keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cycle of violence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038950/firing-a-loaded-gun-during-sleep-in-an-elderly-man-with-a-perfect-storm-of-risk-factors-including-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Francesca Ingravallo, Carlos H Schenck, Ernesto D'Aloja, Monica Puligheddu
PURPOSE: We report a case of firing a loaded gun during sleep in a geriatric patient with undiagnosed major sleep disorders and multiple risk factors for sleep violence. Polysomnographic findings, diagnostic challenges, and forensic implications in this unprecedented geriatric case are discussed. METHODS: A 75-year-old employed man, married for 32 years, presented to a sleep center reporting to having fired a shot in his bedroom during sleep while his wife was away, without memory of hearing the gunshot...
October 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979757/prevalence-of-domestic-violence-on-pregnant-women-and-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-bandar-abbas-iran
#2
Abdol Azim Nejatizade, Nasibeh Roozbeh, Asiyeh Pormehr Yabandeh, Fatemeh Dabiri, Azita Kamjoo, Arefeh Shahi
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy by itself, imposes great physical and psychological pressures on a person and consequently, coupled with other stressors such as violence, can have adverse effects on the fetus and mother. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of domestic violence in pregnant women and maternal and infants' outcomes. METHODS: This is a descriptive study using a questionnaire. Data were collected from 725 women who delivered their babies at Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas in the summer and autumn of 2013...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974320/the-mitigating-effects-of-maternal-social-support-and-paternal-involvement-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-violence
#3
Melissa Tracy, Madeleine Salo, Allison A Appleton
Childhood maltreatment is a strong risk factor for subsequent violence, including violent behaviors in young adulthood and offspring maltreatment after becoming a parent. Little is known about the specific circumstances under which supportive relationships may help disrupt this cycle of violence throughout the life course. We conducted two complementary analyses to assess whether maternal social support in early childhood, and also paternal involvement in middle childhood, could prevent the intergenerational transmission of violence, using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n=11,384)...
September 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961496/criminal-justice-involvement-of-crack-cocaine-users-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-and-greater-metropolitan-area-implications-for-public-health-and-the-public-security-agenda
#4
Lidiane Toledo, Ignácio Cano, Leonardo Bastos, Neilane Bertoni, Francisco Inacio Bastos
BACKGROUND: The international literature has expressed different and sometimes contrasting perspectives when addressing criminal involvement by crack cocaine users, highlighting psychopharmacological aspects, the cycles of craving and pressing economic need, and the interplay with overall deprivation and structural violence. The current study aims to identify variables associated with the arrest and imprisonment of regular crack cocaine users. METHODS: Interviewees were recruited from open drug scenes in the city of Rio de Janeiro and Greater Metropolitan Area from September 2011 to June 2013...
September 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954135/self-harm-throughout-all-life-cycles-profile-of-victims-using-urgent-and-emergency-care-services-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#5
Camila Alves Bahia, Joviana Quintes Avanci, Liana Wernersbach Pinto, Maria Cecilia de Souza Minayo
The aim of the study was to characterize the profile of victims of self-inflicted injuries, who were attended at urgent and emergency care services in Brazilian state capitals, by using the "Viva Survey" database of 2014. Descriptive statistics of the self-inflicted injuries by gender, as well as logistic regression analysis, were performed. The evaluated characteristics were age, gender, race/skin color, education, area of residence, characteristics of the event, alcohol use and the outcome of the case. The results showed that almost 10% of the surveyed cases that were treated by emergency medical services in relation to violence were due to self-inflicted injuries: of particular note were the cases involving females and adults...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954134/treatment-for-cases-of-violence-by-brazilian-emergency-services-focusing-on-family-relationships-and-life-cycles
#6
Joviana Quintes Avanci, Liana Wernersbach Pinto, Simone Gonçalves de Assis
This article analyzes data regarding cases of domestic violence treated by the emergency services through the following: the sociodemographic characteristics of the people who were treated; the events themselves; the evolution of care (from childhood to old age by gender); and the factors that differentiate cases of domestic violence compared to those committed by non-family members. Data from 24 Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District were analyzed, comprising 86 emergency services: a total of 4,893 individuals were surveyed...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904325/new-medical-education-reform-in-china-towards-healthy-china-2030
#7
Peipei Song, Chunlin Jin, Wei Tang
On July 11, 2017, the State Council of China issued a bold plan to revolutionize medical education and promote collaboration between medical education and practice. The cornerstone of the plan is training more qualified medical professionals to improve public healthcare on the path to Healthy China 2030. According to this plan, a "5+3" training system will be instituted to train medical professionals in China, and top medical colleges will be encouraged to recruit more students. However, given the less-than-ideal professional status of Chinese doctors, the frequent incidents of violence against them, long working hours and a heavy workload, and an unsatisfactory income, attracting personnel to work in medicine and health care has become a challenge...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876320/understanding-the-effects-of-forced-sex-on-sexually-transmitted-disease-acquisition-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-care-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth-2011-2013
#8
Kathryn A Brookmeyer, Oscar Beltran, Neetu Abad
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence for heightened sexually transmitted disease (STD) acquisition among women who experienced sexual violence, little is known about their patterns of STD testing, STD diagnosis, and STD treatment. METHODS: Data was drawn from cycle eight of the National Survey of Family Growth (2011-2013). Logistic regression analyses used SUDAAN to examine the link between forced sex and risky sexual behavior as well as forced sex and STD testing, diagnoses, treatment, and connection to care...
June 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#9
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690113/male-violence-and-sexual-intimidation-in-a-wild-primate-society
#10
Alice Baniel, Guy Cowlishaw, Elise Huchard
Sexual violence occurring in the context of long-term heterosexual relationships, such as sexual intimidation, is widespread across human populations [1-3]. However, its evolutionary origins remain speculative because few studies have investigated the existence of comparable forms of sexual coercion in animals [4, 5], in which repeated male aggression toward a female provides the aggressor with delayed mating benefits [6]. Here, we test whether male aggression toward females functions as sexual coercion in wild chacma baboons (Papio ursinus)...
July 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583418/policies-for-managing-emergency-medical-services-in-mass-casualty-incidents
#11
B Adini, M Bodas, H Nilsson, K Peleg
INTRODUCTION: Diverse decision-making is needed in managing mass casualty incidents (MCIs), by emergency medical services (EMS). The aim of the study was to review consensus among international experts concerning policies of EMS management during MCIs. METHODS: Applicability of 21 EMS policies was tested through a 2-cycle modified e-Delphi process, in which 38 multi-disciplinary experts from 10 countries participated. Threshold for approving proposed solutions was defined as consensus of >80%...
September 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566013/sexual-harassment-and-menstrual-disorders-among-italian-university-women-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#12
P Romito, C Cedolin, F Bastiani, L Beltramini, M J Saurel-Cubizolles
AIMS: Menstrual disorders and sexual harassment are common among young women and interfere with their life and activities. We aimed to describe the association of sexual harassment and menstrual disorders among female university students. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study examined the association between sexual harassment and menstrual disorders in a sample of 349 university students in Italy. Students answered an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
July 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529159/boys-are-victims-too-sexual-dating-violence-and-injury-among-high-risk-youth
#13
Dennis E Reidy, Megan S Early, Kristin M Holland
OBJECTIVE: Prior research with youth exposed to violence suggests that, in this high-risk population, boys may be victims of sexual teen dating violence (TDV) and injury as frequently as girls. We sought to replicate these findings with a demographically similar sample and to determine whether the findings could be attributed the high-risk nature of the sample by assessing the impact of violence exposure on sex differences. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 2577 youth (ages 11-18, M=15...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513411/-injuries-resulting-from-accidents-and-violence-in-the-netherlands-results-of-an-emergency-department-register
#14
E F van Beeck, M J M Panneman, S Polinder, B Blatter
- Injuries from accidents and violence are amongst the most important public health issues in the world, including in Europe and the Netherlands.- Using the Dutch Injury Surveillance System and the Dutch Burden of Injury Model, we describe the incidence and costs associated with injuries in the Netherlands that are registered via Emergency Departments (ED). We also map the main causes of injury by age category.- Annually, 700,000 patients attend the ED of a hospital with an injury; 1 in 6 attendees is admitted...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#15
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
July 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489657/the-pattern-of-orbital-fractures-managed-at-two-referral-centers-in-nairobi-kenya
#16
Wayne Manana, Walter A Odhiambo, Mark L Chindia, Kennedy Koech
Orbital fractures are one of the commonest injuries in mid-face trauma and can lead to significant functional and cosmetic defects. This study was aimed at analyzing the pattern of orbital fractures at 2 referral centers in Nairobi. It was a descriptive prospective hospital-based study of the demographics, etiology, clinico-radiological features, and management modalities among patients presenting with orbital fractures at the University of Nairobi Dental Hospital and Kenyatta National Referral Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395846/pathways-between-childhood-trauma-intimate-partner-violence-and-harsh-parenting-findings-from-the-un-multi-country-study-on-men-and-violence-in-asia-and-the-pacific
#17
Emma Fulu, Stephanie Miedema, Tim Roselli, Sarah McCook, Ko Ling Chan, Regine Haardörfer, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Although childhood trauma and violence against women are global public health issues, few population-based data from low-income and middle-income countries exist about the links between them. We present data from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific, exploring the pathways between different forms of childhood trauma and violence against women. METHODS: In this multicountry study, we interviewed multistage representative samples of men and women, aged 18-49 years, in Asia and the Pacific, using standardised population-based household surveys...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363385/lateral-violence-in-nursing-implications-and-strategies-for-nurse-educators
#18
Ericka Sanner-Stiehr, Peggy Ward-Smith
Lateral violence among nurses persists as a prevalent problem, contributing to psychological distress, staff turnover, and attrition. Newly graduated nurses are at particular risk for being targets of lateral violence and experiencing its negative sequelae. Preparing student nurses to respond to lateral violence prior to entering the nursing may alter this scenario. A review of the literature was conducted to determine the potential for nursing faculty to change the cycle of lateral violence. Based on this review, we recommend 3 main strategies, specifically for nursing faculty, aimed at reducing incidences of lateral violence and preparing students to manage this phenomenon...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323542/organized-abuse-in-adulthood-survivor-and-professional-perspectives
#19
Michael Salter
This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a qualitative study of Australian women disclosing organized abuse in adulthood and the mental health professionals who treat them. Drawing on interviews with survivors and mental health professionals, the paper analyses the fraught relationship between mental health and physical safety for adults subject to organized abuse. The therapeutic progress of adult organized abuse victims can be disrupted by ongoing threats, stalking, and group violence, which in turn reinforces the dissociative responses and pathological attachments that render them vulnerable to revictimization...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279899/the-connection-between-animal-abuse-and-interpersonal-violence-a-review-from-the-veterinary-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Stefany Monsalve, Fernando Ferreira, Rita Garcia
Several studies have reported a connection between animal abuse and interpersonal violence. The importance of veterinarians in recognizing and intervening in the cycle of violence has been debated in different articles. This review outlines the findings about this connection around the world and describes the role veterinarians play in this field. We looked up electronic databases and analyzed articles published between 1960 and 2016. Publications were classified into three categories: area of publication, topic of the study and continent where the study had been conducted...
March 1, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
keyword
keyword
104128
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"