypes (RT) are possibly associated with zoonotic transmission. The objective of this study was to assess the presence of C. difficile in a population of pets and to characterise the isolates. RESULTS: Faecal samples from a total of 90 diarrhoeic dogs and 24 from exotic animal species (both diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoeic) were analysed...
March 9, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460003/detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-a-new-adenoviral-polymerase-gene-in-reptiles-in-korea
#8
Eun-Jung Bak, Yeonsook Jho, Gye-Hyeong Woo
Over a period of 7 years (2004-2011), samples from 34 diseased reptiles provided by local governments, zoos, and pet shops were tested for viral infection. Animals were diagnosed based on clinical signs, including loss of appetite, diarrhea, rhinorrhea, and unexpected sudden death. Most of the exotic animals had gastrointestinal problems, such as mucosal redness and ulcers, while the native animals had no clinical symptoms. Viral sequences were found in seven animals. Retroviral genes were amplified from samples from five Burmese pythons (Python molurus bivittatus), an adenovirus was detected in a panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis), and an adenovirus and a paramyxovirus were detected in a tropical girdled lizard (Cordylus tropidosternum)...
February 19, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302018/injuries-and-envenomation-by-exotic-pets-in-hong-kong
#9
V Ch Ng, A Ch Lit, O F Wong, M L Tse, H T Fung
INTRODUCTION: Exotic pets are increasingly popular in Hong Kong and include fish, amphibians, reptiles, and arthropods. Some of these exotic animals are venomous and may cause injuries to and envenomation of their owners. The clinical experience of emergency physicians in the management of injuries and envenomation by these exotic animals is limited. We reviewed the clinical features and outcomes of injuries and envenomation by exotic pets recorded by the Hong Kong Poison Information Centre...
February 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260903/antibiotic-resistance-profiling-analysis-of-virulence-aspects-and-molecular-genotyping-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-in-sicily-italy
#10
Maria Vitale, Salvatore Gaglio, Paola Galluzzo, Giuseppe Cascone, Chiara Piraino, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti, Rosa Alduina
Staphylococcus aureus is the major cause of foodborne diseases worldwide. In this retrospective study, 84 S. aureus strains were characterized. The collection comprises 78 strains isolated during 1998 and 2014 from dairy products and tissue samples from livestock bred for dairy production in Sicily. One isolate was obtained from a pet (dog), one from an exotic animal (a circus elephant), and four human isolates were obtained during a severe food poisoning outbreak that occurred in Sicily in 2015. All the strains were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), for antibiotic resistance and presence of toxin genes...
December 20, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260677/detection-and-circulation-of-a-novel-rabbit-hemorrhagic-disease-virus-in-australia
#11
Jackie E Mahar, Andrew J Read, Xingnian Gu, Nadya Urakova, Roslyn Mourant, Melissa Piper, Stéphanie Haboury, Edward C Holmes, Tanja Strive, Robyn N Hall
The highly virulent rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) has been widely used in Australia and New Zealand since the mid-1990s to control wild rabbits, an invasive vertebrate pest in these countries. In January 2014, an exotic RHDV was detected in Australia, and 8 additional outbreaks were reported in both domestic and wild rabbits in the 15 months following its detection. Full-length genomic analysis revealed that this virus is a recombinant containing an RHDVa capsid gene and nonstructural genes most closely related to nonpathogenic rabbit caliciviruses...
January 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201148/whole-genome-sequencing-based-detection-of-antimicrobial-resistance-and-virulence-in-non-typhoidal-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-wildlife
#12
Milton Thomas, Gavin John Fenske, Linto Antony, Sudeep Ghimire, Ronald Welsh, Akhilesh Ramachandran, Joy Scaria
The aim of this study was to generate a reference set of Salmonella enterica genomes isolated from wildlife from the United States and to determine the antimicrobial resistance and virulence gene profile of the isolates from the genome sequence data. We sequenced the whole genomes of 103 Salmonella isolates sampled between 1988 and 2003 from wildlife and exotic pet cases that were submitted to the Oklahoma Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Stillwater, Oklahoma. Among 103 isolates, 50.48% were from wild birds, 0...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185811/welfare-impacts-of-the-illegal-wildlife-trade-in-a-cohort-of-confiscated-greater-slow-lorises-nycticebus-coucang
#13
Grace Fuller, Wilhelmina Frederica Eggen, Wirdateti Wirdateti, K A I Nekaris
Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77 greater slow lorises, N. coucang, who were confiscated en masse and brought to Cikananga Wildlife Center in Indonesia. Medical records indicated that in total, 28.6% of the slow lorises died within the first 6 months, mostly due to traumatic injury, and all the infants died...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074796/future-of-keeping-pet-reptiles-and-amphibians-animal-welfare-and-public-health-perspective
#14
C Warwick, M Jessop, P Arena, A Pliny, E Nicholas, A Lambiris
In a review summary on page 450, Pasmans and others discuss the future of keeping reptiles and amphibians as pets. Here, Clifford Warwick and others discuss the animal welfare and public health implications of exotic pet business.
October 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070434/gerbil-bite-anaphylaxis
#15
Jonathan Watson, Erik Schobitz, Jonathan Davis
Household pets are well known to cause allergic symptoms in susceptible individuals, most commonly conjunctivitis, rhinitis, bronchospasm or urticaria. The increasing prevalence of exotic pets, including rodents, may introduce novel allergens into the household setting. We describe the case of a 16-year-old female who presented to the emergency department (ED) with an immediate systemic reaction consistent with anaphylaxis following a bite injury from a pet Mongolian gerbil. Although rare, gerbil bite injury represents another possible allergen source for precipitating a severe allergic reaction...
January 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051315/future-of-keeping-pet-reptiles-and-amphibians-towards-integrating-animal-welfare-human-health-and-environmental-sustainability
#16
REVIEW
Frank Pasmans, Serge Bogaerts, Johan Braeckman, Andrew A Cunningham, Tom Hellebuyck, Richard A Griffiths, Max Sparreboom, Benedikt R Schmidt, An Martel
The keeping of exotic pets is currently under debate and governments of several countries are increasingly exploring the regulation, or even the banning, of exotic pet keeping. Major concerns are issues of public health and safety, animal welfare and biodiversity conservation. The keeping of reptiles and amphibians in captivity encompasses all the potential issues identified with keeping exotic pets, and many of those relating to traditional domestic pets. Within the context of risks posed by pets in general, the authors argue for the responsible and sustainable keeping of reptile and amphibian pets by private persons, based on scientific evidence and on the authors' own expertise (veterinary medicine, captive husbandry, conservation biology)...
October 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051289/-understanding-pet-owners-is-key-to-improving-exotic-pet-welfare
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035006/applying-systems-thinking-to-inform-studies-of-wildlife-trade-in-primates
#18
Mary E Blair, Minh D Le, Hoàng M Thạch, Anna Panariello, Ngọc B Vũ, Mark G Birchette, Gautam Sethi, Eleanor J Sterling
Wildlife trade presents a major threat to primate populations, which are in demand from local to international scales for a variety of uses from food and traditional medicine to the exotic pet trade. We argue that an interdisciplinary framework to facilitate integration of socioeconomic, anthropological, and biological data across multiple spatial and temporal scales is essential to guide the study of wildlife trade dynamics and its impacts on primate populations. Here, we present a new way to design research on wildlife trade in primates using a systems thinking framework...
November 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781041/advancements-in-evidence-based-anesthesia-of-exotic-animals
#19
REVIEW
Julie A Balko, Sathya K Chinnadurai
Anesthesia and sedation of pet nondomestic species are often necessary for both invasive and noninvasive procedures. Even minimally invasive procedures can be stressful for small prey species that are not domesticated or acclimated to human contact and restraint. Recent advancements in evidence-based practice will continue to improve the field based on scientifically sound best practices and rely less on anecdotal recommendations. This article focuses on new scientific literature that has been published in the past 5 years...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781034/evidence-based-advances-in-rodent-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Vladimir Jekl, Karel Hauptman, Zdenek Knotek
The number of exotic companion pet rodents seen in veterinary practices is growing very rapidly. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association's surveys, more than 2,093,000 pet rodents were kept in US households in 2007 and in 2012 it was more than 2,349,000 animals. This article summarizes the most important evidence-based knowledge in exotic pet rodents (diagnostics of the hyperadrenocorticism in guinea pigs, pituitary tumors in rats, urolithiasis in guinea pigs, use of itopride as prokinetics, use of deslorelin acetate in rodents, cause of dental disease, and prevention of mammary gland tumors in rats)...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
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