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Barak Gordon, Aviad Hassid, Amir Bar-Shai, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Oded Hershkovich, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Asthma is associated with body mass index (BMI), but its association with socioeconomic status (SES) is controversial. The combined effect of SES and BMI on asthma prevalence is undetermined. METHODS: Seventeen-year-old pre-recruits to the Israeli Defense Forces underwent routine physical examinations. SES was determined according to established criteria based on place of residence. The study population was divided according to classic weight groups and three SES groups (low, medium and high)...
January 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Oded Hershkovich, Shay Tenenbaum, Barak Gordon, Nathan Bruck, Ran Thein, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamiss, Arnon Afek
Up to 40% of ankle sprains can result in chronic ankle instability (CAI). The prevalence of CAI and its association with body mass index (BMI) and height in the general young adult population has not been reported. The database records of young adults before recruitment into mandatory military service were studied. Information on the disability codes associated with CAI was retrieved. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between the BMI and body height with various grades of CAI severity...
March 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Oded Hershkovich, Alon Friedlander, Barak Gordon, Harel Arzi, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamiss, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The most common spinal deformities among adolescents are adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS; 2%-3% prevalence) and Scheuermann kyphosis (SK; 1%-8% prevalence). Both are believed to have a genetic influence in their etiology. The association between body mass index (BMI) and body stature and their possible association to spinal deformities is uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional prevalence study. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of all adolescent spinal deformities according to the extent of their severity as well as their possible association to BMI and body height...
August 1, 2014: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Nachshon Shazar, Iris Eshed, Nissim Ackshota, Oded Hershkovich, Alexander Khazanov, Amir Herman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the reduction quality, surgery time, and early postoperative complications between the 2 following surgical approaches: the ilioinguinal and the anterior intrapelvic (AIP or modified Rives-Stoppa). DESIGN: Retrospective study. PATIENTS: Comparison of 122 patients operated in our center between 1996 and 2003 with the ilioinguinal approach and 103 cases operated between 2004 and 2011 with the AIP approach. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center, acetabular fracture surgery referral center...
June 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Yaron Sela, Oded Hershkovich, Nir Sher-Lurie, Amos Schindler, Uri Givon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze our experience in treating femoral shaft fractures with different strategies, focusing on the first year after injury when the choice of method would have the greatest impact. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all children treated for femoral shaft fractures in our institution between 1997 and 2010. They were divided according to therapeutic approach: spica cast, skin traction, titanium elastic nail (TEN), external fixator, intramedullary medullary nail (IMN), and plating...
2013: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Shay Tenenbaum, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Nathan Bruck, Ran Thein, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamiss, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND: Most studies on the prevalence of flexible pes planus (FPP) have been conducted in pediatric populations and older adults. There is limited comparable information on these parameters for the adolescent age group. The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of FPP and its association with body mass index (BMI), body height, and gender among healthy and fit adolescents. METHODS: The data for this study were derived from a medical database containing records of 17-year-old males and females before their recruitment into mandatory military service...
June 2013: Foot & Ankle International
Oded Hershkovich, Alon Friedlander, Barak Gordon, Harel Arzi, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek
Body mass index (BMI) (calculated as weight (kg)/height (m)┬▓) and height are linked to the pathogenesis of low back pain, but evidence-based confirmation is lacking. We examined the prevalence of low back pain in adolescents and its association with BMI and height. Disability clauses (official military limitations related to a person's health status) indicating low back pain severity were divided according to symptoms of low back pain alone and symptoms of low back pain with objective corroborating findings...
August 15, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
Gabriel Gutman, Oded Hershkovich, Yehuda Amit, Amnon Israeli
Metal-on-metal (MOM) bearing surfaces in total hip arthroplasty have been recently shown to have acceptable survivorship properties, and they have certain advantages and disadvantages when compared to conventional metal-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces. Like traditional metal-on-polyethylene bearings, these metal-on-metal implants may also suffer from catastrophic failure. Patients can develop a local reaction to the metal ions produced by the articulation and present with pain or early loosening due to the local inflammatory reaction...
November 2013: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthop├ędie Traumatologie
Oded Hershkovich, Itay Shafat, Rafael M Nagler
Oral cancer's much higher prevalence among older people may be due to an age-related reduction in protective salivary antioxidant mechanisms and/or an age-related increase in the magnitude of oral carcinogen attack, such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), causing DNA aberrations. This study found a significantly reduced total value of salivary antioxidant capacity in elderly persons (as measured by overall antioxidant capacity [ImAnOx] assay), (46% of healthy individuals, p =...
April 2007: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Rafael M Nagler, Oded Hershkovich
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the salivary flow rate and composition in relation to drug consumption and idiopathic oral sensorial complaints (OSC). OSC cover xerostomia, disturbed sense of taste, or burning mouth sensitivity with no established classical etiology (e.g., Sjogren's syndrome, or a response to radiotherapy). METHODS: A thorough sialometrical and sialochemical analysis was performed for all subjects who were healthy non-hospitalized individuals ranging in age from 18-89 years...
October 2005: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Rafael M Nagler, Oded Hershkovich
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between oral sensorial complaints (OSCs) and salivary flow rate, composition and drug consumption of subjects aged 18-90 years. The results were correlated with both drug consumption and OSCs. Only individuals who were free of conditions that are already known to cause OSCs were included in the study. The three most significant observations were as follows: (1) elderly people have significantly reduced and altered salivary secretion compared with younger people...
January 2005: Archives of Oral Biology
Oded Hershkovich, Jorge Oliva, Rafael M Nagler
Exposure of oral mucosal cells to cigarette smoke induces oral cancer, presumably via the injurious effect of free radicals. To explore the effects of cigarette smoke on cells in the presence of saliva, we used peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and exposed them to cigarette smoke, alone or in the presence of saliva. After 80 min exposure to cigarette smoke alone, a time-dependent cellular loss and survival rate of 52% was observed. By contrast, following the exposure of the lymphocytes to cigarette smoke in the presence of saliva, less than 20% of the cells survived...
July 2004: European Journal of Cancer
Oded Hershkovich, Rafael M Nagler
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we performed taste and salivary analysis on patients suffering from burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia or taste disturbances. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 180 patients who complained of idiopathic burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and taste aberrations and/or xerostomia that may accompany BMS were evaluated. These patients were compared with 90 healthy, age- and sex-matched controls. Salivary flow rate, biochemical and immunological analysis and taste acuity by the forced-choice drop technique were performed for all subjects...
July 2004: Archives of Oral Biology
Rafael M Nagler, Oded Hershkovich
UNLABELLED: Our objective was to perform concomitant taste and salivary analyses in subjects with oral sensory complaints (OSC), including burning mouth syndrome (BMS), idiopathic taste aberrations, and xerostomia without established etiology, to attempt to find a possible explanation for the mechanism underlying those complaints. BMS is a disorder characterized by a painful burning or scalding sensation in clinically normal and healthy oral mucosa. Taste and salivary analyses were performed on 163 subjects with OSC who complained of BMS, taste aberration, or xerostomia, alone or in combination...
February 2004: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Rafael M Nagler, Oded Hershkovich, Sophie Lischinsky, Eric Diamond, Abraham Z Reznick
BACKGROUND: One purpose of this study was to compare various biochemical and immunological parameters in blood and saliva that are routinely evaluated only in the blood for general medical requirements. Another purpose was to concomitantly compare these and other oral/salivary parameters differentially in whole, parotid, and submandibular and sublingual saliva to examine the source of those parameters and their specific concentrations. METHODS: Twelve healthy individuals (6 women, 6 men) were examined in the blood-saliva comparison study, and 30 healthy individuals (15 women, 15 men) were studied in the intersalivary comparison study...
May 2002: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
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