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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784219/an-attempt-to-stem-the-tide-exploring-the-effect-of-a-90-day-transitional-care-intervention-on-readmissions-to-an-acute-male-psychiatric-unit-in-south-africa
#1
Ulla A Botha, Marise Coetzee, Liezl Koen, Dana J H Niehaus
INTRODUCTION: Pressure on inpatient beds often results in premature discharges, which may precipitate early readmission. This has prompted an increased interest in transitional care interventions to bridge the gap between in- and outpatient care to reduce such readmissions. Our study aimed to assess the effect of a Transitional Care Service (TCS) on readmission rates in a high pressure inpatient service which utilizes a premature discharge policy to address bed pressures. METHODS: Sixty male patients identified for crisis discharge were offered a TCS for the first ninety days after discharge...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777413/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-the-college-mental-health-setting
#2
REVIEW
Claire M Brickell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on college students is not well studied, and there is currently little data about its phenomenology or treatment in this population. We review the available literature regarding evidence-based treatment for BPD on college campuses, as well as best-practice guidelines for the treatment of mental illness in the college setting. Diagnostic disclosure and psychoeducation are proposed as practical first steps in improving the treatment landscape...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776383/escalate-adaptive-treatment-approach-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-adhd-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Toivo Zinnow, Tobias Banaschewski, Andreas J Fallgatter, Carolin Jenkner, Florence Philipp-Wiegmann, Alexandra Philipsen, Wolfgang Retz, Esther Sobanski, Johannes Thome, Michael Rösler
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, a wide range of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment approaches for adults, including both pharmacological interventions and psychosocial treatments, have been proposed and observed to be efficient. In practice, individual treatment concepts are based on results of clinical studies as well as international guidelines (NICE Guidelines) that recommend a step-by-step treatment approach. Since the evidence supporting this approach is limited, the aim of the present study is to determine an optimal intervention regarding severity levels of ADHD symptomatology conducting a randomized controlled trial...
May 18, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768942/updated-meta-review-of-evidence-on-support-for-carers
#4
Jane Dalton, Sian Thomas, Melissa Harden, Alison Eastwood, Gillian Parker
Objective To update a 2010 meta-review of systematic reviews of effective interventions to support carers of ill, disabled, or older adults. In this article, we report the most promising interventions based on the best available evidence. Methods Rapid meta-review of systematic reviews published from January 2009 to 2016. Results Sixty-one systematic reviews were included (27 high quality, 25 medium quality, and nine low quality). The quality of reviews has improved since the original review, but primary studies remain limited in quality and quantity...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#5
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764293/can-a-brief-biologically-based-psychoeducational-intervention-reduce-stigma-and-increase-help-seeking-intentions-for-depression-in-young-people-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Kerry A Howard, Kathleen M Griffiths, Rebecca McKetin, Jennifer Ma
There is disagreement in the literature as to whether biological attribution increases or decreases stigma. This study investigated the effect of an online biological intervention on stigma and help-seeking intentions for depression among adolescents. A three-arm, pre-post test, double-blind randomised controlled trial (RCT) was used to compare the effects of a biological and a psychosocial intervention delivered online. Participants comprised secondary school students (N = 327) aged 16-19 years. Outcome measures included anticipated self-stigma for depression (primary), personal stigma, help-seeking intention for depression, and biological and psychosocial attribution...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758392/effects-of-mindfulness-and-psychoeducation-on-working-memory-in-adult-adhd-a-randomised-controlled-fmri-study
#7
Katharina Bachmann, Alexandra P Lam, Peter Sörös, Manuela Kanat, Eliza Hoxhaj, Swantje Matthies, Bernd Feige, Helge Müller, Jale Özyurt, Christiane M Thiel, Alexandra Philipsen
Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious mental disorder associated with impaired neurocognitive performance related to working memory function. Recent clinical trials have suggested that mindfulness is a promising intervention in adults with ADHD. We performed a randomised controlled clinical trial to investigate working memory (WM) with an n-back task in adults with ADHD during fMRI before and after an 8-week mindfulness intervention (MAP) compared with psychoeducation (PE). ADHD symptoms were assessed using the self- and observer-rated Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS)...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757969/personality-traits-strategies-for-coping-with-stress-and-the-level-of-internet-addiction-a-study-of-polish-secondary-school-students
#8
Joanna Chwaszcz, Bernadeta Lelonek-Kuleta, Michał Wiechetek, Iwona Niewiadomska, Agnieszka Palacz-Chrisidis
Among the many contributing factors in addictions there are also those describing the individual characteristics and ways of dealing with various life challenges. Despite numerous studies in this area, there is still no unambiguous data on the nature and specificity of this relationship in different age groups. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between personality dimensions and strategies of coping with stress and the level of Internet addiction. The study was funded by the Ministry of Health under grant no...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750665/interactive-versus-passive-distraction-and-parent-psychoeducation-as-pain-management-techniques-during-paediatric-venepuncture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Anna Newell, Jennifer Keane, Brian E McGuire, Caroline Heary, Vincent McDarby, Bernie Dudley, Josh Moran, Kady Francis, Line Caes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current research was to compare the relative efficacy of interactive and passive distraction, with or without parental psychoeducation, on child pain and distress during a venepuncture. We also compared the effect of parental psychoeducation on parental distress, knowledge of distraction strategies and engagement in distraction. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 213 children scheduled for a venepuncture, and one of their parents, who were randomly allocated to one of four conditions; interactive distraction, passive distraction, interactive distraction with parent psychoeducation and passive distraction with parent psychoeducation...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747136/psychological-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ella Baruch, Nancy Pistrang, Chris Barker
AIMS: Clinical guidelines recommend that psychological interventions be offered to caregivers of people with bipolar disorder. However, there is little clarity about the efficacy of such interventions. This review examined the efficacy of psychological interventions in improving caregiver-focused outcomes, including burden, psychological symptoms and knowledge. METHOD: A systematic search for controlled trials was conducted using a combination of electronic database searches (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and CENTRAL), and hand searches...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739130/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-patterns-and-predictors-of-medication-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder-single-center-experience-from-south-india
#11
Nivedhitha Selvakumar, Vikas Menon, Shivan Kattimani
Objective: Our objective was to determine patterns and predictors of medication adherence in bipolar disorder. Methods: Between August 2015 and December 2016, we recruited 160 patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder as per International Classification of Diseases-10: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. The diagnosis was further confirmed by using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Inventory. All of them were currently in remission (confirmed by standard measures) and on stable dosing of medication for at least a year...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736385/psychological-interventions-influence-patients-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-their-chronic-pain
#12
Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Aline Gillet, Nicole Malaise, Irène Salamun, Stéphanie Grosdent, Didier Maquet, Anne-Sophie Nyssen, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
Background: Patients' changing attitudes and beliefs about pain are considered as improvements in the treatment of chronic pain. Multidisciplinary approaches to pain allow modifications of coping strategies of patients, from passive to active. Methods: We investigate how two therapeutic treatments impact patients' attitudes and beliefs regarding pain, as measured with the Survey of Pain Attitudes (SOPA). We allocated 415 patients with chronic pain either to psychoeducation combined with physiotherapy, self-hypnosis combined with self-care learning, or to control groups...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729555/self-esteem-in-adults-with-tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-roles-of-tic-severity-treatment-and-comorbidity
#13
Hilary Weingarden, Lawrence Scahill, Susanne Hoeppner, Alan L Peterson, Douglas W Woods, John T Walkup, John Piacentini, Sabine Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Tourette syndrome (TS) and chronic tic disorders (CTD) are stigmatizing disorders that may significantly impact self-esteem. Alternatively, comorbid psychiatric illnesses may affect self-esteem more than tics themselves. Extant research on self-esteem in TS/CTD is limited, has inconsistently examined the effect of comorbidities on self-esteem, and yields mixed findings. METHOD: This study aimed to clarify the roles of tics versus comorbid diagnoses on self-esteem in a large, carefully diagnosed sample of adults with TS/CTD (N = 122) receiving 10 weeks of Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) or Psychoeducation and Supportive Therapy (PST)...
April 23, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728871/psychological-interventions-in-psychosis-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Nefeli Anagnostopoulou, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Anca Alba
BACKGROUND: Early onset psychosis (EOP), referring to psychosis with onset before the age of 18 years, is a more severe form of psychosis associated with worse prognosis. While medication is the treatment of choice, psychological interventions are also considered to have an important role in the management of symptoms and disability associated with this condition. The present review aimed to explore the effectiveness of such interventions. METHOD: An electronic search was conducted on the Embase, Medline, and PsychInfo databases for papers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) referring to psychological interventions in EOP...
May 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727072/randomized-controlled-trials-of-psychoeducation-modalities-in-the-management-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#15
See Ann Soo, Zhong Wei Zhang, Sarah Jia'En Khong, Josephine En Wen Low, Vamadevan S/O Thambyrajah, Syed Harun Bin Taha Alhabsyi, Qian Hui Chew, Min Yi Sum, Somnath Sengupta, Eduard Vieta, Roger S McIntyre, Kang Sim
OBJECTIVE: This review sought to summarize the extant literature on the efficacy of 4 modalities of psychoeducation (individual, group, family, internet- based) in the management of patients with bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: We searched the digital databases (Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed/MEDLINE) for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) pertaining to psychoeducation in bipolar disorder from inception to February 2017. Keywords and combinations used included psychoeducation, bipolar disorder, individual, family, group, and internet...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723018/coming-home-from-prison-adapting-military-resilience-training-to-enhance-successful-community-reintegration-for-justice-involved-iraq-afghanistan-veterans
#16
Shoba Sreenivasan, Joel Rosenthal, Daniel E Smee, Keith Wilson, Jim McGuire
We propose a veteran-centric justice model of resilience training developed by the military for assisting service members coming home from war and modify it to assist Iraq/Afghanistan veterans coming home from prison. Incarceration has been identified as a stress aftereffect of the prolonged Iraq and Afghanistan combat deployments. Notably, the rate of Iraq and Afghanistan-era incarcerated veterans increased from 4% to 13% between 2004 and 2012 for all incarcerated veterans. Successful reentry to the community from prison incarceration is difficult, with rearrest and reincarceration a frequent occurrence...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723016/family-focused-interventions-and-resources-for-veterans-and-their-families
#17
Michelle D Sherman, Jessica L Larsen
Accelerated by the decreasing military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, many military members are currently transitioning out of active duty into civilian life. Many of these new veterans have recently experienced combat deployment(s), and some are struggling with the aftermath of combat exposure, separation from family, and reintegration stressors. These challenges often follow these military families as they enter the civilian world, a time with its own major life changes vocationally, socially, and interpersonally...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722047/the-acceptability-feasibility-and-possible-benefits-of-a-neurobiologically-informed-5-day-multifamily-treatment-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Christina E Wierenga, Laura Hill, Stephanie Knatz Peck, Jason McCray, Laura Greathouse, Danika Peterson, Amber Scott, Ivan Eisler, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Novel treatments for adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) are lacking. Recent scientific advances have identified neurobiologically-driven temperament contributors to AN symptoms that may guide development of more effective treatments. This preliminary study evaluates the acceptability, feasibility and possible benefits of a multicenter open trial of an intensive 5-day neurobiologically-informed multifamily treatment for adults with AN and their supports (SU). The temperament-focused treatment combines psychoeducation of AN neurobiology and SU involvement to develop skills to manage traits contributing to disease chronicity...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720363/users-perspectives-on-mhealth-self-management-of-bipolar-disorder-qualitative-focus-group-study
#19
Lise Switsers, Arthur Dauwe, Anneleen Vanhoudt, Hilde Van Dyck, Koen Lombaerts, Jfe Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates that current mHealth apps for bipolar disorders (BDs) show crucial shortcomings. They lack important functionality, are of inconsistent quality, and are insufficiently evidence-based. mHealth apps need to be better adapted to the needs of users. The perspectives of adult service users with BD regarding mHealth apps have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the needs and expectations of adults with BD regarding mHealth apps...
May 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716446/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-improve-initiation-of-mental-health-care-among-racial-ethnic-minority-groups
#20
Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, John Eun, Dawn Corbett, Pamela Y Collins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions to improve the initiation of mental health care among racial-ethnic minority groups. METHODS: The authors searched three electronic databases in February 2016 and independently assessed eligibility of 2,065 titles and abstracts on the basis of three criteria: the study design included an intervention, the participants were members of racial-ethnic minority groups and lived in the United States, and the outcome measures included initial access to or attitudes toward mental health care...
May 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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