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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766690/garden-nasturtium-tropaeolum-majus-l-a-source-of-mineral-elements-and-bioactive-compounds
#1
Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda, Katarzyna Watychowicz, Jagoda Łukasiak, Jolanta Wolska
The garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) belongs to the family Tropaeolaceae. Native to South America it was brought to Europe in XVI century. It is a plant with numerous healing properties. Medicinal plants such as the garden nasturtium contain trace elements and bioactive compounds which can be easily absorbed by the human body. The flowers and other parts of the garden nasturtium are a good source of micro elements such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, and macro elements, especially of zinc, copper and iron...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765339/can-model-projects-of-need-adapted-care-reduce-involuntary-hospital-treatment-and-the-use-of-coercive-measures
#2
Alexandre Wullschleger, Jürgen Berg, Felix Bermpohl, Christiane Montag
Intensive outpatient models of need-adapted psychiatric care have been shown to reduce the length of hospital stays and to improve retention in care for people with severe mental illnesses. In contrast, evidence regarding the impact of such models on involuntary hospital treatment and other coercive measures in inpatient settings is still sparse, although these represent important indicators of the patients' wellbeing. In Germany, intensive models of care still have not been routinely implemented, and their effectiveness within the German psychiatric system is only studied in a few pioneering regions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735848/septicemic-listeriosis-an-emerging-food-borne-illness-in-india
#3
Angel T Miraclin, Susmitha K Perumalla, John Davis Prasad, Thambu David Sudarsanam
Listeriosis is a food borne illness of significant public health concern, caused by consumption of food contaminated by gram negative bacilli, Listeria monocytogenes. Clinical listeriosis is relatively rare and it has varying spectrum of presentation, ranging from severe sepsis in immune-compromised individuals, febrile gastroenteritis and meningo-encephalitis in infants and adults. This disease is under reported in developing nations due to the lack of awareness and inadequate laboratory facilities to promptly isolate and identify the organism...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735820/-fusarium-the-versatile-pathogen
#4
REVIEW
Ananya Tupaki-Sreepurna, Anupma Jyoti Kindo
Fusarium is an emerging human opportunistic pathogen of growing importance, especially among immunosuppressed haematology patients due to an increased incidence of disseminated infections over the past two decades. This trend is expected only to continue due to the advances in medical and surgical technologies that will prolong the lives of the severely ill, making these patients susceptible to rare opportunistic infections. Production of mycotoxins, enzymes such as proteases, angio-invasive property and an intrinsically resistant nature, makes this genus very difficult to treat...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732752/avian-influenza-viruses-aivs-h9n2-are-in-the-course-of-reassorting-into-novel-aivs
#5
Hui-Ping Chang, Li Peng, Liang Chen, Lu-Fang Jiang, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Cheng-Long Xiong, Gen-Ming Zhao, Yue Chen, Qing-Wu Jiang
In 2013, two episodes of influenza emerged in China and caused worldwide concern. A new H7N9 avian influenza virus (AIV) first appeared in China on February 19, 2013. By August 31, 2013, the virus had spread to ten provinces and two metropolitan cities. Of 134 patients with H7N9 influenza, 45 died. From then on, epidemics emerged sporadically in China and resulted in several victims. On November 30, 2013, a 73-year-old woman presented with an influenza-like illness. She developed multiple organ failure and died 9 d after the onset of disease...
May 2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729940/a-transcriptomic-study-of-hereditary-angioedema-attacks
#6
Giuseppe Castellano, Chiara Divella, Fabio Sallustio, Vincenzo Montinaro, Claudia Curci, Andrea Zanichelli, Erika Bonanni, Chiara Suffritti, Sonia Caccia, Fleur Bossi, Anna Gallone, Francesco Paolo Schena, Loreto Gesualdo, Marco Cicardi
BACKGROUND: Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) due to C1-inhibitor deficiency is a lifelong illness characterized by recurrent acute attacks of localized skin or mucosal edema. An activation of the kallikrein/bradykinin pathway at endothelial cell level has a relevant pathogenetic role in acute HAE attacks. Moreover, other pathways are involved, given the variable clinical expression of the disease in different patients. OBJECTIVE: To explore the involvement of other putative genes in the edema formation...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671810/bacteriophage-applications-for-food-production-and-processing
#7
REVIEW
Zachary D Moye, Joelle Woolston, Alexander Sulakvelidze
Foodborne illnesses remain a major cause of hospitalization and death worldwide despite many advances in food sanitation techniques and pathogen surveillance. Traditional antimicrobial methods, such as pasteurization, high pressure processing, irradiation, and chemical disinfectants are capable of reducing microbial populations in foods to varying degrees, but they also have considerable drawbacks, such as a large initial investment, potential damage to processing equipment due to their corrosive nature, and a deleterious impact on organoleptic qualities (and possibly the nutritional value) of foods...
April 19, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669602/cerebral-vasculitis-and-lateral-rectus-palsy-two-rare-central-nervous-system-complications-of-dengue-fever-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
H M M Herath, J S Hewavithana, C M De Silva, O A R Kularathna, N P Weerasinghe
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne viral illness with a clinical spectrum ranging from a simple febrile illness to potentially life-threatening complications such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Dengue infection can affect many organs, including the central nervous system. The neurological manifestations reported in dengue infections are meningitis, encephalitis, stroke, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the cases of two interesting patients with confirmed dengue infection who presented with complications of possible central nervous system vasculitis and cranial nerve palsy...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667698/chronic-stress-social-isolation-and-perceived-loneliness-in-dementia-caregivers
#9
Mariya Kovaleva, Sydney Spangler, Carolyn Clevenger, Kenneth Hepburn
Caregivers of individuals with dementia are at risk for chronic stress and social isolation. These exogenous factors may lead to perceived stress and perceived loneliness-psychosocial endogenous (subjective) elements of caregiving experience. Chronic stress and perceived loneliness may disrupt neuroendocrine and neuroimmunological regulation, creating low-grade systemic inflammation, promoting proinflammatory gene expression, and expediting cellular aging (endogenous physiological factors). These disturbances may enhance caregivers' risk for chronic conditions of inflammatory pathogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657742/quantifying-the-relative-effects-of-environmental-and-direct-transmission-of-norovirus
#10
S Towers, J Chen, C Cruz, J Melendez, J Rodriguez, A Salinas, F Yu, Y Kang
Norovirus is a common cause of outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis in health- and child-care settings, with serial outbreaks also frequently observed aboard cruise ships. The relative contributions of environmental and direct person-to-person transmission of norovirus have hitherto not been quantified. We employ a novel mathematical model of norovirus transmission, and fit the model to daily incidence data from a major norovirus outbreak on a cruise ship, and examine the relative efficacy of potential control strategies aimed at reducing environmental and/or direct transmission...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618019/differential-expression-of-synapsin-i-and-ii-upon-treatment-by-lithium-and-valproic-acid-in-various-brain-regions
#11
Hetshree Joshi, Roohie Sharma, Shreya Prashar, Joella Ho, Sharon Thomson, Ram Mishra
Introduction: Due to the heterogeneity of psychiatric illnesses and overlapping mechanisms, patients with psychosis are differentially responsive to pharmaceutical drugs. In addition to having therapeutic effects for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers have many clinical applications and are used unconventionally due to their direct and indirect effects on neurotransmitters. Synapsins, a family of neuronal phosphoproteins, play a key regulatory role in neurotransmitter release at synapses...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614872/spasmolytic-and-antidiarrheal-activities-of-lippia-thymoides-verbenaceae-essential-oil
#12
Pedro Modesto Nascimento Menezes, Henrique Ribeiro de Oliveira, Mariana Coelho Brito, Gabriela Olinda de Paiva, Luciano Augusto de Almeida Ribeiro, Angélica Maria Lucchese, Fabrício Souza Silva
Lippia thymoides ('alecrim-do-mato' or 'alecrim-do-campo') is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat various illnesses, including diarrhea. This work aimed to evaluate in vitro spasmolytic and in vivo antidiarrheal activities of the L. thymoides essential oil (OOS) and to correlate with the traditional use of this plant. In isolated guinea-pig ileum, OOS presented a concentration-dependent spasmolytic activity in preparations pre-contracted with KCl 40 mM [EC50  = 16.89 (11.56-24.66) μg/mL], and antagonized phasic contractions induced by 1 μM carbachol [IC50  = 42...
April 4, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589963/serotyping-and-genotyping-characterization-of-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-strains-in-kimchi-and-determination-of-their-kinetic-behavior-in-cabbage-kimchi-during-fermentation
#13
Yukyung Choi, Soomin Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Sejeong Kim, Jeeyeon Lee, Jimyeong Ha, Hyemin Oh, Jang Won Yoon, Yohan Yoon, Kyoung-Hee Choi
This study determined the serotyping and genotyping properties of Escherichia coli strains isolated from kimchi and various raw vegetables used for kimchi preparation. In addition, the kinetic behavior of E. coli strains in kimchi during fermentation was also determined using a predictive microbiological model. The study results revealed that E. coli isolated from napa cabbage (3.3%; 1/30) was enterohemorrhagic E. coli (O6:H34), and eight typical colonies isolated from kimchi (15%; 6/40) were enteropathogenic E...
March 28, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555630/comparison-of-septic-shock-due-to-mdr-acinetobacter-baumannii-or-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemase-producing-k-pneumoniae-in-icu-patients
#14
Alessandro Russo, Simone Giuliano, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Francesco Alessandri, Alessandra Giordano, Grazia Brunetti, Mario Venditti
Objectives: a significant cause of mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) is represented by multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria, such as MDR Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp). Aim of the present study was the comparison of clinical features, therapy and outcome of patients who developed septic shock due to either MDR-AB or KPC-Kp. Methods: were retrospectively analyzed patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a teaching hospital, from November 2010 to December 2015, who developed septic shock due to MDR-AB or KPC-Kp infection...
March 19, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543806/q-fever-in-spain-description-of-a-new-series-and-systematic-review
#15
Vanesa Alende-Castro, Cristina Macía-Rodríguez, Ignacio Novo-Veleiro, Xana García-Fernández, Mercedes Treviño-Castellano, Sergio Rodríguez-Fernández, Arturo González-Quintela
BACKGROUND: Forms of presentation of Q fever vary widely across Spain, with differences between the north and south. In the absence of reported case series from Galicia (north-west Spain), this study sought to describe a Q-fever case series in this region for the first time, and conduct a systematic review to analyse all available data on the disease in Spain. METHODS: Patients with positive serum antibodies to Coxiella burnetii from a single institution over a 5-year period (January 2011-December 2015) were included...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543538/the-effect-of-saffron-on-depression-among-recovered-consumers-of-methamphetamine-living-with-hiv-aids
#16
Farzad Jalali, Seyedeh Fatemeh Hashemi
BACKGROUND: From one hand, depression is one of the symptoms that occur after abstinence from methamphetamine. On the other people living with HIV/AIDS are in isolation due to the nature of their illness and depression is one of the most common mental health problems they experience. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of saffron on reducing depression among recovered consumers of methamphetamine living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: The design of this study was semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and control (placebo) groups...
March 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536792/friendship-and-money-a-qualitative-study-of-service-users-experiences-of-participating-in-a-supported-socialisation-programme
#17
Ann Sheridan, Donal O'Keeffe, Barbara Coughlan, Kate Frazer, Johnathan Drennan, Mary Kemple
BACKGROUND: Social opportunities can be limited in the lives of people with enduring mental illness (EMI) due to psychiatric stigma, restricted home environments and employment barriers. Supported socialisation programmes have the potential to redress the impact of social isolation. AIM: To explore the experiences of service users with EMI taking part in a supported socialisation programme, using written diary entries. METHODS: This article reports on the qualitative component of a randomised controlled trial of supported socialisation for people with EMI (published previously in this journal)...
June 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526218/the-inhibitory-effects-of-essential-oil-constituents-against-germination-outgrowth-and-vegetative-growth-of-spores-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-in-laboratory-medium-and-chicken-meat
#18
Saud Alanazi, Maryam Alnoman, Saeed Banawas, Ryoichi Saito, Mahfuzur R Sarker
C. perfringens type A is the causative agent of C. perfringens type A food poisoning (FP) and non-food-borne (NFB) human gastrointestinal diseases. Due to its ability to form highly heat-resistant spores, it is of great interest to develop strategies alternative to thermal processing to inactivate C. perfrinegens. Thus, in this study we evaluated the inhibitory effects of essential oil constituents (EOCs) (cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), and carvacrol) against germination, outgrowth and vegetative growth of spores of C...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489936/comparison-of-primary-human-gingival-fibroblasts-from-an-older-and-a-young-donor-on-the-evaluation-of-cytotoxicity-of-denture-adhesives
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aline S L Santoro Soares, Miriam Zaccaro Scelza, Janaína Spoladore, Marcos Antônio Gallito, Felipe Oliveira, Rita de Cássia Martins Moraes, Gutemberg Gomes Alves
Denture adhesives (DA) improve the retention and stability of ill-fitting dentures, especially for older adults. These materials should be biocompatible, i.e., they cannot cause undesired biological responses and be non-cytotoxic to oral tissues. However, in vitro testing of DA biocompatibility employing primary cell culture may possibly be affected by other factors, such as the donor age. OBJECTIVE: To compare the cytotoxicity of three different denture adhesives when assessed in primary gingival fibroblasts from a young donor or from an older donor, as well as the release of the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and the inflammatory response marker interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412766/porcine-response-to-a-multidrug-resistant-salmonella-enterica-serovar-i-4-5-12-i-outbreak-isolate
#20
Daniel C Shippy, Bradley L Bearson, Devin B Holman, Brian W Brunelle, Heather K Allen, Shawn M D Bearson
Salmonella enterica serovar I 4,[5],12:i:- has emerged as a common nontyphoidal Salmonella serovar to cause human foodborne illness. An interesting trait of serovar I 4,[5],12:i:- is that it only expresses the fliC gene for bacterial motility (i.e., monophasic), while most Salmonella strains alternately express two flagellin genes (fliC and fljB). The goal of this study was to characterize the porcine response following inoculation with a multidrug-resistant (MDR) serovar I 4,[5],12:i:- isolate associated with a multistate pork outbreak to determine if the increased prevalence of serovar I 4,[5],12:i:- in swine is due to enhanced pathogenicity...
February 7, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
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