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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528223/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depression-among-the-elderly-in-urban-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Y Liu, T Li, L Guo, R Zhang, X Feng, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, sleep quality, and depression among the elderly in urban communities, and further to determine whether sleep quality can serve as a mediator among the elderly in urban communities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Between May and July in 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years from Liaoning province, China...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527134/comparison-of-nurses-and-general-caregivers-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-medication-administration-process-and-their-distress-level-in-long-term-care-facilities-across-penang-kuala-lumpur-and-selangor-of-malaysia
#2
Balamurugan Tangiisuran, Sok Cin Tye, May Yen Leow, Rahmat Awang
AIM: Comparing nurses and general caregivers' knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on medication administration process in long-term care (LTC) setting and an assessment of their stress, anxiety, and depression (SAD) level. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses and general caregivers working in LTC using a validated questionnaire. Consisting of demographic characteristics (Section 1); 40 questions on KAP (Section 2); and assessment of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) (Section 3)...
May 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#3
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#4
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522977/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-the-main-etiological-types-of-mild-neurocognitive-disorders-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#5
Oleg A Levada, Nataliya V Cherednichenko, Alexandra S Troyan
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic construct of mild neurocognitive disorders (MNCDs) is substantially congruent with previously proposed criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MNCD/MCI is associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). Previous studies have examined the prevalence of NPS in amnestic and non-amnestic MCI subtypes; however, no studies exist for etiological types of MNCD. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of NPS in patients with MNCD due to Alzheimer's disease (MNCD-AD) and subcortical vascular MNCD (ScVMNCD) and to determine whether NPS would expand these MNCD phenotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521552/unmet-needs-in-the-depressed-primary-care-elderly-and-their-relation-to-severity-of-depression-results-from-the-agemoode-study
#6
Sophie Alltag, Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Wolfgang Maier, Lisa Miebach, Martin Scherer, Anne Stark, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining the distribution of unmet environmental, physical, social and psychological care needs in a sample of the oldest old primary care patients with different levels of depression severity. Furthermore, the objective of this study was to analyze the association between specific unmet care needs and severity of depression. METHOD: The sample of patients aged 75 years (n = 202) and more was derived from the multicenter prospective cohort study AgeMooDe ('Late-life depression in primary care: Needs, health care utilization and costs')...
May 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516810/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-mediating-the-effects-of-perceived-knowledge-of-stroke-on-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-stroke-survivors
#7
Esther Ow Chow
OBJECTIVE: Meaning-making is a way of coping when facing adverse events. A paucity of literature suggests other possible factors (e.g. delivery of knowledge) can influence how chronic illness survivors (i.e. stroke survivors in rehabilitation) cope with illness. This article explores the importance and significance of meaning in life as a mediator between perceived stroke knowledge and psychological wellbeing among stroke survivors and how such processes can be applied in practice to promote their psychological wellbeing...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513794/psychotropic-drug-use-among-older-adults-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
Mariza Miranda Abi-Ackel, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Érico Castro-Costa, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola
Objective: Investigating the prevalence of psychotropic drug use among older adults and factors associated with it. Methods: This study was based on the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Area Health Survey, conducted in 2003. It involved 1,635 elderly (60 years or older) citizens, who were residents of cities within the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Area and were selected using complex randomize sampling. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with psychotropic drug use, with a 5...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511740/the-association-between-cognitive-decline-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-older-puerto-rican-adults-with-diabetes
#9
Tyler Bell, Ana Luisa Dávila, Olivio Clay, Kyriakos S Markides, Ross Andel, Michael Crowe
BACKGROUND: Older Puerto Rican adults have particularly high risk of diabetes compared to the general US population. Diabetes is associated with both higher depressive symptoms and cognitive decline, but less is known about the longitudinal relationship between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in those with diabetes. This study investigated the association between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in older Puerto Rican adults with diabetes over a four-year period...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510785/the-impact-of-leisure-on-mental-health-of-sardinian-elderly-from-the-blue-zone-evidence-for-ageing-well
#10
Maria Chiara Fastame, Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Pietronilla Penna
BACKGROUND: There has been scientific interest in the Sardinia population for a number of years and for a variety of reasons, including its extreme longevity. This is especially prevalent in the central-eastern region of the island, where a blue zone region has been precisely delineated. AIMS: The present study examines the influence of leisure activities on psychological well-being and depressive symptoms in elderly individuals living in the blue zone region of inner Sardinia...
May 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510288/the-relationship-of-physiopsychosocial-factors-and-spiritual-well-being-in-elderly-residents-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#11
Yi-Heng Chen, Li-Chan Lin, Li-Lan Chuang, Mei-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Older adults in residential settings frequently suffer from functional decline, mental illness, and social isolation, which make them more vulnerable to spiritual distress. However, empirical evidence of the interrelationships between physiopsychosocial variables and spiritual well-being are still lacking, limiting the application of the biopsychosocial-spiritual model in institutional healthcare practice. AIMS: To explain the mechanisms by which these variables are linked, this cross-sectional study tested a causal model of predictors of spiritual well-being among 377 institutionalized older adults with disability using a structural equation modeling approach...
May 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506139/effects-of-aging-and-depression-on-mnemonic-discrimination-ability
#12
D A Camfield, R Fontana, K A Wesnes, J Mills, R J Croft
Ageing and depression have been found to be associated with poorer performance in mnemonic discrimination. In the current study, a two-response format mnemonic similarity test, Cognitive Drug Research MST, was used to compare these effects. Seventy-six participants were tested; with 52 participants in the young group, aged 18-35 years, and 24 participants in the elderly group, aged 55 years or older. Twenty-two young participants and 10 elderly participants met DSM-IV criteria for MDD or dysthymia. Age-related deficits were found for lure identification and speed of response...
May 16, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503138/enhanced-feedback-related-negativity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Eri Nitta, Keiichi Onoda, Fuminori Ishitobi, Ryota Okazaki, Seiji Mishima, Atsushi Nagai, Shuhei Yamaguchi
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia in the elderly, results in the impairment of executive function, including that of performance monitoring. Feedback-related negativity (FRN) is an electrophysiological measure reflecting the activity of this monitoring system via feedback signals, and is generated from the anterior cingulate cortex. However, there have been no reports on FRN in AD. Based on prior aging studies, we hypothesized that FRN would decrease in AD patients. To assess this, FRN was measured in healthy individuals and those with AD during a simple gambling task involving positive and negative feedback stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498851/myopia-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-chinese-adults
#14
Yin Wu, Qinghua Ma, Hong-Peng Sun, Yong Xu, Mei-E Niu, Chen-Wei Pan
PURPOSE: Few population-based data support the hypothesis that refractive errors are associated with depressive symptoms. We aim to assess the impact of myopia on the risk of having depressive symptoms in a community-based cohort of elderly Chinese. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study of 4611 Chinese adults aged 60 years or older was conducted. Depressive symptoms were measured using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) depression scale in 4597 adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492772/life-and-health-conditions-among-elderly-results-of-the-epifloripa-idoso-cohort-study
#15
Susana Cararo Confortin, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Danielle Ledur Antes, Francieli Cembranel, Lariane Mortean Ono, Larissa Pruner Marques, Lucélia Justino Borges, Rodrigo de Rosso Krug, Eleonora d'Orsi
OBJECTIVE: to identify sociodemographic, behavioral and health changes in a follow-up of participants in the health survey EpiFloripa Idoso. METHODS: this is a population-based longitudinal study with elderly individuals in Florianópolis-SC, Brazil. RESULTS: 1,702 elderly individuals were interviewed in 2009-2010 and 1,197 in 2013-2014 (response rate: 89.1% and 70.2%, respectively); among followed-up individuals, most of them remained with a partner (53...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492755/association-between-root-caries-and-depressive-symptoms-among-elders-in-carlos-barbosa-rs-brazil
#16
Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Eliana Wendland, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Dalva Maria Pereira Padilha, Fernando Neves Hugo
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and root caries among independent-living older persons. All community-dwelling older adults (not hospitalized and not bedridden) living in Carlos Barbosa, RS, Brazil, were invited to participate, and 785 completed the study protocol (standardized questionnaire assessing socio-demographic information and health behavior, Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS] - brief version, and oral examination [DMFT-Root index, Visible Plaque Index and stimulated salivary flow])...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489319/low-physical-activity-as-a-key-differentiating-factor-in-the-potential-high-risk-profile-for-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults
#17
Sofie Holmquist, Sabina Mattsson, Ingrid Schele, Peter Nordström, Anna Nordström
BACKGROUND: The identification of potential high-risk groups for depression is of importance. The purpose of the present study was to identify high-risk profiles for depressive symptoms in older individuals, with a focus on functional performance. METHODS: The population-based Healthy Ageing Initiative included 2,084 community-dwelling individuals (49% women) aged 70. Explorative cluster analysis was used to group participants according to functional performance level, using measures of basic mobility skills, gait variability, and grip strength...
May 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489142/cognitive-cooperation-groups-mediated-by-computers-and-internet-present-significant-improvement-of-cognitive-status-in-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-controlled-prospective-study
#18
Rodrigo de Rosso Krug, Anna Quialheiro Abreu da Silva, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Eleonora d'Orsi, André Junqueira Xavier
Objective: To estimate the effect of participating in cognitive cooperation groups, mediated by computers and the internet, on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) percent variation of outpatients with memory complaints attending two memory clinics. Methods: A prospective controlled intervention study carried out from 2006 to 2013 with 293 elders. The intervention group (n = 160) attended a cognitive cooperation group (20 sessions of 1.5 hours each). The control group (n = 133) received routine medical care...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487010/benzodiazepine-prescribing-in-the-elderly-in%C3%A2-germany-and-korea-a-comparison-of-two%C3%A2-observational-studies%C3%A2
#19
Barry Woodcock, Karel Kostev, Ju-Young Shin
OBJECTIVES: To identify differences and similarities in benzodiazepine (BZD) prescribing patterns in elderly patients reported in two separate and independent investigations, one from Germany for the year 2014 and the other from Korea for the year 2013. METHODS: Data on patients over 65 years, who were prescribed at least one BZD, were obtained from population databases. The design and characteristics of the two studies were similar. RESULTS: The use of BZDs in the elderly in Korea was several-fold higher than in Germany depending on the age stratification...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479917/the-relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depression-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#20
Misa Nakamura, Hiroshi Hashizume, Sachiko Nomura, Ryohei Kono, Hirotoshi Utsunomiya
Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a concept that refers to the condition of people requiring healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. Depression is a major psychiatric disease among the elderly, in addition to dementia. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between LS and depression. The study participants were 224 healthy elderly volunteers living in a rural area in Japan. LS was defined as scores ≥ 16 on the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
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