Read by QxMD icon Read

colorectal surgery and nutrition

V Maňásek, K Bezděk, A Foltys, K Klos, J Smitka, D Smehlik
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the impact of high protein oral nutrition support (ONS) on clinical outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The secondary aim was to compare the cost of treatment and length of stay (LoS) for CRC patients taking high protein ONS vs. patients on conventional nutritional support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on adult patients with CRC undergoing colorectal surgery. Informed consent was obtained before the study...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Luisa Soares-Miranda, Sandra Abreu, Marco Silva, Armando Peixoto, Rosa Ramalho, Pedro Correia da Silva, Carla Costa, João Paulo Teixeira, Carla Gonçalves, Pedro Moreira, Jorge Mota, Guilherme Macedo
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that being physically active in combination with a healthy diet contributes to diminish colorectal cancer risk. However, if this is true for colorectal cancer primary prevention, the same is not clear for its recurrence after colorectal cancer treatments. Data on cancer survival are scarce, and there is a need for greater attention on these survivors' lifestyle behavior. This manuscript describes rationale and design of the Cancer Survival Study (CASUS) on colorectal patients, a longitudinal observational study with the aim of investigating how physical activity, physical fitness, and dietary intake are related with their quality of life, disease recurrence, and survival...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Yusuf Sevim, Suleyman Utku Celik, Hana Yavarifar, Cihangir Akyol
Anastomotic leakage is an unfortunate complication of colorectal surgery. This distressing situation can cause severe morbidity and significantly affects the patient's quality of life. Additional interventions may cause further morbidity and mortality. Parenteral nutrition and temporary diverting ostomy are the standard treatments of anastomotic leaks. However, technological developments in minimally invasive treatment modalities for anastomotic dehiscence have caused them to be used widely. These modalities include laparoscopic repair, endoscopic self-expandable metallic stents, endoscopic clips, over the scope clips, endoanal repair and endoanal sponges...
September 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Xiaoming Yuan, Guangrong Zhou, Yan He, Aiwen Feng
BACKGROUND: Epithelial dysplasia and adenomatous polyps of colorectum are precancerous lesions. Surgical removal is still one of the important treatment approaches for colorectal polyps. CASE PRESENTATION: A male patient over 78 years was admitted due to bloody stool and abdominal pain. Colonoscopic biopsy showed a high-grade epithelial dysplasia in an adenomatous polyp of sigmoid colon. Anemia, COPD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), arrhythmias, and hypoproteinemia were comorbidities...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Vignesh Raman, Larry R Kaiser, Cherie P Erkmen
BACKGROUND: Clinical pathways reduce hospitalization and costs in colorectal and pancreatic cancer. We describe creating an esophagectomy pathway and analyze its implementation and effects. METHODS: We documented the process of developing an esophagectomy clinical pathway. We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on 12 patients before pathway implementation and 12 patients after. RESULTS: Pathway Implementation: more patients were presented at tumor board (9 pathway vs...
September 2016: Healthcare
Manabu Kaneko, Shin Sasaki, Kosuke Ozaki, Kazuhiro Ishimaru, Emi Terai, Hiroshi Nakayama, Toshiyuki Watanabe
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of underweight status on the survival of elderly patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). A total of 113 patients aged ≥75 years who underwent curative surgery for CRC were included. In addition to standard perioperative variables, body mass index (BMI) was assessed. The patients were categorized as underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m(2)) or non-underweight (BMI≥18.5 kg/m(2)). The 3-year overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were analyzed...
September 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero, Antonio Arroyo-Sebastián, Kamila Cheikh-Moussa, Pedro Moya-Forcen
UNLABELLED: Introducción: Preoperative nutritional status (NS) has consequences on postoperative (POSTOP) recovery. Our aim was to systematically review the nutritional interventions (NI) in Fast-Track protocols for colorectal cancer surgery and assess morbidity-mortality and patient´s recovery. METHOD: Systematic review of scientific literature after consulting bibliographic databases: Medline, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Institute for Scientific Information, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Hiromi Nakagawa, Kaori Ohno, Shunya Ikeda, Masaki Muto
Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most frequent postoperative complications among patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. A multisite, prospective cohort study was conducted to investigate whether the thickness of subcutaneous fat (TSF) influences the occurrence of SSI in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Participants included patients scheduled to receive colorectal laparotomy for colorectal cancer and who were under the care of a wound ostomy continence nurse at 17 participating general hospitals in Japan...
August 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
Brian P Chen, Rashami Awasthi, Shane N Sweet, Enrico M Minnella, Andreas Bergdahl, Daniel Santa Mina, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
PURPOSE: High complication rates following colorectal surgery render many patients unable to fully regain functional capacity, thus seriously compromising quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess whether a 4-week trimodal prehabilitation program (exercise, nutritional supplementation, and counseling on relaxation techniques), implemented during the preoperative period, is sufficient to modify exercise behaviors and improve functional capacity of elderly patients scheduled for colorectal cancer surgery...
August 18, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Daniel Gero, Olivier Gié, Martin Hübner, Nicolas Demartines, Dieter Hahnloser
PURPOSE: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a frequent complication after abdominal surgery; nonetheless, it remains poorly defined. Our aim was to achieve an international consensus among leading colorectal surgeons on definition, prevention, and treatment of POI. METHODS: Thirty-five experts from five continents participated in a three-round Delphi process. Round 1 contained open-ended questions on POI and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Round 2 included closed-ended questions...
August 3, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Qiongyuan Hu, Gefei Wang, Jianan Ren, Huajian Ren, Guanwei Li, Xiuwen Wu, Guosheng Gu, Ranran Li, Kun Guo, Youming Deng, Yuan Li, Zhiwu Hong, Lei Wu, Jieshou Li
Recent studies have implied a prognostic value of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in postoperative septic complications of elective colorectal surgeries. However, the evaluation of PNI in contaminated surgeries for gastrointestinal (GI) fistula patients is lack of investigation. The purpose of this study was to explore the predictive value of PNI in surgical site infections (SSIs) for GI fistula patients undergoing bowel resections.A retrospective review of 290 GI patients who underwent intestinal resections between November 2012 and October 2015 was performed...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
N Falco, T Fontana, R Tutino, C Raspanti, A Mascolino, I Melfa, G Scerrino, G Salamone, G Gulotta
AIM: Laparoscopy is considered a good approach in treatment of colorectal neoplastic diseases; the endoscopic tattooing is then recommended (Evidence Level III and grade of recommendation A) to mark a lesion or a polypectomy site for intraoperative identification. We describe the case of perforation after tattoing treated conservatively. CASE REPORT: 63 years old woman, underwent colonoscopy for lipoma tattooing with India ink SPOT® solution kit and saline test...
March 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Teus J Weijs, Gijs H K Berkelmans, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Annemarie C P Dolmans, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Camiel Rosman, Jelle P Ruurda, Frans van Workum, Marc J van Det, Luis C Silva Corten, Richard van Hillegersberg, Misha D P Luyer
BACKGROUND: Immediate start of oral intake is beneficial following colorectal surgery. However, following esophagectomy the safety and feasibility of immediate oral intake is unclear, thus these patients are still kept nil by mouth. This study therefore aimed to determine the feasibility and safety of oral nutrition immediately after esophagectomy. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective trial was conducted in 3 referral centers between August 2013 and May 2014, including 50 patients undergoing a minimally invasive esophagectomy...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ian O Fleming, Claire Garratt, Ranj Guha, Jatin Desai, Sanjay Chaubey, Yanzhong Wang, Sara Leonard, Gudrun Kunst
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of a perioperative care bundle for enhanced recovery after cardiac surgery (ERACS). DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTING: A major urban teaching and university hospital and tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 53 patients undergoing cardiac surgery before implementation of an ERACS protocol (pre-ERACS group) and 52 patients undergoing cardiac surgery after implementation of an ERACS protocol (ERACS group)...
June 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
H M Forsmo, F Pfeffer, A Rasdal, G Østgaard, A C Mohn, H Körner, C Erichsen
AIM: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare patients treated using a multimodal approach [enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)], with a special focus on counselling, to patients treated in a standard conventional care pathway, who underwent elective colorectal resection. METHOD: In a single-centre trial, adult patients eligible for open or laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomized to an ERAS programme or standard care. The primary end-point was postoperative total hospital stay...
June 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Go Anegawa, Yuichiro Nakashima, Yoshihiko Fujinaka, Ikuo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer have been demonstrated in clinical studies. The aim of this study was to clarify the safety and efficacy of LADG in patients ≥80 years of age with early gastric cancer, an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification of 1-2, and a performance status (PS) of 0-1. CASE PRESENTATION: From April 2009 to July 2011, 12 elderly patients aged ≥80 years and 43 younger patients underwent LADG for early gastric cancer...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Irena Gribovskaja-Rupp, Genevieve B Melton
Management of enterocutaneous fistula represents one of the most protracted and difficult problems in colorectal surgery with substantial morbidity and mortality rates. This article summarizes the current classification systems and successful management protocols, provides an in-depth review of fluid resuscitation, sepsis control, nutrition management, medication management of output quantity, wound care, nonoperative intervention measures, operative timeline, and considerations, and discusses special considerations such as inflammatory bowel disease and enteroatmospheric fistula...
June 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Justin W Collins, Hiten Patel, Christofer Adding, Magnus Annerstedt, Prokar Dasgupta, Shamim M Khan, Walter Artibani, Richard Gaston, Thierry Piechaud, James W Catto, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Matthew Perry, Rami Issa, John McGrath, John Kelly, Martin Schumacher, Carl Wijburg, Abdullah E Canda, Meviana D Balbay, Karel Decaestecker, Christian Schwentner, Arnulf Stenzl, Sebastian Edeling, Sasa Pokupić, Michael Stockle, Stefan Siemer, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Xavier Cathelineau, Robin Weston, Mark Johnson, Fredrik D'Hondt, Alexander Mottrie, Abolfazl Hosseini, Peter N Wiklund
CONTEXT: Radical cystectomy (RC) is associated with frequent morbidity and prolonged length of stay (LOS) irrespective of surgical approach. Increasing evidence from colorectal surgery indicates that minimally invasive surgery and enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) can reduce surgical morbidity and LOS. ERPs are now recognised as an important component of surgical management for RC. However, there is comparatively little evidence for ERPs after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC)...
May 24, 2016: European Urology
Adam Truong, Mark H Hanna, Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Michael J Stamos
Serum albumin has traditionally been used as a quantitative measure of a patient's nutritional status because of its availability and low cost. While malnutrition has a clear definition within both the American and European Societies for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition clinical guidelines, individual surgeons often determine nutritional status anecdotally. Preoperative albumin level has been shown to be the best predictor of mortality after colorectal cancer surgery. Specifically in colorectal surgical patients, hypoalbuminemia significantly increases the length of hospital stay, rates of surgical site infections, enterocutaneous fistula risk, and deep vein thrombosis formation...
May 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"