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John Gunderson, Sara Masland, Lois Choi-Kain
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has moved from being an untreatable disorder to a disorder with multiple evidence-based psychotherapies. When a second generation of research showed that less intensive, easier-to-learn therapies could be nearly as effective, they offered an approach that would be responsive to the persisting unmet needs of these patients. This paper describes good psychiatric management (GPM), a once-weekly, generalist model that medicalizes the disorder, emphasizes psychoeducation, and focuses on social adaptation...
January 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
Linda W Samia, Ann O'Sullivan, Kate Cole Fallon, AbouEl-Makarim Aboueissa, Kenneth W Hepburn
Background and Objectives: The Savvy Advanced psychoeducation program was designed for previously trained caregivers of persons living with dementia to refine their problem-solving and planning skills and enhance their sense of self-efficacy as dementia progressed for the care recipient. Implementation, feasibility, participant satisfaction, and perceived program benefits were also evaluated. Research Design and Methods: A total of 100 dementia family caregivers participated in the 12-month evaluation of Savvy Advanced...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Patricia C Griffiths, Mariya Kovaleva, Melinda Higgins, Ashley H Langston, Kenneth Hepburn
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the feasibility and efficacy of Tele-Savvy, an online version of the Savvy Caregiver Program, a psychoeducation program for caregivers caring for a person with dementia. METHODS: A convenience sample of 22 caregivers from the Atlanta VA and 42 caregivers from 14 different states enrolled in Tele-Savvy. Pre- and post-program evaluations assessed caregiver burden, caregiver competency, and frequency of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Paulomi M Sudhir
Cognitive behaviour therapy is a structured, time limited, psychological intervention that has is empirically supported across a wide variety of psychological disorders. CBT for addictive behaviours can be traced back to the application of learning theories in understanding addiction and subsequently to social cognitive theories. The focus of CBT is manifold and the focus is on targeting maintaining factors of addictive behaviours and preventing relapse. Relapse prevention programmes are based on social cognitive and cognitive behavioural principles...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Divya Ballal, Janardhana Navaneetham
BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental illness are not routinely included in psychoeducational and supportive family interventions provided by adult mental health systems. The family, therefore, is an important and, sometimes, the only source of information and support for them. AIM: To understand the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness. METHOD: This article presents the findings of a qualitative study of the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Iris E Sommer, Hidde Kleijer, Kenneth Hugdahl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hallucinations are common and often stressful experiences, occurring in all sensory modalities. They frequently complicate many disorders or situations, such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, hearing or vision loss, intoxications and delirium. Although psychoeducation, coping techniques and psychotherapy may be broadly applicable, they do not address a specific underlying brain mechanism. Pharmacotherapy may effectively alleviate hallucinations if the corresponding mechanism is present, whereas in its absence, may only cause harmful side effects...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Deborah A Perlick, Carlos Jackson, Savannah Grier, Brittney Huntington, Andrew Aronson, Xiaodong Luo, David J Miklowitz
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers of people with bipolar disorder often have depression and health problems. This study aimed to evaluate the sustained effects of a 12-15 week psychoeducational intervention on the health and mental health of caregivers of persons with bipolar disorder. We also evaluated the effects of the intervention on patients' mood symptoms over 6 months post-treatment. METHODS: Caregivers of 46 persons with bipolar disorder were randomized to 12-15 weeks of a caregiver-only adaptation of family-focused treatment (FFT), in which caregivers were instructed on self-care strategies and ways to assist the patient in managing the illness, or to 8-12 sessions of standard health education...
March 12, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Lori J Bernstein, Graham A McCreath, Joyce Nyhof-Young, Dilan Dissanayake, Jill B Rich
PURPOSE: One in three breast cancer survivors experiences persistent cognitive changes that can negatively impact daily functioning and quality of life. In our cancer center, the largest tertiary cancer center in Canada, patients with self-reported cancer-related cognitive dysfunction (CRCD) are offered psychoeducation intended to reduce distress about CRCD symptoms and improve everyday cognitive performance, but evidence regarding this intervention's impact is lacking. Here, we assess whether a 1-hour (h), individual psychoeducational intervention designed to promote self-management of CRCD symptoms can improve attitudes and coping with memory-related difficulties in women with breast cancer...
March 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
David Roe, Amit Yamin
Research around the world has consistently shown that people with serious mental illness (SMI) are often subject to stronglyheld stigmatizing attitudes held by others in society (e.g., dangerousness, incompetence, inability to work). As a result, people with SMI often experience "internalized stigma" or "self-stigma" which reflects the process by which stigmatizing attitudes are internalized, leading to the loss of previously held or hoped for identities (e.g., self as student, self as worker, self as parent, etc...
September 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Jenna L Butner, Curtis Bone, Caridad C Ponce Martinez, Grace Kwon, Mark Beitel, Lynn M Madden, Madeline H Bono, Anthony Eller, Declan T Barry
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of chronic pain among their patients, opioid agonist treatment (OAT) counselors report an absence of training to manage chronic pain. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team developed a tailored training for counselors to screen and address chronic pain via a brief psychosocial intervention, and implemented it with 52 addiction counselors. Data on knowledge (9 true-false items) as well as attitudes, interest, and perceived ability (scored on 5-point Likert-type scales) were collected from counselors before (pre-test), after (post-test) training, and after 6 months (follow-up)...
March 9, 2018: Substance Abuse
Ahrang Yoo, Monique Kim, Melissa M Ross, Angela Vaughn-Lee, Beverly Butler, Susan dosReis
Caregivers of youth with coexisting cognitive and mental health problems face difficult treatment decisions for their child and have unique challenges engaging in shared decision-making. Many stakeholders can influence care management decisions, and the child's cognitive impairment often prohibits their inclusion in the shared decision-making process. In-depth interviews and focus groups with 37 caregivers elicited their experiences with care management related to their child's educational, mental health, and other care needs...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Christopher J Udell, Julie L Ruddy, Philip M Procento
Introduction: US Navy recruits who have injuries preventing them from participating in intense physical conditioning are pulled out of boot camp training and receive treatment that includes daily physical therapy, pain medications, and psychoeducational groups. Graduation from boot camp for these recruits requires not only recovering from their injuries but also passing a required Physical Fitness Assessment consisting of a timed 1.5-mile run, curl-ups, and push-ups. About 50-60% of these recruits will eventually be separated out and sent home...
March 6, 2018: Military Medicine
N Crespo-Eguilaz, P D Dominguez, M Vaquero, J Narbona
AIM: To contribute to neuropsychological profiling of developmental amnesia subsequent to bilateral damage to both hippocampi in early age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The total sample of 24 schoolchildren from both sexes is distributed in three groups: perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy and everyday complaints of memory in school age (n = 8); perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy without memory complaints (n = 7); and a group of typically developing (n = 9)...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
A Hervas, I Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social communication and present stereotypic behaviours. Comorbidity associated to conduct disorders is frequent, starts in infancy and, in general, continues into adulthood. It is sometimes associated with aggressiveness, negativism, self-harm and breaking social norms. It causes a high degree of dysfunctionality in persons with ASD, their family, professionals and those around them, and is the main cause of pharmacological treatment, hospitalisation and special education...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Shiraz Ahmed, Kate Zara Peters, Nandini Chakraborty
AIM: The present study aimed to determine the influence of demographic and clinical features on the likelihood of patients being discharge to primary vs secondary care. The overarching aim of this service evaluation is to assess factors affecting discharge and determine important modulators of discharge destination to inform care planning in services. METHOD: Clinical and demographic data were extracted from patient notes of those discharged from the Psychosis Intervention and Early Recovery (PIER) service in Leicestershire between January 2005 and December 2013...
March 7, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Ly Thuy Nguyen, Kimberly Alexander, Patsy Yates
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of conducting a trial of a psycho-educational intervention involving the provision of tailored information and coaching to improve management of a cancer-related symptom cluster (fatigue, pain and sleep disturbance) and reduce symptom cluster impacts on patient health outcomes in the Vietnamese context, and to undertake a preliminary evaluation of the intervention. METHODS: A parallel-group single blind pilot quasi-experimental trial was conducted with 102 cancer patients in one Vietnamese hospital...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Brin F S Grenyer, Rachel C Bailey, Kate L Lewis, Michael Matthias, Toni Garretty, Annemaree Bickerton
Carers of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience high burden. Treatment guidelines advocate involving carers in comprehensive therapy approaches. This study is a randomized controlled trial of group psychoeducation, compared to waitlist. Group psychoeducation involved 6-8 carers per group and focused on improving relationship patterns between carers and relatives with BPD, psychoeducation about the disorder, peer support and self-care, and skills to reduce burden. Carers were randomized into intervention (N = 33) or waitlist (N = 35)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Lisa Wood, Rory Byrne, Gabriela Enache, Anthony P Morrison
Internalised stigma is problematic for people who experience psychosis therefore psychological interventions are required. This study examine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) intervention for internalised stigma with psychiatric inpatients experiencing psychosis. A feasibility randomised controlled trial was conducted, comparing CBT with a psychoeducational (PE) control arm. Thirty participants (aged 18-65, with psychosis, and currently admitted to a psychiatric hospital) were randomised to one of two conditions...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Lotte Janssen, Cornelis C Kan, Pieter J Carpentier, Bram Sizoo, Sevket Hepark, Melanie P J Schellekens, A Rogier T Donders, Jan K Buitelaar, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: There is a high need for evidence-based psychosocial treatments for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to offer alongside treatment as usual (TAU). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a promising psychosocial treatment. This trial investigated the efficacy of MBCT + TAU v. TAU in reducing core symptoms in adults with ADHD. METHODS: A multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial ( NCT02463396)...
February 28, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma
People having intimate relationships with persons suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) - for instance, members of their family - are likely to be involved in stormy, roller coaster relationships. Thus, they may feel overwhelmed by extreme, unpredictable feelings and situations, even when they do not suffer from any mental disorder or have no problems with mentalization. As a consequence of living with a BPD relative, family members often experience an emotional and financial burden, and may blame themselves for their relative's illness or for not being able to do more to help...
February 27, 2018: Psychopathology
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