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Neogenin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526577/obesity-and-cancer-existing-and-new-hypotheses-for-a-causal-connection
#1
REVIEW
Trevor W Stone, Megan McPherson, L Gail Darlington
Existing explanations of obesity-associated cancer emphasise direct mutagenic effects of dietary components or hormonal imbalance. Some of these hypotheses are reviewed briefly, but recent evidence suggests a major role for chronic inflammation in cancer risk, possibly involving dietary content. These ideas include the inflammation-induced activation of the kynurenine pathway and its role in feeding and metabolism by activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and by modulating synaptic transmission in the brain...
April 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511172/rb-is-required-for-retinal-angiogenesis-and-lamination
#2
Yi Zhou, Ran Wei, Liu Zhang, Yongjiang Chen, Suying Lu, Chen Liang, Yujiao Wang, Lirong Xiao, Junjun Zhang, Rod Bremner, Danian Chen
Retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (Rb) promotes cell cycle exit, survival, differentiation, and tumor suppression in the retina. Here, we show it is also essential for vascularization and lamination. Despite minimal effects on Hif1a target expression, intraretinal vascular plexi did not form in the Rb -/- murine retina. Deleting adenovirus E2 promoter binding factor 3 (E2f3), which rescues starburst amacrine cell differentiation, or E2f2, had no effect, but deleting E2f1, which promotes neuronal cell cycle exit and survival, restored retinal vasculature...
March 6, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311593/neogenin-a-regulator-of-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-prevents-depressive-like-behavior
#3
Dong Sun, Xiang-Dong Sun, Lu Zhao, Dae-Hoon Lee, Jin-Xia Hu, Fu-Lei Tang, Jin-Xiu Pan, Lin Mei, Xiao-Juan Zhu, Wen-Cheng Xiong
Adult neurogenesis in hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is a complex, but precisely controlled process. Dysregulation of this event contributes to multiple neurological disorders, including major depression. Thus, it is of considerable interest to investigate how adult hippocampal neurogenesis is regulated. Here, we present evidence for neogenin, a multifunctional transmembrane receptor, to regulate adult mouse hippocampal neurogenesis. Loss of neogenin in adult neural stem cells (NSCs) or neural progenitor cells (NPCs) impaired NSCs/NPCs proliferation and neurogenesis, whereas increased their astrocytic differentiation...
January 8, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305865/netrin-1-promotes-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer-by-regulating-yap-activity
#4
Kai Yin, Shengchun Dang, Lei Cui, Xin Fan, Linjun Wang, Rong Xie, Jianguo Qu, Mengyuan Shang, Jixiang Chen, Zekuan Xu
Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a major downstream molecular of the Hippo pathway, which plays important role in cancer development. Netrin-1 conveys oncogenic activity in many types of malignant tumors. However, the downstream signaling of netrin-1 mediating its oncogenic effects in gastric cancer (GC) is not well defined. Here, we aim to investigate the role of netrin-1 in metastasis potential of GC by regulating YAP. In this study, we showed that netrin-1 inhibition significantly decreased migration and invasion abilities of GC cells, while netrin-1 overexpression effectively reversed this effect...
January 29, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259705/the-roles-of-rgma-neogenin-signaling-in-inflammation-and-angiogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Yuki Fujita, Toshihide Yamashita
Repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored glycoprotein that has diverse functions in the developing and pathological central nervous system (CNS). The binding of RGM to its receptor neogenin regulates axon guidance, neuronal differentiation, and survival during the development of the CNS. In the pathological state, RGM expression is induced after spinal cord injury, and the inhibition of RGM promotes axon growth and functional recovery. Furthermore, RGM expression is also observed in immune cells, and RGM regulates inflammation and neurodegeneration in autoimmune encephalomyelitis...
2017: Inflammation and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137400/downregulation-of-the-sonic-hedgehog-gli-pathway-transcriptional-target-neogenin-1-is-associated-with-basal-cell-carcinoma-aggressiveness
#6
Bárbara S Casas, Christelle Adolphe, Pablo Lois, Nelson Navarrete, Natalia Solís, Eva Bustamante, Patricio Gac, Patricio Cabané, Ivan Gallegos, Brandon J Wainwright, Verónica Palma
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most diagnosed cancers worldwide. It develops due to an unrestrained Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling activity in basal cells of the skin. Certain subtypes of BCC are more aggressive than others, although the molecular basis of this phenomenon remains unknown. We have previously reported that Neogenin-1 (NEO1) is a downstream target gene of the SHH/GLI pathway in neural tissue. Given that SHH participates in epidermal homeostasis, here we analyzed the epidermal expression of NEO1 in order to identify whether it plays a role in adult epidermis or BCC...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061393/repulsive-guidance-molecule-a-suppresses-angiogenesis-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-in-rats
#7
Yu Wang, Rongrong Zhang, Xiangfeng Xing, Jia Guo, Fei Xie, Gang Zhang, Xinyue Qin
Repulsive guidance molecule a (RGMa) has now emerged as a molecule with pleiotropic roles, including repulsion, adhesion, migration and differentiation in the nervous system. In this study, adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats received 90-min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to observe RGMa/neogenin expression sites after ischemia/reperfusion injury and changes in angiogenesis after treatment with RNA interference using RGMa-specific recombinant adenovirus rAd5-shRNA-RGMa (rAd-shRGMa). To clarify how RGMa mediates angiogenesis, the RGMa function-blocking peptide six fibronectin type III (6FNIII) was also administered, and corresponding changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-2 (Ang2), angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were determined by western blotting...
October 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018403/repulsive-guidance-molecule-a-inhibits-angiogenesis-by-downregulating-vegf-and-phosphorylated-focal-adhesion-kinase-in-vitro
#8
Gang Zhang, Rong Wang, Ke Cheng, Qi Li, Yu Wang, Rongrong Zhang, Xinyue Qin
Repulsive guidance molecule a (RGMa) is a major neuron guidance factor in central nervous systems. We previously found that inhibition of RGMa could greatly enhance neural function rehabilitation in rats after MCAO/reperfusion. Neuron guidance factors are often regulators of angiogenesis. However, the effect of RGMa on angiogenesis and its mechanisms remain to be determined. Here, we investigated the effect of RGMa on endothelial cell (EC) proliferation, migration, tube formation, and cytoskeleton reassembly...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881639/netrin-1-promotes-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-via-the-receptor-neogenin-through-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#9
Kai Yin, Linjun Wang, Xuan Zhang, Zhongyuan He, Yiwen Xia, Jianghao Xu, Song Wei, Bowen Li, Zheng Li, Guangli Sun, Qing Li, Hao Xu, Zekuan Xu
Netrin-1 is a laminin-related protein found to promote proliferation and invasion in multiple types of cancers. Recent studies have identified the function role of netrin-1 in several cancers; however, the influence of netrin-1 in human gastric cancer(GC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we found netrin-1 was upregulated in human GC tissues, where its expression correlated inversely with cancer stage and lymph node metastasis. We detected netrin-1 and its receptor knockdown significantly suppressed GC cells proliferation and invasion, while overexpression netrin-1 reversed these effects...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874746/rgma-inhibition-with-human-monoclonal-antibodies-promotes-regeneration-plasticity-and-repair-and-attenuates-neuropathic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Andrea J Mothe, Nardos G Tassew, Alirezha P Shabanzadeh, Romeo Penheiro, Robin J Vigouroux, Lili Huang, Christine Grinnell, Yi-Fang Cui, Emma Fung, Philippe P Monnier, Bernhard K Mueller, Charles H Tator
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) causes a cascade of degenerative events including cell death, axonal damage, and the upregulation of inhibitory molecules which prevent regeneration and limit recovery. Repulsive guidance molecule A (RGMa) is a potent neurite growth inhibitor in the central nervous system, exerting its repulsive activity by binding the Neogenin receptor. Here, we show for the first time that inhibitory RGMa is markedly upregulated in multiple cell types after clinically relevant impact-compression SCI in rats, and importantly, also in the injured human spinal cord...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730177/expression-of-hepcidin-and-neogenin-in-colorectal-cancer
#11
Pan Xiang-Tao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of Hepcidin and Neogenin in tissue from patients with colorectal cancer, to evaluate the relationship between Hepcidin and Neogenin with clinical features, and to study their relationship with anemia. METHODS: Immuno- histochemical method was used to detect the expression of Hepcidin and Neogenin in 62 cases of colorectal cancer. At the same time, the relationship between them and their relationship with clinical characteristics and anemia were analyzed...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700939/neogenin-recruitment-of-the-wave-regulatory-complex-to-ependymal-and-radial-progenitor-adherens-junctions-prevents-hydrocephalus
#12
Conor J O'Leary, Cathrin C Nourse, Natalie K Lee, Amanda White, Michael Langford, Kai Sempert, Stacey J Cole, Helen M Cooper
Denudation of the ependyma due to loss of cell adhesion mediated by cadherin-based adherens junctions is a common feature of perinatal hydrocephalus. Junctional stability depends on the interaction between cadherins and the actin cytoskeleton. However, the molecular mechanism responsible for recruiting the actin nucleation machinery to the ependymal junction is unknown. Here, we reveal that loss of the netrin/RGM receptor, Neogenin, leads to severe hydrocephalus. We show that Neogenin plays a critical role in actin nucleation in the ependyma by anchoring the WAVE regulatory complex (WRC) and Arp2/3 to the cadherin complex...
July 11, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645554/monocrotophos-an-organophosphorus-insecticide-disrupts-the-expression-of-hpnetrin-and-its-receptor-neogenin-during-early-development-in-the-sea-urchin-hemicentrotus-pulcherrimus
#13
Xiaona Zhang, Lei Xu, Hua Tian, Cuicui Wang, Wei Wang, Shaoguo Ru
Netrins, chemotropic guidance cues, can guide the extension of serotonergic axons by binding to netrin receptors during neural development. However, little is known about whether disruption of netrin signaling is involved in the mechanisms by which organophosphorus pesticides affect serotonergic nervous system (SNS) development. In this study, we evaluated the effects of the pesticide monocrotophos (MCP) on the expression patterns of HpNetrin and its receptor neogenin as well as on the intracellular calcium ion (Ca(2+)) levels in Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus (sea urchin) by exposing fertilized embryos to 0, 0...
September 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623139/the-co-expression-of-neogenin-with-sox2-in-hippocampal-neurons
#14
Namgue Hong, Mi-Hye Kim, Churl K Min, Hee Jung Kim, Jae Ho Lee
Dementia has been shown to be closely related with neuronal degeneration and/or a decrease in the activity of neural stem cells in many brain regions, including the hippocampus. It has been recently established that Neogenin is involved in the cell fate determination by regulating Oct3/4, SOX and Nanog, notable embryonic cell markers, expressions in pre-implantation mouse embryos. Further, Neogenin expression at both mRNA and protein levels is manifest in many brain regions in mice, but it remains unclear whether Neogenin expression is prerequisite for the maintenance of neural stem cells, particularly, playing a critical role in the hippocampus, a brain region known to be involved in memory generation and consolidation...
August 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548939/netrin-1-promotes-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-via-the-receptor-neogenin-through-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#15
Kai Yin, Linjun Wang, Xuan Zhang, Zhongyuan He, Yiwen Xia, Jianghao Xu, Song Wei, Bowen Li, Zheng Li, Guangli Sun, Qing Li, Hao Xu, Zekuan Xu
Netrin-1 is a laminin-related protein found to promote proliferation and invasion in multiple types of cancers. Recent studies have identified the function role of netrin-1 in several cancers; however, the influence of netrin-1 in human gastric cancer(GC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we found netrin-1 was upregulated in human GC tissues, where its expression correlated inversely with cancer stage and lymph node metastasis. We detected netrin-1 and its receptor knockdown significantly suppressed GC cells proliferation and invasion, while overexpression netrin-1 reversed these effects...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438858/functional-roles-of-netrin-1-in-osteoblast-differentiation
#16
Tsuyoshi Sato, Shoichiro Kokabu, Yuichiro Enoki, Naoki Hayashi, Masahito Matsumoto, Mitsuhiko Nakahira, Masashi Sugasawa, Tetsuya Yoda
AIM: Recent studies have demonstrated that netrin-1 plays a vital role in bone metabolism. Previous studies have shown that osteoblasts produce netrin-1 which affects osteoclast differentiation. However, the role of netrin-1 in osteoblast differentiation is not well understood. In this study, we explored the roles of netrin-1 in osteoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), RNA interference for netrin receptors, the generation of netrin-1 plasmid, transfection of plasmids, and cell proliferation assay were performed...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253401/netrin-4-mediates-corneal-hemangiogenesis-but-not-lymphangiogenesis-in-the-mouse-model-of-suture-induced-neovascularization
#17
Anna-Karina B Maier, Sabrina Klein, Norbert Kociok, Aline I Riechardt, Enken Gundlach, Nadine Reichhart, Olaf Strauß, Antonia M Joussen
Purpose: Netrin-4, a secreted protein, is found in the basement membrane of blood vessels and acts as a key regulator of angiogenesis. Here we investigated the role of Netrin-4 in the mouse-model of suture-induced corneal hem- and lymphangiogenesis. Methods: Corneal hem- and lymphangiogenesis were induced in Netrin-4-deficient (Ntn4-/-) and wild-type (WT) mice by placing three 11-0 nylon sutures intrastromally. Fourteen days after suturing, the vascularized area was analyzed via corneal flat mount immunohistochemistry...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245592/role-of-netrin-1-signaling-in-nerve-regeneration
#18
REVIEW
Xin-Peng Dun, David B Parkinson
Netrin-1 was the first axon guidance molecule to be discovered in vertebrates and has a strong chemotropic function for axonal guidance, cell migration, morphogenesis and angiogenesis. It is a secreted axon guidance cue that can trigger attraction by binding to its canonical receptors Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC) and Neogenin or repulsion through binding the DCC/Uncoordinated (Unc5) A-D receptor complex. The crystal structures of Netrin-1/receptor complexes have recently been revealed. These studies have provided a structure based explanation of Netrin-1 bi-functionality...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241866/netrin-1-acts-as-a-non-canonical-angiogenic-factor-produced-by-human-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells-wj-msc
#19
Catalina P Prieto, María Carolina Ortiz, Andrea Villanueva, Cynthia Villarroel, Sandra S Edwards, Matías Elliott, José Lattus, Sócrates Aedo, Daniel Meza, Pablo Lois, Verónica Palma
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis, the process in which new blood vessels are formed from preexisting ones, is highly dependent on the presence of classical angiogenic factors. Recent evidence suggests that axonal guidance proteins and their receptors can also act as angiogenic regulators. Netrin, a family of laminin-like proteins, specifically Netrin-1 and 4, act via DCC/Neogenin-1 and UNC5 class of receptors to promote or inhibit angiogenesis, depending on the physiological context. METHODS: Mesenchymal stem cells secrete a broad set of classical angiogenic factors...
February 28, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238104/microbial-carcinogenic-toxins-and-dietary-anti-cancer-protectants
#20
REVIEW
Trevor W Stone, L Gail Darlington
Several toxins are known which account for the ability of some bacteria to initiate or promote carcinogenesis. These ideas are summarised and evidence is discussed for more specific mechanisms involving chymotrypsin and the bacterial chymotryptic enzyme subtilisin. Subtilisin and Bacillus subtilis are present in the gut and environment and both are used commercially in agriculture, livestock rearing and meat processing. The enzymes deplete cells of tumour suppressors such as deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and neogenin, so their potential presence in the food chain might represent an important link between diet and cancer...
July 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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