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Advanced Cardiac Life Support 2015

Mi Jin Lee, Tai Ho Rho, Hyun Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, June Soo Kim, Sang Gyun Rho, Hyun Kyung Park, Dong Jin Oh, Seil Oh, Jin Wi, Sangmo Je, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
K Fink, B Schmid, H-J Busch
The revised guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation were implemented by the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) in October 2015. There were few changes concerning basic and advanced life support; however, some issues were clarified compared to the ERC recommendations from 2010. The present paper summarizes the procedures of basic and advanced life support according to the current guidelines and highlights the updates of 2015. Furthermore, the article depicts future prospects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation that may improve outcome of patients after cardiac arrest in the future...
September 27, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Demetris Yannopoulos, Jason A Bartos, Cindy Martin, Ganesh Raveendran, Emil Missov, Marc Conterato, R J Frascone, Alexander Trembley, Kevin Sipprell, Ranjit John, Stephen George, Kathleen Carlson, Melissa E Brunsvold, Santiago Garcia, Tom P Aufderheide
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Minnesota Resuscitation Consortium (MRC) implemented an advanced perfusion and reperfusion life support strategy designed to improve outcome for patients with out-of-hospital refractory ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia (VF/VT). We report the outcomes of the initial 3-month period of operations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three emergency medical services systems serving the Minneapolis-St. Paul metro area participated in the protocol...
June 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lakshmi Raman, Heidi J Dalton
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a modified form of cardiopulmonary bypass. Although early trials were plagued by severe bleeding and high rates of death, subsequent experience with neonates found good survival, and ECMO became an important tool in the care of critically ill infants with respiratory failure. Since the 1980s, expansion to other groups (children, patients with cardiac disease, etc) followed as experience was obtained. Today, there is a rapid growth of ECMO, especially in the adult population...
July 2016: Respiratory Care
Gerard B Hannibal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: AACN Advanced Critical Care
Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Berthold Bein
Enhanced measures for resuscitation of adults are based on basic measures of resuscitation. The central elements are highly effective chest compressions and avoidance of disruptions that are associated with poor patient outcomes that occur within seconds. The universal algorithm distinguishes the therapy for ventricular fibrillation from the therapy in asystole or pulseless electrical activity (PEA) by the need of defibrillation, and amiodarone administration in the former. Defibrillation is biphasic. In all other aspects, there are no differences in therapy...
March 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Bieke Dobbels, Dieter De Cleen, Joris Ector
The Brugada syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) and an elevated risk of sudden cardiac death. Sodium channel blockers (SCBs), such as ajmaline, are used to unmask the characteristic type 1 Brugada electrocardiographic pattern. We review the literature on the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) during SCB challenge. We evaluate the clinical and electrocardiographic characteristics of these patients as well as their prognosis. All articles published from January 2000 until August 2015, in which the incidence and predictors of VAs during SCB challenge were reported, are reviewed...
March 3, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Masahiro Kashiura, Yuichi Hamabe, Akiko Akashi, Atsushi Sakurai, Yoshio Tahara, Naohiro Yonemoto, Ken Nagao, Arino Yaguchi, Naoto Morimura
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation recommend Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Life Support (ALS) rules for termination of resuscitation (TOR). However, it is unclear whether the TOR rules are valid for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) of both cardiac and non-cardiac etiologies. In this study, we validated the TOR rules for OHCA resulting from both etiologies. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter observational study of OHCA patients transported to 67 emergency hospitals between January 2012 and March 2013 in the Kanto region of Japan...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Megan Boysen-Osborn, Craig L Anderson, Roman Navarro, Justin Yanuck, Suzanne Strom, Christopher E McCoy, Julie Youm, Mary Frances Ypma-Wong, Mark I Langdorf
PURPOSE: It aimed to find if written test results improved for advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) taught in flipped classroom/team-based Learning (FC/TBL) vs. lecture-based (LB) control in University of California-Irvine School of Medicine, USA. METHODS: Medical students took 2010 ACLS with FC/TBL (2015), compared to 3 classes in LB (2012-14) format. There were 27.5 hours of instruction for FC/TBL model (TBL 10.5, podcasts 9, small-group simulation 8 hours), and 20 (12 lecture, simulation 8 hours) in LB...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Maziar Khorsandi, Kasra Shaikhrezai, Sai Prasad, Renzo Pessotto, William Walker, Geoffrey Berg, Vipin Zamvar
BACKGROUND: Post-cardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCCS) has an incidence of 2-6 % after routine adult cardiac surgery. 0.5-1.5 % are refractory to inotropic and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support. Advanced mechanical circulatory support (AMCS) can be used to salvage carefully selected number of such patients. High costs and major complication rates have lead to centralization and limited funding for such devices in the UK. We have looked the outcomes of such devices in a non-transplant, intermediate-size adult cardiothoracic surgery unit...
2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mark A Merlin, Ammundeep Tagore, Robert Bauter, Faizan H Arshad
INTRODUCTION: Double Sequence Defibrillation or Double Simultaneous Defibrillation (DSD) is the use of two defibrillators almost simultaneously at their highest allowed energy setting to treat refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). One set of pads is placed in the Anterior-Posterior position and the other set of pads is placed in the Anterior-Lateral Position. Both defibrillation buttons are pressed simultaneously. We sought to determine ROSC and survival rates in a large EMS system when DSD is routinely utilized for RVF...
July 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Wilhelm Haverkamp
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation represents a therapeutic challenge. Evidence-based guidelines, which were updated in 2015, give detailed advice on how to treat the patient. METHODS: Basic life support consists of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (30 chest compressions interrupted briefly to provide to 2 ventilations) and, if ventricular tachyarrhythmia is present, urgent cardiac defibrillation. Administration of drugs is one of the aspects of advanced life support...
March 2016: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Gavin Lloyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Farhan Bhanji, Aaron J Donoghue, Margaret S Wolff, Gustavo E Flores, Louis P Halamek, Jeffrey M Berman, Elizabeth H Sinz, Adam Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2015: Circulation
Mark S Link, Lauren C Berkow, Peter J Kudenchuk, Henry R Halperin, Erik P Hess, Vivek K Moitra, Robert W Neumar, Brian J O'Neil, James H Paxton, Scott M Silvers, Roger D White, Demetris Yannopoulos, Michael W Donnino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2015: Circulation
Farhan Bhanji, Judith C Finn, Andrew Lockey, Koenraad Monsieurs, Robert Frengley, Taku Iwami, Eddy Lang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Mary E Mancini, Mary Ann McNeil, Robert Greif, John E Billi, Vinay M Nadkarni, Blair Bigham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2015: Circulation
Allan R de Caen, Ian K Maconochie, Richard Aickin, Dianne L Atkins, Dominique Biarent, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Monica E Kleinman, David A Kloeck, Peter A Meaney, Vinay M Nadkarni, Kee-Chong Ng, Gabrielle Nuthall, Amelia G Reis, Naoki Shimizu, James Tibballs, Remigio Veliz Pintos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2015: Circulation
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