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Copper T

He-Min Wang, Hao Zhou, Qing-Song Xu, Tai-Shang Liu, Chen-Lu Zhuang, Mei-Hua Shen, Hua-Dong Xu
A t-BuOCu-initiated reaction sequence of styrene borometalation and intramolecular imine addition has been achieved using a Cu(OTf)2 /dppf combination as catalyst. The product of this reaction cascade is a useful 2,3-disubstituted indoline bearing a versatile boryl moiety and is formed with sole cis-selectivity. To account for the observation of the exclusive formation of cis-stereoisomers, a transition state featuring copper-imine coordination is suggested. The application to the synthesis of antioxidant tetrahydroindenoindoles is described...
March 14, 2018: Organic Letters
Maria Isidoria Silva Gonzaga, Cheryl Mackowiak, André Quintão de Almeida, Alberto Wisniewski, Danyelle Figueiredo de Souza, Idamar da Silva Lima, Amanda Nascimento de Jesus
Copper contamination and toxicity in soils is a worldwide problem, especially in areas where copper-based fungicides are applied. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plants are used in phytoremediation and are also edible crops commonly cultivated in organic agricultural areas. Application of biochar to Cu contaminated soils may reduce Cu availability and uptake, thereby allowing for greater Indian mustard production. A (3 × 2) + 1) experiment in a randomized complete block design was used to evaluate the effect of three different biochars (coconut shell, orange bagasse and sewage sludge) and two application rates (30 and 60 t ha-1 ) on Cu uptake by Indian mustard during three successive growth cycles and Cu immobilization in soil, under greenhouse conditions...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Paulo A A Ferreira, Carina Marchezan, Carlos A Ceretta, Camila P Tarouco, Cledimar R Lourenzi, Leandro S Silva, Hilda H Soriani, Fernando T Nicoloso, Stefano Cesco, Tanja Mimmo, Gustavo Brunetto
Soil contamination with copper (Cu)-based agrochemicals used in vineyards for pest control is a growing problem. In this context, the application of soil amendment to limit Cu toxicity, especially for young plants after the replanting of vineyards, has been a concern for winemakers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate how different amendments can contribute to the decrease in Cu availability in areas vocated to viticulture. Furthermore, the aim was to evaluate to the effect of Cu on the biochemical and physiological changes in the development of the young vine plants, both at the shoot and the root level...
March 2, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
T Gabriel Enge, Heath Ecroyd, Dianne F Jolley, Justin J Yerbury, Bernadett Kalmar, Anthony Dosseto
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is among the most common of the motor neuron diseases, and arguably the most devastating. During the course of this fatal neurodegenerative disorder, motor neurons undergo progressive degeneration. The currently best-understood animal models of ALS are based on the over-expression of mutant isoforms of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1); these indicate that there is a perturbation in metal homeostasis with disease progression. Copper metabolism in particular is affected in the central nervous system (CNS) and muscle tissue...
March 7, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Sajad Abdollahi, Iraj Rasooli, Seyed Latif Mousavi Gargari
Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic multidrug resistant pathogen. TonB-dependent copper receptor is an outer membrane protein and has a role in binding of A. baumannii to host cell via attachment to fibronectin. Moreover, it is highly expressed in biofilm community. In this study the properties of copper receptor were analyzed in silico and its vaccine potential was investigated. TonB-dependent copper and iron receptor domains plus one plug domain at N-terminal were determined by domain analysis. Topology modeling showed 22 β-strands, 11 loops and 10 periplasmic turns...
March 7, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Peerawat Charuwat, Gregory Boardman, Charles Bott, John T Novak
  The thermal hydrolysis of saturated (C16:0 and C18:0) and unsaturated fatty acids (C16:1, C18:1, and C18:2) was investigated at 90 °C to 160 °C for 30 min and 8 h durations. Hydrolysis efficiencies were calculated based on mass yield (i.e., mg/g parent compound), which accounted for all C2-C24 by-products. Very little degradation (less than 1%) of long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) was observed from 30 min thermal hydrolysis. At 140 and 160 °C for 8 h, saturated fatty acids degraded uniformly to C2 to C14...
March 1, 2018: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
Michal Lacko, Peter Papp, Iwona B Szymańska, Edward Szłyk, Štefan Matejčík
In the present study we have performed electron collision experiments with copper carboxylate complexes: [Cu2 ( t -BuNH2 )2 (µ-O2 CC2 F5 )4 ], [Cu2 ( s -BuNH2 )2 (µ-O2 CC2 F5 )4 ], [Cu2 (EtNH2 )2 (µ-O2 CC2 F5 )4 ], and [Cu2 (µ-O2 CC2 F5 )4 ]. Mass spectrometry was used to identify the fragmentation pattern of the coordination compounds produced in crossed electron - molecular beam experiments and to measure the dependence of ion yields of positive and negative ions on the electron energy. The dissociation pattern of positive ions contains a sequential loss of both the carboxylate ligands and/or the amine ligands from the complexes...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
C E Matt, D Sutter, A M Cook, Y Sassa, M Månsson, O Tjernberg, L Das, M Horio, D Destraz, C G Fatuzzo, K Hauser, M Shi, M Kobayashi, V N Strocov, T Schmitt, P Dudin, M Hoesch, S Pyon, T Takayama, H Takagi, O J Lipscombe, S M Hayden, T Kurosawa, N Momono, M Oda, T Neupert, J Chang
The minimal ingredients to explain the essential physics of layered copper-oxide (cuprates) materials remains heavily debated. Effective low-energy single-band models of the copper-oxygen orbitals are widely used because there exists no strong experimental evidence supporting multi-band structures. Here, we report angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy experiments on La-based cuprates that provide direct observation of a two-band structure. This electronic structure, qualitatively consistent with density functional theory, is parametrised by a two-orbital ([Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]) tight-binding model...
March 6, 2018: Nature Communications
Chao Peng, Joseph Hamuyuni, Benjamin P Wilson, Mari Lundström
Recycling of valuable metals from secondary resources such as waste Li-ion batteries (LIBs) has recently attracted significant attention due to the depletion of high-grade natural resources and increasing interest in the circular economy of metals. In this article, the sulfuric acid leaching of industrially produced waste LIBs scraps with 23.6% cobalt (Co), 3.6% lithium (Li) and 6.2% copper (Cu) was investigated. The industrially produced LIBs scraps were shown to provide higher Li and Co leaching extractions compared to dissolution of corresponding amount of pure LiCoO2 ...
March 3, 2018: Waste Management
Clement O Ogunkunle, Mahboob A Jimoh, Nnaemeka T Asogwa, K Viswanathan, Vinita Vishwakarma, Paul O Fatoba
Increased use of nanoparticles-based products in agriculture portends important implications for agriculture. Therefore, the impact of nano-copper particles (<25 nm and 60-80 nm) on Cu uptake, bioaccumulation (roots, leaves and seeds), activity of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR), and lipid peroxidation in leaves and roots of Vigna unguiculata (cowpea) was studied. Plants were exposed to four levels (0, 125, 500 and 1000 mg/kg) of 25 nm or 60-80 nm nano-Cu for 65 days...
March 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Zhaoli Gao, Qicheng Zhang, Carl H Naylor, Youngkuk Kim, Irfan Haider Abidi, Jinglei Ping, Pedro Ducos, Jonathan Zauberman, Meng-Qiang Zhao, Andrew M Rappe, Zhengtang Luo, Li Ren, Alan T Charlie Johnson
We developed high-yield synthesis of highly crystalline bilayer graphene (BLG) with two preferential stacking modes using a Ni-Cu gradient alloy growth substrate. Previously reported approaches for BLG growth include flat growth substrates of Cu or Ni-Cu uniform alloys and "copper pocket" structures. Use of flat substrates has the advantage of being scalable, but the growth mechanism is either "surface limited" (for Cu) or carbon precipitation (for uniform Ni-Cu), which results in multi-crystalline BLG grains...
March 6, 2018: ACS Nano
Federico Cilento, Giulia Manzoni, Andrea Sterzi, Simone Peli, Andrea Ronchi, Alberto Crepaldi, Fabio Boschini, Cephise Cacho, Richard Chapman, Emma Springate, Hiroshi Eisaki, Martin Greven, Mona Berciu, Alexander F Kemper, Andrea Damascelli, Massimo Capone, Claudio Giannetti, Fulvio Parmigiani
Many puzzling properties of high-critical temperature ( T c ) superconducting (HTSC) copper oxides have deep roots in the nature of the antinodal quasiparticles, the elementary excitations with wave vector parallel to the Cu-O bonds. These electronic states are most affected by the onset of antiferromagnetic correlations and charge instabilities, and they host the maximum of the anisotropic superconducting gap and pseudogap. We use time-resolved extreme-ultraviolet photoemission with proper photon energy (18 eV) and time resolution (50 fs) to disclose the ultrafast dynamics of the antinodal states in a prototypical HTSC cuprate...
February 2018: Science Advances
Syeda Sara Batool Hamdani, Huma Arshad Cheema, Anjum Saeed, Hassan Suleman Malik, Tayaba Sehar
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease (WD) is one of the most common metabolic liver diseases in older children. It has a strong genetic background with autosomal recessive inheritance. WD is a multisystem disorder with predominant hepatic and neurological manifestations and variable age of presentation. The data on cardiac manifestations in children is very limited and only few adult studies are available in the literature. This study was planned to determine the frequency and spectrum of Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in pediatric WD...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Chengrong Nie, Xing Yang, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Xiaoya Xu, Yuhui Wen, Jörg Rinklebe, Yong Sik Ok, Song Xu, Hailong Wang
In the current study, we conducted a field experiment using the test plant, Brassica chinesis L. (pak choi), to investigate the effect of sugarcane bagasse-derived biochar on the bioavailability of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu) and lead (Pb), and the health of soil microbiota in a contaminated soil. Biochar application significantly (P < 0.05) increased pak choi yield. Bioavailability of heavy metals to plant shoots and roots decreased with increasing biochar application rates (at 0, 1.5, 2.25 and 3.0 t ha-1 )...
February 22, 2018: Chemosphere
Sibel Saracoglu, Kazim Gumus, Selim Doganay, Gonca Koc, Ayse Kacar Bayram, Duran Arslan, Hakan Gumus
Background Wilson's disease (WD) is a copper metabolism disorder that causes hepatolenticular degeneration. It is important to diagnose WD before central nervous system involvement. Purpose To demonstrate the early susceptibility changes associated with the copper accumulation in the brain of neurologically asymptomatic pediatric patients with WD using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). Material and Methods Twelve patients with neurologically asymptomatic WD (mean age = 13.7 ± 3.3 years) and 14 age-matched controls were prospectively examined using a 1...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Humberto Palza, Mauricio Nuñez, Roberto Bastías, Katherine Delgado
Copper and its alloys are recognized as effective antimicrobial surface materials at the laboratory scale as well as in clinical trials. Copper has been used in the healthcare setting to reduce environmental contamination and thus prevent healthcare-associated infections, complementing traditional protocols. The addition of copper nanoparticles to polymer/plastic matrices can also produce antimicrobial materials as confirmed under laboratory conditions. However, there is a lack of studies validating the antimicrobial behavior of these nanocomposite materials in clinical trials...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
L F Jiao, Q H Zhang, H Wu, C C Wang, S T Cao, J Feng, C H Hu
The effects of copper/zinc-loaded montmorillonite (Cu/Zn-Mt) on growth performance, mineral retention, intestinal morphology, mucosa antioxidant capacity, and cytokine contents in weaned piglets were investigated in the present study. One hundred eight piglets weaned at 21 ± 1 days of age (Duroc × Landrace× Yorkshire; average initial weight of 6.36 kg) were allotted to three treatments for 2 weeks. The three treatments were as follows: (1) control group: basal diet; (2) Cu/Zn-Mt group: basal diet + 39 mg/kg Cu and 75 mg/kg Zn as Cu/Zn-Mt; (3) Cu + Zn + Mt group: basal diet + mixture of CuSO4 , ZnSO4 , and Mt (equal amount of Cu, Zn, and Mt to the Cu/Zn-Mt group)...
February 21, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Iñigo Olalde, Selina Brace, Morten E Allentoft, Ian Armit, Kristian Kristiansen, Thomas Booth, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Anna Szécsényi-Nagy, Alissa Mittnik, Eveline Altena, Mark Lipson, Iosif Lazaridis, Thomas K Harper, Nick Patterson, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Yoan Diekmann, Zuzana Faltyskova, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Eadaoin Harney, Peter de Knijff, Megan Michel, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kristin Stewardson, Alistair Barclay, Kurt Werner Alt, Corina Liesau, Patricia Ríos, Concepción Blasco, Jorge Vega Miguel, Roberto Menduiña García, Azucena Avilés Fernández, Eszter Bánffy, Maria Bernabò-Brea, David Billoin, Clive Bonsall, Laura Bonsall, Tim Allen, Lindsey Büster, Sophie Carver, Laura Castells Navarro, Oliver E Craig, Gordon T Cook, Barry Cunliffe, Anthony Denaire, Kirsten Egging Dinwiddy, Natasha Dodwell, Michal Ernée, Christopher Evans, Milan Kuchařík, Joan Francès Farré, Chris Fowler, Michiel Gazenbeek, Rafael Garrido Pena, María Haber-Uriarte, Elżbieta Haduch, Gill Hey, Nick Jowett, Timothy Knowles, Ken Massy, Saskia Pfrengle, Philippe Lefranc, Olivier Lemercier, Arnaud Lefebvre, César Heras Martínez, Virginia Galera Olmo, Ana Bastida Ramírez, Joaquín Lomba Maurandi, Tona Majó, Jacqueline I McKinley, Kathleen McSweeney, Balázs Gusztáv Mende, Alessandra Mod, Gabriella Kulcsár, Viktória Kiss, András Czene, Róbert Patay, Anna Endrődi, Kitti Köhler, Tamás Hajdu, Tamás Szeniczey, János Dani, Zsolt Bernert, Maya Hoole, Olivia Cheronet, Denise Keating, Petr Velemínský, Miroslav Dobeš, Francesca Candilio, Fraser Brown, Raúl Flores Fernández, Ana-Mercedes Herrero-Corral, Sebastiano Tusa, Emiliano Carnieri, Luigi Lentini, Antonella Valenti, Alessandro Zanini, Clive Waddington, Germán Delibes, Elisa Guerra-Doce, Benjamin Neil, Marcus Brittain, Mike Luke, Richard Mortimer, Jocelyne Desideri, Marie Besse, Günter Brücken, Mirosław Furmanek, Agata Hałuszko, Maksym Mackiewicz, Artur Rapiński, Stephany Leach, Ignacio Soriano, Katina T Lillios, João Luís Cardoso, Michael Parker Pearson, Piotr Włodarczak, T Douglas Price, Pilar Prieto, Pierre-Jérôme Rey, Roberto Risch, Manuel A Rojo Guerra, Aurore Schmitt, Joël Serralongue, Ana Maria Silva, Václav Smrčka, Luc Vergnaud, João Zilhão, David Caramelli, Thomas Higham, Mark G Thomas, Douglas J Kennett, Harry Fokkens, Volker Heyd, Alison Sheridan, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Philipp W Stockhammer, Johannes Krause, Ron Pinhasi, Wolfgang Haak, Ian Barnes, Carles Lalueza-Fox, David Reich
From around 2750 to 2500 bc, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 bc. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans, including 226 individuals associated with Beaker-complex artefacts. We detected limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and thus exclude migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions...
February 21, 2018: Nature
Daniel Dumett Torres, Prashant K Jain
Superionic (SI) phases have utility as solid electrolytes for next generation battery technology, but these phases are typically not stable at room temperature. Our density functional theory calculations demonstrate that compressive lattice strain can stabilize SI phases of Cu2Se and Li2Se, two potential solid electrolytes. Electronic and bonding insights into this effect are obtained. In the ordered, non-SI phase, cations are localized primarily in tetrahedral (T) interstices with little access to the higher-energy octahedral (O) sites...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
X T Zhang, K J Wei, Y Y Chen, Z C Shi, L K Liu, J Li, G R Zhang, W Ji
The full-length complementary DNA of two genes related to vertebrate albinism, the tyrosinase gene tyr and tyrosinase-related protein 1 gene tyrp1, were cloned and analysed from normal and albino yellow catfish Tachysurus fulvidraco. The open reading frames (ORF) of tyr and tyrp1 encode putative peptides of 533 and 526 amino acids (amino-acid), both of which possess two conserved copper binding sites. The homologous identities of deduced amino-acid sequences showed that both Tyr and Tyrp1 of T. fulvidraco share considerable similarity with that of channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
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