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Dhika Amanda, Monika Susanne Doblin, Roberta Galletti, Antony Bacic, Gwyneth C Ingram, Kim L Johnson
The plant epidermis is crucial to survival, regulating interactions with the environment and controlling plant growth. The phytocalpain DEFECTIVE KERNEL1 (DEK1) is a master regulator of epidermal differentiation and maintenance, acting upstream of epidermal-specific transcription factors, and is required for correct cell adhesion. It is currently unclear how changes in DEK1 lead to cellular defects in the epidermis and the pathways through which DEK1 acts. We have combined growth kinematic studies, cell wall analysis and transcriptional analysis of genes downstream of DEK1 to determine the cause of phenotypic changes observed in DEK1-modulated lines...
October 17, 2016: Plant Physiology
Bo Teng, Wenchao Chen, Shen Dong, Choon Wee Kee, Dhika Aditya Gandamana, Lili Zong, Choon-Hong Tan
Most asymmetric phase transfer reactions are Brønsted base reactions, and the inorganic bases used greatly influenced the profile of the reaction. Alkoxide salts are able to activate substrates with high pKa values, but background reactions are often unavoidable. On the other hand, carbonate and phosphate salts are milder, but their low basicity limits the scope of their reactions. This presents a difficult situation whereby fragile substrates such as lactone will be hydrolyzed by a stronger base but will not be activated with a weaker one...
August 10, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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