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Pediatric gastrostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988288/effects-of-mechanical-complications-on-radiation-exposure-during-fluoroscopically-guided-gastrojejunostomy-exchange-in-the-pediatric-population
#1
Kevin S H Koo, Joseph Reis, Jodi Manchester, Gulraiz Chaudry, Brian Dillon
The purpose of the article is to evaluate the effects of mechanical complications, such as clogging or coiling, of gastrojejunostomy tubes on radiation exposure during exchange in the pediatric population. In this HIPAA-compliant and IRB-approved study, we retrospectively reviewed procedural records for patients undergoing gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube exchange during a 4-month period in 2014. Success of the procedure, specifications of the tube, age, and sex of the patient as well as radiation exposure during the procedure were included...
October 7, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983677/reduced-dose-c-arm-computed-tomography-applications-at-a-pediatric-institution
#2
Michael Acord, Sphoorti Shellikeri, Seth Vatsky, Abhay Srinivasan, Ganesh Krishnamurthy, Marc S Keller, Anne Marie Cahill
BACKGROUND: Reduced-dose C-arm computed tomography (CT) uses flat-panel detectors to acquire real-time 3-D images in the interventional radiology suite to assist with anatomical localization and procedure planning. OBJECTIVE: To describe dose-reduction techniques for C-arm CT at a pediatric institution and to provide guidance for implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 5-year retrospective study on procedures using an institution-specific reduced-dose protocol: 5 or 8 s Dyna Rotation, 248/396 projection images/acquisition and 0...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983551/association-of-enrollment-in-an-aerodigestive-clinic-with-reduced-hospital-stay-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#3
Swathi Appachi, Anne Banas, Lisa Feinberg, Douglas Henry, Diane Kenny, Nathan Kraynack, Amy Rosneck, John Carl, Paul Krakovitz
Importance: Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) have disproportionate health care utilization. Previous studies have demonstrated that a primary medical home improves health care outcomes for this population. Objective: To elucidate if enrollment in a multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic improves outcomes and reduces health care costs by decreasing admissions and inpatient days. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective medical record review of 113 patients with aerodigestive disorders enrolled in a pediatric multidisciplinary clinic from June 2009 to December 2013 was performed...
October 5, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969523/postoperative-feeding-regimens-after-laparoscopic-gastrostomy-placement
#4
Eric H Rosenfeld, Kirea Mazzolini, Annalyn DeMello, Yangyang R Yu, Timothy C Lee, Bindi Naik-Mathuria, Mark V Mazziotti, Sohail R Shah
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate postoperative feeding regimens after laparoscopic gastrostomy placement and their effect on outcomes. METHODS: Children 18 years of age or younger, who underwent laparoscopic gastrostomy placement at a tertiary-care academic children's hospital between January 2014 and October 2016, were reviewed. Data collected included patient characteristics, postoperative feeding regimen, and clinical outcomes. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Wilcoxon Rank-Sum tests...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964285/pediatric-leukodystrophies-the-role-of-the-otolaryngologist
#5
Emily Kay-Rivest, Léticia Khendek, Geneviève Bernard, Sam J Daniel
BACKGROUND: Leukodystrophies consist of degenerative neurogenetic diseases often associated with comorbidities that extend beyond the neurological system. Despite their impacts on patients' quality of life and risks of complications, head and neck symptomology is poorly reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the main head and neck complaints among a cohort of patients diagnosed with leukodystrophies and define the role of the otolaryngologist as part of a multidisciplinary team for treating these patients...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954047/comparative-study-on-gastrostomy-and-orally-nutrition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-tetraparesis-cerebral-palsy
#6
Thaisa Barboza Caselli, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi, Maria Augusta Santos Montenegro, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão
BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF) is indicated for children with feeding difficulties due to tetraspastic cerebral palsy, although there are no definitive conclusions about the benefits of GTF. OBJECTIVE: To compare nutritional status and diet of pediatric patients with tetraparesis cerebral palsy who are fed by GTF with those fed orally (PO). METHODS: A transversal and descriptive study on 54 patients with spastic tetraparesis was held...
September 21, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942656/use-of-self-expanding-nitinol-stents-in-the-pediatric-management-of-refractory-esophageal-caustic-stenosis
#7
Verónica Alonso, Devicka Ojha, Harsha Nalluri, Juan Carlos de Agustín
BACKGROUND: The treatment of recurrent esophageal stricture secondary to the ingestion of a caustic agent is an arduous task. Self-expanding esophageal stents may be an alternative to repeated endoscopic esophageal dilations. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a two-year-old male with a severe and long esophageal stricture successfully treated by the combination of dilations and stent placement. After five months of serial pneumatic dilations, three self-expanding nitinol stents internally coated with silicone were introduced through a gastrostomy, covering the entire esophagus...
October 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839386/gastric-trichobezoars-in-children-surgical-overview
#8
Alisha Gupta, Deepak Mittal, Maddur Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Development of trichobezoars in children is primarily a psychiatric issue more than a pediatric surgical ailment. A definite history of trichotillomania and trichophagia may or may not be elicited. Surgical removal is required in patients presenting with huge bezoars. Psychiatric follow-up is of utmost importance to avoid recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of children who were diagnosed and managed for the presence of gastric trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817750/the-surgeon-on-service-model-for-timely-economically-viable-inpatient-care-of-tracheostomy-patients-in-academic-pediatric-otolaryngology
#9
Jennifer M Lavin, James W Schroeder, Dana M Thompson
Importance: The traditional practice model for pediatric otolaryngologists at high-volume academic centers is to simultaneously balance outpatient care responsibilities with those of the inpatient service, emergency department, and ambulatory care clinics. This model leads to challenges with care coordination, timeliness of nonemergency operative care, and consistent participation in care and consultation at the attending surgeon level. The "surgeon on service" (SOS) model-where faculty members rotate to manage the inpatient service in lieu of outpatient responsibilities-has been described as one method to address this conundrum...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738121/incidence-risks-and-types-of-infections-in-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities
#10
Lisa Saiman, Philip Maykowski, Meghan Murray, Bevin Cohen, Natalie Neu, Haomioa Jia, Gordon Hutcheon, Edwin Simpser, Linda Mosiello, Luis Alba, Elaine Larson
Importance: The population of infants, children, and adolescents cared for at pediatric long-term care facilities is increasing in complexity and size and thus consumes substantial health care resources. Infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population, but few recent data describe their incidence and effects. Objectives: To describe the types of infections diagnosed in residents of pediatric long-term care facilities, calculate infection rates, and identify risk factors for respiratory tract infections (RTIs)...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727947/definitions-and-clinical-guidance-on-the-enteral-dependence-component-of-the-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-diagnostic-criteria-in-children
#11
Terence Michael Dovey, Markus Wilken, Clarissa Isabel Martin, Caroline Meyer
The aim of the current article is to offer definitive guidance on weaning children who are reliant on nasogastric/gastrostomy feeding tubes. To date, no internationally recognized definitions or principles for interventions exist, and clinics have been reliant on creating their own unique intervention criteria. To achieve the aim, 2 goals are set out within the current article. The first goal was to definitively define the process of tube weaning. To achieve this, both tube dependency and oral eating also required definitions...
July 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723982/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-children-and-adolescents-with-spastic-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#12
Thaisa Barboza Caselli, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi, Maria Augusta Santos Montenegro, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão
BACKGROUND: Due to several factors, such as gastrointestinal's diseases and difficulty in feeding, children with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy tend to present nutritional deficits. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of pediatric patients with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy according to reference curves for this population and with the measures of folds and circumferences, obtained by the upper arm circumference and triceps skin fold. METHODS: The data were obtained from: knee-height, estimated height, weight, upper arm circumference, and triceps skin fold...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699409/review-of-the-effectiveness-of-enteral-feeding-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-formula-see-text
#13
Kaleena Trimpe, Michele R Shaw, Marian Wilson, Mel R Haberman
Enteral supplementation for nutritional support in pediatric oncology patients remains nonstandardized across institutions and between providers. Pediatric oncology patients frequently fail to meet their growth curve percentiles, lose weight, and/or are malnourished due to both the oncologic process as well as side effects from chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Methods of increasing weight include enteral feeding (nasogastric, nasoduodenal/jejunal, or gastrostomy), parenteral intravenous feeding, and oral supplementation...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689884/why-wait-early-enteral-feeding-after-pediatric-gastrostomy-tube-placement
#14
Amanda R Jensen, Elizabeth Renaud, Natalie A Drucker, Jessica Staszak, Ayla Senay, Vaibhavi Umesh, Regan F Williams, Troy A Markel
PURPOSE: Early initiation of feedings after gastrostomy tube (GT) placement may reduce associated hospital costs, but many surgeons fear complications could result from earlier feeds. We hypothesized that, irrespective of placement method, starting feedings within the first 6h following GT placement would not result in a greater number of post-operative complications. METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective review of all GTs placed between January 2012 and December 2014 at three academic institutions was undertaken...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678086/surgical-feeding-tubes-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer-patients-a-single-institution-retrospective-review
#15
Emma C Hamilton, Thomas Curtin, Rebecca S Slack, Christine Ge, Austen D Slade, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, Kevin P Lally, Mary T Austin
The purpose of our study was to evaluate surgical enteric access in pediatric cancer patients to determine factors associated with postoperative complications. We performed a single-institution retrospective review of all patients below 21 years old with a primary cancer diagnosis who underwent surgical procedures for enteral access between 2004 and 2014. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to determine independent predictors of postoperative complications. During the study period, 122 patients had surgically placed feeding tubes, of whom 58% developed ≥1 complication(s) and 16% experienced a major complication...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611900/replacement-of-dislodged-gastrostomy-tubes-after-stoma-dilation-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#16
Shiloni Bhambani, Tammy H Phan, Lance Brown, Andrea W Thorp
INTRODUCTION: A dislodged gastrostomy tube (GT) is a common complaint that requires evaluation in the pediatric emergency department (ED) and, on occasion, will require stoma dilation to successfully replace the GT. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency that stoma dilation is required, the success rate of replacement, complications encountered, and the techniques used to confirm placement of the GT after dilation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of children 0-18 years who presented to the pediatric ED from February 2013 through February 2015 with a dislodged GT that required stoma dilation by pediatric emergency physicians with serially increasing Foley catheter sizes prior to successful placement of the GT...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505050/unsedated-in-office-transgastrostomy-esophagoscopy-tge-to-monitor-therapy-in-pediatric-esophageal-disease
#17
Caroline H T Hall, Nathalie Nguyen, Glenn T Furuta, Jeremy Prager, Emily Deboer, Robin Deterding, Calies Menard-Katcher, Kelley E Capocelli, Robert E Kramer, Joel A Friedlander
Monitoring therapy in esophageal inflammatory disorders such as eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and reflux esophagitis often requires frequent endoscopic evaluation. We recently reported the effective use of unsedated in office Transnasal Esophagoscopy (TNE) that significantly decreased costs and anaesthetic exposure associated with pediatric esophagoscopy in EoE. Here we report a series of pediatric patients with esophagitis with gastrostomy tubes who underwent unsedated transgastrostomy esophagoscopy (TGE) in an office setting...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469371/percutaneous-endoscopy-to-diagnose-malignancy-in-gastric-outlet-obstruction-of-excluded-stomach-after-gastric-bypass
#18
Waseem Ahmad, Joshua Rubin, Wilson Kwong
Gastric cancer in the excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a rare finding and most reported diagnoses are made via surgery. Endoscopic access to the excluded stomach is difficult, even with balloon-assisted enteroscopy. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman with malignant gastric outlet obstruction of the excluded stomach, 41 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Minimally invasive access to the excluded stomach was obtained by placement of a percutaneous gastrostomy tube, followed by insertion of a pediatric gastroscope through the gastrostomy tube tract...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424983/the-effect-of-gastrostomy-placement-on-gastric-function-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Josephine Franken, Femke A Mauritz, Rebecca K Stellato, David C Van der Zee, Maud Y A Van Herwaarden-Lindeboom
BACKGROUND: A gastrostomy placement is frequently performed in pediatric patients who require long-term enteral tube feeding. Unfortunately, postoperative complications such as leakage, feeding intolerance, and gastroesophageal reflux frequently occur. These complications may be due to postoperative gastric dysmotility. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of gastrostomy placement on gastric emptying in children. METHODS: A prospective study was performed including 50 children undergoing laparoscopic gastrostomy...
July 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401054/single-center-experience-with-gastrostomy-insertion-in-pediatric-patients-a-10-year-review
#20
Jiyoung Kim, Hong Koh, Eun Young Chang, Sun Yeong Park, Seung Kim
PURPOSE: This study was performed to review the outcomes of gastrostomy insertion in children at our institute during 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 236 patients who underwent gastrostomy insertion from October 2005 to March 2015. We used our algorithm to select the least invasive method for gastrostomy insertion for each patient. Long-term follow-up was performed to analyze complications related to the method of gastrostomy insertion...
March 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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