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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795075/the-effect-of-menstrual-cycle-and-contraceptives-on-acl-injuries-and-laxity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Simone D Herzberg, Makalapua L Motu'apuaka, William Lambert, Rongwei Fu, Jacqueline Brady, Jeanne-Marie Guise
BACKGROUND: Women are at substantially greater risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than are men. PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to clarify the effect of the menstrual cycle and contraceptives on the laxity of and noncontact injuries to the ACL. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Searches were conducted using MEDLINE (1946-August 2016), the Cochrane Library Database, clinical trial registries, and related reference lists...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790406/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-comparison-to-arthroscopy-a-meta-analysis
#2
Kun Li, Jun Du, Li-Xin Huang, Li Ni, Tao Liu, Hui-Lin Yang
We performed this meta-analysis to examine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI for the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in comparison to arthroscopy. We also compared the diagnostic accuracy of MRI with magnetic field intensities (MFI) greater than or equal to 1.5T with those below 1.5T, in addition to different MRI sequences. Studies relevant to the diagnosis of ACL injury by MRI and arthroscopy were analyzed. Computer and manual retrieval were carried out on studies published between January 1, 2006 and May 31, 2016...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777283/the-locations-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-a-magnetic-resonance-study
#3
Jelle P van der List, Douglas N Mintz, Gregory S DiFelice
BACKGROUND: Recently, a resurgence of interest has been noted in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) preservation in pediatric and adolescent patients. Different tear types, defined by their tear location, require different preservation techniques: proximal and distal avulsion tears can be treated with arthroscopic primary repair, whereas primary repair with biological scaffold has been proposed for midsubstance tears. The goal of this study was to assess the distribution of different tear types in pediatric and adolescent patients, as these are currently unknown...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761481/comparison-of-three-pcr-based-methods-for-simplicity-and-cost-effectiveness-identification-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-due-to-leishmania-tropica
#4
Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Mehdi Bamorovat, Majid Fasihi Harandi, Tayyebeh Karimi, Iraj Sharifi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian
BACKGROUND: To compare three molecular methods, PCR-RFLP for internal transcribed spacer, PCR sequencing and high resolution melting analysis shown reliable sensitivity and specificity for detecting Leishmania tropica as a model for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) as the perspective overview for scientific and economic approaches. METHODS: This study was carried out between 2015 and 2016 in Leishmaniasis Research Center in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740999/advanced-cardiac-life-support-2016-singapore-guidelines
#5
Chi Keong Ching, Siew Hon Benjamin Leong, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Swee Han Lim, Kenneth Heng, Sohil Pothiawala, Venkataraman Anantharaman
The main areas of emphasis in the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines are: early recognition of cardiac arrest and call for help; good-quality chest compressions; early defibrillation when applicable; early administration of drugs; appropriate airway management ensuring normoventilation; and delivery of appropriate post-resuscitation care to enhance survival. Of note, it is important to monitor the quality of the various care procedures. The resuscitation team needs to reduce unnecessary interruptions to chest compressions in order to maintain adequate coronary perfusion pressure during the ACLS drill...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718171/younger-patients-and-men-achieve-higher-outcome-scores-than-older-patients-and-women-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that functional performance and validated outcome scores differ according to the gender, age, and sport participation status of a patient after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, the impact of these three factors, and interaction among them, has not been studied across a large relatively homogeneous group of patients to better elucidate their impact. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We reviewed a large cohort of patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction to determine if ROM, knee laxity, objective performance measures, and validated outcome scores differed according to (1) gender; (2) age; and (3) sport participation status...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717621/effects-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-lower-limb-biomechanics-neuromuscular-control-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-risk-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Vivek Balachandar, Jan-Luigi Marciniak, Owen Wall, Chandrika Balachandar
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has a devastating impact on physical and psychological disability. Rates of ACL rupture are significantly greater in females than males during the same sports. Hormonal mechanisms have been proposed but are complex and poorly understood. This systematic review evaluates the effects of menstrual cycle on: 1) lower-limb biomechanics, 2) neuromuscular control, and 3) ACL injury risk. METHODS: The MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTSDiscus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception to August 2016 for studies investigating the effects of the menstrual cycle on lower-limb biomechanics, neuromuscular control, and ACL injury risk in females...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698804/the-knee-meniscus-management-of-traumatic-tears-and-degenerative-lesions
#8
Philippe Beaufils, Roland Becker, Sebastian Kopf, Ollivier Matthieu, Nicolas Pujol
Meniscectomy is one of the most popular orthopaedic procedures, but long-term results are not entirely satisfactory and the concept of meniscal preservation has therefore progressed over the years. However, the meniscectomy rate remains too high even though robust scientific publications indicate the value of meniscal repair or non-removal in traumatic tears and non-operative treatment rather than meniscectomy in degenerative meniscal lesionsIn traumatic tears, the first-line choice is repair or non-removal...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680889/the-location-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-a-prevalence-study-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Jelle P van der List, Douglas N Mintz, Gregory S DiFelice
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, there has been a resurgence of interest in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) preservation. Proximal and distal avulsion tears have been treated with arthroscopic primary repair, while augmented repair, remnant tensioning, primary repair with biological scaffold, and remnant preservation have been proposed for different types of midsubstance tears. Currently, the incidence of these different tear types is unknown. PURPOSE: To propose a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) classification system for different tear types based on clinical relevance and to assess the distribution of these different ACL tear types...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663339/the-influence-of-connective-tissue-growth-factor-on-rabbit-ligament-injury-repair
#10
X Sun, W Liu, G Cheng, X Qu, H Bi, Z Cao, Q Yu
OBJECTIVES: The injured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is thought to exhibit an impaired healing response, and attempts at surgical repair have not been successful. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is reported to be associated with wound healing, probably through transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1). METHODS: A rabbit ACL injury model was used to study the effect of CTGF on ligament recovery. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed for detection of changes in RNA levels of TGF-β1, type 1 collagen (COL1), type 2 collagen (COL2), SRY-related high mobility group-box gene9 (SOX9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and matrix metallopeptidase 13 (MMP-13)...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647718/new-meniscal-tears-after-acl-injury-what-is-the-risk-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
REVIEW
Guri Ranum Ekås, Clare Ardern, Hege Grindem, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Secondary meniscal tears after ACL injuries increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. The current literature on secondary meniscal injuries after ACL injury is not consistent and may have methodological shortcomings. This protocol describes the methods of a systematic review investigating the rate of secondary meniscal injuries in children and adults after treatment (operative or non-operative) for ACL injury. METHODS: We will search electronic databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Google Scholar) from database inception...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646381/stenotic-intercondylar-notch-type-is-correlated-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-female-patients-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Theodoros Bouras, Peter Fennema, Stephen Burke, Hilary Bosman
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: The principal purpose of this paper was to identify whether femoral notch morphology was different in females without anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury from those with ACL injury. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to assess the femoral notch type, notch width index and 'α angle' in female patients and measure these differences. METHODS: This is a retrospective case control study of 119 female patients, 58 with ACL injury and 61 patients without ACL injury who underwent knee MRI between March 2014 and April 2016...
June 23, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599111/corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
Krosshaug T, Steffen K, Kristianslund E, et al. The vertical drop jump is a poor screening test for ACL injuries in female elite soccer and handball players: a prospective cohort study of 710 athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(4):874-883. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546515625048).
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530851/chondral-injuries-and-irreparable-meniscal-tears-among-adolescents-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-or-meniscal-tears-are-more-common-in-patients-with-public-insurance
#14
Ariel A Williams, Nickolas S Mancini, Matthew J Solomito, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical component of health care reform and may differ among patients with different types of insurance. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare adolescents with private and public insurance undergoing surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and/or meniscal tears. We hypothesized that patients with public insurance would have a delayed presentation from the time of injury and therefore would have a higher incidence of chondral injuries and irreparable meniscal tears and lower preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores than patients with private insurance...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483655/visual-utilization-during-postural-control-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-reconstructed-patients-systematic-reviews-meta-analyses
#15
REVIEW
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Brian G Pietrosimone, J Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua
OBJECTIVE: To determine if anterior cruciate ligament deficient (ACL-D) individuals and individuals with a reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL-R) rely more heavily on visual information to maintain postural control. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from their earliest available date to May 24, 2016 using the combination of key words. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were included if they reported any instrumented static single leg balance outcome in both a patient and control sample...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463534/incidence-and-detection-of-meniscal-ramp-lesions-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#16
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Andrew G Geeslin, Lars Engebretsen, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Meniscal ramp lesions have been reported to be present in 9% to 17% of patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Detection at the time of arthroscopy can be accomplished based on clinical suspicion and careful evaluation. Preoperative assessment via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported to have a low sensitivity in identifying meniscal ramp lesions. PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of meniscal ramp lesions in patients with ACL tears and the sensitivity of preoperative MRI for the detection of ramp lesions...
August 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461919/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-principles-of-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Nikolaos K Paschos, Stephen M Howell
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most common procedures in sports medicine. Several areas of controversy exist in ACL tear management which have engaged surgeons and researchers in debates towards identifying an ideal approach for these patients.This instructional review discusses the principles of ACL reconstruction in an attempt to provide guidelines and initiate a critical thinking approach on the most common areas of controversy regarding ACL reconstruction.Using high-level evidence from the literature, as presented in randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, operative versus conservative treatment, timing of surgery, and rehabilitation are discussed...
November 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437550/use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-predict-quadrupled-semitendinosus-graft-diameter-in-all-inside-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#18
Joseph Serino, Ryan Murray, Evan H Argintar
This study was conducted to evaluate whether preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of the cross-sectional area and length of the semitendinosus tendon correlated with graft diameter. The goal of the study was to identify tendons at risk for requiring graft augmentation. The records of 140 consecutive patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction between 2013 and 2016 were examined retrospectively. The study included 39 patients who underwent all-inside ACL reconstruction with a semitendinosus autograft...
July 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424850/incidence-and-mri-characterization-of-the-spectrum-of-posterolateral-corner-injuries-occurring-in-association-with-acl-rupture
#19
Eduardo Frois Temponi, Lúcio Honório de Carvalho Júnior, Adnan Saithna, Mathieu Thaunat, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and MRI characteristics of the spectrum of posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries occurring in association with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a level IV, retrospective case series study. All patients clinically diagnosed with an ACL rupture between July 2015 and June 2016 who underwent MRI of the knee were included in the study. In addition to standard MRI knee reporting, emphasis was placed on identifying injury to the PLC and a description of involvement of these structures by two musculoskeletal radiologists...
August 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377296/mechanical-chest-compressions-improve-rate-of-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-and-allow-for-initiation-of-percutaneous-circulatory-support-during-cardiac-arrest-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#20
Joseph M Venturini, Elizabeth Retzer, J Raider Estrada, Janet Friant, David Beiser, Dana Edelson, Jonathan Paul, John Blair, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah
BACKGROUND: Performing advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) in the cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) is challenging. Mechanical chest compression (MCC) devices deliver compressions in a small space, allowing for simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention and reduced radiation exposure to rescuers. In refractory cases, MCC devices allow rescuers to initiate percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) during resuscitation. This study sought to assess the efficacy and safety of MCC when compared to manual compressions in the CCL...
June 2017: Resuscitation
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