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Ethmoidal sinus

Zülküf Burak Erdur, Emine Deniz Gözen, Hakki Caner Inan, Haydar Murat Yener, Nil Çomunoğlu, Cansu Yol, Çiğdem Papila, Harun Cansiz
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone tumor and it is very rare in head and neck region. If it arises in this area, most common localizations of this tumor are mandible and maxilla and ethmoid sinus is very rare site for this malignancy. A 43-year-old female admitted to our clinic with the complaint of pain in the right half of the face and headache persisting for 2 months. According to the clinical symptoms and imaging studies, sinonasal ossifying fibroma was suspected. For this reason, patient was operated endoscopically and histopathological examination revealed that osteoid matrix producing atypical osteoblastic cells so these findings identified osteoblastic variant OS...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
D A Gol'bin, V A Cherekaev
The article presents the literature data on the structural variability and age-related features of the midline anatomical structures of the anterior skull base (frontal sinus, ethmoid bone, anterior parasellar region, and medial orbital wall). This is the area of surgical interests of neurosurgeons and rhinosurgeons. The study objective is to analyze the literature data on the individual variability and age-related anatomy of these structures. The work is illustrated with original images from the authors' personal archive...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Houda Lajmi, Wassim Hmaied, Wady Ben Jalel, Khaoula Ben Romdhane, Zied Chelly, Lamia El Fekih
Backgroud: The fronto-ethmoidal mucocele is a benign condition leading commonly to limited eye movement or ocular pain but it could also induce visual acuity impairment by compressing the optic nerve Aim: To discuss, through a case report, different ophthalmologic manifestations of the fronto-ethmoidalmucocele. Reported case: A 46-years-old man with no general history consulted for a bilateral ocular redness and itching. He reported, however, a mild protrusion of his left globe evolving for oneyear. The clinical examination revealed a unilateral proptosis in the left eye with a discrete limitation of theadduction...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Rodrigo Fernandez-Gajardo, Joao Paulo Almeida, Suganth Suppiah, Ian Witterick, Gelareh Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Skull base meningoencephaloceles are a rare condition, frequently secondary to traumatic or iatrogenic causes. Cerebrofacial arteriovenous metameric syndrome (CAMS) is characterized by the presence of retinal, facial and cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with metameric distribution. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case associating these two conditions. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45 years old female previously diagnosed with CAMS type 2 presented with a long history of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Yanqiu Gong, Wenchen Pu, Hongyu Jin, Pei Yang, Hao Zeng, Yuqi Wang, Fuwen Pang, Xuelei Ma
AIM: Extranodal natural killer cell/T-cell lymphoma of nasal-type (NKTCL) is an aggressive human lymphoma, but its predicted biomarkers after chemotherapy are less known. The aim of this study is to find some potential predicted biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of NKTCL patients with ethmoidal sinus metastasis (NESM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CSF samples were obtained from NKTCL patients with NESM before and after chemotherapy from Cancer Center of West China Hospital...
February 26, 2018: Life Sciences
Charles Daultrey, John Hardman, Shahram Anari
Background: The nasal septum is composed of cartilaginous and bony components and an understanding of each component volume is essential in both functional and cosmetic surgery. Objectives: We sought to radiographically measure septal dimensions on cross sectional computer tomography (CT) images, establishing average parameters for normal anatomy among a single, Caucasian population group. Methods: One hundred and fifty consecutive sinus CT scan images were examined and 100 cases with appropriate sagittal views were included in the study...
February 19, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Supawon Srettabunjong
Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (SCST) is an uncommon consequence of head and face infection, but a rare complication after craniofacial fracture. In this case, SCST developed in a 13-year-old girl following a minor fall during volleyball, with impact and resulting abrasive contusion of the left forehead. She developed watery rhinorrhea, progressive headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, and left proptosis with blurred vision, and was admitted to hospital 3 days after injury. Drowsiness, high-grade fever, severe headache, left ocular pain with marked periorbital swelling, and paralysis of extraocular eye movements developed...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Garret Choby, Andrew Thamboo, Tae-Bin Won, Jooyeon Kim, Liang Chun Shih, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: The International Frontal Sinus Anatomy Classification (IFAC) is an international consensus document published in 2016 to standardize the nomenclature of cells in the region of the frontal recess and frontal sinus. The IFAC was designed to be surgically relevant and anatomically precise. The current study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of the frontal cell variants as defined by the IFAC, as well as to determine the interrater reliability of the IFAC. METHODS: Three independent reviewers examined triplanar nondiseased maxillofacial computed tomography (CT) scans to assess the anatomy of the frontal recess according to the IFAC system...
February 19, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Karine Tawagi, Rita Akaraz-Avedissian, Irina Burman-Solovyeva
A 48-year-old man presented to urgent care with recurrent epistaxis over 6 months. Initially, nosebleeds were controlled with packing or cautery. Ultimately, he was referred to ear, nose and throat department and underwent nasal endoscopy which revealed polypoid tissue. A biopsy of the polyp showed non-specific inflammation with no evidence of malignancy. Follow-up maxillofacial CT revealed a large mass lesion in the right maxillary sinus, right nasal fossa, much of the ethmoids and right sphenoid, with destruction of adjacent bony structures...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Farah Constantin, Patricia-Alexandra Niculescu, Oana Petre, Daniel Balasa, Alexandru Tunas, Ioana Rusu, Mihai Lupascu, Cristiana Orodel
Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Samit Unadkat, Ashok Adams, Polly Richards, Yogesh Bajaj
Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are expansile cystic lesions that can affect any bone of the body. Whilst these lesions are histologically benign, the lesions are locally aggressive and can affect the integrity of the affected bone as well as surrounding structures. ABCs arising in the head and neck region, particularly the paranasal sinuses are rare and they are limited to case reports in the literature. Due to the proximity of critical anatomical structures and the visual apparatus, the potential complications can be devastating...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Yong Won Lee, Yong Min Kim
INTRODUCTION: Antrochoanal polyps (ACPs) have several unique features that distinguish them from other nasal polyps. Despite many investigations, the pathogenesis of ACP has not yet been elucidated. Sinonasal osteoma is the most common type of tumor of the sinonasal tract and can be caused by trauma, infection and developmental anomaly. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 35-year-old man with left nasal obstruction for more than 20 years. Examination revealed ACP concomitant with an osteoma that arose from the middle turbinate and ethmoid sinus...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
H C Patricio, A Felippu, C D Pinheiro-Neto, L U Sennes
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to analyze the relationships between the medial orbitofrontal artery (MOFA) and the anterior skull base (ASB) including anatomical endonasal landmarks using computed tomography angiography (CTA). METHODS: We studied 52 CTAs using OsiriX software. All CTAs were placed in the same anatomical position. MOFA was identified in the sagittal and coronal plane and its correlation with ASB was analyzed. The distance between the MOFA and landmarks for endonasal surgery were obtained, determining the high risk areas for its injury...
February 3, 2018: Rhinology
Jong Seung Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
RATIONALE: Mucocele is a disease lined primarily by epithelium, and occurs mainly when the sinus ostium is obstructed. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 37-year-old man who presented with painless proptosis of the right eye and diplopia. DIAGNOSES: The preoperative finding was mucocele of the ethmoid sinus. INTERVENTIONS: We performed endoscopic sinus surgery, which included uncapping of the anterior and superior wall of the mucocele...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
RATIONALE: Inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign tumor that should be monitored carefully because it frequently recurs and has the potential to become malignant. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with a mass which had been found incidentally on positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT). DIAGNOSES: Using endoscopy and CT, the preoperative diagnosis was inverted papilloma. PET CT showed a mass with hot uptake in the left ethmoid and frontal sinus (maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) = 7...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ahmad M Alaraj, Yasser H Al-Faky, Adel H Alsuhaibani
PURPOSES: To study the ophthalmic manifestations of patients with allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) and evaluate the importance of early diagnosis and management in preventing the possible future complications of AFS. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 100 patients with the diagnosis of AFS from a single institution was performed. Age, gender, clinical presentation including ophthalmic and radiological findings, immune status, patterns of sinus involvement, medical and surgical intervention needed, laboratory results, and the course of the disease were evaluated...
January 30, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Yazeed Alghonaim, Salwa ALRashed ALHumaid, Abdullah Arafat
BACKGROUND: Ossifying fibroma is a rare benign fibro-osseous lesion seen in the bones of the head and neck area. It is mostly found in the mandible followed by the maxilla and rarely in the paranasal sinuses along with the orbit and skull bones. CASE PRESENTATION: A 30-year-old male patient presented with headache and incidental finding of a right ethmoidal sinus ossifying fibroma by paranasal-sinuses CT scan and MRI of the face. A flexible fiber-optic nasal endoscopy examination revealed a right side fullness...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Jan Alessandro Socher, Jonas Mello, Barbara Batista Baltha
Introduction  Many patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery still have an uncontrolled clinical disease in the late post-operative period. Up to 11.4% of the patients will require a revision surgery. Findings such as the residual uncinated process and the lateralization of the middle turbinate were considered by some studies as being responsible for failure in the primary surgery. Objectives  To describe the tomographical findings in adult patients undergoing revision endoscopic sinus surgery, the profile of those patients, and verify the mucosal thickening level of the paranasal sinus...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Muhammad Faisal, Irfan Haider, Mohammad Adeel, Omer Waqas, Raza Hussain, Arif Jamshed
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is a rare disease of nose and paranasal sinuses. In contrast to other regions SCNEC of this region has been reported to be recurrent and locally aggressive. No definite treatment has been established till date because of rarity of this disease. The purpose of this descriptive study is to present the series of 8 cases with SNEC of nose and paranasal sinuses. Retrospective review of 8 patients presenting with Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of nose and paranasal sinuses, from January, 2005 to December, 2014 treated at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Lahore was performed to determine the clinical characteristics and outcome of this disease...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Jinfeng Liu, Jinsheng Dai, Xiaohui Wen, Yanjun Wang, Yi Zhang, Ningyu Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the imaging anatomical characteristics and clinical significance of the ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS). METHODS: The study included a total of 280 ENT Outpatient Department patients with nasal symptoms whose paranasal sinus CT scans were analyzed from January 2012 to December 2016. The anatomical imaging characteristics of EMS were observed. RESULTS: EMS was observed in 23 of 280 patients, with an incidence of 8...
January 24, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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