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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736046/the-optical-imaging-of-tarantula-hair-corneal-injury-one-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Yuedong Hu, Yuanyuan Xu
INTRODUCTION: Tarantulas belonging to the Theraphosidae family are more and more popular as family pets. Ocular injuries caused by tarantulas are reported in several articles. We hereby report the first known case of ocular injury caused by a tarantula in China. CASE: A 22-year-old girl was referred to our hospital with one-week history of red and irritated left eye after she grabbed her molting Chilean Rose Tarantula. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 on both eyes...
July 20, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713575/wildlife-hosts-for-oie-listed-diseases-considerations-regarding-global-wildlife-trade-and-host-pathogen-relationships
#2
Kristine M Smith, Catherine M Machalaba, Hilary Jones, Paula Cáceres, Marija Popovic, Kevin J Olival, Karim Ben Jebara, William B Karesh
The expanding international wildlife trade, combined with a lack of surveillance for key animal diseases in most countries, represents a potential pathway for transboundary disease movement. While the international wildlife trade represents over US $300 billion per year industry involving exchange of billions of individual animals, animal products, and plants as traditional medicines, meat from wild animals, trophies, live exotic pets, commercial products and food, surveillance and reporting of OIE-Listed diseases in wildlife are often opportunistic...
May 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647473/-rotavirus-salmonella-coinfection-due-to-turtles-two-cases-with-exotic-pets
#3
M Angot, F Labbe, A Duquenoy, P Le Roux
Salmonellosis is a leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, responsible for invasive infections especially in young children. Reptiles are salmonella reservoirs, and the indirect contact via parents' hands may be responsible for contamination. We report on two cases of Salmonella-rotavirus coinfection secondary to the presence of turtles in the home.
June 21, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629177/exnotic-should-we-be-keeping-exotic-pets
#4
Rachel A Grant, V Tamara Montrose, Alison P Wills
There has been a recent trend towards keeping non-traditional companion animals, also known as exotic pets. These pets include parrots, reptiles, amphibians and rabbits, as well as small species of rodent such as degus and guinea pigs. Many of these exotic pet species are not domesticated, and often have special requirements in captivity, which many owners do not have the facilities or knowledge to provide. Keeping animals in settings to which they are poorly adapted is a threat to their welfare. Additionally, owner satisfaction with the animal may be poor due to a misalignment of expectations, which further impacts on welfare, as it may lead to repeated rehoming or neglect...
June 19, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363059/evaluation-of-feeding-behavior-as-an-indicator-of-pain-in-snakes
#5
Lauren E James, Catherine J A Williams, Mads F Bertelsen, Tobias Wang
The necessity to prevent and manage pain in reptiles is becoming increasingly important, as their use in scientific research and popularity as exotic pets continues to rise. It was hypothesized that feeding behavior would provide an adequate indicator of pain perception in the ball python (Python regius). Normal feeding was defined the previous week, where a dead rodent was struck within 12 sec (n = 10). Eighteen pythons were randomly assigned to one of three treatments: anesthesia only (AO), chemical noxious stimulus (CS; capsaicin injection), or surgical noxious stimulus (SS; surgical incision)...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340891/reproductive-medicine-in-guinea-pigs-chinchillas-and-degus
#6
REVIEW
Leonie Kondert, Jörg Mayer
Guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus are hystricomorph rodents originating from South America. They are commonly presented as exotic pets in veterinary practice. Reviewing the anatomy and physiology of their reproductive tract helps to offer better client education about preventive medicine and helps to act faster in emergency situations. Choosing the right anesthetic protocol helps to prevent complications. This article should aid as a guideline on the most common reproductive problems of these 3 species and help in making decisions regarding the best treatment options...
May 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183762/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-velogenic-newcastle-disease-virus-strain-isolated-from-a-clinically-healthy-exotic-parakeet-melopsittacus-undulatus-in-pakistan
#7
Abdul Wajid, Asma Basharat, Taseer Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Wasim, Shafqat Fatima Rehmani
The complete genome sequence of a virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) strain isolated from an exotic parakeet (Melopsittacus undulatus) is described here. The virulent strain parakeet/Pak/R-Pindi/SFR-16/2016 was isolated from a bird reared as a pet in the province of Punjab in the northern region of Pakistan in 2016. Phylogenetic analysis classified the isolate as a member of NDV class II, subgenotype VIIi, in genotype VII.
February 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866266/survey-of-baylisascaris-spp-in-captive-striped-skunks-mephitis-mephitis-in-some-european-areas
#8
D d'Ovidio, N Pantchev, E Noviello, L Del Prete, M P Maurelli, G Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi
Skunks are popular carnivore species kept both in zoological institutions and in households where they are hand raised as exotic pets. These small carnivores are considered the main definitive hosts of the roundworm Baylisascaris columnaris. The purpose of this survey was to investigate the occurrence of Baylisascaris spp. in striped skunks kept as pets or in private zoo collections in some European areas. Copromicroscopic data from two laboratories, one in Italy and one in Germany, were used. A total of 60 animals were selected...
February 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658593/molecular-identification-of-cryptosporidium-species-from-pet-snakes-in-thailand
#9
Benjarat Yimming, Khampee Pattanatanang, Pornchai Sanyathitiseree, Tawin Inpankaew, Ketsarin Kamyingkird, Nongnuch Pinyopanuwat, Wissanuwat Chimnoi, Jumnongjit Phasuk
Cryptosporidium is an important pathogen causing gastrointestinal disease in snakes and is distributed worldwide. The main objectives of this study were to detect and identify Cryptosporidium species in captive snakes from exotic pet shops and snake farms in Thailand. In total, 165 fecal samples were examined from 8 snake species, boa constrictor (Boa constrictor constrictor), corn snake (Elaphe guttata), ball python (Python regius), milk snake (Lampropeltis triangulum), king snake (Lampropeltis getula), rock python (Python sebae), rainbow boa (Epicrates cenchria), and carpet python (Morelia spilota)...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544300/the-african-hedgehog-atelerix-albiventris-low-phase-i-and-phase-ii-metabolism-activities
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aksorn Saengtienchai, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Nesta Bortey-Sam, Usuma Jermnark, Hazuki Mizukawa, Yusuke K Kawai, Shouta M M Nakayama, Mayumi Ishizuka
The African hedgehog, Atelerix albiventris, is a spiny mammal that has become popular as an exotic pet in many countries. To elucidate the ability of hedgehogs to metabolize xenobiotics, the animals were exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, pyrene. The in vivo exposure study indicated that pyrene was biotransformed to glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, such as pyrene-1-glucuronide, pyrene-1-sulfate, and pyrenediol-sulfate, and excreted in the urine. Pyrene-1-glucuronide was the main metabolite, and limited sulfate conjugate excretion was observed...
December 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497205/diagnostic-imaging-of-dental-disease-in-pet-rabbits-and-rodents
#11
REVIEW
Vittorio Capello
Diagnostic imaging techniques are of paramount importance for dentistry and oral disorders of rabbits, rodents, and other exotic companion mammals. Aside from standard radiography, stomatoscopy is a complementary tool allowing a thorough and detailed inspection of the oral cavity. Computed tomography (CT) generates multiple 2-dimensional views and 3-dimensional reconstructions providing superior diagnostic accuracy also useful for prognosis and treatment of advanced dental disease and its related complications...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497201/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-ornamental-fish
#12
REVIEW
Helen E Roberts-Sweeney
Ornamental fish represent the largest and most diverse group of exotic animals kept as pets. The specific oral anatomy of each family or selected species has evolved to suit the natural environment, feeding behaviors, food or prey type, and location of the food/prey in the water column. The anatomy can change over the life of the animal, from fry to adult. The oral cavity of fish is susceptible to many problems including infectious and parasitic diseases, trauma, and neoplasia. Diagnosis may involve wet mount preparations of exfoliative cytology from the lesion, histopathology, and bacterial or fungal culture...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486214/trichophyton-erinacei-in-pet-hedgehogs-in-spain-occurrence-and-revision-of-its-taxonomic-status
#13
M L Abarca, G Castellá, J Martorell, F J Cabañes
Hedgehogs have increased in popularity as pets in Spain but there are no data of infection rates of this exotic animal with dermatophytes in our country. During the period of 2008-2011 a total of 20 pet hedgehogs (19 African pygmy hedgehogs and 1 Egyptian long-eared hedgehog) suspected of having dermatophytoses were studied. This is the first survey of the occurrence of T. erinacei in household hedgehogs in Spain. The T. erinacei infection rate was 50% (9 out of 19 African pygmy hedgehogs, and the one Egyptian long-eared hedgehog surveyed)...
February 1, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359101/wild-caught-and-farm-reared-amphibians-are-important-reservoirs-of-salmonella-a-study-in-north-east-thailand
#14
A Ribas, S Poonlaphdecha
The role of amphibians as Salmonella reservoirs has not been as well studied as in reptiles, where the literature is abundant. Recent outbreaks of salmonellosis associated with exotic pet frogs have occurred in United States. Frog farming and wild frog harvesting have increased the international trade in these species. This necessitates a better understanding of the risk of salmonellosis transmission from amphibians to humans. We explored the presence of Salmonella in amphibians (frogs and toads) in Thailand, where farmed and wild frogs as well as toads are present...
June 30, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337283/diseases-transmitted-by-domestic-livestock-perils-of-the-petting-zoo
#15
John R Dunn, Casey Barton Behravesh, Frederick J Angulo
Petting zoo venues encourage or permit public contact with animals which provide opportunities for education and entertainment. These venues vary but are common at county or state fairs, zoos, and aquariums. In addition to these common petting zoo settings, animals are present in many other venues where the public is permitted to contact them and their environment. Thus, humans may have contact with animals in a wide range of settings, and transmission of infectious diseases from animals to humans may occur at any of these venues, creating perils associated with petting zoos...
December 2015: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337276/diseases-transmitted-by-less-common-house-pets
#16
Bruno B Chomel
Beside dogs and cats, the most common pets worldwide, an increasing number of pocket pets and exotic pets are making their way to more and more households, especially in North America and Europe. Although many of these animals make appropriate pets, they also can be a source of many zoonotic diseases, especially in young children and immunocompromised individuals. Some of these diseases can be life threatening, such as rabies, rat bite fever, and plague. Some others are quite common, because of the frequency of the pathogens harbored by these species, such as salmonellosis in reptiles and amphibians...
December 2015: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131166/exotic-pet-and-wildlife-emergency-medicine-for-the-small-animal-practitioner
#17
EDITORIAL
Margaret Fordham, Brian K Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131160/common-emergencies-in-small-rodents-hedgehogs-and-sugar-gliders
#18
REVIEW
Alicia McLaughlin, Anneliese Strunk
Small exotic mammal pets such as rats, mice, hamsters, gerbils, degus, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders are becoming more popular. Because these animals are prone to a variety of health problems, and require specialized husbandry care to remain healthy, they may present to emergency hospitals in critical condition. This article provides a basic overview of common emergency presentations of these species.
May 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131156/basic-shock-physiology-and-critical-care
#19
REVIEW
Brian K Roberts
Veterinarians practicing emergency medicine and/or working with exotic animals must be well versed in the pathophysiology of shock because many exotic pets present with an acute crisis or an acute manifestation of a chronic process causing poor organ perfusion. This article discusses the pathophysiology of shock and the systemic inflammatory response syndrome, which may lead to organ dysfunction, organ failure, sepsis, and death. The physiology of perfusion, perfusion measurements, categories of shock, and altered function of the immune system, gastrointestinal barrier, and coagulation system are discussed...
May 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120914/-not-available
#20
Bruno B Chomel, Henri-Jean Boulouis
Exotic and pocket pets are becoming more and more popular in developed countries. These animals can carry zoonotic pathogens and young children and elderly people as well as immunocompromised persons are at highest risk to contract severe or even lethal infections. Despite the small number of such incidents or outbreaks compared to the large number of exotic and pocket pets owned by households, risk of infection still exist. Basic hygienic rules and a regular veterinary and medical check-up should be apply regularly to reduce such a risk...
October 2014: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
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