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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781550/walking-gait-asymmetries-six-months-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-predict-twelve-month-patient-reported-outcomes
#1
Brian Pietrosimone, J Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua, Steven J Pfeiffer, Hope C Davis, Brittney A Luc-Harkey, Matthew S Harkey, Laura E Stanley, Barnett S Frank, R Alexander Creighton, Ganesh M Kamath, Jeffery T Spang
The study sought to determine the association between gait biomechanics (vertical ground reaction force [vGRF], vGRF loading rate [vGRF-LR]) collected six months following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with patient-reported outcomes at twelve months following ACLR. Walking gait mechanics and all subsections of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcomes Score (KOOS) were collected at six and twelve months following ACLR, respectively, in 25 individuals with a unilateral ACLR. Peak vGRF and peak instantaneous vGRF-LR were extracted from the first 50% of the stance phase...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777248/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-for-evaluating-patients-with-unexplained-exertional-dyspnoea-potential-role-in-risk-stratification
#2
Zhong Hong Liew, Ganesh Kalyanasundaram, Thun How Ong, Chian Min Loo, Mariko Sy Koh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776451/myeloid-specific-tak1-deletion-results-in-reduced-brain-monocyte-infiltration-and-improved-outcomes-after-stroke
#3
Anjali Chauhan, Jacob Hudobenko, Abdullah Al Mamun, Edward C Koellhoffer, Anthony Patrizz, Rodney M Ritzel, Bhanu P Ganesh, Louise D McCullough
BACKGROUND: Activation of transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) occurs after stroke and leads to an exacerbation of brain injury. TAK1 is involved in innate and adaptive immune responses, but it has divergent inflammatory effects that are dependent on the cell type in which it is activated. There is a robust infiltration of myeloid cells after stroke; however, the contribution of myeloid TAK1 to cerebral ischemia is currently unknown. We hypothesized that myeloid-specific deletion of TAK1 would protect against ischemic brain injury...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775405/the-mouse-heart-attack-research-tool-mhart-1-0-database
#4
Kristine Y DeLeon-Pennell, Rugmani Padmanabhan Iyer, Yonggang Ma, Andriy Yabluchanskiy, Rogelio Zamilpa, Ying Ann Chiao, Presley Cannon, Courtney Cates, Elizabeth R Flynn, Ganesh V Halade, Lisandra E de Castro Bras, Merry L Lindsey
The generation of Big Data has enabled systems-level dissections into the mechanisms of cardiovascular pathology. Integration of genetic, proteomic, and pathophysiological variables across platforms and laboratories fosters discoveries through multidisciplinary investigations and minimizes unnecessary redundancy in research efforts. The Mouse Heart Attack Research Tool (mHART) consolidates a large dataset of over 10 years of experiments from a single laboratory for cardiovascular investigators to generate novel hypotheses and identify new predictive markers of progressive left ventricular remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) in mice...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771508/comparison-of-kinetics-toxicity-oligomers-formation-and-membrane-binding-capacity-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-familial-mutations-at-a53-site-including-newly-discovered-a53v-mutation
#5
Ganesh M Mohite, Rakesh Kumar, Rajlaxmi Panigrahi, Ambuja Navalkar, Nitu Singh, Debalina Datta, Surabhi Mehra, Soumik Ray, Laxmikant G Gadhe, Subhadeep Das, Namrata Singh, Debdeep Chatterjee, Ashutosh Kumar, Samir K Maji
The involvement of α-synuclein (α-Syn) amyloid formation in Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis is supported by the discovery of α-Syn gene (SNCA) mutations linked with familial PD, which are known to modulate the oligomerization and aggregation of α-Syn. Recently, the A53V mutation has been discovered, which leads to the late-onset PD. In the present study, we characterized for the first time the biophysical properties including the aggregation propensities, toxicity of aggregated species and membrane binding capability of A53V along with all familial mutations at A53 position...
May 17, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770266/renal-granulomatosis-post-intravesical-bacillus-calmette-guerin-therapy-for-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#6
Karen Tran-Harding, Rashmi T Nair, Halemane Ganesh
Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy is a proven, effective treatment for intermediate- and high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Minor side effects are common and expected but systemic effects can occur in <5% of treated patients. We present a rare case of a 49-year-old male that presented with fever and chills after 3 weeks of intravesical BCG therapy post transurethral resection of bladder tumor. New renal lesions were present on contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan which was histologically proven to be necrotizing renal granulomatosis...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764379/identification-of-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-pattern-using-rna-seq-and-machine-learning-challenges-and-solutions
#7
Yoonha Choi, Tiffany Ting Liu, Daniel G Pankratz, Thomas V Colby, Neil M Barth, David A Lynch, P Sean Walsh, Ganesh Raghu, Giulia C Kennedy, Jing Huang
BACKGROUND: We developed a classifier using RNA sequencing data that identifies the usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern for the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We addressed significant challenges, including limited sample size, biological and technical sample heterogeneity, and reagent and assay batch effects. RESULTS: We identified inter- and intra-patient heterogeneity, particularly within the non-UIP group. The models classified UIP on transbronchial biopsy samples with a receiver-operating characteristic area under the curve of ~ 0...
May 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764183/a-pilot-study-with-palonosetron-in-the-prophylaxis-of-radiation-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#8
Vithusha Ganesh, Leah Drost, Carlo DeAngelis, Bo Angela Wan, Mark Pasetka, Stephanie Chan, Liying Zhang, May Tsao, Elizabeth Barnes, Natalie Pulenzas, Hans Chung, Pearl Zaki, Caitlin Yee, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND: Palonosetron is an effective antiemetic in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), but has yet to be studied in the radiation setting. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of palonosetron in the prophylaxis of radiation-induced nausea and vomiting (RINV). METHODS: Patients without existing nausea and vomiting undergoing palliative radiotherapy to sites with emetic risk were prescribed palonosetron 0.5 mg orally before the start of radiation treatment, and every other day until completion of treatment...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764181/symptom-clusters-using-the-eortc-qlq-c15-pal-in-palliative-radiotherapy
#9
Vithusha Ganesh, Liying Zhang, Bo Angela Wan, Leah Drost, May Tsao, Elizabeth Barnes, Carlo DeAngelis, Hans Chung, Patrick Diaz, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer often experience a multitude of symptoms. Due to the potential interrelation of symptoms, symptom clusters of 2 or more concurrent symptoms have been advocated for use in the palliative setting to provide better management of symptoms. METHODS: The principal component analysis (PCA), exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and hierarchal cluster analysis (HCA) were conducted on responses to items 1-14 in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life-C15-Palliative (EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL) at baseline and days 5 and 10 following RT...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762086/suggested-modification-of-presentation-of-stroke-trial-results
#10
Mayank Goyal, Aravind Ganesh, Scott Brown, Bijoy K Menon, Michael D Hill
The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days after stroke onset has become the preferred outcome measure in acute stroke trials, including recent trials of interventional therapies. Reporting the range of modified Rankin Scale scores as a paired horizontal stacked bar graph (colloquially known as "Grotta bars") has become the conventional method of visualizing modified Rankin Scale results. Grotta bars readily illustrate the levels of the ordinal modified Rankin Scale in which benefit may have occurred...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760471/bioinspired-detoxification-of-blood-the-efficient-removal-of-anthrax-toxin-protective-antigen-using-an-extracorporeal-macroporous-adsorbent-device
#11
Ganesh Ingavle, Les Baillie, Nathan Davies, Nigel Beaton, Yishan Zheng, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman
Whilst various remedial human monoclonal antibodies have been developed to treat the potentially life-threatening systemic complications associated with anthrax infection, an optimal and universally effective administration route has yet to be established. In the later stages of infection when antibody administration by injection is more likely to fail one possible route to improve outcome is via the use of an antibody-bound, adsorbent haemoperfusion device. We report here the development of an adsorbent macroporous polymer column containing immobilised B...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756762/molecular-properties-that-define-the-activities-of-antibiotics-in-escherichia-coli-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#12
Sarah J Cooper, Ganesh Krishnamoorthy, David Wolloscheck, John K Walker, Valentin V Rybenkov, Jerry M Parks, Helen I Zgurskaya
The permeability barrier of Gram-negative cell envelopes is the major obstacle in the discovery and development of new antibiotics. In Gram-negative bacteria, these difficulties are exacerbated by the synergistic interaction between two biochemically distinct phenomena, the low permeability of the outer membrane (OM) and active multidrug efflux. In this study, we used Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli strains with controllable permeability barriers-achieved through hyperporination of the OMs and varied efflux capacities-to evaluate the contributions of each of the barriers to protection from antibacterials...
May 14, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753911/aggrecan-like-biomimetic-proteoglycans-bpgs-composed-of-natural-chondroitin-sulfate-bristles-grafted-onto-poly-acrylic-acid-core-for-molecular-engineering-of-the-extracellular-matrix
#13
K Prudnikova, S E Lightfoot Vidal, S Sarkar, T Yu, R W Yucha, N Ganesh, L S Penn, L Han, C L Schauer, E J Vresilovic, M S Marcolongo
Biomimetic proteoglycans (BPGs) were designed to mimic the three-dimensional (3D) bottlebrush architecture of natural extracellular matrix (ECM) proteoglycans, such as aggrecan. BPGs were synthesized by grafting native chondroitin sulfate bristles onto a synthetic poly(acrylic acid) core to form BPGs at a molecular weight of approximately ∼1.6 MDa. The aggrecan mimics were characterized chemically, physically, and structurally, confirming the 3D bottlebrush architecture as well as a level of water uptake, which is greater than that of the natural proteoglycan, aggrecan...
May 10, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750575/unified-nexus-of-macrophages-and-maresins-in-cardiac-reparative-mechanisms
#14
Jeevan Kumar Jadapalli, Ganesh V Halade
Macrophages are immune-sensing "big eater" phagocytic cells responsible for an innate, adaptive, and regenerative response. After myocardial infarction, macrophages predominantly clear the deceased cardiomyocyte apoptotic or necrotic neutrophils to develop a regenerative and reparative program with the activation of the lipoxygenase-mediated maresin (MaR) metabolome at the site of ischemic injury. The specialized proresolving molecule and macrophage mediator in resolving inflammation, MaR-1, produced by human macrophages, has potent defining effects that limit polymorphonuclear neutrophil infiltration, enhance uptake of apoptotic PMNs, regulate inflammation resolution and tissue regeneration, and reduce pain...
May 11, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750195/utilizing-sensory-prediction-errors-for-movement-intention-decoding-a-new-methodology
#15
Gowrishankar Ganesh, Keigo Nakamura, Supat Saetia, Alejandra Mejia Tobar, Eiichi Yoshida, Hideyuki Ando, Natsue Yoshimura, Yasuharu Koike
We propose a new methodology for decoding movement intentions of humans. This methodology is motivated by the well-documented ability of the brain to predict sensory outcomes of self-generated and imagined actions using so-called forward models. We propose to subliminally stimulate the sensory modality corresponding to a user's intended movement, and decode a user's movement intention from his electroencephalography (EEG), by decoding for prediction errors-whether the sensory prediction corresponding to a user's intended movement matches the subliminal sensory stimulation we induce...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749359/immunohistochemistry-on-pattern-of-ocular-adnexal-tumours-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre-of-northeast-india
#16
Dipankar Das, Harsha Bhattacharjee, Apurba Deka, Panna Deka, Samir Serasiya, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Jayanta Kumar Das, Ganesh Chandra Kuri, Eknath Pawar, Rushil Kumar Saxena
Background & objectives: Ocular and adnexal tumours are important causes of morbidity in India and globally. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a vital molecular pathology tool, which helps to diagnose a tumour with more accuracy. The present study was undertaken to document the profile of ocular and adnexal tumour with IHC at a tertiary eye care center in Northeast India. Methods: This was a prospective and laboratory-based study. Histopathological and IHC study of the ocular and adnexal tumour was carried out from 2012 to 2014...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743950/multimodality-management-of-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-cervix
#17
Vijaya Kumar Jayaram, J Parikshith, Geeta Sowmya Narayanan, Richa Tiwari, R Veena, S Prathima, M S Ganesh, Chattakonda Sai Snehith, Esther Praisy
We present the case of a young female patient who presented to the outpatient department with a history of bleeding per vagina, diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma of the cervix; the patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection. In this article, we mainly discuss multimodality therapy in the management of an unusual variety of tumour in the uterine cervix.
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743802/upper-gastrointestinal-bleed-due-to-invasive-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-hepato-gastric-fistula
#18
Abhijith Bale, Shiran Shetty, Anurag Shetty, Girisha Balaraju, Cannanore Ganesh Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743776/mini-occupational-health-services-for-un-organized-labor-markets-in-india
#19
EDITORIAL
Ganesh K Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743765/practice-guidelines-for-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-a-relook-for-indian-scenario
#20
Yatin Mehta, J D Sunavala, Kapil Zirpe, Niraj Tyagi, Sunil Garg, Saswati Sinha, Bhuvaneshwari Shankar, Sanghamitra Chakravarti, M N Sivakumar, Sambit Sahu, Pradeep Rangappa, Tanmay Banerjee, Anshu Joshi, Ganesh Kadhe
Background and Aim: Intensive-care practices and settings may differ for India in comparison to other countries. While international guidelines are available to direct the use of enteral nutrition (EN), there are no recommendations specific to Indian settings. Advisory board meetings were arranged to develop the practice guidelines specific to Indian context, for the use of EN in critically ill patients and to overcome challenges in this field. Methods: Various existing guidelines, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, and review articles were reviewed for their contextual relevance and strength...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
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