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Ruijiao Xin, Ling Zhu, Patrice A Salomé, Estefania Mancini, Carine M Marshall, Frank G Harmon, Marcelo J Yanovsky, Detlef Weigel, Enamul Huq
Light signals regulate plant growth and development by controlling a plethora of gene expression changes. Posttranscriptional regulation, especially pre-mRNA processing, is a key modulator of gene expression; however, the molecular mechanisms linking pre-mRNA processing and light signaling are not well understood. Here we report a protein related to the human splicing factor 45 (SPF45) named splicing factor for phytochrome signaling (SFPS), which directly interacts with the photoreceptor phytochrome B (phyB)...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pravin Kumar Ankush Jagtap, Divita Garg, Tobias G Kapp, Cindy L Will, Oliver Demmer, Reinhard Lührmann, Horst Kessler, Michael Sattler
U2AF homology motifs (UHMs) are atypical RNA recognition motif domains that mediate critical protein-protein interactions during the regulation of alternative pre-mRNA splicing and other processes. The recognition of UHM domains by UHM ligand motif (ULM) peptide sequences plays important roles during early steps of spliceosome assembly. Splicing factor 45 kDa (SPF45) is an alternative splicing factor implicated in breast and lung cancers, and splicing regulation of apoptosis-linked pre-mRNAs by SPF45 was shown to depend on interactions between its UHM domain and ULM motifs in constitutive splicing factors...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Olga Villamizar, Christopher B Chambers, Janice M Riberdy, Derek A Persons, Andrew Wilber
In multicellular organisms, cell growth and differentiation is controlled in part by programmed cell death or apoptosis. One major apoptotic pathway is triggered by Fas receptor (Fas)-Fas ligand (FasL) interaction. Neoplastic cells are frequently resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis, evade Fas signals through down regulation of Fas and produce soluble Fas proteins that bind FasL thereby blocking apoptosis. Soluble Fas (sFas) is an alternative splice product of Fas pre-mRNA, commonly created by exclusion of transmembrane spanning sequences encoded within exon 6 (FasΔEx6)...
March 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Sarah Loerch, Alexandre Maucuer, Valérie Manceau, Michael R Green, Clara L Kielkopf
U2AF homology motifs (UHMs) mediate protein-protein interactions with U2AF ligand motifs (ULMs) of pre-mRNA splicing factors. The UHM-containing alternative splicing factor CAPERα regulates splicing of tumor-promoting VEGF isoforms, yet the molecular target of the CAPERα UHM is unknown. Here we present structures of the CAPERα UHM bound to a representative SF3b155 ULM at 1.7 Å resolution and, for comparison, in the absence of ligand at 2.2 Å resolution. The prototypical UHM/ULM interactions authenticate CAPERα as a bona fide member of the UHM family of proteins...
June 20, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yuying Liu, LaShardai Conaway, Jennifer Rutherford Bethard, Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Amber Thompson Bradley, Hui Zheng, Scott A Weed, Scott T Eblen
Alternative mRNA splicing is a mechanism to regulate protein isoform expression and is regulated by alternative splicing factors. The alternative splicing factor 45 (SPF45) is overexpressed in cancer, although few biological effects of SPF45 are known, and few splicing targets have been identified. We previously showed that Extracellular Regulated Kinase 2 (ERK2) phosphorylation of SPF45 regulates cell proliferation and adhesion to fibronectin. In this work, we show that Cdc2-like kinase 1 (Clk1) phosphorylates SPF45 on eight serine residues...
May 2013: Nucleic Acids Research
Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Hui Zheng, Yuying Liu, Tao Bai, Scott T Eblen
The regulation of alternative mRNA splicing factors by extracellular cues and signal transduction cascades is poorly understood. Using an engineered extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) that can utilize ATP analogs, we have identified the alternative mRNA splicing factor 45 (SPF45), which is overexpressed in cancer, as a novel coimmunoprecipitating ERK2 substrate. ERK2 phosphorylated SPF45 on Thr71 and Ser222 in vitro and in cells in response to H-RasV12, B-RAF-V600E, and activated MEK1. Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) and p38α also phosphorylated SPF45 in vitro and associated with SPF45 in cells...
July 2012: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Naoki Horikoshi, Yuichi Morozumi, Motoki Takaku, Yoshimasa Takizawa, Hitoshi Kurumizaka
SPF45 is considered to be a bifunctional protein that functions in splicing and DNA repair. A previous genetic study reported that Drosophila SPF45 participates in the DNA-repair pathway with a RAD51-family protein, RAD201, suggesting that SPF45 may function in DNA repair by the homologous-recombination pathway. To study the function of SPF45 in homologous recombination, we purified human SPF45 and found that it preferentially binds to the Holliday junction, which is a key DNA intermediate in the homologous-recombination pathway...
April 1, 2010: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Lorenzo Corsini, Sophie Bonnal, Sophie Bonna, Jerome Basquin, Michael Hothorn, Klaus Scheffzek, Juan Valcárcel, Michael Sattler
The U2AF-homology motif (UHM) mediates protein-protein interactions between factors involved in constitutive RNA splicing. Here we report that the splicing factor SPF45 regulates alternative splicing of the apoptosis regulatory gene FAS (also called CD95). The SPF45 UHM is necessary for this activity and binds UHM-ligand motifs (ULMs) present in the 3' splice site-recognizing factors U2AF65, SF1 and SF3b155. We describe a 2.1-A crystal structure of SPF45-UHM in complex with a ULM peptide from SF3b155. Features distinct from those of previously described UHM-ULM structures allowed the design of mutations in the SPF45 UHM that selectively impair binding to individual ULMs...
July 2007: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Ahmad Sami Chaouki, Helen K Salz
The sequence of the SPF45 protein is significantly conserved, yet functional studies have identified it as a splicing factor in animal cells and as a DNA-repair protein in plants. Using a combined genetic and biochemical approach to investigate this apparent functional discrepancy, we unify and validate both of these studies by demonstrating that the Drosophila melanogaster protein is bifunctional, with independent functions in DNA repair and splicing. We find that SPF45 associates with the U2 snRNP and that mutations that remove the C-terminal end of the protein disrupt this interaction...
December 8, 2006: PLoS Genetics
William L Perry, Robert L Shepard, Janardhan Sampath, Benjamin Yaden, William W Chin, Philip W Iversen, Shengfang Jin, Andrea Lesoon, Kathryn A O'Brien, Victoria L Peek, Mark Rolfe, Andrew Shyjan, Michelle Tighe, Mark Williamson, Venkatesh Krishnan, Robert E Moore, Anne H Dantzig
The splicing factor SPF45 (RBM17) is frequently overexpressed in many solid tumors, and stable expression in HeLa cells confers resistance to doxorubicin and vincristine. In this study, we characterized stable transfectants of A2780 ovarian carcinoma cells. In a 3-day cytotoxicity assay, human SPF45 overexpression conferred 3- to 21-fold resistance to carboplatin, vinorelbine, doxorubicin, etoposide, mitoxantrone, and vincristine. In addition, resistance to gemcitabine and pemetrexed was observed at the highest drug concentrations tested...
August 1, 2005: Cancer Research
Sheng Ding, Bang-Dong Gong, Jian Yu, Jun Gu, Hong-Yu Zhang, Zu-Bin Shang, Qi Fei, Peng Wang, Jing-De Zhu
AIM: To establish the DNA methylation patterns of the promoter CpG islands of 14 "drug-resistance" genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The methylation specific polymerase chain reaction in conjunction with sequencing verification was used to establish the methylation patterns of the 14 genes in the liver tissues of four healthy liver donors, as well as tumor and the paired non-cancerous tissues of 30 HCC patients. RESULTS: While 11 genes (ATP-binding cassette, sub-family G (WHITE), member 2(ABCG2), activating transcription factor (ATF2), beta-2-microglobulin (B2M), deoxycytidine kinase (DCK), occludin (OCLN), v-raf-1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog (RAF1), ralA binding protein 1 (RALBP1), splicing factor (45 kD) (SPF45), S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (p45) (SKP2), tumor protein p53 (Li-Fraumeni syndrome) (TP53) and topoisomerase (DNA) II beta (TOP2B)) maintained the unmethylated patterns, three genes displayed to various extents the hypermethylation state in tumor tissues in comparison with the normal counterparts...
December 1, 2004: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Janardhan Sampath, Pandy R Long, Robert L Shepard, Xiaoling Xia, Viswanath Devanarayan, George E Sandusky, William L Perry, Anne H Dantzig, Mark Williamson, Mark Rolfe, Robert E Moore
Our effort to identify novel drug-resistant genes in cyclophosphamide-resistant EMT6 mouse mammary tumors led us to the identification of SPF45. Simultaneously, other groups identified SPF45 as a component of the spliceosome that is involved in alternative splicing. We isolated the human homologue and examined the normal human tissue expression, tumor expression, and the phenotype caused by overexpression of human SPF45. Our analyses revealed that SPF45 is expressed in many, but not all, normal tissues tested with predominant expression in normal ductal epithelial cells of the breast, liver, pancreas, and prostate...
November 2003: American Journal of Pathology
Brenton R Graveley
Alternative splicing is an important means of regulating the expression of eukaryotic genes and enhancing protein diversity. A detailed examination of the Drosophila Sex-lethal gene has led to two significant discoveries-the role of the splicing factor SPF45 in defining the site of exon ligation, and that alternative splicing can be regulated at the second step.
May 17, 2002: Cell
María José Lallena, Kevin J Chalmers, Salud Llamazares, Angus I Lamond, Juan Valcárcel
The Drosophila protein Sex-lethal (SXL) promotes skipping of exon 3 from its own pre-mRNA. An unusual sequence arrangement of two AG dinucleotides and an intervening polypyrimidine (Py)-tract at the 3' end of intron 2 is important for Sxl autoregulation. Here we show that U2AF interacts with the Py-tract and downstream AG, whereas the spliceosomal protein SPF45 interacts with the upstream AG and activates it for the second catalytic step of the splicing reaction. SPF45 represents a new class of second step factors, and its interaction with SXL blocks splicing at the second step...
May 3, 2002: Cell
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