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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#1
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929582/the-effectiveness-of-a-psychoeducation-intervention-delivered-via-whatsapp-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
A Hemdi, D Daley
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) report high levels of stress and lower levels of well-being than parents of typically developing children. Current interventions for ASD typically focus on working with the child rather than delivering strategies to help support parents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a psychoeducation intervention developed to support mothers of children with ASD in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: Sixty-two mothers (23-52 years) of children (26-78 months) were recruited to a multisite randomized controlled trials of the intervention...
September 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919764/levetiracetam-is-associated-with-decrease-in-subclinical-epileptiform-discharges-and-improved-cognitive-functions-in-pediatric-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Minjian Wang, Li Jiang, Xiaoju Tang
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical epileptiform discharges (SEDs) are common in pediatric patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the effect of antiepileptic drugs on SEDs in ASD remains inconclusive. This physician-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial investigated an association between the anticonvulsant drug levetiracetam and SEDs in children with ASD. METHODS: A total of 70 children with ASD (4-6 years) and SEDs identified by electroencephalogram were randomly divided into two equal groups to receive either levetiracetam and educational training (treatment group) or educational training only (control)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919760/attitudes-toward-antipsychotic-treatment-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorders-and-their-clinicians-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Martha Sajatovic, Faith DiBiasi, Susan N Legacy
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotics are recommended as first-line therapy for acute mania and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder; however, published literature suggests their real-world use remains limited. Understanding attitudes toward these medications may help identify barriers and inform personalized therapy. This literature review evaluated patient and clinician attitudes toward the use of antipsychotics for treating bipolar disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the Cochrane Library, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and BIOSIS Previews identified English language articles published between January 1, 2000, and June 15, 2016, that reported attitudinal data from patients, health care professionals, or caregivers; treatment decision-making; or patient characteristics that predicted antipsychotic use for bipolar disorder...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914726/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-mood-and-sleep-in-interepisode-bipolar-disorder-and-insomnia-a-pilot-study-with-implications-for-psychosocial-interventions
#5
Michael R Dolsen, Adriane M Soehner, Allison G Harvey
OBJECTIVE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with bipolar disorder (BD), but less is known about how cytokines function during the interepisode period. This study examined cytokines, mood symptoms, and sleep in individuals with interepisode BD with complaints of insomnia. We also investigated the effects of a BD-specific modification of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBTI-BP) on cytokine levels. METHODS: The 22 adults with interepisode BD Type I and insomnia were drawn from a subset of an NIMH-funded study...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892598/helping-mothers-with-the-emotional-dysregulation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-their-infants-in-primary-care-settings
#6
Anne Sved Williams, Gisele Apter
BACKGROUND: Six per cent of patients who present to primary care have borderline personality disorder (BPD). Mothers with full or partial features of BPD, often undiagnosed and perhaps previously functioning adequately enough on the surface, may rapidly be-come emotionally dysregulated by the normal needs of an infant. Family and maternal functioning can rapidly destabilise. Management of patients with BPD in primary care may be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to provide primary care practitioners with relevant information on current knowledge of BPD and its management when mothers with BPD are caregivers to an infant...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892237/partners-of-nulliparous-women-with-severe-fear-of-childbirth-a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-well-being
#7
Elsa Lena Ryding, Sanna Read, Hanna Rouhe, Erja Halmesmäki, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Riikka Toivanen, Maiju Tokola, Terhi Saisto
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the psychological status of partners of women with severe fear of childbirth (FOC). In this longitudinal study from Helsinki University Central Hospital, we investigated FOC, depression, and posttraumatic stress in the partners of women with severe FOC, and possible effects of group psychoeducation and mode of birth. METHODS: During pregnancy, 250 partners of nulliparous women with severe FOC participated, 93 in the intervention group and 157 in the control group...
September 11, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887892/recoupling-in-mid-life-and-beyond-from-love-at-last-to-not-so-fast
#8
Patricia L Papernow
Divorce rates have dropped in the United States, except for couples over 50 where they are rising steeply, along with rates of late-life recoupling. Both stepcouples and their young adult and adult children in new older stepfamilies are often surprised to find themselves facing many of the same challenges that younger stepfamilies do. Some challenges are even intensified by the decades-long relationships and additional layers of extended family that come with recoupling after mid-life. Stepfamilies formed in later life must also negotiate decisions about estate planning and elder care among stakeholders who often have sharply divergent agendas before there is time to establish trusting relationships...
September 9, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887815/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-interventions-for-people-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-disordered-eating
#9
P Clery, D Stahl, K Ismail, J Treasure, C Kan
AIM: To examine the types of interventions currently available for people with Type 1 diabetes mellitus and their effectiveness. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disordered eating in people with Type 1 diabetes mellitus is twice that in their counterparts without diabetes, and is associated with worse biomedical outcomes and greater mortality. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, PubMed and OpenGrey databases were searched up to August 2016 to identify studies on interventions in people with Type 1 diabetes-associated disordered eating...
September 8, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886394/challenging-fat-talk-an-experimental-investigation-of-reactions-to-body-disparaging-conversations
#10
Suman Ambwani, Megan Baumgardner, Cai Guo, Lea Simms, Emily Abromowitz
Although "fat talk" is associated with increased eating disorder risk, the predictors of fat talk engagement and viable alternatives to these pervasive conversations remain unclear. The current experiment examined responses to fat talk versus feminist-oriented challenging fat talk scenarios. Undergraduate women (N=283) completed baseline questionnaires assessing body dissatisfaction, fat talk engagement, and positive impression management. One week later, they were randomized to view one of the two scenarios, followed by assessment of mood, fat talk engagement, social acceptability, and social likeability...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884849/anger-parameters-in-parolees-undergoing-psychoeducation-temporal-stability-social-desirability-bias-and-comparison-with-non-offenders
#11
Ephrem Fernandez, Vasiliki Kiageri, Deepan Guharajan, Andrew Day
BACKGROUND: Anger is commonly measured as if it were a single, simple construct. This may be particularly unhelpful if the main purpose of a measure is to determine change and responsiveness to interventions. AIMS: Our primary aim was to assess five anger parameters in parolees - frequency, duration, intensity, latency, and threshold - and to test for effects of psychoeducation and social desirability bias on parolees' scores. Average anger scores for the offender sample were compared with those in a non-offender sample...
September 8, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881456/improvement-in-sexual-function-after-ovarian-cancer-effects-of-sexual-therapy-and-rehabilitation-after-treatment-for-ovarian-cancer
#12
Sharon L Bober, Christopher J Recklitis, Alexis L Michaud, Alexi A Wright
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is a distressing long-term effect after gynecological cancer and affects the majority of survivors for years after the completion of therapy. Despite its prevalence, treatment-related sexual dysfunction is underrecognized and undertreated for survivors. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop and test a brief psychoeducational intervention for managing sexual dysfunction for women who have undergone treatment for ovarian cancer (OC). METHODS: Forty-six OC survivors with documented, treatment-related sexual dysfunction received a single half-day group intervention that included sexual health education and rehabilitation training, relaxation and cognitive behavioral therapy skills to address sexual symptoms, and a single tailored booster telephone call 4 weeks after the group...
September 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881361/-practicals-in-a-psychiatric-clinic-for-occupational-orientation-in-pupils
#13
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877047/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-focus-on-sexuality
#14
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken, Daniel Schöttle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The combination of the core symptoms, characterizing individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), can lead to problems in romantic relationships and sexual functioning. The purpose of this article is to review studies on sexuality in individuals with ASD published since January 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Individuals with ASD and especially women show a higher diversity in sexual orientation in comparison with the non-ASD population. Furthermore, ASD women are more frequently in a relationship and usually report more previous sexual experiences...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874913/brief-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-drink-improved-anxiety-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-workers
#15
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Jiro Takano, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. We investigated the effect of a brief self-help ICBT administered with a supplement drink on psychological well-being and somatic symptoms...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865911/trauma-management-therapy-with-virtual-reality-augmented-exposure-therapy-for-combat-related-ptsd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Deborah C Beidel, B Christopher Frueh, Sandra M Neer, Clint A Bowers, Benjamin Trachik, Thomas W Uhde, Anouk Grubaugh
Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) realistically incorporates traumatic cues into exposure therapy and holds promise in the treatment of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a randomized controlled trial of 92 Iraq and Afghanistan veterans and active duty military personnel with combat-related PTSD, we compared the efficacy of Trauma Management Therapy (TMT; VRET plus a group treatment for anger, depression, and social isolation) to VRET plus a psychoeducation control condition. Efficacy was evaluated at mid- and post-treatment, and at 3- and 6-month follow-up...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857724/a-case-study-approach-to-reducing-the-risks-of-child-sexual-exploitation-cse
#17
Lauren J Berry, Ruth J Tully, Vincent Egan
The risk of child sexual exploitation is a growing concern, both within community and child care settings. Within community services working with vulnerable young people, the risks of exploitation are pervasive and present a constant management problem for professionals. This makes the need for focused educational interventions within such settings all the more vital. This case study aims to describe the assessment, formulation, intervention, and outcomes of a young female considered to be at risk of sexual exploitation...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852260/-the-barking-girl-a-case-report-of-psychogenic-cough-in-a-child-with-a-review-of-literature
#18
Praveen Kumar Jakati, Subrata Naskar, Anisha Khanna
A 9-year-old girl presented with 2-month history of continuous coughing; despite detailed evaluation, no organic cause was found. Considering the provisional diagnosis of a psychogenic cough, she was advised for psychiatry consultation. After a psychological assessment, she was found to have comorbid anxiety (Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders score- 25) along with punitive parenting and sibling rivalry issues. She was initially treated with parental psychoeducation, play therapy, and behavior therapy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851803/mediating-effects-of-self-stigma-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-singapore
#19
Louisa Picco, Ying Wen Lau, Shirlene Pang, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether self-stigma mediates the relationship between perceived stigma and quality of life, self-esteem and general functioning among outpatients with depression, schizophrenia, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at a tertiary psychiatric hospital in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 280 outpatients with a primary clinical diagnosis of either schizophrenia, depression, anxiety or OCD...
August 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#20
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
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