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Copper T

James R Wright, James D Crowley, Nigel T Lucas
Hexaphenylbenzene (HPB) and hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene-(HBC) functionalised 1,2,3-triazoles have been synthesised using an optimised copper(i)-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The coordination chemistry of these ligands was explored through the synthesis of the respective palladium(ii) complexes and their activity as catalysts in the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction assessed.
October 17, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
S Jamali, S Abedanzadeh, N K Khaledi, H Samouei, Z Hendi, S Zacchini, R Kia, H R Shahsavari
A mixture of the platinum(0) complex [Pt(P(t)Bu3)2] and tetrakis(acetonitrile)copper(i) hexafluorophosphate in acetone activated a water molecule and gave the hydride platinum(ii) complex [PtH(CH3CN)(P(t)Bu3)2]PF6, 1, and the hydroxide Cu(i) species. The crystal structure of complex 1 was determined by X-ray crystallography, indicating a distorted square planar geometry around the platinum center. Although three possible mechanisms are proposed for this transformation, monitoring of the reaction using NMR spectroscopy at low temperature reveals that a cooperative pathway involving formation of a Pt(0)-Cu(I) dative bond complex is the most probable pathway...
October 17, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Barry M Trost, James T Masters, Benjamin R Taft, Jean-Philip Lumb
We present a full account detailing the development of a sequential catalysis strategy for the synthesis of chiral β-alkynyl carbonyl and sulfonyl derivatives. A palladium-catalyzed cross coupling of terminal alkyne donors with acetylenic ester, ketone, and sulfone acceptors generates stereodefined enynes in high yield. These compounds are engaged in an unprecedented, regio- and enantioselective copper-catalyzed conjugate reduction. The process exhibits a high functional group tolerance, and this enables the synthesis of a broad range of chiral products from simple, readily available alkyne precursors...
September 16, 2016: Chemical Science
Angela N Fioretti, Craig P Schwartz, John Vinson, Dennis Nordlund, David Prendergast, Adele C Tamboli, Christopher M Caskey, Filip Tuomisto, Florence Linez, Steven T Christensen, Eric S Toberer, Stephan Lany, Andriy Zakutayev
Semiconductor materials that can be doped both n-type and p-type are desirable for diode-based applications and transistor technology. Copper nitride (Cu3N) is a metastable semiconductor with a solar-relevant bandgap that has been reported to exhibit bipolar doping behavior. However, deeper understanding and better control of the mechanism behind this behavior in Cu3N is currently lacking in the literature. In this work, we use combinatorial growth with a temperature gradient to demonstrate both conduction types of phase-pure, sputter-deposited Cu3N thin films...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Physics
Y Lin, W Zhao, Z D Shi, H R Gu, X T Zhang, X Ji, X T Zou, J S Gong, W Yao
Meat duck deep litter is considered to be an ideal environment for the evolution of bacterial antibiotic resistance if it is under poor management. The aim of this study was to characterize the accumulation of antibiotics and heavy metals in the deep litter and their role in the persistence of antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli, and evaluate the service life of the deep litter. Samples were collected from initial, middle, and final stages of deep litter within 3 barns (zero, 4, and 8 rounds of meat duck fattening, d 34) and 9 flocks, with known consumption of antibiotics in the controlled trail...
October 14, 2016: Poultry Science
Agnieszka J Bednarska, Maciej Choczyński, Ryszard Laskowski, Marcin Walczak
In polluted environments organisms are commonly exposed to a combination of chemicals with different modes of action, and their effects can be additionally modified by natural abiotic conditions. One possible mechanism for interactions in mixtures is via toxicokinetics, as chemicals may alter the uptake, distribution, biotransformation and/or elimination of each other, and all these processes can be affected by temperature. In this study, the effect of temperature (T) on the toxicokinetics of copper (Cu) and chlorpyriphos (CHP), applied either singly or in binary mixtures, was studied in the earthworm Eisenia fetida...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Pollution
J S Osorio, F Batistel, E F Garrett, M M Elhanafy, M R Tariq, M T Socha, J J Loor
Supplying trace minerals in more bioavailable forms such as amino acid complexes (AAC) could help ameliorate the incidence of hoof disorders in peripartal dairy cows. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementing metal AAC during the peripartal period on expression of 28 genes in corium tissue related to claw composition, oxidative stress, inflammation, chemotaxis, and transcriptional regulation. Forty-four multiparous Holstein cows received a common diet from -30 to 30 d relative to parturition and were assigned to receive an oral bolus containing either inorganic trace minerals (INO) or AAC (i...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Yahya Jani, Fabio Kaczala, Charlotte Marchand, Marika Hogland, Mait Kriipsalu, William Hogland, Anders Kihl
The present research studies the characterisation and the physico-chemical properties of an excavated fine fraction (<10 mm) from a Swedish landfill, the Högbytorp. The results showed that the fine fraction represents 38% by mass of the total excavated wastes and it contains mainly soil-type materials and minerals. Higher concentrations of zinc, copper, barium and chromium were found with concentrations higher than the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for contaminated soil. The found moisture and organic contents of the fine fraction were 23...
October 14, 2016: Waste Management & Research
Jing-Wang Cui, Wei-Jia An, Kristof Van Hecke, Guang-Hua Cui
Two Cu(i) cyanide coordination polymers (CPs), namely, [Cu2(L1)(CN)2]n (1) and [Cu2(L2)(CN)2]n (2) (L1 = 4,4'-bis(2-methylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)biphenyl, L2 = 4,4'-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)biphenyl) were synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and elemental analysis. The cyanide ligands in these CPs are generated in situ from the C-C bond cleavage of acetonitrile under solvothermal conditions, which is environmentally friendly and used conveniently...
October 14, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Laura T Moreno-Moyano, Julien P Bonneau, José T Sánchez-Palacios, Joseph Tohme, Alexander A T Johnson
Biofortification of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with micronutrients is widely recognized as a sustainable strategy to alleviate human iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) deficiencies in developing countries where rice is the staple food. Constitutive overexpression of the rice nicotianamine synthase (OsNAS) genes has been successfully implemented to increase Fe and Zn concentrations in unpolished and polished rice grain. Intensive research is now needed to couple this high-micronutrient trait with high grain yields. We investigated associations of increased grain Fe and Zn concentrations with agro-morphological traits of backcross twice second filial (BC2F2) transgenic progeny carrying OsNAS1 or OsNAS2 overexpression constructs under indica/japonica and japonica/japonica genetic backgrounds...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Elena V Balagurova, Irina V Pisareva, Alexander F Smol'yakov, Fedor M Dolgushin, Ivan A Godovikov, Igor T Chizhevsky
Treatment of a recently reported complex [Ph4P][closo,nido-CoH(2,4-C2B8H10)(7,8-C2B8H11)] (1) either by H2O2 in acetone or NaH in THF leads to the loss of both the bridging and terminal hydrides yielding the diamagnetic salt of an anionic commo-cobaltacarborane [Ph4P][Co(2,4-isonido-C2B8H10)2] (2) with the {CoC2B8}-cluster units adopting a distorted skeletal geometry of the isonido-type. The anionic commo complex 2 reacts with in situ generated cationic [CuPPh3](+) species to give stable copper-cobalt zwitterion [Ph3PCu][Co(2,4-isonido-C2B8H10)2] (3) with four two-electron, three-center (B-H)4···Cu bonds, and exhibits no fluxional behavior in solution...
October 12, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Cosima Damiana Calvano, Giovanni Ventura, Massimo Trotta, Giuliana Bianco, Tommaso R I Cataldi, Francesco Palmisano
Bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl a), a photosynthetic pigment performing the same functions of chlorophylls in plants, features a bacteriochlorin macrocycle ring (18 π electrons) with two reduced pyrrole rings along with a hydrophobic terpenoid side chain (i.e., the phytol residue). Chlorophylls analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS) is not so straightforward since pheophytinization (i.e., release of the central metal ion) and cleavage of the phytol-ester linkage are invariably observed by employing protonating matrices such as 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, sinapinic acid, and α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Lucas B Moreira, Ítalo B Castro, Marcos A Hortellani, Silvio T Sasaki, Satie Taniguchi, Mônica A V Petti, Gilberto Fillmann, Jorge E S Sarkis, Márcia C Bícego, Leticia V Costa-Lotufo, Denis M S Abessa
Tropical marine environments are rich in biodiversity and the presence of harbor activities in these areas can harm the coastal ecosystems. In this study, we assessed sediment quality of two harbors from a tropical region in Brazil by applying multiple lines-of-evidence approach. This approach included the integration of results on: (1) grain size, organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, linear alkylbenzenes, and tributyltin; (2) acute toxicity of whole sediments and chronic toxicity of liquid phases; and (3) benthic community descriptors...
October 7, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Stefanie U Frick, Matthias P Domogalla, Grit Baier, Frederik R Wurm, Volker Mailaender, Katharina Landfester, Kerstin Steinbrink
A major demand on immunotherapy is the direct interference with specific immune cells in vivo. In contrast to antibody-engineered nanoparticles to control dendritic cells function, targeting of T cells for biomedical applications still remains an obstacle as they disclose reduced endocytic activities. Here, by coupling the cytokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) to the surface of hydroxyethyl starch nanocapsules we demonstrated a direct and specifc T cell targeting in vitro and in vivo by IL-2 receptor mediated internalization...
October 10, 2016: ACS Nano
G Chamel, A T Gourlan, P Télouk, D Sayag, V Milliard, C Loiseau, M Simon, S Buff, F Ponce
Previous studies in humans with breast, colorectal or liver cancer showed that neoplasia was associated with a modification of the blood ratio between (65) Cu and (63) Cu (∂Cu). The aim of the present study was to compare the blood ∂Cu of dogs with cancer to healthy controls or dogs with non-oncologic disease. One hundred and seventeen dogs were included in the study (35 dogs with cancer, 33 dogs with non-neoplastic disease, and 49 healthy controls). The ∂Cu of dogs with cancer was significantly lower than the ratio of healthy controls (P < 0...
October 6, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Carmen Steinborn, Christoph Diegel, Manuel Garcia-Käufer, Carsten Gründemann, Roman Huber
Because different metals are used in complementary medicine for the treatment of diseases related to a dysfunction of the immune system, this study aimed at determining the immunomodulatory potential of Pb(NO3 )2 , AuCl3 , Cu(NO3 )2 , HgCl2 , AgNO3 , SnCl2 , AsCl3 and SbCl3 at sub-toxic concentrations and at assessing possible toxic side effects of low-concentrated metal preparations. The influence of the metal salts on primary human mononuclear cells was analyzed by measuring cell viability using the water-soluble tetrazolium salt assay, apoptosis and necrosis induction by annexin V/propidium iodide staining and proliferation by carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester staining and flow cytometry...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Sebastian Bestgen, Olaf Fuhr, Peter W Roesky, Dieter Fenske
The reaction of copper(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)methanethiolate [CuSCH2C6H4(t)Bu] with bis(trimethylsilyl)sulfide S(SiMe3)2 in the presence of triphenylphosphine PPh3 afforded the binary 52 nuclear copper cluster [Cu52S12(SCH2C6H4(t)Bu)28(PPh3)8]. The molecular structure of this intensely red coloured nanoscale Cu2S mimic was established by single crystal X-ray diffraction.
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Fang Qian, Pui Ching Lan, Tammy Olson, Cheng Zhu, Eric B Duoss, Christopher M Spadaccini, T Yong-Jin Han
This communication reports a new method to purify copper nanowires with nearly 100% yield from undesired copper nanoparticle side-products formed during batch processes of copper nanowire synthesis. This simple separation method can yield large quantities of long, uniform, high-purity copper nanowires to meet the requirements of nanoelectronics applications as well as provide an avenue for purifying copper nanowires in the industrial scale synthesis of copper nanowires, a key step for commercialization and application of nanowires...
September 22, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xiao Wang, Ranran Wang, Haitao Zhai, Xi Shen, Tao Wang, Liangjing Shi, Richeng Yu, Jing Sun
Cu nanowires (Copper nanowires) have attracted lots of attention recently due to their potential applications in transparent electrodes, SERS sensors and solar cells. However, as the surface composition and morphology of Cu nanowires severely influence the performance of the devices based on them, facial surface modification methods need to be developed. Herein, we propose a room-temperature, time-saving aqueous solution method, which can simultaneously clean the surface of copper nanowires and decorate them with Ag nanoparticles at room temperature without any atmospheric control...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ana Bucić-Kojić, Gordana Šelo, Bruno Zelić, Mirela Planinić, Marina Tišma
Corn silage is used as high-energy forage for dairy cows and more recently for biogas production in a process of anaerobic co-digestion with cow manure. In this work, fresh corn silage after the harvest was used as a substrate in solid-state fermentations with T. versicolor with the aim of phenolic acid recovery and enzyme (laccase and manganese peroxidase) production. During 20 days of fermentation, 10.4-, 3.4-, 3.0-, and 1.8-fold increments in extraction yield of syringic acid, vanillic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and caffeic acid, respectively, were reached when compared to biologically untreated corn silage...
September 30, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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