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Transcription CBP

Peter Haberz, Munehito Arai, Maria A Martinez-Yamout, H Jane Dyson, Peter E Wright
Many viruses deregulate the cell and force transcription of viral genes by competing with cellular proteins for binding to the transcriptional co-activators CREB-binding protein (CBP) and p300. Through its interactions with CBP/p300 and the retinoblastoma protein, the adenovirus (AdV) early region 1A (E1A) oncoprotein hijacks the cell cycle and, in rodents, transforms the cell; the mechanistic and structural basis for these effects remain unclear. In this study we compare the affinity of protein constructs from the E1A proteins from two adenovirus serotypes, non-oncogenic AdV5 and highly oncogenic AdV12, for binding to the nuclear receptor coactivator binding domain (NCBD) of CBP...
October 4, 2016: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Bingbing X Li, Ryan Gardner, Changhui Xue, David Z Qian, Fuchun Xie, George Thomas, Steven C Kazmierczak, Beth A Habecker, Xiangshu Xiao
cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) is a nuclear transcription factor activated by multiple extracellular signals including growth factors and hormones. These extracellular cues activate CREB through phosphorylation at Ser133 by various protein serine/threonine kinases. Once phosphorylated, it promotes its association with transcription coactivators CREB-binding protein (CBP) and its paralog p300 to activate CREB-dependent gene transcription. Tumor tissues of different origins have been shown to present overexpression and/or overactivation of CREB, indicating CREB as a potential cancer drug target...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Terry D Crawford, F Anthony Romero, Kwong Wah Lai, Vickie Tsui, Alexander M Taylor, Gladys de Leon Boenig, Cameron L Noland, Jeremy Murray, Justin Ly, Edna F Choo, Thomas L Hunsaker, Emily W Chan, Mark Merchant, Samir Kharbanda, Karen E Gascoigne, Susan Kaufman, Maureen H Beresini, Jiangpeng Liao, Wenfeng Liu, Kevin X Chen, Zhongguo Chen, Andrew R Conery, Alexandre Côté, Hariharan Jayaram, Ying Jiang, James R Kiefer, Tracy Kleinheinz, Yingjie Li, Jonathan Maher, Eneida Pardo, Florence Poy, Kerry L Spillane, Fei Wang, Jian Wang, Xiaocang Wei, Zhaowu Xu, Zhongya Xu, Ivana Yen, Laura Zawadzke, Xiaoyu Zhu, Steven Bellon, Richard Cummings, Andrea G Cochran, Brian K Albrecht, Steven Magnuson
The single bromodomain of the closely related transcriptional regulators CBP/EP300 is a target of much recent interest in cancer and immune system regulation. A co-crystal structure of a ligand-efficient screening hit and the CBP bromodomain guided initial design targeting the LPF shelf, ZA loop, and acetylated lysine binding regions. Structure-activity relationship studies allowed us to identify a more potent analogue. Optimization of permeability and microsomal stability and subsequent improvement of mouse hepatocyte stability afforded 59 (GNE-272, TR-FRET IC50 = 0...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Tobias A Popp, Cynthia Tallant, Catherine Rogers, Oleg Fedorov, Paul E Brennan, Susanne Müller, Stefan Knapp, Franz Bracher
CBP (CREB (cAMP responsive element binding protein) binding protein (CREBBP)) and P300 (adenovirus E1A-associated 300 kDa protein) are two closely related histone acetyltransferases (HATs) that play a key role in the regulation of gene transcription. Both proteins contain a bromodomain flanking the HAT catalytic domain that is important for the targeting of CBP/P300 to chromatin and which offeres an opportunity for the development of protein-protein interaction inhibitors. Here we present the development of CBP/P300 bromodomain inhibitors with 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,4-benzoxazepine backbone, an N-acetyl-lysine mimetic scaffold that led to the recent development of the chemical probe I-CBP112...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Kenneth Kao, Phillip Andrews
Pygopus 2 (Pygo2) is a chromatin effector that plays an essential role in canonical Wnt signaling associated with development and stem cell growth. Its function is to facilitate histone acetylation by recruitment of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) at active sites of β-catenin-mediated transcription. In this study, we report that Pygo2 itself, is transiently acetylated when bound to the activated TCF/β-catenin transcription complex, which correlated with β-catenin binding and Axin2 gene activation. The HATs CBP/p300, but not GCN5/PCAF targeted specific Lysine residues of the N-terminal homology domain of Pygo2 for acetylation...
September 19, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Sahil Sharma, Fabian Poetz, Marius Bruer, Thi Bach Nga Ly-Hartig, Johanna Schott, Bertrand Séraphin, Georg Stoecklin
Acetylation of histones and transcription-related factors is known to exert epigenetic and transcriptional control of gene expression. Here we report that histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) also regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level by controlling poly(A) RNA stability. Inhibition of HDAC1 and HDAC2 induces massive and widespread degradation of normally stable poly(A) RNA in mammalian and Drosophila cells. Acetylation-induced RNA decay depends on the HATs p300 and CBP, which acetylate the exoribonuclease CAF1a, a catalytic subunit of the CCR4-CAF1-NOT deadenlyase complex and thereby contribute to accelerating poly(A) RNA degradation...
September 15, 2016: Molecular Cell
Meng-Li Gu, Ya-Mei Wang, Xin-Xin Zhou, Hang-Ping Yao, Song Zheng, Zun Xiang, Feng Ji
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasm featured by activated mutations of KIT and PDGFRA. Although overall survival rates have greatly improved by the development of receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, most patients ultimately acquire resistance due to secondary mutations of KIT or PDGFRA. Inhibition of the histone acetyltransferases (HATs) CREB‑binding protein (CBP) and p300 results in antineoplastic effects in various cancers. To determine whether CBP/p300 can serve as an antineoplastic target for GISTs, specific short interfering RNA sequences and the selective HAT inhibitor C646 were administered to GIST882 cells...
September 12, 2016: Oncology Reports
Zong-Yang Li, Qing-Zhong Li, Lei Chen, Bao-Dong Chen, Bo Wang, Xie-Jun Zhang, Wei-Ping Li
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive tumour in the central nervous system. Many studies have demonstrated that upregulation of the NF-κB onco-pathway is accompanied by the acquisition of Temozolomide (TMZ) resistance in GBM cells. Here, we show that RGFP109, a selective histone deacetylase (HDAC1 and HDAC3) inhibitor, overcomes TMZ resistance and downregulates the expression of NF-κB-regulated pro-survival genes in a TMZ-resistant (TR) GBM cell line. RGFP109 did not alter the phosphorylation levels of NF-κB/p65 or inhibitory κBα (IκBα)...
September 8, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Tim Koopmans, Stijn Crutzen, Mark H Menzen, Andrew J Halayko, Tillie-Louise Hackett, Darryl A Knight, Reinoud Gosens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Asthma is a heterogeneous chronic inflammatory disease, characterized by the development of structural changes (airway remodelling). β-catenin, a transcriptional co-activator is fundamentally involved in airway smooth muscle growth, and may be a potential target in the treatment of airway smooth muscle remodelling. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Using small-molecule compounds that selectively target β-catenin breakdown or its interactions with transcriptional co-activators, we assessed their ability to inhibit airway smooth muscle remodelling in vitro and in vivo...
September 15, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Ernest Palomer, Adrián Martín-Segura, Shishir Baliyan, Tariq Ahmed, Detlef Balschun, Cesar Venero, Mauricio G Martin, Carlos G Dotti
Cognitive capacities decline with age, an event accompanied by the altered transcription of synaptic plasticity genes. Here, we show that the transcriptional induction of Bdnf by a mnemonic stimulus is impaired in aged hippocampal neurons. Mechanistically, this defect is due to reduced NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-mediated activation of CaMKII. Decreased NMDAR signaling prevents changes associated with activation at specific Bdnf promoters, including displacement of histone deacetylase 4, recruitment of the histone acetyltransferase CBP, increased H3K27 acetylation, and reduced H3K27 trimethylation...
September 13, 2016: Cell Reports
Junhu Wan, Weizhi Xu, Jun Zhan, Ji Ma, Xueying Li, Yuping Xie, Jiadong Wang, Wei-Guo Zhu, Jianyuan Luo, Hongquan Zhang
HOXB9 is a homeobox domain-containing transcription factor, playing an important role in embryonic development and cancer progression. However, the precise post-translational modifications (PTMs) of HOXB9 and the corresponding roles are unclear. Here, we report that acetyltransferase p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF) interacts with and acetylates HOXB9 both in vivo and in vitro Conversely, the acetylation of HOXB9 can be reversed by deacetylase SIRT1. Furthermore, we found that HOXB9 is acetylated at lysine 27 (AcK27)...
September 8, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Junjian Wang, Haibin Wang, Ling-Yu Wang, Demin Cai, Zhijian Duan, Yanhong Zhang, Peng Chen, June X Zou, Jianzhen Xu, Xinbin Chen, Hsing-Jien Kung, Hong-Wu Chen
Recombinant TRAIL and agonistic antibodies to death receptors (DRs) have been in clinical trial but displayed limited anti-cancer efficacy. Lack of functional DR expression in tumors is a major limiting factor. We report here that chromatin regulator KDM4A/JMJD2A, not KDM4B, has a pivotal role in silencing tumor cell expression of both TRAIL and its receptor DR5. In TRAIL-sensitive and -resistant cancer cells of lung, breast and prostate, KDM4A small-molecule inhibitor compound-4 (C-4) or gene silencing strongly induces TRAIL and DR5 expression, and causes TRAIL-dependent apoptotic cell death...
November 1, 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Dong Li, Hui Sun, Wen-Jing Sun, Hong-Bo Bao, Shu-Han Si, Jia-Lin Fan, Ping Lin, Rong-Jun Cui, Yu-Jia Pan, Si-Min Wen, Xiu-Lan Zheng, Xiao-Guang Yu
EMT (epithelial- mesenchymal transition) occurs in a wide range of tumor types, and has been shown to be crucial for metastasis. Epigenetic modifications of histones contribute to chromatin structure and result in the alterations in gene expression. Tri-methylation of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me3) is associated with the promoters of actively transcribed genes and can serve as a transcriptional on/off switch. RbBP5 is a component of the COMPASS/ -like complex, which catalyzes H3K4me3 formation. In this study, we found that in the process of TGF-Beta1 induced EMT in the prostate cancer cell line DU145, H3K4me3 enrichment and RbBP5 binding increased in the vicinity of Snail (SNAI1) transcription start site...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Tanusree Sen, Nilkantha Sen
Anesthetics including isoflurane are known to induce neuronal dysfunction in the developing brain, however, the underlying mechanism is mostly unknown. The transcriptional activation of CREB (cyclic AMP response element binding protein) and the alterations in acetylation of histones modulated by several histone deacetylases such as HDAC4 (histone deacetylase 4) are known to contribute to synaptic plasticity in the brain. Here we have shown that administration of isoflurane (1.4%) for 2h leads to transcriptional inactivation of CREB which results in loss of dendritic outgrowth and decreased expression level of proteins essential for memory and cognitive functions, such as BDNF, and c-fos in the developing brain of mice at postnatal day 7 (PND7)...
August 17, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Cuicui Lv, Ganye Zhao, Xinpei Sun, Pan Wang, Nan Xie, Jianyuan Luo, Tanjun Tong
Forkhead box transcription factor M1 (FOXM1) plays crucial roles in a wide array of biological processes, including cell proliferation and differentiation, the cell cycle, and tumorigenesis by regulating the expression of its target genes. Elevated expression of FOXM1 is frequently observed in a multitude of malignancies. Here we show that FOXM1 can be acetylated by p300/CBP at lysines K63, K422, K440, K603 and K614 in vivo. This modification is essential for its transactivation on the target genes. Acetylation of FOXM1 increases during the S phase and remains high throughout the G2 and M phases, when FOXM1 transcriptional activity is required...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Ariana G Bravo Cruz, Joanna L Shisler
The vaccinia virus (VACV) K1 protein inhibits double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) activation. A consequence of this function is that K1 inhibits PKR-induced NF-B activation during VACV infection. However, transient expression of K1 also inhibit Toll-like receptor (TLR)-induced NF-B activation. This suggests that K1 has a second NF-B inhibitory mechanism that is PKR-independent. This possibility was explored by expressing K1 independently of infection and stimulating NF-B under conditions that minimized or excluded PKR activation...
August 8, 2016: Journal of General Virology
Tengfei Zhou, Mengqian Zhang, Liang Zhao, Aiqin Li, Xiaomei Qin
Oxidative stress and impaired antioxidant defense are believed to be contributors to the cardiovascular aging process. The transcription factor nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a key role in orchestrating cellular antioxidant defenses and maintaining redox homeostasis. Our previous study showed that Exendin-4, a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog, alleviates angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) senescence by inhibiting Rac1 activation via cAMP/PKA (Zhao L, Li AQ, Zhou TF, Zhang MQ, Qin XM...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Jinlian Wei, Yingrui Yang, Mengchen Lu, Yonghua Lei, Lili Xu, Zhengyu Jiang, Xiaoli Xu, Xiaoke Guo, Xiaojin Zhang, Qidong You, Haopeng Sun
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a heterodimeric (containing α and β subunits) transcription factor, is involved in hypoxia response pathway that regulates the expression of many tumor-related genes. The stabilized HIF-1 heterodimer couples to the general coactivators p300/CREB binding protein (CBP), forming an active transcription factor to initiate hypoxic responses. Inhibiting the transcription factor-coactivator HIF-1α/p300 interaction represents an attractive approach for blocking hypoxia pathway in tumors...
June 30, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
M Sauer, M Schuldner, N Hoffmann, A Cetintas, K S Reiners, O Shatnyeva, M Hallek, H P Hansen, S Gasser, E P von Strandmann
Tumor surveillance of natural killer (NK) cells is mediated by the cytotoxicity receptor natural-killer group 2 member D (NKG2D). Ligands for NKG2D are generally not expressed on healthy cells, but induced on the surface of malignant cells. To date, NKG2D ligand (NKG2D-L) induction was mainly described to depend on the activation of the DNA damage response, although the molecular mechanisms that regulate NKG2D-L expression remain largely unknown. Here, we show that the acetyltransferases CBP (CREB-binding protein) and p300 play a crucial role in the regulation of NKG2D-L on tumor cells...
August 1, 2016: Oncogene
M Rada, E Vasileva, L Lezina, D Marouco, A V Antonov, S Macip, G Melino, N A Barlev
p53 is a critical tumor suppressor in humans. It functions mostly as a transcriptional factor and its activity is regulated by numerous post-translational modifications. Among different covalent modifications found on p53 the most controversial one is lysine methylation. We found that human G9a (hG9a) unlike its mouse orthologue (mG9a) potently stimulated p53 transcriptional activity. Both ectopic and endogenous hG9a augmented p53-dependent transcription of pro-apoptotic genes, including Bax and Puma, resulting in enhanced apoptosis and reduced colony formation...
July 25, 2016: Oncogene
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