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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089175/reduction-of-carcinomatosis-risk-using-icodextrin-as-a-carrier-solution-of-intraperitoneal-oxaliplatin-chemotherapy
#1
I Jouvin, H Najah, C Pimpie, C Canet Jourdan, R Kaci, M Mirshahi, C Eveno, M Pocard
There is no standard treatment in patients with high risk metachronous peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) in colonic cancer, as perforated tumour or synchronous ovarian metastasis. Icodextrin 4% (ICDX), presently used to prevent postoperative abdominal adhesions, could inhibit the coactivation of the tumour cells and the microenvironment cells, associated with the development of PC. The aim of this study was to inhibit the formation of the PC in a murine model mimicking surgical situation using ICDX and intraperitoneal (IP) prophylactic chemotherapy...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067033/2016-updated-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-oncology-nursing-society-chemotherapy-administration-safety-standards-including-standards-for-pediatric-oncology
#2
Michael Neuss, Terry Gilmore, Kristin Belderson, Amy Billett, Tara Conti-Kalchik, Brittany Harvet, Carolyn Hendricks, Kristine LeFebvre, Pamela Mangu, Kristen McNiff, MiKaela Olsen, Lisa Schulmeister, Anne Von Gehr, Martha Polovich
Purpose: To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards and to highlight standards for pediatric oncology. Methods: The ASCO/ONS Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards were first published in 2009 and updated in 2011 to include inpatient settings. A subsequent 2013 revision expanded the standards to include the safe administration and management of oral chemotherapy. A joint ASCO/ONS workshop with stakeholder participation, including that of the Association of Pediatric Hematology Oncology Nurses and American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, was held on May 12, 2015, to review the 2013 standards...
6, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061851/the-perception-of-parents-and-teachers-about-intermittent-preventive-treatment-for-malaria-in-school-children-in-a-semi-rural-area-of-kinshasa-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#3
Junior R Matangila, Jessica Fraeyman, Marie-Louise Mbula Kambulu, Alain Mpanya, Raquel Inocêncio da Luz, Pascal Lutumba, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Hilde Bastiaens
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is likely to be the most promising therapeutic strategy to prevent malaria and its related adverse outcomes in schoolchildren. However, its successful implementation will depend on acceptability to key stakeholders such as parents and teachers. METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted, following a clinical trial assessing the effectiveness of IPT in schoolchildren (IPTsc), to understand the perceptions and experiences of parents and teachers with IPTsc, in two schools of Mokali, in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo...
January 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013349/pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-the-novel-investigational-agent-cantrixil-trx-e-002-1
#4
REVIEW
Muhammad Wasif Saif, Andrew Heaton, Kimberley Lilischkis, James Garner, David M Brown
PURPOSE: Recurrent, chemo-resistant ovarian cancer is thought to be due to a subgroup of slow-growing, drug-resistant cancer cells with stem-like properties and a high capacity for tumour repair. Cantrixil targets this sub-population of cells and is being developed as an intraperitoneal therapy to be used as first-line therapy in combination with carboplatin for epithelial ovarian cancer. The studies presented here justify further development. METHODS: A GLP dog CV study using a 4 × 4 Latin Square Crossover study was conducted using telemetric ECG recordings from dogs post IP administration to assess for cardiac abnormalities...
December 24, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981878/xenogeneic-decellularized-scaffold-a-novel-platform-for-ovary-regeneration
#5
Wen-Yue Liu, Shi-Gang Lin, Ru-Yi Zhuo, Yuan-Yuan Xie, Wei Pan, Xian-Feng Lin, Fei-Xia Shen
Women younger than 40 years may face early menopause because of premature ovarian failure (POF). The cause of POF can be idiopathic or iatrogenic, especially the cancer-induced oophorectomy and chemo- or radiation therapy. The current treatments, including hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and cryopreservation techniques, have increased risk of ovarian cancer and may reintroduce malignant cells after autografting. Decellularization technique has been regarded as a novel regenerative medicine strategy for organ replacement, wherein the living cells of an organ are removed, leaving the extracellular matrix (ECM) for cellular seeding...
January 10, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884204/lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-after-neoadjuvant-chemo-radiation-for-preoperative-enlarged-lateral-nodes-in-advanced-low-rectal-cancer-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Mingtian Wei, Qingbin Wu, Chuanwen Fan, Yan Li, Xiangzheng Chen, Zongguang Zhou, Junhong Han, Ziqiang Wang
BACKGROUND: Lateral lymph node (LLN) metastasis is a major cause of local recurrence of advanced rectal cancer. Although there is much controversy between Western and Eastern countries on whether lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LLND) or neoadjuvant chemo-radiation (nCRT) is preferable for the treatment of LLN metastases, existing retrospective cohorts mainly focus on all middle/low advanced rectal cancer patients, not the specific individuals with suspicion of LLN metastases. The aim of this trial is to assess the efficacy and safety of LLND for rectal cancer patients with suspicion of LLN metastases...
November 25, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882237/autologous-tumor-immunizing-devascularization-of-an-invasive-colorectal-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Pavel Vašek, Josef Krajnik, David J Kopsky, Vladimir Kalina, Marek Frydrych
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer. Approximately 20% of patients have at the time of presentation metastasized colorectal cancer, which is incurable in ~80% of cases. The present case report describes a typical case diagnosed with an advanced invasive colorectal adenocarcinoma, with two suspect hypodense lesions in the liver, as revealed by sonography. Judged inoperable for a curative outcome by radical resection, the patient was treated with a novel surgical technique based on stimulating the immune system, termed 'autologous tumor immunizing devascularization' (ATID)...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878354/randomized-phase-ii-study-of-cetuximab-versus-irinotecan-and-cetuximab-in-patients-with-chemo-refractory-kras-codon-g13d-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-g13d-study
#8
Masato Nakamura, Toru Aoyama, Keiichiro Ishibashi, Akihito Tsuji, Yasutaka Takinishi, Yoshiaki Shindo, Junichi Sakamoto, Koji Oba, Hideyuki Mishima
PURPOSE: This study investigated the efficacy and safety of cetuximab-based treatment in patients with chemotherapy-resistant refractory mCRC with KRAS G13D mutation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An assessment of the efficacy and safety of cetuximab-based treatment was performed in an observation-enriched randomized controlled study comparing the cetuximab alone group (Cet group) and the combination of cetuximab and irinotecan group (CetI group) for KRAS G13D-mutated mCRC in Japan...
November 22, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868581/2016-updated-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-oncology-nursing-society-chemotherapy-administration-safety-standards-including-standards-for-pediatric-oncology
#9
Michael N Neuss, Terry R Gilmore, Kristin M Belderson, Amy L Billett, Tara Conti-Kalchik, Brittany E Harvey, Carolyn Hendricks, Kristine B LeFebvre, Pamela B Mangu, Kristen McNiff, MiKaela Olsen, Lisa Schulmeister, Ann Von Gehr, Martha Polovich
Purpose To update the ASCO/Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards and to highlight standards for pediatric oncology. Methods The ASCO/ONS Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards were first published in 2009 and updated in 2011 to include inpatient settings. A subsequent 2013 revision expanded the standards to include the safe administration and management of oral chemotherapy. A joint ASCO/ONS workshop with stakeholder participation, including that of the Association of Pediatric Hematology Oncology Nurses and American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, was held on May 12, 2015, to review the 2013 standards...
December 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855898/isolation-and-chemoenzymatic-treatment-of-glycoalkaloids-from-green-sprouting-and-rotting-solanum-tuberosum-potatoes-for-solanidine-recovery
#10
Grokoré Yvonne Koffi, Magali Remaud-Simeon, Ahipo Edmond Due, Didier Combes
The estimation of glycoalkaloids in the flesh of different types of decayed potatoes was evaluated. The results showed that turned green and also sprouting or rotting potato flesh contain high amounts of toxic solanine and chaconine, exceeding by 2-5-fold the recommended limit, and ranging from 2578±86mg/kg to 5063±230mg/kg of dry weight potato flesh. For safety consideration, these decayed potatoes should be systematically set aside. To avoid a net economic loss and encourage the removal of this hazardous food, a recycling process was investigated to generate added-value compounds from the toxic glycoalkaloids...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849340/intra-arterial-cetuximab-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-unresectable-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-%C3%A2
#11
Tristan Tham, Timothy G White, Shamik Chakraborty, Rohan R Lall, Rafael Ortiz, David J Langer, Deborah Shatzkes, Christopher G Filippi, Dennis Kraus, John A Boockvar, Peter D Costantino
IMPORTANCE: Management of recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is a common and challenging clinical problem in head and neck oncology. OBJECTIVE: Here we present the first reported case of super-selective intra-arterial (SSIA) microcatheter based local delivery of cetuximab for head and neck cancer. This technical report describes the techniques used to deliver the SSIA dose of cetuximab, as well as the patient outcome. DESIGN: This technical report is part of an ongoing Phase I Clinical Trial...
November 2016: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796157/management-of-elderly-and-unfit-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#12
Francesca R Mauro, Adriano Salaroli, Maria D Caputo, Gioia Colafigli, Luigi Petrucci, Melissa Campanelli, Antonietta Ferretti, Anna R Guarini, Robin Foà
About 75% of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are more than 65 years at the time of diagnosis. Treatment of the elderly remains complicated due to multiple factors, such as comorbidities, decline in functional reserve and fitness. Since chronological age by itself cannot properly predict life expectancy and treatment tolerance, an accurate assessment of the fitness status is of crucial importance for an optimal treatment choice. Areas covered: This review will discuss the most relevant aspects concerning the issues experienced in the management of elderly/unfit patients with CLL...
December 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790867/adjuvant-treatment-combining-cellular-immunotherapy-with-chemotherapy-improves-the-clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#13
Yizhuo Wang, Chang Wang, Huijie Xiao, Chao Niu, Haitao Wu, Haofan Jin, Cheng Yao, Hua He, Huimin Tian, Fujun Han, Dan Li, Wei Han, Jianting Xu, Jingtao Chen, Jiuwei Cui, Wei Li
Postsurgical relapse remains a common issue for resectable gastric cancer (GC). Here, we investigated the efficacy and safety of an adjuvant treatment combining chemotherapy with cellular immunotherapy (CIT) using autologous natural killer cells, γδT cells, and cytokine-induced killer cells in the treatment of stage II/III GC. A pilot prospective cohort study was conducted in 169 patients with stage II/III GC who had undergone gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. Patients were assigned into two groups according to the patient choice of treatment, including chemotherapy alone (chemo) or chemotherapy combined with CIT (chemo/CIT)...
October 27, 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789196/local-consolidative-therapy-versus-maintenance-therapy-or-observation-for-patients-with-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-without-progression-after-first-line-systemic-therapy-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-2-study
#14
Daniel R Gomez, George R Blumenschein, J Jack Lee, Mike Hernandez, Rong Ye, D Ross Camidge, Robert C Doebele, Ferdinandos Skoulidis, Laurie E Gaspar, Don L Gibbons, Jose A Karam, Brian D Kavanagh, Chad Tang, Ritsuko Komaki, Alexander V Louie, David A Palma, Anne S Tsao, Boris Sepesi, William N William, Jianjun Zhang, Qiuling Shi, Xin Shelley Wang, Stephen G Swisher, John V Heymach
BACKGROUND: Evidence from retrospective studies suggests that disease progression after first-line chemotherapy for metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) occurs most often at sites of disease known to exist at baseline. However, the potential effect of aggressive local consolidative therapy for patients with oligometastatic NSCLC is unknown. We aimed to assess the effect of local consolidative therapy on progression-free survival. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, controlled, phase 2 study, eligible patients from three hospitals had histological confirmation of stage IV NSCLC, three or fewer metastatic disease lesions after first-line systemic therapy, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less, had received standard first-line systemic therapy, and had no disease progression before randomisation...
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784174/cardiac-safety-of-systemic-therapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-high-risk-of-atherosclerosis-complications
#15
Arthur Matyszewski, Anna M Czarnecka, Paweł Stachowiak, Marta Nowakowska, Zdzisława Kornacewicz-Jach, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Cezary Szczylik
AIM: This study was designed to verify the efficacy of breast cancer treatment and its cardiac toxicity in population with significant cardiac comorbidities. MATERIALS & METHODS: Prospective observational study was conducted in 48 patients. RESULTS: The increase and dependence of echocardiographic parameter early/late were observed on hemoglobin level in all patients, and white blood cells and cholesterol in patients with diabetic were reported...
October 27, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782084/measles-to-the-rescue-a-review-of-oncolytic-measles-virus
#16
REVIEW
Sarah Aref, Katharine Bailey, Adele Fielding
Oncolytic virotherapeutic agents are likely to become serious contenders in cancer treatment. The vaccine strain of measles virus is an agent with an impressive range of oncolytic activity in pre-clinical trials with increasing evidence of safety and efficacy in early clinical trials. This paramyxovirus vaccine has a proven safety record and is amenable to careful genetic modification in the laboratory. Overexpression of the measles virus (MV) receptor CD46 in many tumour cells may direct the virus to preferentially enter transformed cells and there is increasing awareness of the importance of nectin-4 and signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) in oncolysis...
October 22, 2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779929/vector-control-in-developing-countries-challenges-and-solutions
#17
Claire S Allardyce, Paul J Dyson, Michael Grätzel
Undoubtedly, reducing vector populations or their interactions with hosts below a critical level is a practical and proven method of disease control. Introduction of insecticide-treated bed nets has significantly reduced malaria in some parts of the world. However, for many reasons, implementation of such strategies is challenging and the protection offered by particular products limited: bed nets are only effective during sleep. Other methods have been launched, but low customer appeal, high cost, low specificity, and lack of sustainability and effectiveness are often reasons for failure...
October 2016: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760950/-development-of-peptide-vaccines-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-treatment
#18
Uhi Toh, Shuko Saku, Mina Okabe, Nobutaka Iwakuma, Yuko Kimitsuki, Momoko Akashi, Etsuyo Ogo, Akira Yamada, Shigeki Shichijo, Kyogo Itoh, Yoshito Akagi
Our previous phase II clinical trial showed that therapeutically selected personalized peptide vaccines(PPVs)were effective at boosting anticancer immunity; the immune response after PPV was associated with a clinical outcome as a prognostic factor for metastatic breast cancer(mBC). We conducted an early phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new regimen using multiple peptide vaccines(KRM-19)for patients with metastatictriple -negative breast cancer. KRM-19 consisted of 19 mixed peptides chosen from the previously reported 31 PPVs according to their anti-tumor immunologiceffec ts and safety profiles for patients with mBC...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737598/the-safety-of-anti-pd-1-therapeutics-for-the-treatment-of-melanoma
#19
Egle Ramelyte, Sabrina A Schindler, Reinhard Dummer
The introduction of immunotherapies into clinical practice has substantially improved the prognosis of metastatic melanoma patients as well as patients suffering from other cancers. The two FDA-approved checkpoint inhibitors against PD-1 (nivolumab and pembrolizumab) have been shown to significantly improve patient survival while being less toxic than previous treatment options. Areas covered: The current scientific literature on safety and adverse events (AEs) related to anti-PD-1 therapies has been investigated with special attention to case reports and to the latest results announced at the major clinical cancer and melanoma meetings, including ASCO (American Society of Clinical Oncology), ESMO (European Society of medical Oncology) and EADO (European Association of Dermato-Oncology) annual meetings...
January 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725524/phase-i-ii-study-of-temozolomide-plus-nimustine-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-malignant-gliomas-kyoto-neuro-oncology-group
#20
Tomokazu Aoki, Yoshiki Arakawa, Tetsuya Ueba, Masashi Oda, Namiko Nishida, Yukinori Akiyama, Tetsuya Tsukahara, Koichi Iwasaki, Nobuhiro Mikuni, Susumu Miyamoto
The objective of this phase I/II study was to examine the efficacy and toxicity profile of temozolomide (TMZ) plus nimustine (ACNU). Patients who had received a standard radiotherapy with one or two previous chemo-regimens were enrolled. In phase I, the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) by TMZ (150 mg/m(2)/day) (Day 1-5) plus various doses of ACNU (30, 35, 40, 45 mg/m(2)/day) (Day 15) per 4 weeks was defined on a standard 3 + 3 design. In phase II, these therapeutic activity and safety of this regimen were evaluated...
October 11, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
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