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Maintenance electroconvulsive therapy

Kei Itagaki, Minoru Takebayashi, Chiyo Shibasaki, Naoto Kajitani, Hiromi Abe, Mami Okada-Tsuchioka, Shigeto Yamawaki
BACKGROUND: While electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment for depression is highly effective, the high rate of relapse is a critical problem. The current study investigated factors associated with the risk of relapse in mood disorders in patients in which ECT was initially effective. METHOD: The records of 100 patients with mood disorders (61 unipolar depression, 39 bipolar depression) who received and responded to an acute ECT course were retrospectively reviewed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ying Yang, Xiaojing Cheng, Qingzhi Xu, Renjun Li, Zengxun Liu, Liping Wang, Yanqing Zhang, Guoqiang Ren, Jintong Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of maintenance modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on schizophrenic patients. Methods: From June 2012 to June 2014, 62 patients with schizophrenia, who had recovered from a successful course of acute MECT, were recruited. Thirty-one patients received maintenance MECT and risperidone, as the experimental group. Another 31 patients were enrolled in the control group, and received risperidone only. The effects on cognitive functions, clinical symptoms and relapse rate were determined...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Alexander Bryson, Helen Gardner, Ian Wilson, Tim Rolfe, John Archer
Maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is sometimes prescribed for refractory psychiatric conditions. We describe five patients who received maintenance ECT and developed florid temporal epileptiform abnormalities on electroencephalography (EEG) despite no history of epilepsy and normal neuroimaging. All patients had received regular ECT for at least 8 months. Three patients had clinical events consistent with epileptic seizures, and video-EEG monitoring captured electrographic seizures in two patients...
September 26, 2016: Epilepsia
Racheli Magnezi, Emanuel Aminov, Dikla Shmuel, Merav Dreifuss, Pinhas Dannon
OBJECTIVES: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disorder, widely distributed in the population, and is often associated with severe symptoms and functional impairment. It has been estimated that 30% of MDD patients do not benefit adequately from therapeutic interventions, including pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is generally defined as a failure to achieve remission, despite therapeutic interventions. AIM: The most effective treatment alternatives for TRD are hospitalization, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Sreedharan Geetha Sajith, Siew Fai Liew, Phern Chern Tor
BACKGROUND: There are several reports of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) used in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the context of catatonic symptoms. We describe response to ECT in two adults with ASD and intellectual disability with intractable aggression and self-injurious behaviors associated with catatonic symptoms who had not responded to standard interventions. METHOD: Unilateral ECT at a frequency of 3 times a week was given followed by weekly maintenance ECT...
July 16, 2016: Journal of ECT
Nora M Dennis, Paul A Dennis, Alan Shafer, Richard D Weiner, Mustafa M Husain
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains an effective treatment for major depressive disorder. Since 1995, Texas has maintained an ECT database including patient diagnoses and outcomes, and reporting any deaths within 14 days of receiving an ECT treatment, encompassing a total of 166,711 ECT treatments administered in Texas over the previously unreported period of 1998 to 2013. METHODS: Descriptive analysis summarized information on deaths reported during the 16-year period-cause of death, type of treatment (index or maintenance) and patient demographics...
July 16, 2016: Journal of ECT
Douglas DʼAgati, Andrew D Chang, Lee E Wachtel, Irving M Reti
An increasing number of case reports and series document the safe and effective use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in children, adolescents, and young adults with autism spectrum disorder who engage in severe, intractable, repetitive self-injurious behavior (SIB) without environmental or operant function. Although the treatment is very effective for such patients, they typically remain highly dependent on frequent maintenance ECT (M-ECT) to maintain suppression of the SIB achieved during the acute course...
July 16, 2016: Journal of ECT
Hesam Ghiasvand, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Nazanin Abolhassani, Hamid Ravaghi, Seyed Mansoor Raygani, Sahar Mohabbat-Bahar
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that major depression disorders constitute 8.2% of years lived with disability (YLDs) globally. The repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) and Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) are two relative common interventions to treat major depressive disorders, especially for treatment resistant depression. In this study the cost- effectiveness and cost-utility of rTMS were compared with ECT in Iranian population suffering from major depressive disorder using a decision tree model...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Jack L Stanley, Daniel V Mogford, Rebecca J Lawrence, Stephen M Lawrie
OBJECTIVES: Non-illicit alternatives to controlled drugs, known as novel psychoactive substances (NPS), have recently risen to prominence. They are readily available, with uncertain pharmacology and no widely available assay. Given that psychiatric patients are at risk of comorbid substance abuse, we hypothesised that NPS use would be present in the psychiatric population, and sought to determine its prevalence and investigate the characteristics of those who use these drugs with a retrospective review of discharge letters...
2016: BMJ Open
Anna Borisovskaya, William Culbertson Bryson, Jonathan Buchholz, Ali Samii, Soo Borson
AIM: We performed a systematic review of evidence regarding treatment of depression in Parkinson's disease (PD) utilizing electroconvulsive therapy. METHODS: The search led to the inclusion of 43 articles, mainly case reports or case series, with the largest number of patients totaling 19. RESULTS: The analysis included 116 patients with depression and PD; depression improved in 93.1%. Where motor symptoms' severity was reported, 83% of patients improved...
April 2016: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
Emma T Geduldig, Charles H Kellner
This paper reviews recent research on the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in elderly depressed patients. The PubMed database was searched for literature published within the past 4 years, using the search terms: "electroconvulsive elderly," "electroconvulsive geriatric," "ECT and elderly," and "ECT elderly cognition." The studies in this review indicate excellent efficacy for ECT in geriatric patients. Adverse cognitive effects of ECT in this population are usually transient and not typically severe...
April 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Barry Stormont, Angelo A Diedricks, Garry Kidd
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to provide a contemporary review of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) practice in Far North Queensland, Australia. METHOD: Demographic, diagnostic and treatment characteristics were extracted from the hospital files of people who received ECT between 2011 and 2013. Data were quantitatively analysed and described. RESULTS: Depressive illnesses were the most common indicator for treatment. However, psychotic illnesses also made up a large proportion of treated cases...
October 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Miguel Palma, Berta Ferreira, Nuno Borja-Santos, Bruno Trancas, Céu Monteiro, Graça Cardoso
Introduction. Mixed states represent a frequent presentation of bipolar disorder, associated with higher resistance to psychopharmacology. Limited evidence supports the use of ECT in these patients. We aim to report our experience on treating bipolar mixed states with ECT. Methods. Retrospective data were collected from all bipolar patients submitted to acute ECT treatment, between June 2006 and June 2011. Three groups were created in terms of affective polarity of the episode. CGI rating was used to establish clinical remission and demographic and clinical variables were compared among groups...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
Jagadisha Thirthalli, M Krishna Prasad, Bangalore N Gangadhar
In many countries including India electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is frequently used to treat different phases of bipolar disorder. The response to ECT is impressive in mania, depression and in mixed affective states. Preliminary evidence also suggests benefit from maintenance ECT in bipolar disorder. However, most of the literature on efficacy and adverse effects comes from case series, retrospective reports and open trials - controlled trials have been few and far between. Official guidelines recommend the use of ECT only when there is a dire emergency or when all other options have been exhausted...
March 2012: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Melike Ceyhan Balci Sengul, Ayse Nur Inci Kenar, Ezgi Hanci, İbrahim Sendur, Cem Sengul, Hasan Herken
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be given as the form of acute, continuation or maintenance ECT according to the process of administration. We report our 7 years' observation with acute and maintenance ECT in a university hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of the hospitalized patients treated with acute or maintenance ECT between the years 2007 and 2013 was retrospectively analyzed. The sociodemographic characteristics, diagnosis, data of ECT and the co-administered psychotropic drugs were recorded...
February 29, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Jorge Mota, Nuno Rodrigues-Silva
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a technique with proven efficacy in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders. However, studies regarding its use as a maintenance therapy are scarce. The aim of the present study was to build knowledge in this area. METHODS: Data from 28 patients receiving maintenance ECT (M-ECT) were retrospectively collected and analyzed using a mirror-image design. Length of stay and readmissions were compared before M-ECT (control condition) and after M-ECT (experimental condition)...
June 2016: Journal of ECT
Puneet Narang, Anna Glowacki, Steven Lippmann
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy is an established means to improve function in a variety of psychiatric and neurologic conditions, particularly for patients who remain treatment-refractory. Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that sometimes does not respond well to conventional pharmacotherapies. Reports have indicated that electroconvulsive therapy may be an effective and safe treatment for those patients with Parkinson's disease who are not optimally responding to first-line treatments...
September 2015: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
Imma Buj-Alvarez, Josep Pifarré, Gregorio Marco, Monia de Sousa-Duso, Montse Martínez, Jesús López-Gómez
INTRODUCTION: Optimising ventilation control in the anaesthetic process of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be a method for improving the effectiveness and safety of some treatments. There are several approaches for inducing adequate therapeutic seizures in patients with medical co-morbidity or in those with high seizure thresholds, although all of them present limitations. A new approach is hyperventilation with laryngeal mask, a method that improves oxygenation, achieves hypocapnia, and lowers seizure threshold...
November 21, 2015: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Andrew D Chang, Victoria A Berges, Sunho J Chung, Gene Y Fridman, Jay M Baraban, Irving M Reti
Approximately one quarter of individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display self-injurious behavior (SIB) ranging from head banging to self-directed biting and punching. Sometimes, these behaviors are extreme and unresponsive to pharmacological and behavioral therapies. We have found electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can produce life-changing results, with more than 90% suppression of SIB frequency. However, these patients typically require frequent maintenance ECT (mECT), as often as every 5 days, to sustain the improvement gained during the acute course...
June 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
George G Kirov, Laura Owen, Hazel Ballard, Adele Leighton, Kara Hannigan, Danielle Llewellyn, Valentina Escott-Price, Maria Atkins
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective acute treatment for severe depression, but widely held concerns about memory problems may limit its use. AIMS: To find out whether repeated or maintenance courses of ECT cause cumulative cognitive deterioration. METHOD: Analysis of the results of 10 years of cognitive performance data collection from patients who have received ECT. The 199 patients had a total of 498 assessments, undertaken after a mean of 15...
March 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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