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Closed system transfer device

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670508/stochastic-imt-insulator-metal-transition-neurons-an-interplay-of-thermal-and-threshold-noise-at-bifurcation
#1
Abhinav Parihar, Matthew Jerry, Suman Datta, Arijit Raychowdhury
Artificial neural networks can harness stochasticity in multiple ways to enable a vast class of computationally powerful models. Boltzmann machines and other stochastic neural networks have been shown to outperform their deterministic counterparts by allowing dynamical systems to escape local energy minima. Electronic implementation of such stochastic networks is currently limited to addition of algorithmic noise to digital machines which is inherently inefficient; albeit recent efforts to harness physical noise in devices for stochasticity have shown promise...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651469/graphene-silver-hybrid-devices-for-sensitive-photodetection-in-the-ultraviolet
#2
Debadrita Paria, Hyeon-Ho Jeong, Vaisakh Vadakkumbatt, Preeti Deshpande, Peer Fischer, Arindam Ghosh, Ambarish Ghosh
The weak light-matter interaction in graphene can be enhanced with a number of strategies, among which sensitization with plasmonic nanostructures is particularly attractive. This has resulted in the development of graphene-plasmonic hybrid systems with strongly enhanced photodetection efficiencies in the visible and the IR, but none in the UV. Here, we describe a silver nanoparticle-graphene stacked optoelectronic device that shows strong enhancement of its photoresponse across the entire UV spectrum. The device fabrication strategy is scalable and modular...
April 13, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582940/closed-system-drug-transfer-devices-plus-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-versus-safe-handling-alone-for-reducing-exposure-to-infusional-hazardous-drugs-in-healthcare-staff
#3
REVIEW
Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, Lawrence Mj Best, Cynthia Tanguay, Elaine Lennan, Mika Korva, Jean-François Bussières
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to hazardous drugs can decrease fertility and result in miscarriages, stillbirths, and cancers in healthcare staff. Several recommended practices aim to reduce this exposure, including protective clothing, gloves, and biological safety cabinets ('safe handling'). There is significant uncertainty as to whether using closed-system drug-transfer devices (CSTD) in addition to safe handling decreases the contamination and risk of staff exposure to infusional hazardous drugs compared to safe handling alone...
March 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535570/development-of-electrical-neural-stimulator-generating-periodic-and-non-periodic-signals-and-supporting-closed-loop-experimental-system
#4
Hyejin An, Hyun-Chool Shin
It is essential to build a system to generate proper neural stimulus signals with adjusting parameters. We developed a stimulator with up to four channels for separate settings in periodic and non-periodic modes. The device can support a closed-loop experimental system which utilizes neural information in real time as a feedback for controlling stimuli. To confirm whether stimulating signals are properly produced and delivered inside the brain, two experiments with rats were conducted. We observed that the change of firing rates and the cross-power spectral density increased after stimulation which meant that electric signals were transferred well and that they affected the neurons' activities...
February 2018: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526605/comparison-of-two-closed-carriers-for-vitrification-of-human-blastocysts-in-a-donor-program
#5
Jaime Guerrero, Miguel Gallardo, Adoración Rodríguez-Arnedo, Jorgen Ten, Rafael Bernabeu
The survival of human blastocysts to vitrification with two different carriers is compared. Both vitrification carriers used in this study are in the category of closed carriers, as they completely isolate the samples from direct contact with liquid nitrogen or its vapours during cooling and storage, until warming. This characteristic is appealing because it reduces or eliminates the theoretical risk of cross-contamination during that period of time. The two closed vitrification systems used present very different design and features: in the High Security Vitrification device, the carrier straw containing the embryos is encapsulated inside an external straw before plunging in liquid nitrogen, resulting in thermal insulation during cooling...
April 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510165/pre-and-post-intervention-study-of-antiblastic-drugs-contamination-surface-levels-at-a-pharmacy-department-compounding-area-using-a-closed-system-drug-transfer-device-and-a-decontamination-process
#6
Silvia Valero, Eduardo López-Briz, Nieves Vila, Antonio Solana, Mar Melero, Jose Luis Poveda
Assuring healthcare workers security on Hazardous Drugs (HD) compounding is critical in healthcare settings. Our study aims to demonstrate that the use of a Close System drug Transfer Device (CSTD) PhaSeal™ added to a decontamination process reduces antiblastic surface contamination levels in the Compounding Area (CA) of our Pharmacy Department (PD). We selected cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil and iphosphamide to be evaluated. Testing was carried out with a wipe kit and quantified by an independent laboratory...
June 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498267/equilibria-and-rate-phenomena-from-atomistic-to-mesoscale-simulation-studies-of-magnetite
#7
Christianna N Lininger, Nicholas W Brady, Alan C West
Batteries are dynamic devices composed of multiple components that operate far from equilibrium and may operate under extreme stress and varying loads. Studies of isolated battery components are valuable to the fundamental understanding of the physical processes occurring within each constituent element. When the components are integrated into a full device and operated under realistic conditions, it can be difficult to decouple the physical processes that occur across multiple interfaces and multiple length scales...
March 20, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475071/pre-clinical-validation-of-a-closed-surface-system-cryotop-sc-for-the-vitrification-of-oocytes-and-embryos-in-the-mouse-model
#8
Damià Castelló, Ana Cobo, Enric Mestres, Maria Garcia, Ivette Vanrell, José Alejandro Remohí, Gloria Calderón, Nuno Costa-Borges
Vitrification is currently a well-established technique for the cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos. It can be achieved either by direct (open systems) or indirect (closed systems) contact with liquid nitrogen. While there is not a direct evidence of disease transmission by transferred cryopreserved embryos, it was experimentally demonstrated that cross-contamination between liquid nitrogen and embryos may occur, and thus, the use of closed devices has been recommended to avoid the risk of contamination...
April 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446222/engineering-controls-in-veterinary-oncology-a-survey-of-148-acvim-board-certified-oncologists-and-environmental-surveillance-in-20-specialty-hospitals
#9
K Alexander, N Northrup, D Clarke, H Lindell, T Laver
Engineering controls (EC, facility and equipment barriers between hazards and people) are used to avoid exposure to chemotherapy drugs. In this study, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine board-certified veterinary oncologists were surveyed about their use of containment primary EC (C-PEC) and supplemental EC (closed system transfer devices, CSTD). The survey was completed by 148 (38%) of practicing diplomates. All used EC. Both C-PEC and CSTD were used at 92% of hospitals; however, US Pharmacopoeial Convention Chapter <800> (USP <800>) standards were met at only 19% of hospitals and oncologists did not know the type of C-PEC at 18% of hospitals...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412837/glucose-lowering-therapies-in-type-2-diabetes-opportunities-and-challenges-for-peptides
#10
REVIEW
Clifford J Bailey
This overview considers the opportunities and challenges that face the use of gluco-regulatory peptides to treat type 2 diabetes. New insulin analogues and formulations are being developed with pharmacokinetic properties to speed-up or prolong transfer from a subcutaneous injection site to the target tissues, or to selectively favour effects on the liver. Alternative routes of insulin administration continue to attract attention, and advances in the integration of glucose monitoring with insulin pump devices are improving miniaturised 'closed loop' artificial pancreas systems...
February 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375015/how-can-the-use-of-closed-system-transfer-devices-to-facilitate-sharing-of-drug-vials-be-optimised-to-achieve-maximum-cost-savings
#11
Peter J Gilbar, Carole R Chambers, Johan Vandenbrouche, Paul Jm Sessink, Timothy G Tyler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342114/gan-based-laser-wireless-power-transfer-system
#12
Carlo De Santi, Matteo Meneghini, Alessandro Caria, Ezgi Dogmus, Malek Zegaoui, Farid Medjdoub, Boris Kalinic, Tiziana Cesca, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Enrico Zanoni
The aim of this work is to present a potential application of gallium nitride-based optoelectronic devices. By using a laser diode and a photodetector, we designed and demonstrated a free-space compact and lightweight wireless power transfer system, whose efficiency is limited by the efficiency of the receiver. We analyzed the effect of the electrical load, temperature, partial absorption and optical excitation distribution on the efficiency, by identifying heating and band-filling as the most impactful processes...
January 17, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339374/multicenter-evaluation-of-a-new-closed-system-drug-transfer-device-in-reducing-surface-contamination-by-antineoplastic-hazardous-drugs
#13
Sylvia B Bartel, Timothy G Tyler, Luci A Power
PURPOSE: Results of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of a recently introduced closed system drug-transfer device (CSTD) in reducing surface contamination during compounding and simulated administration of antineoplastic hazardous drugs (AHDs) are reported. METHODS: Wipe samples were collected from 6 predetermined surfaces in compounding and infusion areas of 13 U.S. cancer centers to establish preexisting levels of surface contamination by 2 marker AHDs (cyclophosphamide and fluorouracil)...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295996/development-of-a-genetically-encodable-fret-system-using-fluorescent-rna-aptamers
#14
Mette D E Jepsen, Steffen M Sparvath, Thorbjørn B Nielsen, Ane H Langvad, Guido Grossi, Kurt V Gothelf, Ebbe S Andersen
Fluorescent RNA aptamers are useful as markers for tracking RNA molecules inside cells and for creating biosensor devices. Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) based on fluorescent proteins has been used to detect conformational changes, however, such FRET devices have not yet been produced using fluorescent RNA aptamers. Here we develop an RNA aptamer-based FRET (apta-FRET) system using single-stranded RNA origami scaffolds. To obtain FRET, the fluorescent aptamers Spinach and Mango are placed in close proximity on the RNA scaffolds and a new fluorophore is synthesized to increase spectral overlap...
January 2, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276288/hazardous-drug-contamination-of-drug-preparation-devices-and-staff-a-contamination-study-simulating-the-use-of-chemotherapy-drugs-in-a-clinical-setting
#15
Evan Call, Brian Bill, Chad McLean, Nathan Call, Allyn Bernkopf, Craig Oberg
Background: Hazardous drug contamination (HD) in healthcare environments continues, placing healthcare staff at risk of significantly chronic health problems, despite the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and closed system transfer device systems (CSTDs). Objective: This study's aim was to determine how HD might spread through touch after handling contaminated vials in simulated pharmacy and nursing environments. Methods: UV fluorescent powder Glo Germ (Glo Germ Co., Moab, UT), composed of melamine resin, was used to simulate HD...
September 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136298/tuning-the-f%C3%A3-rster-resonance-energy-transfer-through-self-assembly-approach-for-efficient-white-light-emission-in-aqueous-medium
#16
Pragyan Pallavi, Bahadur Sk, Palak Ahir, Abhijit Patra
A simple and cost-effective methodology employing environmentally benign substances for the fabrication of white-light emitting materials is important for practical applications in the field of lighting and display devices. Designing of purely organic-based white-light emitting system with high quantum efficiency in the aqueous medium is an unmet challenge. With this objective, a new class of pyridoindole based hydrophobic fluorophore 6,7,8,9-tetrapropylpyrido[1,2-a]indole-10-carbaldehye (TPIC) was introduced...
November 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073136/a-bacterial-toxin-antitoxin-module-is-the-origin-of-inter-bacterial-and-inter-kingdom-effectors-of-bartonella
#17
Alexander Harms, Marius Liesch, Jonas Körner, Maxime Québatte, Philipp Engel, Christoph Dehio
Host-targeting type IV secretion systems (T4SS) evolved from conjugative T4SS machineries that mediate interbacterial plasmid transfer. However, the origins of effectors secreted by these virulence devices have remained largely elusive. Previous work showed that some effectors exhibit homology to toxins of bacterial toxin-antitoxin modules, but the evolutionary trajectories underlying these ties had not been resolved. We previously reported that FicT toxins of FicTA toxin-antitoxin modules disrupt cellular DNA topology via their enzymatic FIC (filamentation induced by cAMP) domain...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061556/impact-of-an-electronic-monitoring-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-inhaled-medication-in-patients-with-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Claudia Gregoriano, Thomas Dieterle, Selina Dürr, Isabelle Arnet, Kurt E Hersberger, Jörg D Leuppi
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment in recent years, the burden of disease among patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high and patients are frequently hospitalized due to exacerbations. Reasons for uncontrolled diseases are manifold, but are often associated with poor inhalation technique and non-adherence to the prescribed treatment plan. This causes substantial mortality, morbidity, and costs to the healthcare system...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041769/high-mechanical-bandwidth-fiber-coupled-fabry-perot-cavity
#19
Erika Janitz, Maximilian Ruf, Yannik Fontana, Jack Sankey, Lilian Childress
Fiber-based optical microcavities exhibit high quality factor and low mode volume resonances that make them attractive for coupling light to individual atoms or other microscopic systems. Moreover, their low mass should lead to excellent mechanical response up to high frequencies, opening the possibility for high bandwidth stabilization of the cavity length. Here, we demonstrate a locking bandwidth of 44 kHz achieved using a simple, compact design that exploits these properties. Owing to the simplicity of fiber feedthroughs and lack of free-space alignment, this design is inherently compatible with vacuum and cryogenic environments...
August 21, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981323/a-strategy-for-formulating-regulation-on-cstds
#20
Allison Field, Gemma Hughes, Sarah Rowland
This article identifies what steps need to be taken to ensure the mandatory use of closed system transfer devices by all health professionals involved in the hazardous drug journey.
September 6, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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