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Arterial hypertension nephritis

Hannelore Sprenger-Mähr, Emanuel Zitt, Karl Lhotta
INTRODUCTION: The number of patients suffering from acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) is increasing. Whereas causes and outcome of AKI-D in the intensive care unit (ICU) are described extensively, few data exist about AKI-D patients treated outside the ICU. Aim of this study was to identify the causes of AKI-D, determine in-depth the comorbid conditions and outcome of this particular patient group and identify possibilities for its prevention. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all AKI-D patients treated outside the ICU in a single nephrology referral center between January 2010 and June 2015...
2016: PloS One
Daiji Nagayama, Rena Watanabe, Yasuhiro Watanabe, Haruki Imamura, Yuta Sato, Takashi Yamaguchi, Noriko Ban, Hidetoshi Kawana, Masahiro Ohira, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). DESIGN AND METHOD: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 23,257 healthy Japanese subjects (12,729 males and 10528 females) without past history of heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes and nephritis between 20 and 74 (47.1 ± 12.5) years of age who underwent health screening during 2004 to 2006 in Japan. RESULTS: Male showed markedly higher BMI, CAVI, TG and lower HDL-C...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Gabriella Moroni, Andrea Doria, Elisa Giglio, Chiara Tani, Margherita Zen, Francesca Strigini, Barbara Zaina, Angela Tincani, Federica de Liso, Caterina Matinato, Claudia Grossi, Mariele Gatto, Paola Castellana, Monica Limardo, Pier Luigi Meroni, Piergiorgio Messa, Pietro Ravani, Marta Mosca
The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the present risk of fetal complications and the inherent risk factors in pregnant women with lupus nephritis. Seventy-one pregnancies in 61women (59 Caucasians and 2 Asians) with lupus nephritis were prospectively followed between October 2006 and December 2013. All patients received a counselling visit within 3 months before the beginning of pregnancy and were followed by a multidisciplinary team. At baseline mild active nephritis was present in 15 cases (21...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
Gabriella Moroni, Andrea Doria, Elisa Giglio, Enrico Imbasciati, Chiara Tani, Margherita Zen, Francesca Strigini, Barbara Zaina, Angela Tincani, Mariele Gatto, Federica de Liso, Claudia Grossi, Pier Luigi Meroni, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Piergiorgio Messa, Pietro Ravani, Marta Mosca
Retrospective studies reported a high incidence of maternal complications in pregnant women with lupus. In this paper we prospectively assessed the rate of risk and the risk factors of maternal outcome in women with stable lupus nephritis who received pre-pregnancy counseling. This prospective multicenter study includes 71 pregnancies in 61 women with lupus nephritis who became pregnant between 2006 and 2013. Complete renal remission was present before pregnancy in 56 cases (78.9%) and mild active nephritis in 15 cases...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
Youying Mao, Lei Yin, Hui Xia, Hua Huang, Zhengyu Zhou, Tongxin Chen, Wei Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and clinical features of paediatric primary vasculitis in patients from one centre in Eastern China. METHODS: Medical records of paediatric patients diagnosed with primary vasculitis between January 1999 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. For Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and Kawasaki disease (KD), patients included in the analyses had data available for the previous 5 years. RESULTS: In total, 1896 patients were identified, of whom 1100 had HSP, 760 had KD, 23 had Takayasu arteritis, five had polyarteritis nodosa, four had cutaneous polyarteritis, three had Behçet's disease and one had microscopic polyangiitis...
June 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Konstantinos Tselios, Dafna D Gladman, Jiandong Su, Murray B Urowitz
OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are used as an adjuvant treatment in lupus nephritis (LN) patients with proteinuria. The primary aim of this study was to discover whether ACE inhibitors/ARBs have an atheroprotective effect similar to other, at-risk, populations. METHODS: A total of 144 patients (cases; mean ± SD age at onset 34 ± 12.1 years, followup 14.9 ± 8.6 years) with LN who were treated with ACE inhibitors/ARBs for at least 5 years were enrolled...
October 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
O V Kraydaschenko, A V Abramov, M A Dolinnaya
AIM: to investigate the relationship between the levels of NGAL and IL-18 in.blood, urine and clinical, morphological parameters reflecting renal tubulointerstitial tissue damage (TTD) in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 81 patients with CGN. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of arterial hypertension (AH). Levels of NGAL and IL-18 in blood and urine were determined by the immuno-enzymic method...
April 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
J Zhao, W Bai, P Zhu, X Zhang, S Liu, L Wu, L Ma, L Bi, X Zuo, L Sun, C Huang, X Tian, M Li, Y Zhao, X Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate both the prevalence and clinical characteristics of serositis in Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large cohort in the Chinese SLE Treatment and Research group (CSTAR) database. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study of patients with SLE was conducted based on the data from the CSTAR registry. Serositis was defined according to the 1999 revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE - that is, pleuritis/pleural effusion and/or pericarditis/pericardial effusion detected by echocardiography, chest X-ray or chest computerized tomography (CT) scan...
May 2016: Lupus
Gilda Aparecida Ferreira, Antonio Lúcio Teixeira, Debora Cerqueira Calderaro, Emília Inoue Sato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of atorvastatin to reduce the plasma levels of TNF system molecules (TNF-α, sTNFR1 and sTNFR2) and to assess their association with risk factors for accelerate atherosclerosis and clinical disease activity scores in SLE patients. METHODS: In a previous study, 64 female SLE patients received 20 mg/day of atorvastatin and 24 SLE patients (non-treated group) were followed for 8 weeks. Plasma levels of TNF-α, sTNFR 1 and sTNFR 2 were measured by ELISA, at baseline and at the end of the study...
January 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Victor L S Marques, Natali W S Gormezano, Eloisa Bonfá, Nadia E Aikawa, Maria T Terreri, Rosa M Pereira, Claudia S Magalhães, Andressa Guariento, Simone Appenzeller, Virgínia P Ferriani, Cássia M Barbosa, Valéria C Ramos, Simone Lotufo, Clovis A Silva
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatitis is a rare and a life-threatening systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) manifestation in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE). The objective of this study was to systematically classify pancreatitis in cSLE according to the International Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis and determine the overall prevalence, clinical features, laboratory, and first episode outcomes. METHODS: A multicenter cohort study in 10 pediatric rheumatology centers, including 852 patients with cSLE...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Anton M Kolomeyer, Shyam Kodati
PURPOSE: To report a case of lamotrigine-induced tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU)-atypical Cogan syndrome. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 16-year-old boy with traumatic brain injury and seizures presented to the emergency department with facial swelling, rash, and back pain several days after increasing lamotrigine dose secondary to a breakthrough seizure. Creatinine, urine β2 microglobulin, and eosinophils were elevated...
January 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
L Iu Milovanova, Iu S Milovanov, D V Kudriavtseva, M M Markina, S Iu Milovanova, L V Kozlovskaia, M V Lebedeva, V D Beketov, S V Moiseev, N A Mukhin, V V Fomin, A A Svistunov
UNLABELLED: AIM. To analyze changes in the serum concentrations of the morphogenetic proteins fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and Klotho, as well as sclerostin, an osteocyte-secreted glycoprotein, in relation to the degree of hypertension, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, and arterial stiffness in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) at its different stages. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients (33 men and 32 women) aged 20-65 years, including 25 with chronic glomerulonephritis, 15 with tubulointerstitial nephritis, and 25 with hypertensive nephrosclerosis, were examined...
2015: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Jens C Koenig, Frank Rutsch, Clemens Bockmeyer, Matthias Baumgartner, Bodo B Beck, Brigitta Kranz, Martin Konrad
BACKGROUND: Cobalamin C (CblC) defects are inherited autosomal recessive disorders of vitamin B12 metabolism due to mutations in the MMACHC gene. Renal manifestations include thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), acute or chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial nephritis, and proximal renal tubular acidosis. However, reports about glomerular pathologies are scarce. CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old boy presented with nephrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension, and chronic anemia but no signs of hemolysis...
July 2015: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Stephen C Textor, Lilach O Lerman
Results of recent clinical trials and experimental studies indicate that whereas atherosclerotic renovascular disease can accelerate both systemic hypertension and tissue injury in the poststenotic kidney, restoring vessel patency alone is insufficient to recover kidney function for most subjects. Kidney injury in atherosclerotic renovascular disease reflects complex interactions among vascular rarefication, oxidative stress injury, and recruitment of inflammatory cellular elements that ultimately produce fibrosis...
September 2015: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Narender Goel, James M Pullman, Maria Coco
Cocaine is abused worldwide as a recreational drug. It is a potent activator of the sympathetic nervous system leading to intense vasoconstriction, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, platelet activation and decrease in prostaglandins E2 and prostacyclin. Cocaine can lead to widespread systemic adverse effects such as stroke, myocardial infarction, arterial dissection, vascular thrombosis and rhabdomyolysis. In human and rat kidneys, cocaine has been associated with glomerular, tubular, vascular and interstitial injury...
December 2014: Clinical Kidney Journal
Chayawee Muangchan, Ronald F van Vollenhoven, Sasha R Bernatsky, C Douglas Smith, Marie Hudson, Murat Inanç, Naomi F Rothfield, Peter T Nash, Richard A Furie, Jean-Luc Senécal, Vinod Chandran, Ruben Burgos-Vargas, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Janet E Pope
OBJECTIVE: To establish agreement on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) treatment. METHODS: SLE experts (n = 69) were e-mailed scenarios and indicated preferred treatments. Algorithms were constructed and agreement determined (≥50% respondents indicating ≥70% agreement). RESULTS: Initially, 54% (n = 37) responded suggesting treatment for scenarios; 13 experts rated agreement with scenarios. Fourteen of 16 scenarios had agreement as follows: discoid lupus: first-line therapy was topical agents and hydroxychloroquine and/or glucocorticoids then azathioprine and subsequently mycophenolate (mofetil); uncomplicated cutaneous vasculitis: initial treatment was glucocorticoids ± hydroxychloroquine ± methotrexate, followed by azathioprine or mycophenolate and then cyclophosphamide; arthritis: initial therapy was hydroxychloroquine and/or glucocorticoids, then methotrexate and subsequently rituximab; pericarditis: first-line therapy was nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, then glucocorticoids with/without hydroxychloroquine, then azathioprine, mycophenolate, or methotrexate and finally belimumab or rituximab, and/or a pericardial window; interstitial lung disease/alveolitis: induction was glucocorticoids and mycophenolate or cyclophosphamide, then rituximab or intravenous gamma globulin (IVIG), and maintenance followed with azathioprine or mycophenolate; pulmonary hypertension: glucocorticoids and mycophenolate or cyclophosphamide and an endothelin receptor antagonist were initial therapies, subsequent treatments were phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors and then prostanoids and rituximab; antiphospholipid antibody syndrome: standard anticoagulation with/without hydroxychloroquine, then a thrombin inhibitor for venous thrombosis, versus adding aspirin or platelet inhibition drugs for arterial events; mononeuritis multiplex and central nervous system vasculitis: first-line therapy was glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide followed by maintenance with azathioprine or mycophenolate, and then rituximab, IVIG, or plasmapheresis; and serious lupus nephritis: first-line therapy was glucocorticoids and mycophenolate, then cyclophosphamide then rituximab...
September 2015: Arthritis Care & Research
Daiji Nagayama, Takashi Yamaguchi, Atsuhito Saiki, Haruki Imamura, Yuta Sato, Noriko Ban, Hidetoshi Kawana, Ayako Nagumo, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of serum uric acid (SUA) with arterial stiffness assessed by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). METHODS: We analyzed the cross-sectional data from 27,360 healthy Japanese subjects (12,910 males and 14,450 females) aged between 20 and 74 years without a past history of heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, nephritis or gout. We investigated whether SUA was independently associated with CAVI in a gender-specific manner...
March 2015: Atherosclerosis
Gultekin Genctoy, Serap Arikan, Olcay Gedik
PURPOSE: Hyperparathyroidism is associated with pulmonary vascular calcification and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a chronic kidney failure dog model, and increased prevalence of PH and a PH-hyperparathyroidism relationship in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis patients are reported. This study investigated the prevalence of PH and relationships between PH and metabolic abnormalities in patients with stage 1-4 proteinuria CKD. METHODS: One-hundred and ninety patients (mean age 61 ± 17...
February 2015: International Urology and Nephrology
Luis J Jara, Gabriela Medina, Pilar Cruz-Dominguez, Carmen Navarro, Olga Vera-Lastra, Miguel A Saavedra
This review examines the risk factors for the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) flares during pregnancy. In preconception, anti-DNA, hypocomplementemia, previous thrombosis, triple antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody positivity, active lupus nephritis and discontinuation of medications such as hydroxychloroquine and azathioprine are factors associated with pregnancy failure. During pregnancy, SLE flares are associated with aPL antibodies, synergic changes of pregnancy on Th1 and TH2 cytokines, other cytokines and chemokines that interact with hormones such as estrogen and prolactin that amplify the inflammatory effect...
December 2014: Immunologic Research
Syahrul Syazliana Shaharir, Ruslinda Mustafar, Rozita Mohd, Mohd Shahrir Mohd Said, Halim A Gafor
Arterial hypertension (HPT) burden up to two third of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and contributes to accelerated atherosclerosis and cardiovascular (CV) risk. We aim to determine the prevalence of HPT among lupus nephritis (LN) patients who were in complete remission (CR) for a minimum of 6 months, with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of >60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). This is a cross-sectional study of 64 LN patients who attended Nephrology/SLE Clinic at The National University of Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC)...
January 2015: Clinical Rheumatology
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