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ACLS 2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952012/comparison-of-a-fast-5-min-knee-mri-protocol-with-a-standard-knee-mri-protocol-a-multi-institutional-multi-reader-study
#1
Erin FitzGerald Alaia, Alex Benedick, Nancy A Obuchowski, Joshua M Polster, Luis S Beltran, Jean Schils, Elisabeth Garwood, Christopher J Burke, I-Yuan Joseph Chang, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Naveen Subhas
PURPOSE: To compare diagnostic performance of a 5-min knee MRI protocol to that of a standard knee MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred 3 T (100 patients, mean 38.8 years) and 50 1.5 T (46 patients, mean 46.4 years) MRIs, consisting of 5 fast, 2D multi-planar fast-spin-echo (FSE) sequences and five standard multiplanar FSE sequences, from two academic centers (1/2015-1/2016), were retrospectively reviewed by four musculoskeletal radiologists. Agreement between fast and standard (interprotocol agreement) and between standard (intraprotocol agreement) readings for meniscal, ligamentous, chondral, and bone pathology was compared for interchangeability...
September 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948312/increased-incidence-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-revision-surgery-in-paediatric-verses-adult-population
#2
Diego Costa Astur, Charles Marcon Cachoeira, Tierri da Silva Vieira, Pedro Debieux, Camila Cohen Kaleka, Moisés Cohen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anterior cruciate ligament graft failure rate in a population of 1376 patients submitted to single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction procedure. It was hypothesized that the younger the patient, the greater the chance of a new anterior cruciate ligament graft ligament injury. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who had SB anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction between the years, 2001 and 2016, with a minimum post-operative follow-up period of 6 months...
September 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945689/complications-after-pediatric-acl-reconstruction-a-meta-analysis
#3
Stephanie E Wong, Brian T Feeley, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to review clinical outcomes and complications following pediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for studies on ACL ruptures in the skeletally immature from 1985 to 2016. Full-text studies in English and performed on humans were included (n=5718). Titles included discussed operative intervention on skeletally immature patients with ACL tears (n=160)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945149/risk-of-developing-antiphospholipid-antibodies-following-viral-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
N Abdel-Wahab, S Talathi, M A Lopez-Olivo, M E Suarez-Almazor
Objective The objective of this paper is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the risk of developing elevated antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies and related thromboembolic and/or pregnancy events following a viral infection. Method We searched Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, PubMed ePubs, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through June 2016. Independent observational studies of elevated aPL antibodies in patients with a viral infection compared with controls or patients with lupus were included...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920131/reversible-causes-in-cardiovascular-collapse-at-the-emergency-department-using-ultrasonography-revive-us
#5
Mui Teng Chua, Gene Wh Chan, Win Sen Kuan
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonographic evaluation of patients in cardiac arrest is currently not protocolised in the advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) algorithm. Potentially reversible causes may be identified using bedside ultrasonography that is ubiquitous in most emergency departments (EDs). This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of sonographically detectable reversible causes of cardiac arrest by incorporating an ultrasonography protocol into the ACLS algorithm. Secondary objectives include rates of survival to hospital admission, hospital discharge, and 30-day mortality...
August 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915914/paradoxical-tunnel-enlargement-after-acl-reconstruction-with-hamstring-autografts-when-using-%C3%AE-tcp-containing-interference-screws-for-tibial-aperture-fixation-prospectively-comparative-study
#6
Joon Ho Wang, Eun Su Lee, Byung Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Tibial aperture fixation with a bioabsorbable interference screw is a popular fixation method in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). An interference screw containing β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) to improve bony integration and biocompatibility was recently introduced. This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes and radiological results of tunnel enlargement effect between the 2 bioabsorbable fixative devices of pure poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) interference screws and β-TCP-containing screws, for tibial interference fixation in ACLR using hamstring autografts...
September 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902258/phlebotomines-in-an-area-endemic-for-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-northeastern-coast-of-brazil
#7
Ana Patricia Oliveira da Silva, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Marcos Antônio Bezerra Santos, Neurisvan Ramos Guerra, Silvia Rafaelli Marques, Leucio Câmara Alves, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Gílcia Aparecida de Carvalho
Phlebotomines have worldwide distribution with many species present in Brazil, including the northeastern region, where the fauna is very diverse. The aim of this study was to identify the sandfly fauna in an area endemic for American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in the state of Pernambuco. Sandflies were caught on three consecutive nights every month from October 2015 to September 2016, from 5 pm to 5 am, using seven light traps of Centers for Disease Control (CDC) type. Females were identified and used for molecular Leishmania detection...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890904/thirty-year-experience-with-acl-reconstruction-using-patellar-tendon-a-critical-evaluation-of-revision-and-reoperation
#8
Andrew J Riff, Timothy J Luchetti, Alexander E Weber, Jaskarndip Chahal, Bernard R Bach
BACKGROUND: During the preoperative discussion prior to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), patients are often interested in data regarding rates of revision reconstruction, reoperation, concomitant pathologic changes, and future contralateral ACL injury. PURPOSE: To analyze a single surgeon's experience with primary and revision ACLR over a 30-year interval, focusing on incidence and risk factors for revision and reoperation. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878834/combined-anatomic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction
#9
Stefan Mogos, Bogdan Sendrea, Ioan Cristian Stoica
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current paper was to report the surgical technique of combined anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction as well as the short term clinical results after this surgical procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The current prospective study included 32 patients (5 females and 27 males) with combined ACL and ALL reconstruction performed between December 2015 and July 2016. The patients were included in the study taking into consideration the following criteria: chronic ACL lesion, high grade rotational instability (pivot shift grade II and III) and participation in high grade pivoting sports...
January 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853022/single-leg-assessment-of-postural-stability-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Tim Lehmann, Linda Paschen, Jochen Baumeister
BACKGROUND: Previous reports of single-leg assessment demonstrated functional deficits in postural stability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, quantified measures describing postural stability vary among investigations and results seem not to be clear. The first aim of this systematic review was to quantify postural deficits in eyes open single-leg stance in patients after ACL injury. Moreover, the second aim was to examine the potential of traditional center of pressure (CoP) measures in order to distinguish postural stability between ACL patients and healthy controls...
August 29, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840156/clinical-outcome-reporting-in-youth-acl-literature-is-widely-variable
#11
REVIEW
Christopher M Brusalis, Nikita Lakomkin, Joash R Suryavanshi, Aristides I Cruz, Daniel W Green, Kristofer J Jones, Peter D Fabricant
BACKGROUND: Advances in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction procedures in pediatric and adolescent patients have resulted in an increase in recent clinical studies on this topic. However, the consistency with which outcome measures are reported in this demographic is unknown. PURPOSE: To document outcome reporting patterns of youth ACL reconstruction studies in high-impact journals. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795075/the-effect-of-menstrual-cycle-and-contraceptives-on-acl-injuries-and-laxity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Simone D Herzberg, Makalapua L Motu'apuaka, William Lambert, Rongwei Fu, Jacqueline Brady, Jeanne-Marie Guise
BACKGROUND: Women are at substantially greater risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than are men. PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to clarify the effect of the menstrual cycle and contraceptives on the laxity of and noncontact injuries to the ACL. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Searches were conducted using MEDLINE (1946-August 2016), the Cochrane Library Database, clinical trial registries, and related reference lists...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790406/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-comparison-to-arthroscopy-a-meta-analysis
#13
Kun Li, Jun Du, Li-Xin Huang, Li Ni, Tao Liu, Hui-Lin Yang
We performed this meta-analysis to examine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI for the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in comparison to arthroscopy. We also compared the diagnostic accuracy of MRI with magnetic field intensities (MFI) greater than or equal to 1.5T with those below 1.5T, in addition to different MRI sequences. Studies relevant to the diagnosis of ACL injury by MRI and arthroscopy were analyzed. Computer and manual retrieval were carried out on studies published between January 1, 2006 and May 31, 2016...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777283/the-locations-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-a-magnetic-resonance-study
#14
Jelle P van der List, Douglas N Mintz, Gregory S DiFelice
BACKGROUND: Recently, a resurgence of interest has been noted in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) preservation in pediatric and adolescent patients. Different tear types, defined by their tear location, require different preservation techniques: proximal and distal avulsion tears can be treated with arthroscopic primary repair, whereas primary repair with biological scaffold has been proposed for midsubstance tears. The goal of this study was to assess the distribution of different tear types in pediatric and adolescent patients, as these are currently unknown...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761481/comparison-of-three-pcr-based-methods-for-simplicity-and-cost-effectiveness-identification-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-due-to-leishmania-tropica
#15
Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Mehdi Bamorovat, Majid Fasihi Harandi, Tayyebeh Karimi, Iraj Sharifi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian
BACKGROUND: To compare three molecular methods, PCR-RFLP for internal transcribed spacer, PCR sequencing and high resolution melting analysis shown reliable sensitivity and specificity for detecting Leishmania tropica as a model for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) as the perspective overview for scientific and economic approaches. METHODS: This study was carried out between 2015 and 2016 in Leishmaniasis Research Center in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740999/advanced-cardiac-life-support-2016-singapore-guidelines
#16
Chi Keong Ching, Siew Hon Benjamin Leong, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Swee Han Lim, Kenneth Heng, Sohil Pothiawala, Venkataraman Anantharaman
The main areas of emphasis in the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines are: early recognition of cardiac arrest and call for help; good-quality chest compressions; early defibrillation when applicable; early administration of drugs; appropriate airway management ensuring normoventilation; and delivery of appropriate post-resuscitation care to enhance survival. Of note, it is important to monitor the quality of the various care procedures. The resuscitation team needs to reduce unnecessary interruptions to chest compressions in order to maintain adequate coronary perfusion pressure during the ACLS drill...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718171/younger-patients-and-men-achieve-higher-outcome-scores-than-older-patients-and-women-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that functional performance and validated outcome scores differ according to the gender, age, and sport participation status of a patient after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, the impact of these three factors, and interaction among them, has not been studied across a large relatively homogeneous group of patients to better elucidate their impact. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We reviewed a large cohort of patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction to determine if ROM, knee laxity, objective performance measures, and validated outcome scores differed according to (1) gender; (2) age; and (3) sport participation status...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717621/effects-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-lower-limb-biomechanics-neuromuscular-control-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-risk-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Vivek Balachandar, Jan-Luigi Marciniak, Owen Wall, Chandrika Balachandar
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has a devastating impact on physical and psychological disability. Rates of ACL rupture are significantly greater in females than males during the same sports. Hormonal mechanisms have been proposed but are complex and poorly understood. This systematic review evaluates the effects of menstrual cycle on: 1) lower-limb biomechanics, 2) neuromuscular control, and 3) ACL injury risk. METHODS: The MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTSDiscus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception to August 2016 for studies investigating the effects of the menstrual cycle on lower-limb biomechanics, neuromuscular control, and ACL injury risk in females...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698804/the-knee-meniscus-management-of-traumatic-tears-and-degenerative-lesions
#19
Philippe Beaufils, Roland Becker, Sebastian Kopf, Ollivier Matthieu, Nicolas Pujol
Meniscectomy is one of the most popular orthopaedic procedures, but long-term results are not entirely satisfactory and the concept of meniscal preservation has therefore progressed over the years. However, the meniscectomy rate remains too high even though robust scientific publications indicate the value of meniscal repair or non-removal in traumatic tears and non-operative treatment rather than meniscectomy in degenerative meniscal lesionsIn traumatic tears, the first-line choice is repair or non-removal...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680889/the-location-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-a-prevalence-study-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Jelle P van der List, Douglas N Mintz, Gregory S DiFelice
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, there has been a resurgence of interest in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) preservation. Proximal and distal avulsion tears have been treated with arthroscopic primary repair, while augmented repair, remnant tensioning, primary repair with biological scaffold, and remnant preservation have been proposed for different types of midsubstance tears. Currently, the incidence of these different tear types is unknown. PURPOSE: To propose a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) classification system for different tear types based on clinical relevance and to assess the distribution of these different ACL tear types...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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