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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938689/efficacy-and-safety-of-traditional-chemotherapies-for-patients-with-ovarian-neoplasm-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Lili Yang, Gongliang Guo, Liqun Sun, Chenhao Li, Haipeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian neoplasm is a kind of high risky cancer among female. This paper assessed the efficacy and safety of twelve therapies and figured out the superior chemotherapeutic drug for ovarian cancer through network meta-analysis (NMA). METHOD: Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from electronic databases. Primary outcomes concerning efficacy, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), were presented as hazard ratio (HR) and the associated 95% credible interval(CrI), while outcomes concerning safety were assessed by odds ratio (OR) and the corresponding 95% CrI...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938672/comparing-the-clinical-efficacy-of-abiraterone-acetate-enzalutamide-and-orteronel-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-by-performing-a-network-meta-analysis-of-eight-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Minyong Kang, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Ja Hyeon Ku, Hyeon Hoe Kim
Various novel androgen receptor (AR) targeting drugs have been developed recently and have shown beneficial effects on survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, no consensus has been reached regarding which of these agents provides the most favorable oncological outcomes. Here, we aimed to compare the efficacy of novel AR-targeted agents by performing a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We included eight RCTs for men with mCRPC treated with one of the AR targeting agents: abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, or orteronel...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938275/inpatient-treatment-of-patients-admitted-for-dizziness-a-population-based-healthcare-research-study-on-epidemiology-diagnosis-treatment-and-outcome
#3
Vera Renner, Katharina Geißler, Daniel Boeger, Jens Buentzel, Dirk Esser, Kerstin Hoffmann, Peter Jecker, Andreas Mueller, Gerald Radtke, Hubertus Axer, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
OBJECTIVE: To determine inpatient treatment rates of patients with dizziness with focus on diagnostics, treatment and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population-based study. SETTING: Inpatients in the federal state Thuringia in 2014. PATIENTS: All 1,262 inpatients (62% females, median age: 61 yr) treated for inpatient dizziness were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The association between analyzed parameters and probability of improvement and recovery was tested using univariable and multivariable statistics...
September 21, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937991/sociodemographic-correlates-of-hiv-drug-resistance-and-access-to-drug-resistance-testing-in-british-columbia-canada
#4
Genevieve Rocheleau, Conrado Franco-Villalobos, Natalia Oliveira, Zabrina L Brumme, Melanie Rusch, Jeannie Shoveller, Chanson J Brumme, P Richard Harrigan
Sociodemographic correlates of engagement in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care are well studied, however the association with accessing drug resistance testing (DRT) and the development of drug resistance have not been characterized. Between 1996-2014, 11 801 HIV patients accessing therapy in British Columbia were observed longitudinally. A subset of 9456 patients had testable viral load; of these 8398 were linked to census data. Sociodemographic (census tract-level) and clinical (individual-level) correlates of DRT were assessed using multivariable General Estimating Equation logistic regression adjusted odds ratios (aOR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937499/prognostic-factors-for-permanent-work-disability-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-received-combination-therapy-of-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
M Luisa Vazquez-Villegas, Jorge I Gamez-Nava, Alfredo Celis, Dalia Sanchez-Mosco, Liliana F de la Cerda-Trujillo, Jessica D Murillo-Vazquez, A Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Miriam F Alcaraz-Lopez, Valeria Diaz-Rizo, Jose Alvarez-Nemegyei, Mario H Cardiel, Laura Gonzalez-Lopez
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the factors related with the development of long-term permanent work disability (PWD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with a combination of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (cs-DMARDs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence and factors associated with the development of PWD in RA treated with combination therapy using conventional synthetic cs-DMARDs. METHODS: We assessed in multivariate models the effect of clinical and demographic factors in the development of PWD in a long-term retrospective cohort of 180 workers with RA who were treated with a combination of cs-DMARDs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937473/prognostic-factors-for-permanent-work-disability-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-received-combination-therapy-of-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
M Luisa Vazquez-Villegas, Jorge I Gamez-Nava, Alfredo Celis, Dalia Sanchez-Mosco, Liliana F de la Cerda-Trujillo, Jessica D Murillo-Vazquez, A Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Miriam F Alcaraz-Lopez, Valeria Diaz-Rizo, Jose Alvarez-Nemegyei, Mario H Cardiel, Laura Gonzalez-Lopez
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the factors related with the development of long-term permanent work disability (PWD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with a combination of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (cs-DMARDs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence and factors associated with the development of PWD in RA treated with combination therapy using conventional synthetic cs-DMARDs. METHODS: We assessed in multivariate models the effect of clinical and demographic factors in the development of PWD in a long-term retrospective cohort of 180 workers with RA who were treated with a combination of cs-DMARDs...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935850/viro-immunological-response-of-drug-naive-hiv-1-infected-patients-starting-a-first-line-regimen-with-viraemia-500-000-copies-ml-in-clinical-practice
#7
Maria Mercedes Santoro, Domenico Di Carlo, Daniele Armenia, Mauro Zaccarelli, Carmela Pinnetti, Manuela Colafigli, Francesca Prati, Andrea Boschi, Anna Maria Degli Antoni, Filippo Lagi, Laura Sighinolfi, Cristina Gervasoni, Massimo Andreoni, Andrea Antinori, Cristina Mussini, Carlo Federico Perno, Vanni Borghi, Gaetana Sterrantino
BACKGROUND: Virological success (VS) and immunological reconstitution (IR) of antiretroviral-naïve HIV-1 infected patients with pre-therapy viral load (VL) >500,000 copies/mL was assessed after 12 months of treatment according to initial drug-class regimens. METHODS: An observational multicenter retrospective study was performed. VS was defined as the first VL <50 copies/mL from treatment start. IR was defined as an increase of at least 150 CD4+ T-lymphocytes from treatment start...
September 22, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935553/prevalence-risk-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-test-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-bovine-cross-breed-mastitic-milk-in-and-around-asella-town-oromia-regional-state-southern-ethiopia
#8
Befikadu Seyoum, Hailemariam Kefyalew, Birhanu Abera, Nejash Abdela
A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Asella town, Oromia regional state, southern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, in Bovine cross breed mastitis milk. A total of 384 lactating dairy cows were screened for mastitis based on clinical examinations and California mastitis test (CMT). Out of 230 lactating crossbred cows with either clinical or subclinical mastitis examined for the involvement of Staphylococcus aureus...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935081/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-absorb-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-in-females-and-males-results-of-an-individual-patient-level-pooled-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Satya Shreenivas, Dean J Kereiakes, Stephen G Ellis, Runlin Gao, Takeshi Kimura, Yoshinobu Onuma, Karine Piard-Ruster, Yunlong Zhang, Kai Koo, Minh-Thien Vu, Patrick W Serruys, Gregg W Stone
OBJECTIVES: Because females are under-represented in coronary trials, this study sought to assess the relative safety and efficacy of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) and the Xience everolimus-eluting stent in females compared with males. BACKGROUND: The Absorb everolimus-eluting BVS provides drug delivery and mechanical support similar to a metallic drug-eluting stent, followed by resorption and restoration of more normal vascular structure with the potential to improve late clinical outcomes...
September 25, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935073/incidence-clinical-presentation-and-predictors-of-clinical-restenosis-in-coronary-bioresorbable-scaffolds
#10
Alberto Polimeni, Melissa Weissner, Katharina Schochlow, Helen Ullrich, Ciro Indolfi, Jouke Dijkstra, Remzi Anadol, Thomas Münzel, Tommaso Gori
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and clinical characteristics, including intracoronary imaging features, of clinical restenosis in bioresorbable coronary scaffolds (BRS). Further, the authors searched for clinical and procedural predictors of scaffold restenosis (ScR) and report on the clinical outcomes after treatment of ScR in a cohort of consecutive all-comer patients. BACKGROUND: Data from randomized controlled trials demonstrate a higher rate of target lesion failure in patients treated with BRS as compared with those treated with metal drug-eluting stents...
September 25, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934265/comparative-effectiveness-of-different-transarterial-embolization-therapies-alone-or-in-combination-with-local-ablative-or-adjuvant-systemic-treatments-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Konstantinos Katsanos, Panagiotis Kitrou, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Ioannis Maroulis, Theodore Petsas, Dimitris Karnabatidis
BACKGROUND: The optimal transcatheter embolization strategy for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains elusive. We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) of different embolization options for unresectable HCC. METHODS: Medical databases were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating bland transarterial embolization (TAE), conventional TACE, drug-eluting bead chemoembolization (DEB-TACE), or transarterial radioembolization (TARE), either alone or combined with adjuvant chemotherapy, or local liver ablation, or external radiotherapy for unresectable HCC up to June 2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934120/angiogenesis-inhibitors-in-nsclc
#12
REVIEW
Anna Manzo, Agnese Montanino, Guido Carillio, Raffaele Costanzo, Claudia Sandomenico, Nicola Normanno, Maria Carmela Piccirillo, Gennaro Daniele, Francesco Perrone, Gaetano Rocco, Alessandro Morabito
Angiogenesis is a complex biological process that plays a relevant role in sustaining the microenvironment, growth, and metastatic potential of several tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bevacizumab was the first angiogenesis inhibitor approved for the treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC in combination with chemotherapy; however, it was limited to patients with non-squamous histology and first-line setting. Approval was based on the results of two phase III trials (ECOG4599 and AVAIL) that demonstrated an improvement of about two months in progression-free survival (PFS) in both trials, and in the ECOG4599 trial, an improvement in overall survival (OS) also...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933105/-nrf2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-axes-epigenetic-regulation-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-natural-medicine-to-treat-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Chun-Mei Zhai, Bo-Yu Jia, Zhi-Bin Wang, Xue Huai, Zhi-Chao Ma, Zhen-Kun Tian, Yong-Hai Meng
Diabetes mellitus is a characterized by high blood sugar metabolic disease, is a lifelong disease with a high incidence of major hazards. Prevention and treatment of diabetes and its complications has become a serious challenge and arduous task facing the world pharmaceutical researchers. Oxidative stress, Nfr2-NF-κB signaling axis related epigenomic genes have the apparent close relationship with type 2 diabetes,those have become one of the key focus and effective way to explore its pathogenesis, mechanism and drug screening...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931790/clinical-characteristics-and-long-term-outcomes-of-rotational-atherectomy%C3%A3-j2t-multicenter-registry
#14
Iwao Okai, Tomotaka Dohi, Shinya Okazaki, Kentaro Jujo, Makoto Nakashima, Hisao Otsuki, Kazuki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Arashi, Ryuta Okabe, Fukuko Nagura, Yugo Nara, Hiroshi Tamura, Takeshi Kurata, Hideyuki Kawashima, Hiroyuki Kyono, Junichi Yamaguchi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Ken Kozuma, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Rotational atherectomy (RA) is an adjunct tool for the management of heavily calcified coronary lesions during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but the long-term clinical outcomes of RA use remain unclear in this drug-eluting stent era.Methods and Results:This multi-center registry assessed the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated by RA for calcified coronary lesions between 2004 and 2015. Among 1,090 registered patients, mean age was 70±10 years and 815 (75%) were male...
September 21, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931533/inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-and-colorectal-tumor-risk-in-persons-with-lynch-syndrome
#15
Jesca Gm Brouwer, Maureen Makama, Geertruida J van Woudenbergh, Hans Fa Vasen, Fokko M Nagengast, Jan H Kleibeuker, Ellen Kampman, Fränzel Jb van Duijnhoven
Background: Persons with Lynch syndrome (LS) have high lifetime risk of developing colorectal tumors (CRTs) because of a germline mutation in one of their mismatch repair (MMR) genes. An important process in the development of CRTs is inflammation, which has been shown to be modulated by diet.Objective: We aimed to investigate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and the risk of CRTs in persons with LS.Design: We used the dietary intake of 457 persons with LS from a prospective cohort study to calculate the adapted dietary inflammatory index (ADII)...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931509/development-and-validation-of-qmortality-risk-prediction-algorithm-to-estimate-short-term-risk-of-death-and-assess-frailty-cohort-study
#16
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objectives To derive and validate a risk prediction equation to estimate the short term risk of death, and to develop a classification method for frailty based on risk of death and risk of unplanned hospital admission.Design Prospective open cohort study.Participants Routinely collected data from 1436 general practices contributing data to QResearch in England between 2012 and 2016. 1079 practices were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 357 practices to validate the scores. 1.47 million patients aged 65-100 years were in the derivation cohort and 0...
September 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931220/race-ethnicity-and-the-pharmacogenetics-of-reported-suicidality-with-efavirenz-among-clinical-trials-participants
#17
Katie R Mollan, Camlin Tierney, Jacklyn N Hellwege, Joseph J Eron, Michael G Hudgens, Roy M Gulick, Richard Haubrich, Paul E Sax, Thomas B Campbell, Eric S Daar, Kevin R Robertson, Diana Ventura, Qing Ma, Digna R Velez Edwards, David W Haas
Background: We examined associations between suicidality and genotypes that predict plasma efavirenz exposure among AIDS Clinical Trials Group study participants in the United States. Methods: Four clinical trials randomly assigned treatment-naive participants to efavirenz-containing regimens; suicidality was defined as reported suicidal ideation or attempted or completed suicide. Genotypes that predict plasma efavirenz exposure were defined by CYP2B6 and CYP2A6 polymorphisms...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930799/characterizing-the-interrelationships-of-prescription-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-drugs-with-worker-health-and-workplace-hazards
#18
Michele Kowalski-McGraw, Judith Green-McKenzie, Sudha P Pandalai, Paul A Schulte
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid and benzodiazepine drug use, which has risen significantly, can affect worker health. Exploration of the scientific literature assessed (1) interrelationships of such drug use, occupational risk factors, and illness and injury, and (2) occupational and personal risk factor combinations that can affect their use. METHODS: The scientific literature from 2000 to 2015 was searched to determine any interrelationships. RESULTS: Evidence for eight conceptual models emerged based on the search yield of 133 articles...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929909/relationship-of-religiosity-and-spirituality-to-hazardous-drinking-drug-use-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women
#19
Laurie Drabble, Cindy B Veldhuis, Barth B Riley, Sharon Rostosky, Tonda L Hughes
Using data from Wave 3 of the Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women (CHLEW) study (N = 699) we explored whether religiosity and spirituality were associated with risk of hazardous drinking, drug use, and depression among sexual minority women (SMW; lesbian, bisexual) and possible differences by race/ethnicity. Participants were more likely to endorse spirituality than religiosity, and endorsement of each was highest among African-American SMW. We found no protective effect of religiosity or spirituality for hazardous drinking or drug use...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929096/contaminants-in-foods-of-animal-origin-in-cameroon-a-one-health-vision-for-risk-management-from-farm-to-fork
#20
REVIEW
Guy B Pouokam, B U Saha Foudjo, Chi Samuel, Philomina Fankam Yamgai, A Kamda Silapeux, Joel Taguemkam Sando, G Fankam Atonde, Chiara Frazzoli
Foods of animal origin represent an important share in the diet of Cameroonian populations. Cameroon is known to be a food basket in the west and central Africa sub-region, and an important supplier of foods on the international markets. In the meantime, food importation is continuously increasing to meet the high demand of a more westernized segment of the population. Cereals, fish, sea products, eggs, honey, shrimps, chicken, and feed ingredients are important share in the international trade of agricultural products...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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