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venous sinus thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661787/thromboembolism-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-results-of-nopho-all2008-protocol-treatment-in-patients-1-45-years
#1
Cecilie Utke Rank, Nina Toft, Ruta Tuckuviene, Kathrine Grell, Ove Juul Nielsen, Thomas Leth Frandsen, Hanne Vibeke Hansen Marquart, Birgitte Klug Albertsen, Ulf Tedgård, Helene Hallböök, Ellen Ruud, Kirsten Brunsvig Jarvis, Petter Quist-Paulsen, Pasi Huttunen, Ulla Wartiovaara-Kautto, Ólafur Gísli Jónsson, Sonata Saulyte Trakymiene, Laimonas Griškevičius, Kadri Saks, Mari Punab, Kjeld Schmiegelow
Thromboembolism frequently occurs during acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy. We prospectively registered thromboembolic events during treatment of 1772 consecutive Nordic/Baltic ALL patients 1-45years treated according to the Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO) ALL2008 protocol (7/2008-4/2017). The 2.5-year cumulative incidence of thromboembolism (N=137) was 7.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 6.6-9.1); higher in patients ≥10years ( P <.0001). Adjusted hazard ratios (HRa) were associated with greater age (10...
April 16, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656136/streptococcous-gallolyticus-subsp-pasteurianus-meningitis-complicated-by-venous-sinus-thrombosis-a-case-report
#2
Martin Wardle, Andre Mu, Steven Y C Tong
We describe a case of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp pasteurianus meningitis, unusually occurring in a splenectomised patient and complicated by cerebral venous thrombosis. Following presentation with meningism and diagnosis and management of S. gallolyticus meningitis, the patient represented with a further four days of fevers and subsequently developed left sided paresthesias. Cerebral imaging revealed venous thrombus in the right frontal cortical veins and left sigmoid sinus. The patient recovered following four weeks of intravenous ceftriaxone and anticoagulation with enoxaparin and then warfarin...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627790/embolization-of-a-cavernous-carotid-fistula-through-the-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-a-new-alternative-transvenous-access-route
#3
Angelos Aristeidis Konstas, Alice Song, Julia Song, Aristomenis Thanos, Ian B Ross
Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) via a transvenous approach is standard, but in rare cases this approach is challenging due to absence or thrombosis of the commonly used venous routes. A 61-year-old woman presented with a symptomatic CCF with all but one of the venous access routes to the CCF thrombosed, leaving an engorged superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV) as the only venous outflow from the cavernous sinus. Access to the CCF was made possible after careful navigation of the sigmoid sinus, the vein of Labbé and the SMCV, bypassing the need for surgical access to the SMCV or for a direct transorbital puncture...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624150/frequency-and-characteristics-associated-with-inherited-thrombophilia-in-patients-with-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#4
Sara C LaHue, Helen Kim, Ludmila Pawlikowska, Jeffrey Nelson, Daniel L Cooke, Steven W Hetts, Vineeta Singh
OBJECTIVE The pathogenesis of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) remains poorly defined. Prior studies on thrombophilia as a risk factor for DAVF development are limited by small sample sizes and poor generalizability. METHODS In this longitudinal observational study, all patients with intracranial DAVFs evaluated at the University of California, San Francisco from December 1994 through April 2014 were identified. After obtaining patient consent, 3 thrombophilic mutations, factor V Leiden (rs6025), MTHFR (rs1801133), and prothrombin G20210A, were genotyped...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623204/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-revealing-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-a-moroccan-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Evelien Krumb, Chantal Lefebvre, André Peeters, Cédric Hermans
Behçet's disease is an inflammatory disease, the origin of which still remains unclear, and it has multiple manifestations , one of them being thrombosis. In this report, we describe the case of a 24-year-old Moroccan patient who presented with headache persisting for more than 2 weeks, which was found to be caused by cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. His medical history of recurrent oral and genital ulcerations, epididymitis and one episode of pericarditis led to the diagnosis of Behçet's disease. We could observe an almost complete relief of symptoms with colchicine therapy, and anticoagulation with warfarin was started for secondary prevention of thrombosis...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610691/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-colitis-flare
#6
L M Conners, R Ahad, P H Janda, Z Mudasir
Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by a chronic inflammatory state and is therefore associated with abnormalities in coagulation and a hypercoagulable state. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is a rare complication of inflammatory bowel disease yet contributes significant morbidity and mortality to those affected. Early diagnosis is critical, as a delay in diagnosis portends a worse prognosis. This paper seeks to highlight the increased risk of venous sinus thrombosis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease...
2018: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600422/balloon-and-coil-occlusion-of-a-superior-sagittal-sinus-cortical-vein-facilitates-percutaneous-supraorbital-venous-malformation-sclerotherapy
#7
Jacob J Bundy, Anthony N Hage, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete
Venous malformations are the most common of all vascular anomalies. Venous malformations are treated using a multidisciplinary approach with sclerotherapy representing the primary treatment modality. While rare, sclerotherapy in the central nervous system carries the risk of venous thrombosis, non-target embolization, and venous infarction and hemorrhage. Options for controlling venous outflow when treating venous malformations in the head and neck are limited. This report details the use of balloon and coil occlusion of a superior sagittal sinus cortical vein to facilitate percutaneous sclerotherapy of a supraorbital venous malformation...
March 29, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594079/sudden-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-secondary-to-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#8
Muhammad-Nu'aim Ishak, Nik-Mohd-Syukra Nik-Abdul-Ghani, Irfan Mohamad
Introduction: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an important otological emergency. Up to 90% of the cases are idiopathic. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an extremely rare identifiable cause as it only represents 0.5% of all strokes. Case Report: In this paper, an unusual case of bilateral SSNHL secondary to bilateral CVT with rapid and complete recovery is reported. The patient presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss associated with some neurological symptoms...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592984/a-rare-cause-of-postpartum-headache
#9
Nayantara Bijral, Imran Qureshi, Aisha Hameed
Postpartum women can develop headache, and their assessment requires a thorough and multidisciplinary approach. If the headache is unresponsive to treatment and accompanied by neurological deficit, neuroimaging needs to be undertaken to rule out other life-threatening causes.1 We present a case of 35-year-old woman with pre-eclampsia and diet-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus, who had normal vaginal delivery at 40 weeks. She had an epidural analgesia for pain relief during labour, but had inadvertent dural puncture during the procedure and developed headache 24 hours after delivery...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570428/intravascular-cooling-catheter-related-venous-thromboembolism-after-hypothermia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Xuan Wang, Brian T Moy, Brett J Hiendlmayr, Felix Krainski, W Lane Duvall, Antonio B Fernandez
Fifty-four year-old man with recent history of myocardial infarction and a percutaneous coronary intervention who suffered a ventricular fibrillation arrest at home. He was resuscitated in the field. His heart rhythm was in atrial fibrillation. The cardiac catheterization showed a patent stent from his previous myocardial infarction and no new occlusions. He subsequently underwent hypothermia protocol using the Alsius CoolGard 3000 Temperature Control System and Icy Catheter. Heparin drip was started for atrial fibrillation 36 hours after catheter insertion and became therapeutic 2 hours before the end of cooling maintenance phase...
March 23, 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563208/development-of-an-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-after-venous-sinus-stenting-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#11
Thomas J Buell, Daniel M Raper, Dale Ding, Ching-Jen Chen, Kenneth C Liu
We report a case in which an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) developed after endovascular treatment of a patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with venous sinus stenting (VSS). The pathogenesis may involve hemodynamic alterations secondary to increased poststenting venous sinus pressure, which may cause new arterial ingrowth into the fistulous sinus wall without capillary interposition. Despite administration of dual antiplatelet therapy, there may also be subclinical cortical vein thrombosis that contributed to DAVF formation...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562478/-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-associated-with-evans-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literatures-review
#12
H S Wang, S S Liu, B Z Jiao, Y H Tan, S J Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558949/hemodynamics-of-cerebral-bridging-veins-connecting-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-based-on-numerical-simulation
#13
Youyu Zhu, Feng Wang, Xuefei Deng
BACKGROUND: The physiological and hemodynamic features of bridging veins involve wall shear stress (WSS) of the cerebral venous system. Based on the data of cadavers and computational fluid dynamics software pack, the hemodynamic physical models of bridging veins (BVs) connecting superior sagittal sinus (SSS) were established. RESULTS: A total of 137 BVs formed two clusters along the SSS: anterior group and posterior group. The diameters of the BVs in posterior group were larger than of the anterior group, and the entry angle was smaller...
March 20, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547236/mechanical-thrombectomy-an-alternative-for-treating-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#14
Marta Izura Gómez, Maite Misis Del Campo, Paloma Puyalto de Pablo, Carlos Castaño Duque
We report the use of mechanical venous thrombectomy in 2 cases of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in which the usual first-choice treatment with systemic anticoagulants was contraindicated. Our aim is to present this treatment as an alternative to consider when anticoagulants therapy is too risky or is contraindicated in critically ill patients.
2018: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530427/the-association-between-otogenic-lateral-sinus-thrombosis-and-thrombophilia-a-long-term-follow-up
#15
Shay Schneider, Joseph Kapelushnik, Mordechai Kraus, Sabri El Saied, Itai Levi, Daniel Michael Kaplan
PURPOSE: Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (OLST) is an intracranial, potentially life-threatening complication of acute and chronic otitis media. Since congenital thrombophilic disorders are risk factors for cerebral venous thrombosis, OLST may be related to thrombophilia. The aim of our study was twofold: to evaluate whether patients who suffered from OLST in childhood also have thrombophilia, and whether these patients experienced thromboembolic episodes in future years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507778/clinical-features-of-seizures-after-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-and-its-effect-on-outcome-among-chinese-han-population
#16
Hongyan Ding, Yanan Xie, Linxin Li, Heling Chu, Yuping Tang, Qiang Dong, Mei Cui
Background and purpose: Clinical features of epileptic seizures after cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) among Chinese patients are not known, and it is still controversial whether seizures would affect the outcome of CVST. Methods: In a Chinese hospital-based study of consecutive patients with CVST between 2003 and 2015, we described the clinical features of seizures and determined the predictors of seizure onset using multivariable logistic regression analysis...
December 2017: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506598/headache-in-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-diagnostic-and-management-implications
#17
Anas Alrohimi, Rajive Jassal
Headache is an uncommon symptom in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We review four clinical settings related to GBS in which headache may be present. We focus on pathophysiological explanations, alerting the clinician to further potential investigations and treatment. Most reports of headache in GBS occur in the context of the posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, an increasingly recognized dysautonomia-related GBS complication. Less frequent is headache in the setting of increased intracranial pressure and papilledema (secondary intracranial hypertension), Miller Fisher syndrome, and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499593/management-of-cerebral-venous-and-sinus-thrombosis-following-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-cushing-disease-during-early-postoperative-period-uncommon-neurosurgical-complication
#18
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Datta Raj Sawarkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488057/patent-foramen-ovale-paradoxical-embolism-and-fatal-coronary-obstruction
#19
Danica Cvetković, Vladimir Živković, Slobodan Nikolić
A 75-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room with chest pain and vomiting. An electrocardiogram and laboratory results were suggestive for myocardial infarction of the posterior cardiac wall. Echocardiography was indicative of aortic dissection, and a CT scan of the thoracic arteries showed a massive pulmonary thromboembolism and thrombotic occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA). The woman died shortly after admission. Autopsy confirmed the presence of thromboemboli in the right pulmonary artery and its lobar branches...
February 27, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484582/prolonged-microcatheter-based-local-thrombolytic-infusion-as-a-salvage-treatment-after-failed-endovascular-treatment-for-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-multicenter-experience
#20
Adnan I Qureshi, Mikayel Grigoryan, Muhammad A Saleem, Emrah Aytac, Shawn S Wallery, Gustavo J Rodriguez, Muhammad F K Suri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of prolonged microcatheter-based local thrombolytic infusion in treatment of patients with cerebral venous thrombosis who achieved no or suboptimal recanalization with transvenous endovascular treatment. METHODS: Data collection: Prospectively registries supplemented by retrospective review. SETTINGS: Three hospitals with tertiary referral base. PATIENTS: Patients who underwent transvenous endovascular treatment for cerebral venous thrombosis...
February 26, 2018: Neurocritical Care
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