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cycle of violence

Joe Wark, Jo-Ann Vis
Research shows that child sexual abuse (CSA) can have detrimental effects on adult functioning. While much research regarding the effects of CSA on parenting of mothers is available, there is a dearth of information on how CSA impacts fatherhood. This literature review finds that the parenting experiences of male survivors are characterized by self-perceptions as adequate parents, deficient parenting as measured by standardized instruments, conceptualization of parenting as an intergenerational legacy and potential healing experience, fear of becoming an abuser, and physical and emotional distance from their children...
October 21, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
John M Janzen
This study, with a focus on Central and Southern Africa, offers an overview of best practices and theoretical debates in the anthropology of violence, including the ethnography of situations where violence is pervasive and active efforts are made to deal with it. Although the multiple sites of recent violence in this region are unique in their scale, intensity, and cause, the literature review suggests a typical course of events of patterns of violence and trauma, construction of memory, efforts at mediation and healing, or persisting conflict and confronting the aftermath of violence at home or in exile...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Mary D Fan, Joseph A Simonetti, Vivian H Lyons, Jin Wang, Douglas Zatzick, Frederick P Rivara
Background: Hospital-based violence intervention programs typically focus on patients whose firearm injury occurred through interpersonal violence (assault). Knowledge of violence perpetration by victims of unintentional (accidental) firearm injury is limited. Objective: To examine violence perpetration before and after a patient becomes hospitalized for firearm injury according to injury intent (intentional [assault] or unintentional [accidental]). Design: A case-control study and a retrospective cohort study...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Kim Ashburn, Brad Kerner, Dickens Ojamuge, Rebecka Lundgren
Violence against women and violence against children in Uganda are recognized as significant public health concerns. Exposure to violence at home as a child can increase the likelihood of perpetrating or experiencing violence later in life. These two forms of violence share similar risk factors and often, but not always, co-occur at the household level. Parenting programs have shown promise in reducing physical child punishment. Targeting men has also been proven effective in transforming attitudes related to gender roles and expectations and intimate partner violence (IPV) against women...
October 13, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Catherine Diamond, Nicholas Freudenberg
Community schools link students, families, and communities to educate children and strengthen neighborhoods. They have become a popular model for education in many US cities in part because they build on community assets and address multiple determinants of educational disadvantage. Since community schools seek to have an impact on populations, not just the children enrolled, they provide an opportunity to improve community health. Community schools influence the health and education of neighborhood residents though three pathways: building trust, establishing norms, and linking people to networks and services...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Todd I Herrenkohl, Hyunzee Jung
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to violence increases their risk for later victimisation and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, the relative influence of child abuse, adolescent violence, peer approval of violence and pro-violence attitudes on later IPV is not well established. AIMS: Analyses focus on the prediction of adult IPV from variables measured in childhood and adolescence to establish the unique influence of earlier victimisation and perpetration of violence, as well as other variables grounded in theory and empirical findings...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Wayne Schlapkohl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
John M Janzen
This study, with a focus on Central and Southern Africa, offers an overview of best practices and theoretical debates in the anthropology of violence, including the ethnography of situations where violence is pervasive and active efforts are made to deal with it. Although the multiple sites of recent violence in this region are unique in their scale, intensity, and cause, the literature review suggests a typical course of events of patterns of violence and trauma, construction of memory, efforts at mediation and healing, or persisting conflict and confronting the aftermath of violence at home or in exile...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Jessica Sommer, Martina Hinsberger, Thomas Elbert, Leon Holtzhausen, Debra Kaminer, Soraya Seedat, Solomon Madikane, Roland Weierstall
BACKGROUND: In persistently unsafe environments, the cumulative exposure to violence predicts not only the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but also of increased aggression and violent outbursts. Substance use disorders interact with these developments, as drug consumption may blunt symptoms and also reduce the threshold for violent acts. Investigating the interplay between these variables and the possible cumulative effect of drug abuse on the attraction to cruelty is a crucial step in understanding the cycle of violence and developing intervention programs that address this cycle in violence-troubled communities such as low-income urban areas in South Africa...
August 10, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos
Human trafficking, a form of modern slavery, is an egregious violation of human rights with profound personal and public health implications. It includes forced labor and sexual exploitation of both U.S. and non-U.S. citizens and has been reported in all 50 states. Victims of human trafficking are currently among the most abused and disenfranchised persons in society, and they face a wide range of negative health outcomes resulting from their subjugation and exploitation. Medicine has an important role to play in mitigating the devastating effects of human trafficking on individuals and society...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Laura Kann, Emily O'Malley Olsen, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Nancy Brener, Stephanie Zaza
PROBLEM: Sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts can both be used to identify sexual minority youth. Significant health disparities exist between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. However, not enough is known about health-related behaviors that contribute to negative health outcomes among sexual minority youth and how the prevalence of these health-related behaviors compare with the prevalence of health-related behaviors among nonsexual minorities. REPORTING PERIOD: September 2014-December 2015...
2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Lindsey Richardson, Allison Laing, M-J Milloy, Russ Maynard, Bohdan Nosyk, Brandon Marshall, Eric Grafstein, Patricia Daly, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Government social assistance payments seek to alleviate poverty and address survival needs, but their monthly disbursement may cue increases in illicit drug use. This cue may be magnified when assistance is disbursed simultaneously across the population. Synchronized payments have been linked to escalations in drug use and unintended but severe drug-related harms, including overdose, as well as spikes in demand for health, social, financial and police services. METHODS/DESIGN: The TASA study examines whether changing payment timing and frequency can mitigate drug-related harm associated with synchronized social assistance disbursement...
2016: BMC Public Health
Warren Martin Parker, Antje Becker-Benton
PROBLEM: Developing communication to support health and well-being of vulnerable communities requires a multifaceted understanding of local perspectives of contextual challenges and potentials for change. While participatory research enhances understanding, robust methodologies are necessary to translate emerging concepts into viable communication approaches. Communicators and change agents need to clarify pathways for change, barriers and enablers for change, as well as the role, orientation, and content of communication to support change...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Andrew Scheibe, Simon Howell, Alexandra Müller, Munyaradzi Katumba, Bram Langen, Lillian Artz, Monique Marks
INTRODUCTION: Sex workers, people who use drugs, men who have sex with men, women who have sex with women and transgender people in South Africa frequently experience high levels of stigma, abuse and discrimination. Evidence suggests that such abuse is sometimes committed by police officers, meaning that those charged with protection are perpetrators. This reinforces cycles of violence, increases the risk of HIV infection, undermines HIV prevention and treatment interventions and violates the constitutional prescriptions that the police are mandated to protect...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Carolyn Snider, Heather Woodward, Elaine Mordoch, Wanda Chernomas, Jamil Mahmood, Floyd Wiebe, Karen Cook, Depeng Jiang, Trevor Strome, Sarvesh Logsetty
BACKGROUND: Violent interpersonal injury is a common presentation to emergency departments (EDs) and is increasingly being treated as a preventable condition. Given the complexity of the issue, it is key to ensure interventions are feasible and acceptable within the communities that are affected by violence. Our team consists of ED staff, community members who work with youth affected by violence, people who were affected by violence in their youth, and researchers. OBJECTIVES: We describe how an integrated knowledge translation (KT) process was used to develop an ED violence intervention program (EDVIP) for youth affected by violence...
2016: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Tara N Richards, Elizabeth Tomsich, Angela R Gover, Wesley G Jennings
Using a cycle of violence framework, we investigated experiences with physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, perpetration, and both IPV victimization and perpetration (IPV overlap). Data included the U.S. subsample of college students in the International Dating Violence Study (n = 4,162). Findings indicated that 40% of participants reported lifetime IPV, with 28% reporting membership in the overlap group. Cycle of violence variables including child sexual abuse, witnessing violence inside the home during childhood, and witnessing violence outside the home during childhood were uniquely related to membership in the overlap group...
2016: Violence and Victims
Kamalini Lokuge, Meggy Verputten, Maryanne Ajakali, Bianca Tolboom, Grace Joshy, Katherine A Thurber, Daisy Plana, Steven Howes, Anastasia Wakon, Emily Banks
BACKGROUND: Levels of gender-based violence in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are high; health services for survivors are limited. Evidence from the few existing health services for survivors can inform improvements in care in this and similar settings. METHODS: Médecins Sans Frontières supported health services for survivors in Lae, PNG from 2008-2013. Routine monitoring data from August 2010-April 2013 were used to describe patient and service characteristics. RESULTS: 5,892 individuals received care over 6,860 presentations, the majority self-referred or referred by friends and family...
2016: PloS One
Kevin A Wright, Jillian J Turanovic, Eryn N O'Neal, Stephanie J Morse, Evan T Booth
The individual and social protective factors that help break the cycle of violence are examined. Specifically, this study investigates (a) the individual and social protective factors that reduce violent offending among previously victimized children, and (b) whether certain protective factors are more or less important depending on the type and frequency of childhood victimization experienced. Data on young adults from Wave III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health are used (N = 13,116)...
May 25, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
C E de Putter, E F van Beeck, S Polinder, M J M Panneman, A Burdorf, S E R Hovius, R W Selles
BACKGROUND: Hand and wrist injuries are very common at the Emergency Departments (ED), and among the most costly injury types in the working population. The purpose of this study was to explore the causes of non-trivial hand and wrist injuries (i.e., hand fractures, wrist fractures and complex soft-tissue injuries) in working-age adults in order to identify target areas for prevention. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Dutch Injury Surveillance System, from the National Hospital Discharge Registry and from a patient follow-up survey in working-age adults (aged 20-64 years) in the period 2008-2012...
July 2016: Injury
Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Maria Helena Costa Amorim, Cândida Caniçali Primo, Denise Petrucci Gigante
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To present a systematic review of papers published on the relationship between violence against women and cervical cancer screening. BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a serious public health problem. This phenomenon can have negative effects on victims' health and affect the frequency at which they receive cervical cancer screening. DESIGN: A systematic literature review. METHODS: This study was carried out in October 2015 with searches of the Lilacs, PubMed and Web of Science databases using the following keywords: violence, domestic violence, battered women, spouse abuse, Papanicolaou test, vaginal smears, early detection of cancer and cervix uteri...
May 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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