keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gastrointestinal surgery and nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219922/multimodal-prehabilitation-programs-as-a-bundle-of-care-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
Vladimir Bolshinsky, Michael H-G Li, Hilmy Ismail, Kate Burbury, Bernhard Riedel, Alexander Heriot
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation reflects a proactive process of preoperative optimization undertaken between cancer diagnosis and definitive surgical treatment, with the intent of improving physiological capacity to withstand the major insult of surgery. Prehabilitation before GI cancer surgery is currently not widely adopted, and most research has focused on unimodal interventions such as exercise therapy, nutritional supplementation, and hematinic optimization. A review of the existing literature was undertaken to investigate the impact of multimodal prehabilitation programs as a "bundle of care...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217129/long-alimentary-limb-duodenal-switch-lads-a-short-term-prospective-randomized-trial
#2
Anabelle Cloutier, Stéfane Lebel, Frédéric Hould, François Julien, Simon Marceau, Léonie Bouvet, Serge Simard, Laurent Biertho
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is one of the most effective bariatric surgeries, in terms of weight loss and remission of co-morbidities. It is however associated with a significant risk of protein and nutritional deficiency, as well as gastrointestinal side effects. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of increasing the strict alimentary limb on weight loss, nutritional deficiency and quality of life, compared with standard BPD-DS...
November 8, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215507/robotic-gastrotomy-with-intracorporeal-suture-for-patients-with-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-located-at-cardia-and-subcardiac-region
#3
Jian Zhao, Gang Wang, Zhiwei Jiang, Chuanwei Jiang, Jiang Liu, Jiahui Zhou, Jieshou Li
PURPOSE: Few studies of robotic gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) resection have been conducted. This study was aimed to evaluate the robotic gastrotomy with intracorporeal suture for patients with GISTs located at cardia and subcardiac region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2014 to August 2016, 11 patients with GISTs located at cardia and subcardiac region underwent robotic gastrotomy with intracorporeal suture. Data of these patients were collected...
December 6, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204255/bariatric-surgery-and-long-term-nutritional-issues
#4
REVIEW
Roberta Lupoli, Erminia Lembo, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Claudia Kesia Avola, Luigi Angrisani, Brunella Capaldo
Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182898/reconnection-surgery-in-adult-post-operative-short-bowel-syndrome-100-cm-is-colonic-continuity-sufficient-to-achieve-enteral-autonomy-without-autologous-gastrointestinal-reconstruction-report-from-a-single-center-and-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
A Lauro, R Cirocchi, N Cautero, A Dazzi, D Pironi, F M Di Matteo, A Santoro, L Pironi, A D Pinna
A systematic bibliographic research concerning patients operated on for SBS was performed: inclusion criteria were adult age, reconnection surgery and SBS < 100 cm. Autologous gastrointestinal reconstruction represented an exclusion criteria. The outcomes of interest were the rate of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) independence and the length of follow-up (minimum 1 year) after surgery. We reviewed our experience from 2003 to 2013 with minimum 1-year follow-up, dealing with reconnection surgery in 13 adults affected by < 100 cm SBS after massive small bowel resection: autologous gastrointestinal reconstruction was not feasible...
July 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178093/-role-of-nutrition-support-in-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-gastrointestinal-surgery-patients
#6
Yijia Lin, Junsheng Peng
Nutrition support therapy can improve the general condition of the patient and is one of the main factors to ensure the success of the operation. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) improves the recovery following gastrointestinal surgery by reducing postoperative stress response. The application of nutrition support in ERAS includes nutrition risk assessment before surgery and preoperative nutrition treatment for malnutrition. The time to fasting and clear liquid was shortened to 6 h and 2 h before anesthesia induction...
November 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150418/immune-enhancing-formulas-for-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-esophagectomy-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Astrid Naranjo, Elizabeth Isenring, Laisa Teleni
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with an esophageal cancer can potentially be compromised with postoperative leaks or fistulae if patients' nutritional status is in a vulnerable stage. Currently in Australia, there is a growing need for clinicians to know whether use of immune-enhancing formulas (IEFs) containing Arg, omega-3, and RNA are a cost-effective approach compared with isonitrogenous-isocaloric formulas to reduce postoperative infectious complications in esophagectomy patients. Since IEFs may carry higher costs, this has led to inconsistencies in practice among clinicians and hospitals...
November 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137169/pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-after-bariatric-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Miroslav Vujasinovic, Roberto Valente, Anders Thorell, Wiktor Rutkowski, Stephan L Haas, Urban Arnelo, Lena Martin, J-Matthias Löhr
Morbid obesity is a lifelong disease, and all patients require complementary follow-up including nutritional surveillance by a multidisciplinary team after bariatric procedures. Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) refers to an insufficient secretion of pancreatic enzymes and/or sodium bicarbonate. PEI is a known multifactorial complication after upper gastrointestinal surgery, and might constitute an important clinical problem due to the large number of bariatric surgical procedures in the world. Symptoms of PEI often overlap with sequelae of gastric bypass, making the diagnosis difficult...
November 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111787/performance-status-prognostic-scoring-and-parenteral-nutrition-requirements-predict-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#9
Niamh Keane, Konstantinos C Fragkos, Pinal S Patel, Friderike Bertsch, Shameer J Mehta, Simona Di Caro, Farooq Rahman
We describe a cohort of Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) patients with advanced cancer in order to identify factors affecting prognosis. Demographic, anthropometric, biochemical and medical factors, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), and PN requirements were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed including Kaplan-Meier curves, Cox Regression, and correlation analyses. In total, 107 HPN patients (68 women, 39 men, mean age 57 yr) with advanced cancer were identified...
November 7, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111080/morbidity-and-mortality-among-big-babies-who-develop-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-analysis
#10
Cristine S Velazco, Brenna S Fullerton, Charles R Hong, Kate A Morrow, Erika M Edwards, Roger F Soll, Tom Jaksic, Jeffrey D Horbar, Biren P Modi
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is classically a disease of prematurity, with less reported regarding morbidity and mortality of this disease among other infants. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 2009 to 2015 at 252 Vermont Oxford Network member centers on neonates with birth weight>2500g admitted to a participating NICU within 28days of birth. RESULTS: Of 1629 neonates with NEC, gestational age was 37 (36, 39) weeks, and 45% had major congenital anomalies, most commonly gastrointestinal defects (20%), congenital heart defects (18%), and chromosomal anomalies (7%)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064801/early-enteral-nutrition-as-a-part-of-intencive-care-of-abdominal-surgical-pathology
#11
Dmytro Shkurupii
INTRODUCTION: Patients with abdominal surgical pathology always have gastrointestinal failure. Under such conditions, the enteral administration of nutrients may be started by trophic nutrition; however, starting nutritional mixtures for it have not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was optimization of energetic and plastic supply of patients with abdominal surgical pathology by studying the efficacy of the clinical nutrition means. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational analytical observational prospective case-control study of clinical nutrition efficacy has been conducted in 112 patients aged 18 to 45, who underwent intencive care after urgent abdominal surgical interventions...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061658/the-gastrointestinal-tract-as-an-integrator-of-mechanical-and-hormonal-response-to-nutrient-ingestion
#12
Adrian Vella, Michael Camilleri
Glucose tolerance after meal ingestion in vivo is the result of multiple processes that occur in parallel. Insulin secretion together with reciprocal inhibition of glucagon secretion contributes to glucose tolerance. However, other factors beyond glucose effectiveness and insulin action require consideration. The absorption of ingested nutrients and their subsequent systemic rate of appearance largely depend on the rate of delivery of nutrients to the proximal small intestine. This is determined by the integrated response of the upper gastrointestinal tract to a meal...
November 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051981/preoperative-optimization-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Marie Strøm Zangenberg, Nir Horesh, Uri Kopylov, Alaa El-Hussuna
PURPOSE: Surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a challenging task. The aim of preoperative optimization (PO) is to decrease the risk of complications and reduce the length of postoperative stay. The aim of this study was to review and grade the available evidence, attain clear recommendations, and point out potential future research. METHODS: Studies were identified from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) and scanning reference lists in relevant papers...
December 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035973/the-relevance-of-dietary-protein-after-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know
#14
Nele Steenackers, Ina Gesquiere, Christophe Matthys
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The growing obesity epidemic is associated with an increased demand for bariatric surgery with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy as the most widely performed procedures. Despite beneficial consequences, nutritional complications may arise because of anatomical and physiological changes of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this review is to provide an update of the recent additions to our understanding of the impact of bariatric surgery on the intake, digestion and absorption of dietary protein...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034253/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcome-for-elderly-patients-undergoing-curative-oncological-resection-for-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#15
REVIEW
Yukai K Lim, Christopher Jackson, Emilia L Dauway, Konrad Klaus Richter
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gastrointestinal cancer increases with age, with approximately 20% of these cases in people over 80 years of age. Due to pre-existing comorbidities, this onco-geriatric population often presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. METHODS: A systematic review of articles on PubMed was performed to determine the predictive ability of screening tools and their components regarding the occurrence of adverse outcomes in elderly onco-surgical patients with gastrointestinal malignancies...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021438/factors-for-predicting-outcomes-among-non-hiv-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#16
Toshinori Tsukahara, Nobuyuki Horita, Ken Tashiro, Kenjiro Nagai, Masaharu Shinkai, Masaki Yamamoto, Takashi Sato, Yu Hara, Hideyuki Nagakura, Yuji Shibata, Hiroki Watanabe, Kentaro Nakashima, Ryota Ushio, Akimichi Nagashima, Misako Ikeda, Atsuya Narita, Katsuhito Sasaki, Nobuaki Kobayashi, Makoto Kudo, Takeshi Kaneko
Background Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI), determined as "10× albumin (g/dL) + 0.005× lymphocyte count (/μL)," was originally designed to determine the risk of complications following gastrointestinal surgery. This single-center, retrospective observational study was designed to investigate whether or not the PNI can predict the treatment outcome. Methods We consecutively reviewed HIV-negative pulmonary tuberculosis adults in an isolation ward. Most patients were being treated with standard three- or four-drug regimens...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#17
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956273/tube-feed-necrosis-after-major-gastrointestinal-oncologic-surgery-institutional-lessons-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
S A Sethuraman, V K Dhar, D A Habib, J E Sussman, S A Ahmad, S A Shah, B J Tsuei, J J Sussman, Daniel E Abbott
BACKGROUND: Small bowel necrosis after enteral feeding through a jejunostomy tube (tube feed necrosis, TFN) is a rare, serious complication of major abdominal surgery. However, strategies to reduce the incidence and morbidity of TFN are not well established. Here, in the largest series of TFN presented to date, we report our institutional experience and a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS: Eight patients who experienced TFN from 2000 to 2014 after major abdominal surgery for oncologic indications at the University of Cincinnati were reviewed...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936110/a-working-paradigm-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-gastrointestinal-practice
#19
Andres Acosta, Michael Camilleri
Obesity is a chronic, relapsing, multi-factorial disease characterized by abnormal or excessive adipose tissue accumulation that may impair health and increase disease risks. Despite the ever-increasing prevalence and economic and societal burden, the current approaches to treat obesity are not standardized or generally effective. In this manuscript, we describe a current working paradigm developed by a consensus approach for the multidisciplinary treatment of obesity in the GI practice. Obesity should be managed as a continuum of care focusing on weight loss, weight loss maintenance and prevention of weight regain...
January 2017: Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929218/percutaneous-gastric-remnant-gastrostomy-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-single-tertiary-center-s-13-year-experience
#20
Shehbaz Hasam Shaikh, Justin Jay Stenz, David W McVinnie, James J Morrison, Todd Getzen, Arthur M Carlin, Farhaan R Mir
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the indications, techniques, and outcomes for percutaneous gastrostomy placement in the gastric remnant following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in bariatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review and summary statistical analysis was performed on all RYGB patients that underwent attempted percutaneous remnant gastrostomy placement at our institution between April 2003 and November 2016. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients post-RYGB who underwent gastric remnant gastrostomy placement were identified, 32 women and 6 men, in which a total of 41 procedures were attempted...
September 19, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
keyword
keyword
104107
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"